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Historical Affairs.

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Mr Chairmana" With far different feel

ings from those which prompted and enMARQUIS CORNWALLIS.

couraged me to address this respectable asBOMBAY, Nov. 30. 1805.

sembly on a recent and happier occasion, I PROCEEDINGS of a very numerous and re- now present myself to your notice. Then

spectable vieeting of the British luhabi- with an elated and exulting heart, I pro. tants of Bombay, held in the Courthouse, posed that we should hail with our gratuon Wednesday the 27th instant, in con

lations the return of a man, to whom I sequence of a requisition to the Sheriff - thought my country indebted for a consi" For the purpose of expressing, collec- derable portion of her fame and glory, of tively, their deep and heartfelt sorrow on her character for justice and valour ;-and the heavy national loss sustained by the for that noble spirit of patriotism which disdeath of Marquis Cornwallis, and of de tinguishes her among the nations of Europe. liberating on the best mode of paying a Now, oppressed by sensations of unaffected durable tribute of grateful respect to the sorrow, in concurrence with the spirit memory of his exalted character."

bich dictated our former resolutions, and,

may judge from the mournful aspect of the proceedings of the day, with an timent, 1 endeavour to discharge my indiappropriate address.

vidual duty, by submitting, for our consis. Mr Money proposed, that Sir James deration, the obligations imposed upon us, Macintosh should take the Chair; which by regard for all that is great and good, Wils unanimously agreed to.

to express, in a solemn declaration, the upiThe Chairman then read a letter to the versal grief of the British Inhabitants of Hon, the Governor, from Mr Speke, Bombay and its Dependencies, for the very Chiirman of a meeting of the inhabitants heavy national calamity which has been of Calcutta, for the purpose of considering sustained; and to complete the consistency the most proper means of expressing the of that declaration, by co operating with deep concern felt by that settlement, on the our fellow countrymen on the other side of laniented death of Marquis Cornwallis ; and the Peoinsula, in raising a sepulchral moof testifying by a lasting memorial, the nument, and erecting for ourselves and sucgrateful sense entertained of the exalted cessors here, a durable tribute of respect virtues of that revered Nobleman. "Mr and veneration for the memory of departed Speke's letter enclosed the resolutions of excellence. that respectable meeting, of which the fol- “ It has been the practice of all ages, in lowing are the two first, as relating to the various forms, directed by the taste or gesubject of deliberation :

nius of the period or country in which the ist." That in addition to the general object of commenioration may have lived, to mourning which has been adopted, as a raise the monumental pile, as a memorial to public token of the concern felt by this posterity of a Nation's gratitude for the settlement, on the death of Marquis Corn services of him who, by upholding its power, wallis, a mausoleum be erected, with the extending its dominion, and promoting its permission of Government, over the place prosperity, has continued its pride, its ornaof his interment at Ghazepore, as a memo. ment, and its boast. It is sufficient, howrial of esteem and reverence for his virtues, ever, to state, that such has been the usage, and of gratitude for his eminent services and continues to be the practice in our own

2d." That the foregoing resolution be free and enlightened land, where honours transmitted to Madras and Bombay, as well never fail to reward the atchievements of as to Ceylon, Penang, and Fort Marlbo. the living hero, nor to console the relatives Tough; and that the inhabitants of those of the dead But, from higher motives settlements be invited to join in an upani- still, although none can be more pure or mous testimonial of veneration for the cha- laudable, than those of remunerating the racter and memory of the late Governor man who risks his life in the cause of his General of the British possessions in India." country, or of ministering solace to the sa.

Mr Money then rose, and addressed the cred sorrows of friends, who have most Meeting as follows:

deeply to lament his loss,- from higher moDec. 1806.

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tives have arisen the cenotaph, the pillar, brilliant career, his triumphs in arms and the statue. They may be traced to wreathed laurels round his brow: but the the noble ambition of exciting the rising still nobler triumphs of humanity, in parenand future generations to an emulation of tal kindness to his soldiers, and compassionthe deeds and glory of the past. They ate tenderness to his captives, enriched the may be traced to a national and exalted garland with a gem, which no subsequent pride of exhibiting monuments of national reverses ever could eclipse.

Such were the motives, con- “ Until the unfortunate capitulation of junctively with the generous impulse of York Town, where his defence correspondgratitude, which raised the far famed palace ed with the high character he had acquired, of Blenheim, and erected the sculptured success had uniformly attended his march monuments of a Wolfe, and a Chatham; to fame; but I appeal to every military and these, combined with the liberal and man who hears me, if that disastrous surenlightened policy of perpetuating among render was ever considered to have cast the natives of British India, a grateful re- the slightest blot on his honourable escut. collection of the superior blessings enjoyed cheon? or to have detracted, in the least under a British ruler, conveyed to our sister degree, from his professional reputation ? settlements, statues of the illustrious patriot, if it were not the result of causes which he whose death we have now to deplore. I could neither check nor controul? if he wish not to amplify, nor unnecessarily en. were not encouraged, nay, almost comgage your attention; but I feel that I manded, to hold out in that untenable post, should be wanting in respect, if, on this until reasonable succours, with fleet and occasion, I omitted some notice of the most army, should be sent to his relief? important and prominent features of a life, " The next great public theatre upon which was always dedicated to the service which the Noble Lord acted a distinguishof our country:

ed part, was the theatre of India. To call • We all know, that the Noble Lord, at to the recollection of this assembly, the an early age, embraced the military profes- important services which, in this quarter sion; and that, in his progress to superior of the globe, he rendered to the State rank, he actively participated in many of and to the East India Company, would be the glorious scenes which characterised the presumptuous and superfluous. They must brilliant war, immediately preceding the live fresh in the memory of us all, as long reign of our present Sovereign. At the as a remembrance of his undeviating inte. commencement of the unhappy troubles in grity and justice is preserved and cherished America, his conduct, as a Peer of Parlia- in the hearts of every rational Indian, who ment, was dignified and independent; it enjoyed what he possessed in security, or was such as became an hereditary Counsel- reaped the fruits of honest industry, under lor of the King of a free nation; it was his mild and equitable sway. Upon his resuch as must necessarily be expected to re- turn to his native land, finding his country sult from a mind nurtured and matured in in arms, in defence of the peace and order the best principles of rational and constitu- of the civilized world, and in vindication tional liberty: But, when his regiment was of its own honour and independence, disordered on service, he knew his duty as a daining inglorious ease, he courted profes. soldier too well, to hesitate for a moment; sional employment, amidst the toils and and resisted the tender importunities of the perils of war, and repaired to the Continent, dearest object of his affections, to whom he to take upon himself the command of a was attached byevery tie, with which virtue, combined British and Prussian army: but in the loveliest form, could bind the heart of the unprincipled defection of the power on man, and who, adoring the sare excellencies whom we principally relied, rendered the of her accomplished Lord, carried her soli plan abortive, and his zeal and talents of no citations to the throne itself. Resisting all avail. entreaties, he crossed the Atlantic, and sa

Having discharged the duties of Mascrificed for ever his conjugal and domestic ter-General of the Ordnance, with uncomhappiness, to the service of his country. mon vigour and assiduity, and improved His conduct in America, in circumstances that department (of vital consequence to and situations the most arduous and criti. the State in war) to the highest perfection, cal, obtained for him the most unqualified he was appointed, at a most critical and approbation of his King, the personal affec- perilous juncture, the representative of his tion of the army which he commanded, and Sovereign in Ireland, where, by his tempethe highest respect of the enemy whom he rate firmness, and conciliating disposition, fought. In that painful and affecting strug- he succeeded, to a great degree, in allaying gle, he discharged all that he owed to his the animosities, and composing the dissencountry, while he never lost sight of what sions, which convulsed every part of that he owed to humanity. In the course of a distracted kingdain ; and, by his prudence,

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fortitude, and talents, overwhelmed with When Wolfe, in the arms of victory, and confusion its Gallic invaders. Having in the agonies of death, hearing that the poured the healing balm of mercy and ob enemy had fled, cried with expiring joy, livion into the bleeding wounds of rebel- “ I die contented ;' by these words he inlion, and freed the land from the pestiferous mortalized his name. Borne down by lanfoe, which had polluted its soil, he under. guor and debility, on the brink of the grave; took, and, in conjunction with the great the venerable Cornwallis addressed himMinister of Britain, helped to accomplish self to the same confidential friend, whose the noble and Herculean task of uniting the authority I have quoted, and exclaimed, component parts of the British Empire, by “I have no apprehensions of death, but I a bond of indissoluble connection, and to have an anxiety to live a few months, if it his steady resolution and wisdom the suc. please God, till I can see peace restored in cess of the great measure of the Vuion is India, and I will willingly resign my life materially to be attributed. From this ele- into the hands of Him who gave it.” Surely vated station of Vice-regal power, which this proof of an unabated spirit of patriohe had filled with such signal benefit to the tism, expressed in the pious language of a nation at large, and to Ireland in particular, Christian, and while the lamp of life was those principles of rectitude and honour, burning with feeble and declining power, which had invariably furnished the rule of 'will immortalize his memorable namehis public and private life, compelled him Clarum et venerabile Nomen.”-A nanie to descend; but it might be said of him, as dear to every British heart, and venerated of an eminent character deceased " If he

in every indian breast. were great in his high office, he was greater “ Such was the man, to whose revered still in the resignation of it.'

and exalted memory we are called upon to “ When a change in the conduct of the vote a statue, and over his illustrious reFrench Government presented a prospect mains to join with our fellow.countrymen of effectual negociation, Marquis Cornwal- in erecting a Mausoleum. Such was the lis was selected by his Monarch as the man; but I feel unequal to the office of most honourable subject in whose hands he pourtraying the character of this Christian could confide the interest of his Crown.- Hero. Could I but catch a spark from The progress and result of thizt negociation that illuminating eloquence, which has are familiar to us all. Opinions are divided shone with intellectual splendour within upon the merits of the peace, but there is no these walls, and which will, I hope, be idivision of opinion upon the merits of the gain displayed, on an occasion so worthy of negociation; and, whatever may be thought its power, I would kindle a fiame of gratiof the terms, all parties admit, that the' tude in every bosom, of which time should peace itself has been the means, and the never extinguish the fire, nor could compaonly means, of uniting the sentiments and rison diminish the glow. If, however, I feelings of all classes of our countrymen in have been so fortunate as to address myself favour of the war in which we are en- to those who entertain congenial sentiments, gaged.

the feelings springing from such a source, . Greatly advanced in years, rich in hoc will have given me the advantage of prenours, rich in the favour of his King, and possession in favour of the objects I shall the affections of his fellow-subjects, altho' have the honour of proposing. Willing to enjoying a necessary and dignified repose, flatter myself that I have been so fortunate, suitable to his rank and age, and with the imperfections of an address, from one little prospect of lengthening his space of unaccustomed to public speaking, will be life to the completion of another lustre, at amply supplied by liberal indulgence; and the call of his Royal Master, with all the trust, that the unanimity which prevailed alacrity of youth, he embarked again for at our last meeting, will, on this interesting these distant and unhealthy regions, ex. and affecting occasion, stamp additional vaclaiming, “If I but render service to my lue on the resolutions we may form." .country, it is unimportant to me, whether Mr Money concluded, by moving the I die in Europe or Asia.” With the issue following of this sublimely great and prophetic reso. lution, we are but too well acquainted. 1

RESOLUTIONS: have the authority of one who was honour- 1. That the British inhabitants of Boma ed, to the last, with his personal and unre- bay, and its dependencies, deeply impressed served confidence, for declaring (and his with sorrow for the death of the late illusauthority is confirmed by the letter which trious Governor-General, with gratitude for was read from the Chair,) that the ruling his services, and veneration for his virtues, passion of his heart was the “ love of his are desirous of contributing towards the country.” To this he early sacrificed all Mausoleum, which is to be erected over the other considerations most dear to his soul, place of his interment, and of adorning and to this he finally sacrificed his life.com this Presidency by a permanent Memorial

of

of the unanimous feelings of its inhabitants, to the British nation and to the Hon. Com. on the death of that great and excellent pany in India, hy the animated efforts of person.

his public' zeal, in distinguished military 2. That a subscription be opened towards' talents, personal gallantry, and invincible defraying the expence of the Mausoleum, firmness, on every occasion of danger or which it is intended to erect over the re- emergency, from the commencement of the mains of Marquis Cornwallis at Ghazepore. late war with Jeswunt Rao Holkar, until

3. That a subscription be opened to de- its termination in the recent honourable fray the expence of a Statue of the Mar. and advantageous peace with that Chiefquis Cornwallis, to be placed in such con- tain. spicuous and convenient part of the fort, as To the successful exertions of these comshall be chosen by a Committee (to be af- bined qualities must, under Providence, be terwards named) with the consent and ap. primarily ascribed the augmented power probation of the Governor.

and reputation of the British arms, and the 4. That the Honourable the Governor be consolidation and security of our Empire in requested to permit subscription books for India, which have been produced by the the above purpose, to be opened at the issues of the late contest. Presidency, by the Sub-treasurer, and at The Governor General in Council also the subordinate stations, by such Civil or records the expression of his public gratiMilitary Officer as he shall think fit. tude to the officers and men of his Majes.

5. That the following Gentlemen be a ty's and the Hon. Company's army, who, committee to carry the preceding resolu- under the direction of their illustrious Comtions into execution, and that they be au. mander, and animated by his example, thorized to apply the produce of the sub- have participated in the dangers, the hardscription for the purposes before mentioned. ships, and the glory of the late arduous and The Honourable the Governor, Sir Janies successful campaigns, for their exemplary Mackintosh, General Belas, Mr Waldron, discipline, their fortitude and firmness unColonel Whitelock, Mr Forbes, Dr Scott, der the severest trials of fatigue and diffiand Mr Threipland. Of whom any three culty, and their activity and persevering may form a quorum.

courage in the hour of battle. 6. That the Chairman do communicate To the latesi period of recorded history, the Resolutions to the Honoarable the the glory and renown of the gallant offiGovernor.

cers and men of his Majesty's army, and Mr Threipland rose, and, in an eloquent of the army of Bengal, and their illustrious and pathetic address, expressed his cordial Commander, will be inseparably connected concurrence in the propositions which had with the inemory of those signal victories been made and seconded.

and atchievenients, by which the rights and The Chairman then read the several mo. dignity of the British Government have tions, which were separately put, and una- been vindicated, the peace of India has nimously agreed to.

been restored, and the power and prospe. rity of this empire have been consolidated

and secured. GENERAL ORDERS BY THE GOVERNOR

Tuos. HILL, GENERAL IN COUNCIL.

Officiating Sec. Mil. Dep. Fort William, May 6. 1806. On the occasion of withdrawing the army

WEST INDIE S. from the duties of the field, and of placing it in cantonments, in consequence of the

DREADFUL STORM AT DOMINICA. late honourable and advantageous peace, On Tuesday the 7th September, about which the valour and exertions of that army seven o'clock in the evening, the sky became have primarily produced, the Governor totally overcast, and tremendous flashes of General in Council fulfils a satisfactory oh lighening, accompanied by a heavy wind, ligation of his public duty, in renewing the presaged an approaching storm. The wind expression of gratitude and approbation, continued increasing until ten o'clock, when which, in the course of the late contest came on a most dreadful fall of rain, the efwith Jeswunt Rao Holkar, a series of splen- fect of which, accompanied by a pitch-like did atchievements has successively demand darkness, illuminated by a sheet of livid ed.

fire; and the roaring of the wind, was awThe Governor General in Council ac- ful' enough to impress a dread upon the cordingly requests, that the Right Hon. heart of the most intrepid. Soon after, to Lord Lake will accept the most cordial complete our misfortune, the river Roseau, thanks of this government, for the eminent increased by the heavy rains, overflowed its services which his Lordship has rendered banks, inundated the town in every direc

ment.

tion, and then the destruction became ge- racks except one, the hospital stores, staneral; every house which obstructed its bles, &c. the two field officer's quarters and passage was chrown down, or carried away five others, were totally destroyed, and the by the stream, and a great proportion of remainder, with the mess-house, were greattheir unfortunate inhabitants perished. A. ly damaged. Three soldiers and one wobout ten o'clock every vessel in the har. man of the 46th regiment, and a black serbour was driven from its moorings, except vant of Major Payne's, were killed, and a small Swedish schooner, which was cast

three officers and 22 soldiers, and one wo. ashore under the fort a little after midnight; man of the same regiment, wounded. Aand those who were driven out generally bout iwenty men of the 3d West India remet with the same fate, amounting in the giment, were likewise terribly cut and whole to sixteen sail of different descrip- bruised, and one black man and a woman tions.

killed. From the violence of the hurricane * No pen can paint the horrors of that it was impossible to attempt to save any dreadful night; the tremendous noise occa- thing. The officers of the 46th regiment sioned by the wind and rain; the roaring have not only lost their personal baggage, of the waters, together with the shock of but most of iheir mess articles, live stock, an earthquake, which was sensibly felt about and a considerable quantity of wine; a very midnight; the shrieks of the poor sufferers, fine horse of considerable price, was blown crying for assistance; the terror of those, over a precipice close to the house, and who, in their houses, heard them, and killed; as was the stable belonging to dared not open a door or window to give Lieut. Colonel Campbell, of the 46th regia succour, and who expected momentarily to share the same fate-formed a scene which The planters suffered equally with the in. can hardly be conceived, and still more dif- habitants of the town; every plantation on ficult to be described. Fortunately for the the windward coast of the island, from the inhabitants of the town, and indeed for the river Tabarie to Morne Paix Brouche, are whole colony, the force of the wind and almost entirely destroyed; only three mills rain abated about three o'clock in the morn. standing in the whole extent, and these ing, and near the same time the water be- considerably damaged; no other building gan to fall; if it had continued another left on either sugar or coffee estate, and hour, there is not a doubt but the town the numerous inhabitants of that quarter would have been entirely destroyed. have only for shelter four houses, situated

The spectacle which presented itself on a: some distance from the sea, to which the return of day-light, was horrid beyond most of the white inhabitants have retired. every power of description : Heaps of mud On the different estates on that coast, as and sand (in some places five or six feet accounts have reached town, there have pedeep) through all parts of the town-the rished about thirty negroes, and 180 danform of a street hardly to be discerned gerously wounded two large streams or rather torrents, run- Round the coast, from the river Tabaning through the midst of the town ruins rie, by way of La Soye, the estate which of houses blown down, and others brought bears the name of that river is perhaps the down by the flood, obstructing every pas- only one that has not received any consisage-the bodies of several of the unfortu- derable damage in this general disaster. nate victims of this event drawn out from All the plantations to leeward of the the ruins, and lying in the streets, while island have experienced the effects of the numbers almost distracted, were searching hurricane; every house from the river for some relation or friend, who had pe- Mahaut down to Prince Rupert's, either rished in the storm--the lamentations of laid flat or greatly damaged; the town of those who had lost some of their nearest and Portsmouth entirely destroyed; the greate dearest connections, joined to the despair of est part of the barracks on Morne Čabrie those who had lost their little all, formed carried away; and, in general, the whole alcogether a scene fit to draw tears from island presents a scene of devastation and the eyes of the most unfeeling.

ruin. From the most authentic accounts which We learn that Martinique has but slighthave been gathered during the confusion ly suffered. Grandterre, in Guadaloupe, occasioned by this fatal occurrence, there

Marie Galante and the Saints has been ascertained to have perished in have received some considerable damage; the town of Roseau and its vicinity, eight but that the other islands have entirely eswhite persons of different ages and sexes, 57 caped. Though the whole weight of this free persons of colour, and 66 slaves, form. misfortune seems to have fallen on our uning a total of 131, besides numbers of others fortunate island, we cannot help thinking yet missing, and several wounded.

the same.

it a subject of rejoicing, that the other com At Morne Bruce, the whole of the bar. lonies have been fortunate efowght to eta

cape

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