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cape this calamity, as thus we have a re- here this day for the purpose of commusource open against the horrors of a famine, nicating his intentions. Called from which, without we should receive speedy the farthest parts of this vast empire, supplies, would have been inevitable, the resources of the island being entirely de.
none of you can be ignorant of the pur. stroyed in provisions of its own production, You are aware that the conduct of ma
pose for which you are assembled here. and the greatest part of those in town destroyed or damaged.
ny of those who profess your religion has given rise to complaints which have
reached the foot of the throne. These FRANCE.
complaints are not without foundation.
The Emperor, notwithstanding, conASSEMBLY OF THE JEWS. tented himself with arresting the proBy virtue of an Imperial decree of gress of the evil, and wished to have Napoleon, issued in April last, an assem- your opinion on the means of radically bly of ninety-six deputies of the people curing it. You will, no doubt, prove professing the religion of the Jews in yourselves deserving of this paternal France, was convoked in the antient consideration, and you will feel the vachapel of St John, adjoining the Hotel lue of the important mission which is de Ville in Paris, on Saturd 1y the 26th confided to you. Far from regarding of July last. The object of ihe decree the Government under which you live, states simply, to be to consider the state as a power of which you should be susof that people, but it is generally sup- picious, your study will be to enlighten posed to arise from the proneness of it, to co-operate with it in the good that nation to usury, some notorious which it is preparing; and by thus mainstances of which in public transactions · nifesting that you have profited by the have given high' offence to the Gallic experience of all the French, you will Emperor. The members elected Abra- prove, that you have no wish to sepaham Furtado, a wealthy banker of Buur. rate yourselves from other classes of deaux, their President. The only busi- society. ness the first day, was recording the “ The laws which have been imposed commissions of the deputies, and set- upon persons of your religion have been tling the order of their future proceeds different all over the world ; they have ings.
been too often dictated by the exigency It is remarkable enough, that the open- of the moment. But, as there is no exing of the Hebrew Synod took place ample in the Christian Annals of any precisely on their Sabbath. The Jew. Assembly like this, so, in like manner, ish law forbids every kind of employ. you, for the first time, are to be imparment on that day, and, notwithstand. tially judged, and your fate decided by ing, the Members of the Assembly took a Christian Prince.' It is his Majesty's a part, without repugnance, in every wish that you should become French; thing which the circumstances demand. it is your duty to accept this title, and ed of them. Distinguished by their to consider that you, in fact, renounce wealth, their intelligence, and their pro. it whenever you shew yourselves unbity, they wished to give their breth. worthy of it. ren an example, which, doubtless, will “ You shall hear the questions read not be lost. This single trait will en- which are to be proposed to you. It able us to judge how much they are will be your duty to declare the whole disposed to enter into those views truth upon each of them. We now dewhich have occasioned their convoca. clare to you, and we shall never cease tion.
to repeat it to you, that when a Sove. Second Sitting
reign, as firm as he is just, who knows The Commissioners of his Majesty every thing, who can punish as well as having entered the Hall, M. Mole, who reward, interrogates his subjects, they was at their head, addressed the Assem- would render themselves as culpable as bly as follows:
they would shew themselves blind to « GENTLEMEN -His Majesty their real interests if they should hesiEmperor and King having appointed tate about answering freely and frankly. us Commissioner's to treat with you, “ It is his Majesty's wish, Gentiemen, respecting your own affairs, has sent us that you should enjoy perfect freedom
of deliberation. Your President will the Tribunals, and in pursuance of the communicate your answers to
French Code? soon as they are prepared. As to our- 3. May a Jewess marry a Christian, selves, we have no more ardent wishes and a Christian Female with a Jew; or than to be able to inforın the Emperor, does the law require that the Jews sole. that among his subjects of the Jewish ly marry among each other? religion, there are none whose loyalty The answer contains principally, that is not unquestionable, and who are not the Jewish laws, in the strictest sense, disposed to conform to those laws and permits polygamy, divorce, and mixed morals which it is the duty of all French. marriages, but that these are limited by men to practise and follow.”
practice and usage. To the question
which relates to the duties of French The following questions, proposed by citizens, the Assembly voluntarily, and his Majesty, were then read by the Sea
without premeditation, answered in the cretary of the meeting :
fullest manner. 1. Ís the Jew permitted to marry
The ninety-six Jew Deputies are more than one wife? 2. Is divorce permitted by the Jewish They dress in black, and deliberate with
very constant in their sittings at Paris. religion?
heads uncovered. A guard of honour 3. Can a Jewess intermarry with a
of fifty men attends at the door, and Christian, or a Christian female with a
turns out with presented arms on the arJew; or does the law prescribe that
rival and de Jews alone should intermarry?
of the deputies.
Such as have no equipages of their 4. Are the French in the eyes of the
own, are conveved thither and back in Jews brothers or aliens?
the Emperor's carriage. 5. What in all cases are the connec
The purpose for which Bonaparte has tions which their law permits them to
assembled the Jewish Deputies at Paris, is maintain with the French, who are not of their religion ?
undoubtedly connected with that bound. 6. Do the Jews who were born in less and complicated scheme for the acFrance, and have been treated as French is gradually carrying into execution. I
quisition of universal empire, which he Citizens by the laws, consider France as
is rumoured that he purposes to rebuild their native country? Are they bound to defend it? Are they under an obliga, lish the Jewish Hierarchy and Govern
the Temple at Jerusalem, and re-estabtion to obey the laws, and to follow all
ment in all their ancient splendour in the regulations of the Civil Code?
the Holy Land, to which he will invite 7. Vyho are they who are called Rab.
that people from all the nations of the bins ? 8. What civil jurisdictions do the
earth among whom they are scattered.
When he can either reverse or antici-
accomplish these great things; meanpossess?
while he can only go the length of 9. Are the mode of chusing the Rab
his chain; for a chain invisible and bins, and the system of punishment, regulated by the Jewish laws, or are they Almighty, as that which guides the co
met in its course, holds this terrible pnly rendered by custom?
io, Were the Jews forbidden by their man-this comet of the human race, laws to take usury of their brethren? from his fiery train--in irresistible con
who shakes war, pestilence, and famine Are they permitted or forbidden to do troul and impassable limitation. this of strangers ? 11. Are those things proclaimed which
Mr Jacobson, Agent of Finances to are forbidden to the Jews by their laws? letter to Bonaparte, in consequence of
the Court of Brunswick, has written a The Jewish Assembly answered three the convention of the French Jews, of the questions proposed, as follow :- wherein he intreats his Imperial Majes
1. Is it lawful for the Jews to marry ty to commiserate the sufferings and more than one wife?
slavery of their brethren in other coun. 2. Is divorce allowed by the Jewish tries, and to extend his favour and proreligion? Is it lawful, although no sen- tection to them. At the end a plan is tence respecting it be pronounced by proposed by him, (probably preparatory
to the introduction of one predetermin- of Light Cavalry under General Lasalle, ed by Bonaparte himself,) which will and surrendered by capitulation. Prince in effect make all the Jews, who accede Hohenlohe, who succeeded the Duke to it, in whatever country they reside, of Brunswick in the chief command of the subjects of France. In this pitiful and the Prussians, was, as stated in our last, impious epistle, the writer says, among endeavouring to effect his retreat to other absurdities
Stettin, for the purpose of crossing the “ I am one of the unfortunate Jewish Oder. After the affair at Zedhenick, people against whom ignorance and su- he directed his march towards Tempiin, perstition have leagued, in order to de. but finding that the enemy was there grade and render them the opprobrium before him, he was forced to change his of every other nation; but the Lord of route, and proceeded to Prentzlow, a Hosts has chosen you to give happiness town at the northern extremity of a to the world, and the Jews are a part of lake, on the direct road to Stettin. The that world. I belong to that people, Prussian and the French advanced guard whose misery has for more than 1000 reached it nearly at the same time, on years in vain implored the compassion the 30th of October. As soon as Mu. and humanity of the Sovereigns-to rat came up, he gave orders to charge that people who expected in you their the Prussians in the suburbs of the Saviour, and who in you, Sire, have found town, while his cavalry attacked the bin.”
Prussian flank and turned the town, Again :--" How great and sublime is The attack on the suburbs was victo. the enterprize of breaking the chains of rious, and the French were successful a people unjustly oppressed! Who but a in driving the Prussians into the townGod can hearken to their complaints, and Murat immediately summoned them to deliver them from an insupportable bon- capitulate. A capitulation was agreed dage !"
upon, and Hohenlohe's corps, consisting CONTINENTAL WAR.
of 10,000 infantry, six regiments of ca
valry, and 64 pieces of cannon, surren. From the details inserted in our last, dered. Besides Prince Hohenlohe, of events so fatal to the arms of his Prince Augustus, the brother of the Prussian Majesty, our readers will not gallant Prince Louis killed at Saalfeldt, be prepared to expect intelligence of a and the Prince of Mecklenburg Schwe. more favourable complexion. What rin, were amongst the Generals made we have now to communicate is, how. prisoners. On the 27th another Prussian ever, disastrous beyond any thing they column of 6000 men were forced to 64may have anticipated, or even beyond pitulate to the French General Michaud, any thing recorded in history. The at Passewalk. This Prussian column fine army with which the Prussian Mo. seems to have been part of Hohenlohe's narch entered on this disastrous cam. army. Advancing with his division, paign, is literally annihilated; all the Murat's right wing summoned Stettin, strong places in his dominions have sur. which surrendered without making any rendered without a struggle. The French resistance, though it is represented to troops have penetrated into Poland, and have been in a good state of defence ; the Poles are to be restored to their an- 160 pieces of cannon were found in the cient independence as a nation. The garrison ; and the number of prisoners French have taken possession of Ham taken was 6000.-Whilst the right wing burgh, and all British property there made itself master of Stettin, the left has been confiscated. The French pa- extended itself towards Anklam and pers contain another series of bulletins Demmin. At Anklam, another column of the Grand Army. Of the events which of Prussians, about 4000 strong, were they record we have also German ac- forced to capitulate, and on the įst Nov. counts, but as we cannot connect them, Murat's head-quarters were at Demmin, we shall give a summary of both in their with a view of attacking a Prussian coorder. The French bulletins state in lumn under the command oi the Prus. substance, that-
sian General Bila. On the 27th of October the Prussian The anticipation in the bulletins, of Regiment of the King's Gensdarmes the surrender of the corps unds. Gen. was attacked near Zedhenick, by a body Blucher and the Duke of Weima", are,
8$ will be seen in the sequel, unhappily Blucher's corps, the smallest in point realised. But, continue the bulletins, of numbers, the most determined and whilst these events were taking place gallant in bearing, was the last that sur. upon the left bank of the Oder, Davoust rendered, after a defence worthy of the had advanced to Custrin, which seems man who was honoured with the parti. to have surrendered with as little resis. cular regard of the great Frederick.tance as Stettin, though it is said to After the surrender of Prince Hohenhave been well provided for a defence; lohe, Blucher altered his route, with a the garrison consisted of four thousand view of drawing the French who were men. The easy capture of Castrin will pursuing him from the Oder, and from surprise all military men—it is situated the heart of the Prussian monarchy, to in the middle of a morass-no approaches gain time for provisioning the fortresses, can be made without the greatest diffi- and to facilitate the junction of the culty; and it would have been in less troops along with the King of Prussia, danger from an attack of a besieging with those of the Emperor Alexander. army than from famine. The French He so far succeeded as to draw three of are thus in possession of all the course the strongest divisions of the French of the Oder from Custrin to its mouth; army, Murat's, Soult's, and Berna. and whilst the Bavarian and Wirtem. dotte's, from the heart of the Prussian burg troops, under Jerome Bonaparte, territories, to Lubeck, and in spite of were proceeding to Silesia, Louis Bona- the miserable condition of his troops-parte was advancing into Hanover, and without bread, or suitable clothing, maMortier into the Electorate of Hesse. ny of them without shoes, and comIt moreover appears from the French pletely worn out by forces marches of accounts, that they had pushed their from five to seven German miles daily, conquests into Poland, and it is now during an incessant retreat of three boasted that “ that immense barrier, weeks, he did not surrender till after which seemed for ever to separate Rus- the most obstinate and noble resistance. sia and France, has at length been re- He reached Lubeck on the 5th Nov. moved," and the overthrow of the Em- and took possession of it the following peror Alexander is even hinted at as an day. It was the same day attacked by event by no means far distant. Bona. the French, but Blucher gallantly departe is gone to meet the Russian army, fended the city against four times his whose certain destruction is boastfully force, and even against that superiority, anticipated by the enemy.
would have been able to have maintainSuch is in substance the intelligence ed his position, if every one had done contained in the French bulletins. his duty~" but alas! (adds the Gene, By the way of Hamburgh we have ral,) that was not the case.” After the another bulletin, which announces the French had forced the gates of Lubeck, surrender of Magdeburg, and which the battle continued with the utmost states the number of prisoners taken du. obstinacy in the streets; the squares, ring the campaign to exceed 140,000 ; streets, churches, and houses, were filled the standards and colours 250, held with the dying and the dead. A more pieces taken in different engagements' dreadful conflict is scarcely to be found 300; cannon found at Berlin, and in the in history.--Upwards of sooo men are capitulated fortresses, 4000.
said to have fallen.-Nor did the termiBy the Hamburgh mails we have nation of the conflict put an end to the Hohenlohe's and Blucher's official re. miseries to which the inhabitants were ports under their respective commands. exposed. They began the system of The former agrees in every particular pillage. The excesses committed were with the French accounts, except that dreadful.--For several hours the town the Prince represents his disasters to was exposed to all the rapacity of the have been inevitable, had his force even French soldiery.--It was with difficulty borne a nearer proportion to that of the the French Generals were able to check enemy, as he had neither bread, forage, them. nor ammunition; he also complains that The capitulation of Blucher's corps he had fallen a sacrifice to the neglect was signed on the 7th at Ratkau, leof the advice which he had at an early tween Kiel and Lubeck. His remain. period given.
ing force was about gooo men, altho'the Dec. 1806.
French make it 16,030, owing to a the Baltic, in every direction, is in the mistake of the Prussian officer who complete possession of the enemy. The gave in the returns, and who made no territory of the Elector of Hesse Cassel allowance for the troops previously de- has been seized, under the pretence tached, nor for those who fell in Lubeck. that he had secretly favoured the Prus. Blucher's officers are prisoners on pa. sian coalition ; but he is, it is said, to role. The General himself is at Ham- obtain mercy, in consequence of his burgh. . At Lubeck also the French having acceded to the confederation of made 200 Swedes prisoners, who had the Rhine, and agreed to pay 16 milembarked on the Trave for Stralsund, lions, and to furnish 12,000 men. The but were detained by adverse winds. Elector of Saxony has also acceded to
Respecting the sack of Lubeck by the Rhenish Confederation. the French, we have various private de. tails. In the city and its vicinity the Having given the substance of the French lost 5000 men. The carnage French bulletins respecting the military was so dreadful, that for some time the operations, we have selected from these troops would not advance, until Berna- curious compositions, which are all dat. dotte exclaimed, “ Avance%! 'Avancez: ed from Berlin, the following para. mes enfans ; je vous permettrai le pil- graphs, which may appear interesting. lage." And indeed not a house escap- "Four stand of Colours belonging to ed pillage, and every species of wanton the Guards, all of gold, were the tro. barbarity was perpetrated by the French phies of the petty engagement of Wigsoldiery, without exception of age or nunsdorff, which was only the prelude sex.
to the splendid one of Prentzlow. These The following was among the more celebrated Gensd'armes, who experiensuccessful expedients to avoid plunder, ced such great commiseration after their at Lubeck : All the most valuable ar. defeat, were the same who, for three ticles were taken into the garrets, while months, excited riots in the city of Berthe rubbish and the inferior furniture lin, by every sort of provocation. They were thrown before the doors into the went under the windows of Mr Lafostreets, in the utmost disorder; when ret, the French Minister, to whet their the plunderers came, they concluded sabres: Sensible people shrugged up the house had already been gutted by their shoulders: but the inexperienced their companions, and then rushed to a youth and passionate women, like the scene of more promise, bearing away, Queen, saw in this ridiculous swag, perhaps, some trifle which could not es- gering a sure prognostic of the grand cape their avidity.
destinies which await the Prussian ar. The surrender of Blucher finishes the my. catastrophe of the Prussian army, on “ Thus this grand and fine Prussian this side of the Oder. All the garrison army has disappeared like an autumnal towns have fallen in succession, many fog at sunrise. Generals in Chief, Ge. of them after but a shadow of resistance. nerals commanding the separate corps Even Magdeburg, which ought to have of the army, Princes, infantry, cavalry, been able to have stood a long siege, artillery, none remains. Our posts have was only blockaded for fourteen days, entered Frankfort on the Oder; the when it surrendered without almost fir- King of Prussia has gone further. He ing a shot. The booty found there has not 15,000 men left; and for such a was immense--more than seven millions result we have scarcely met with any Sterling; every one that was able having loss. sent his most valuable effects and treas “ All the unmounted dragoons, whom sure to this city, as a place of safety. the Emperor had caused to come to the
Hameln in Hanover, has likewise ca. Grand Army, are now mounted; and pitulated to Louis Bonaparte, and all there are at the grand depot at Spandau Hanover is occupied by his troops. Os- 4000 horses saddled and bridled, which naburgh has been seized in the name of we do not know what to do with, be. the King of Holland; Elsfleet, and all cause there are no horsemen in want of the passes of the Weser, have been oc. any. We wait with impatience for the cupied, and in short, the whole terri. arrival of the depots. tory from the Elbe to the Oder, and to: “ Marshal Davoust entered Posen