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rate, if possible, the favourable issue of which such a contest must unavoid. the negociation. The confidential inter- ably require, his faithful and affectioncourse which he had constantly main. ate subjects will not forget that all their tained with Russia enabled his Majesty dearest interests are at stake ; that no to specify terms on which peace with sacrifices they can be called upon to that power might be obtained ; and his make can be compared with the cerMinister was accordingly instructed to tain disgrace and ruin of yielding to the state to France, in addition to his own injurious pretensions of the enemy; that, demands, those of his ally, to reduce with the inviolable maintenance of the them into distinct articles, and even to good faith and public honour of their conclude on those grounds a provisional country, its prosperity, its strength, and treaty, to take effect whenever Russia its independence, are essentially connecshould signify her accession.
ted; and that, in asserting the rights, This form of negociating was, after and upholding the dignity of the British some objection, acceded to by France; empire, they defend the most powerful terms were now offered to his Majesty, bulwark of the liberties of mankind. more nearly approaching than before to London Gazette, Oct. 21. 1806. the original basis of negociation ; but these were still far short of what his WAR ON THE CONTINENT. Majesty had uniformly insisted on, and OUR previous intelligence decided was now more than ever entitled to ex
the question of peace or war betwixt pect; and the decisive rejection of the Prussia and France. Hostilities have just demands of Russia, as well as of commenced, and sorry we are to state, the conditions proposed by his Majesty that the Prussian army has experienced in behalf of his other allies, left to his defeats, equally rapid, and we fear Majesty no other course than that of nearly as decisive, as those which the ordering his Minister to terminate the Emperor of Austria suffered in the camdiscussion, and return to England. paign of last year.
The foregoing short and simple ex- Of the battles which have taken place, position of facts stands in need of no the Prussian or German accounts, recomment. The first uvertures which ceived by the Hamburgh mails, are ex. led to negociation were made by the e- tremely defective and unsatisfactory. nemy, and they were accepted by his On the other hand, the French have Majesty in the sincerest spirit of peace. adopted their old plan of issuing daily Every opening which seemed to afford bulletins from the army, which are sent the most distant prospect of accommo- with the utmost speed to Paris and dation has been anxiously embraced, nor Holland for publication. These comwas the negociation finally broken off posicions (which are said to come from while any hope of a favourable issue the pen of an under secretary of the could be entertained. His Majesty's French prime minister, Talleyrand, now demands were uniformly just and rea- Prince of Benevento, who accompanies sonable ; directed to no qbjects of per- Bonaparte,) present a most disgusting sonal aggrandizement, but to such only mass, in which the insolence of success
were indispensibly required by the is mixed with levity, and with all that honour of his Crown, his engagements coarseness and vulgarity, which so of. to his allies, and a due consideration of ten form the prominent features of the the general interests of Europe.
characters of men raised by fortune It is with heartfelt concern that his from the lowest obscurity. Majesty contemplates the continuance The bulletins received are of consi. of those evils always inseparable from a derable length, and are 21 in number, state of war; but it is with his enemies the first dated Bamberg, Oct. 6. and the that this awful responsibility rests; and last Berlin, Oct. 28. the day after Bo. for the issue of the contest his Majesty naparte entered that capital. These trusts, with confidence, to the justice of singular publications can never be conhis cause, to the resources and bravery sidered as historical documents of this of his people; to the fidelity of his al. most eventful campaign, as all the milies; and, above all, to the protection litary intelligence they contain might and support of the Divine Providence. have been stated in a very small comIn contributing to the great efforts, pass. Bonaparte has devoted them to
quite another purpose than that of give elevating to, and preserving upon the ing a fair and intelligible account of the throne he now occupies. For such is operations of his army. He employs the character, publicly expressed of this them to'misrepresent the feelings and singular personage, in all the official sentiments of the Prussian nation, to declarations of Austria, Russia, and Swe. insult the Queen, and to degrade the den last year, and in the late manifesto character of the King; and in doing of the King of Prussia. Whatever may this, he discovers an insolent triumph be the military talents of Bonaparte, he over misfortune, of which only a very is certainly indebted for all his wondervulgar and indelicate mind could be ful success, to the skill, bravery, and guilty.
perseverance of the native Generals of The Prussian nobility and Generals France, and who look to be rewarded are inveighed against with much viru. with honours and principalities, in prolence, in these strange rhapsodies; and portion as they have contributed to his the venerable and much respected Dukę elevation as their imperial chief. of Brunswick, is stated to have been in a frenzy, when he advised his Prussian The first intelligence of the comMajesty to submit no longer to the mencement of hostilities on the 8th of perfidious and deceitful schemes of the Oct. was communicated by the Ham. unprincipled tyrant of Europe. The burgh papers. From these it appears, English nation too, as might be expect that the left wing of the Prussian army ed, come in for their share of abuse.- under Prince Hohenlohe had changed Lord Morpeth, who was sent to the its position, leaving a small corps under King of Prussia on special mission, General Tauenzein at Hoff. This corps is represented as the odious agent of was suddenly attacked on the flank by the Court of London, come over to a strong division of the French, but the purchase the Prussian blood with the Prussian General effected his junction poisoned gold of England. “ It is asked with Prince Hohenlohe, without loss. (says the bulletin,j
what will England On the roth, the corps of Prince Hogain by all this?-She might have ob- henlohe advanced, for the purpose of tained an honourable peace, and restored attacking Soult's division, but was an. tranquillity to the world. --She has act. ticipated by that General, who, with ed otherwise she has provoked the 16,000 men, had penetrated through the Emperor, and has conducted Prussia to Voigtland, in order, by a bold and rapid her ruin.-But the time approaches movement, to turn the Prussians, and when we may declare England in a burn their magazines at Naumburg.state of continental blockade. Is it Prince Louis Ferdinand, with the advan. then with blood that the English hope ced guard, consisting of between five to feed their commerce and re-animate and six thousand men, was posted at their industry?-Great mischiefs may the bridge of Saalfeldt, with directions come upon England: Europe will attri. to defend that pass, while Prince Hohen: bute them to the loss of that honest man lohe made a movement on the road to and minister, who wished to govern by Grafenthal, with a view to take the enegreat and liberal ideas, and whom the my in fank :--For neariy six hours English people will one day deplore Prince Louis resisted Soult's entire co. with tears of blood."
lumn, and at length repulsed it; when, This is a very extraordinary compli- flushed by his success, and too indiscreet ment to the character of Mr Fox, who valour, he abandoned his position in has been always esteemed an humane as the pursuit of the enemy, and, while well as an enlightened politician. Napo. leading his brave troops, he fell by the leon must suppose the people of Europe fire of the sharp.shooters, who cover. to be very credulous indeed, if he thinks ed the rear of the fugitives.-His body he can persuade them to believe, that was penetrated by two bullets.--One any English Minister of great and liberal of his adjutants, with a few followers, ideas would have countenanced the am. endeavoured to save it, but failed.bitious policy of a man, whom only the This Prince, who was in the 34th year atrocious deeds of a cruel assassin, and of his age, was son of Prince Augustus the treacherous machinations of an aban. Ferdinand, the brother of Frederick the doned usurper, have been the means of Great. He was beloved by the army.
This enterprise, although brilliant in sition, but were obliged to retire before itself, defeared the plans of the Com- the greatly superior numbers of the mander in Chief, the enemy having re- enemy. But as these preliminary aftired before he could come up with fairs seem to have been of little impor. them.
tance, and to have been attended with The loss of the Prussians in this ac- but small loss on either side, we shall tion was 1500 killed and wounded ; that pass over the tour first bulletins. of the French is stated at 3500.
The fifth bulletin contains the relation After the affair at Saalieidt on the of the fatal batile of the 14th, which was roth, the Prussian General, Prince Ho- fought near Jena. A great part of it conhenlohe, took a position between that sists of a detailof the several movements town and Schleitz on the Saal; and on of the French troops to occupy the most the 13th, the divisions of Bernadotte advantageous positions, previous to the and Soult, under the immediate orders battle, and to defeat the manæuvres of of the latter, advanced by Legenstein, the enemy, or pursue their own advanwith a view to turn his left Hank. A tages. After describing the positions desperate action ensued, which termina. oi the two armies, the bulletin thus proted in the defeat of the enemy, with the ceeds icon loss of six thousand men killed and “ The enemy's army, which had no wounded, and it is stated, fourteen thou- other view than to iallon whenever the sand prisoners.--This corps was com. fog which obscured the morning should posed of the flower of the French army. have cleared up, took up their arms.
On the 15th, Count Schulemburgh, An army of 50,000 men from the left Governor of Berlin, caused a placard, to wing posted itself to cover the defiles the following effect, to be posted on the of Naumburg, and to get possession of Government House.
the passes of Poesen. But this was al“ Prince Hohenlohe has totally de- ready forestalled by Marshal Davoust. feated General Soult.-General Ruchel The two other armies, one amounting too has defeated the left wing of the to 80,000 men strong, placed themselves French. The grand and decisive ac- before the French army, which was otion with the centre will take place to- pening out from the level height of Jemorrow."
The mist hang over both armies The Queen of Prussia, on the 15th, for two hours ; but at length was dissisent to the Crown Prince a birth-day pated by the brightness of the sun.gift, accompanied by the following note: The two armies mutually beheld each
-“ Cheer up, my boy, your father has other at the distance of less than canbeen victorious!"
non shot. The left wing of the French It is somewhat remarkable that no army, supporting itself against the vilofficial accounts have been received lage of Averstadt and the woods, was from the Prussian army of this great commanded by Marshal Augereau ; the victory; and altho’ it is suppressed in centre by Marshal Lannes ; the right the French bulletins, it may neverthe- wing was drawn together out of the less be true. The reason given at Ham. corps of Marshal Soult. burgh was, that a French army had ap- The enemy's army was numerous, proached so near to that city about the and displayed a fine cavalry; their man15th, as to be able to intercept the mails æuvres were exactly and rapidly exefrom Russia, Prussia, and all the north cuted. But the impetuosity of the of Germany ;—and that this interruption French was too ardent for him. Several still continues. We must therefore have battalions had begun to engage in the recourse to the French bulletius for the village of Hollstedt. The Emperor further details of these important military saw that the enemy was getting into operations.
motion to drive them out ; he gave imThe four first give a detail of the mediate orders to Marshal Lannes to movements of the army from the com. march with expedition to the support mencement of hostilities to the 13th ; of the village. Marshal Soult had atbut of Prince Hohenlohe's reported vico tacked a wood on the right. The enetory on that day, no mention is made.-- my having made a movement with the In the action in which Prince Louis tell, sight wing upon our left, Marshal Au. the Prussians did not maintain their po• gereau was commanded to repulse bim,
and in less than an hour the action was is estimated at above 20,000 killed and general. Two hundred and fifty or three wounded. hundred thousand men, with seven or “ On our side we have only to la. eight hundred pieces of artillery, scat- ment the loss of General de Belli, and tered death in every direction, and ex- the wound of Brigade General Conroux. hibited one of the most awful events Among the killed are several Colonels ever witnessed on the theatre of history. and Officers of inferior note. On one side as well as on the other, e- “ The Prussian army has, in this very manoeuvre was performed as if it campaign, lost every point of retreat in were on a parade.
its line of operations. The King was Among our troops there was not forced to retreat across the field at the for a moment the least disorder; the head of his regiment of cavalry. victory became ours at this moment.- “Our loss is 1000 to 1100 men killed, The Emperor had all along by him, be. and 3000 wounded. sides his Imperial Guard, a large body " At one moment there was room of troops, as a reserve to act in unfore. for doubt; every mouth at once was
filled with the universal cry of “ Long “ Marshal Soult having got posses. Live the Emperor.'” a sentiment which sion of the wood, which occupied him ran through every heart in the midst of two hours, made a move forwards. At the battle. The Emperor, seeing his that instant the Emperor gave orders 'wings threatened by the cavalry, set that the division of French cavalry in forward at full gallop to the spot to dị. reserve should begin to take post, and rect other manauvres, and order a that the two new divisions from the ar- charge in front. my of Marshal Ney should take station " Erfurt is taken; the Prince of upon the field of battle by the rear. All Orange Fulda, Marshal Mollendorf, sethe troops of the reserve were advanced veral other Generals, and a considerable to the foremost line, which being thus number of the troops, are prisoners of strengthened,threw the enemy into dis- war.” order, and they instantly retired.
Such are the French accounts of this “ They retrieved themselves for a. dreadful battle, in which there is manibout an hour, but were cast into dreadful festly much of exaggeration ; but the confusion at the moment when our divi. complicated disasters of the Prussians, sions of dragoons and cuirassiers, having there is too much reason to fear, will the Grand Duke or Berg at their head, easily be retrieved, were able to take a part in the engage- The Hamburgh Papers give the ful. ment. These brave Cavaliers, awarelowing account of the battle :that the fate of the battle, especially at “ The battle was fought on the high the conclusion of the day, depended u- road between Naumburgh and Erfurt. pon'them, bore the Prussians down be. The march of the French troops along fore them in great confusion wherever the Saaltowards Weissenfels and Naum. they met them. The Prussian caval. burgh, had induced his Majesty to alter ry and infantry could not withstand the the position of his army, in order to preshock. In vain did they form them- vent the enemy from advancing upon 'selves into a square ; five of their bat- his rear. The head-quarters were retalions were put to the rout-artillery, moved from Blankenburgh thro' Weicavalry, infantry, all were surprised and mar, to Averstadt, while General Ru. taken. The French came at the same chel advanced to occupy the position of instant to Weimar as the enemy, who Weimar. The attack was made at found themselves pursued for six hours. three in the morning of the 14th by the
" The result of the battle is from French, and the advance of the Prussian 30,000 to 40,000 prisoners of war, 300 troops was prevented by some defiles pieces of cannon, immense magazines which were in the possession of the eneand quantities of provisions. Among my. Both sides fought with the greatthe prisoners are more than twenty Ge- est courage and animosity. The Duke nerals ; among others several Lieute. of Brunswick was wounded in the face nants Generals; one is Lieut. General not dangerously, by a grape shot in the Schmettau. The amount of the loss beginning of the action, while he was of the Prussian army is enormous ; it reconnoitring with a telescope. The
battle, however, was carried on with corner of the left. He has lost the sight the greatest spirit. His Prussian Ma. of his left eye, and can oniy discern a jesty led the troops in person, and had small glimmering of light with the right. two horses slot under him.--Every - His Highness has arrived at Altona, Prussian General exposed himself to and intends to visit Sweden or Ergland. the greatest dangers, and the Prince One of the first results of this battle of Orange Fulda distinguished himself was, as might be expected, the within a most remarkable manner. The drawing of Saxony from her alliance murderous fire of musquetry and grape. with Prussia. All the prisoners have shot swept away whole ranks of war. been released ; and Bonaparte, in grantriors. The conflict lasted till five in ing her a Convention of Neutrality, the afternoon; and, according to infor- broadly hinted, that if she would premation received, Marshal Ney's division serve her independence, she must join of 12,000 men, coming up fresh, gave the Co federation of the Rhine. But, a decisive turn to the affair. The notwithstanding the recognition of the strength of the combined armies united neutrality of Saxony, the footsteps of is computed at 200,000 men."
the French in that country are marked “ Part of the Prussian Army, about by devastation and cruelty. Weimar, 7ooo men, after the battle of Averstadt, the seat of the German Muses, Jena, threw themselves into Erfurt, under Averstadt, Halle, Naumburgh, and othe command of Marshal Moilendorff ther places, were given up to plander, and the Prince of Orange. Mollen. and afterwards partly burnt. dorff, in his 80th year, shewed himself worthy of the high esteem in which he After the fatal battle of Averstadt, or was held by the great Frederick--Ile Jena, on the 14th, the French head-quarfought with the most heroic courage-- ters were successively advanced to Wei. he was wounded three times in the bat. mar, Naumburg, Merseburg, and Des. tle ;-after his wounds had been dressed; sau, always considerably in the rear of he returned to the field and assumed the different divisions which had been the command of the army, which the sent in pursuit of the Prussians. MuDuke of Brunswick had been obliged rat's division advanced by Halberstadt, to relinquish. At Erfurt, he was un- and took possession of the territory of able to resist the enemy's superior force, Brunswick. The Duke had requested and was obliged to surrender on the that its neutrality might be acknow. 19th.-He and the Prince of Orange ledged, but received an insolent refusal. were liberated on their parole--the 7000 The divisions of Soult and Ney pushed men were made prisoners and sent to on to Magdeburg, which was invested! the Rhine, but were rescued on their on the 23d, and summoned to surrenmarch by a Prussian detachment of a. der. It is capable of sustaining a long bout 500 men.--A Prussian Lieutenant, siege, if the garrison is sufficently nume. having heard that the 7000 men were rous to man the works, which is doubtunder the escort of only 300 men, of. ed. Soult, on his march, is stated to fered to rescue them, which he effected have taken 1200 prisoners, 30 pieces of -he posted himself in a wood at Eich- cannon, and from 200
to 300 wagstadt, and when the enemy passed, he gons. The French centre division, unsallied out upon them, took the French, der Bernadotte, advanced to Hate, and released the Prussians, who return. whither Prince Eugene of Hirteinberg ed to Eisenach, and made the French had brought up the Prussian reserve. who were there prisoners---they then Bernadotte attacked and dctcated hindi, followed the route of the Prussian Ar- taking 5000 prisoners and 34 pieces of my."
cannon. The right division of the Of the battle of Averstadt we are French advanced to Liuzig, which it without any Prussian official account; entered on the isth. i proclamation according to every private account, it was immediately issued. ordering all must have been fought with unparallel. British merchandise in the elry to be led obstinacy. The musket ball by delivered up and confiscated, undce pain which the Duke of Brunswick was of military execution. The Magistrates wounded, entered a little above the were also ordered to make a just den right eye, and came out near the inner claration of the military magazines be