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potto. The parchment is very small, hills, he is designed Rex Scotorum : and only 7 or 8 lines in the whole, in it is the only that wants a scall, achancery hand. It has the wordGua. and writt in confusion, amongst all rantizare in the clause of warrandice. this collection; but in another, which The next proof of this affair shewn is one year after Banoockburne, the to me was a chartour granted by K. seall is magnificent. He is on the Robert of severall lands to the dio. one side sitting in a chair of state, cess of Glasgow, containing these with the globe in one hand, and words, Testibus Roberto filio nostro sword in the other, the motto Roberprimogenito et hæredi Senescallo Scotiæ, tus Rex deo Rectore. His countenance and dated in the year 1371, about is full and lively ; one the other side 3 years before his second marriage. he is one horseback, trampling under It's true, slanderers will not allow footr his enemies, the motto Scotorum. this to be demonstrative, because his Rex, Hostiun terror ; the two charlegittimation might occasion this tours together is ane emblema of the title, but she former chartour pro. world. I suppose it will be needless. ving the marriage joyned with this, to enlarge on the severall other charwill corroborat the matter, and make tours, writt distinctly and fine sealls, it as evident as the sun at mid-day, especially that in King David's time. This chartour was never controvert. Nixt I saw a potoriall instrument, ed; and truly by comparing I think the or rather the contract in K. James writer is the same with the former, the first's days when he was prisoner, though it be in larger characters and with the acknowledgement of the not so many contractions; the King and Parliament in England, seall is larger, but the same tsamp that they had no right or title to the and inscription: this production may crowne: this is signed by 3. nottars. suffice to your conviction to and


instruments ; it was at the elude the improbation. The nixt time of luis liberation, but I do not production was a currency of char. think it matteriall or valuable, if tours, from Alexander, Malcom Ken. true : what I saw nixt was a very mure's son, to the end of Robert great collection of original letters Bruce's reign, for they have none in writt by Queen Mary, with her tesMalcom’s days. I think they are 13 tament writt the day before she was or 14 in number, all of them belong. murthered, and her codicill the same ing to the Archbishoprick of Glas- day in the morning. The writt is gow, and containing lands granted large, but not good, the testament to the severall Bishops : the oldest is contains severall donations to her very musty, small, but still legible, servants as well as the codicill, with containing the lands of Cadyou. The a declaration of her faith; signed sealls varys, some small, but most of Mary: her letters are to the Duke of them large, with the King on horse. Guise, and several other persons of back on the one side, and his effigies distinction in France, and many to on the other, with the continuall the Bishop of Glasgow, all in motto Rex Scotorum ; but, in John French ; and many to the Earls of Baliol's time, they have one char- Argyle and Atholl, in one of which tour, and no more in his days, with she expostulates with Argyle in pathis inscription-Job: Rex Scotiæ, thetic terms that her son may not be as well as his ..

delivered to the English, of which the chartour. But Robert Bruce soon she was afraid ; paits him in mind of changed Joh .... novelty, and the loyalty of his ancestors, and in the first chartour I saw granted bounty of her predecessors to his faby him when he was lurking in the mily: the other to Atholl is very de


licat, and solid sense, writt the same ordinary in it, and but few books of day with Argyle's: she says, she had value. writt to Argyle, and concludes, that Dear Gip, excuse this trouble, if both their familys continued loy. and I hope my uncle will take care all and dutiful to the Crowne, there of you. My kindest respects to Sir was no fear of either enemies abroad Robert, and all other friends. or parties at home : most of them I wish heartıly 6 bottles of fine signed Marie Reine. In one of her Burgundy, at present on the table, letters, when she was prisoner in were transferred to 3 pints of tippaEngland, she bewailo her misforny. Dear Gip, have no more room. tunes, and says she wept at writing: Adieu. and indeed the paper is spoiled a.

Peter FEA. little, with a small blank of 3 or 4 Remember me to Tibby. words. I saw one also from Loch

To Mr Alex. Baillie, leven when she was prisoner, which To the care of George Handisyde, made myself tear at reading.

writer, at his house, in the ParThere is a collection of originall

liament Closs, in Edinburgh, letters and writts from 1568 to

North Brittain. 1580, of 13 volumes in folio, very ne

Par Londres. cessary for a history, I cannot insert them in a letter, and severalls in K. Charles time. Nixt, I saw a collec. Account of the Origin and Progress of

SCOTTISH Commerce *. tion of letters, journalls, and many other papers, in four volumes in fo- NOTHING can be more scanty lio, finely bound, all writt by the than our information on this late King James, beginning about subject, so far as relates to the the time of his father's imprisonment, period contemporary with Roman (with several letters from his father and Grecian history. The Phenito him,) continued to 1698. They cians and their colonies, the great are very pointed when he was in the navigators of antiquity, carried on a army under Turrane's command, and pretty extensive traffic with the generally very handsomely done, South Western part of the island, though not so well writt as his fa- receiving tin, lead, and hides, in re. ther's, whose writt is

very fine. turn for the productions of more There was a large book showen fruitful and cultivated regions; but its nixt writt extreamly fine, with va- northero extremity, cold, barren, and rious collours on parchment, and in hospitable, contained nothing which many figures, as the seasons of every could tempt a pacific and commercial moneth, and country affairs in every people to explore its coasts. Diodomoneth in the kalendar : it has be. rue, who about the time of Cæsar longed to some religious house of wrote a general history of the world, those days, with abundance of le. mentions, that its northern extremity gends and other ridiculous fables. It was called Orkas; and this seems to bears itself writt in 1431, but it is

be so very fine I cannot but suspect it.

I saw lastly a manuscript of For. * For the materials of this article we don with R. Bruce's testament: it shall be indebted chiefly to Macphera is all writt by himself, with some

son's “ Annals of Commerce, Manufaclines, discovering by every first letter

tures, Fisheries, and Navigation;" a of the line his name :

work of the greatest magnitude and imthe writt is

portance, every part of which is re. good and on parchment : as to the plete with curious and valuable inforlibrary here, there is nothing extra- mation.

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be the whole amount of what was ple field was opened for this species
then known on the subject. As the of enterprize, after Britain, by being
Britons are said to be more barba- converted into a Roman province,
rous than the Gauls, so there seems had become at once more cultivated
reason to think that its northern and less warlike. From that time,
parts were still more so than the sou- 'the incursions of their northern
thero. In the former, agriculture was neighbours became most incessant and
in a great measure unknown, its in- destructive.
land inhabitants subsisting entirely by These hardy tribes were, as is well
pasturage. But there may be ground known, the last to submit to the Ro-
to doubt whether the Caledoniane bad man yoke, as well as the first to shake it
advanced even thus far, and whether off. It was in the summer of the

they did not depend almost entirely 80, that Agricola, whose exploits have
on the chace for subsistence. A been so eloquently recorded by Ta.
Roman writer (Dion) observes, that citus, entered Scotland with a Ro-
though their coasts abounded with man army, which he led as far as the
fishi, they made no use of them as Tay, subduing the tribes who lay in
food ; but whether from indolence his way. He then returned to win-
or superstition, does not certainly ap- ter quarters in the isthmus between
pear. Solinus indeed mentions fish the Forth and Clyde, which he guar.
as a principal article of food with ded by a chain of forts. Resolving
the inhabiiants of the Hebrides, however to complete the conquest
which may have been true with re- of the island, he marched next year
gard to that particular district. with his army along the coast of
Their navigation was performed by Fife, the fleet attending to supply
boats made of woven osiers and co. him with provisions, which must
vered with leather, in which they otherwise have failed him. The Ca-
could cross to Ireland during the ledonians, during this march, harras-
summer months only. It is evident, sed him with continual desulcory at-
that in so low a state of the arts, tacks, which destroyed a multitude
there could be very few subjects of of his men, and by which the ninth
commercial exchange. The only ar- legion was entirely cut off. Next
ticles of which they stood in need, year the Caledonians assembled at
were a small quantity of iron with The foot of the Grampians, a great
which to point their weapons, to army, the command of which was
which we may probably add strong given to Galgacus, who animated bis
liquors, for which all savages have so troops, by representing, that they
cager a taste.
It is difficult to say

were now driven to the what they could find to give in ex- tremity of the earth, and that if this change for these, except the skins of field were lost, there remained no wild beasts which they had taken in longer a refuge for expiring liberty. hunting. Pearls indeed may be ad- The Caledonians were not unmindful ded, for which Scotland then was, and of these exhortations ; but their irrelong continued famous, and which are gular valous was forced to yield to said never to have been found south the conduct of Agricola, and the suof the Solway firth. But the most perior discipline of the Romanarmies. creditable mode of supplying them. Yet how dear their victory must have selves with these articles, was doubt. cost the latter, may be conjectured less that of robbery. Like the an. from Agricola's retiring immediately cient Germans, they shought it dis- after to the South of the Tay. Me graceful to obtain by labour what could Macpherson indeed gives some reason be purchased by blood. A very am. for suspecting that many things


chest ex

in this narrative of Tacitus were ra- tains called Drumalbad, and Lochcher“ destined for the honour of Ness. The new province was called his father in law Agricola,” than Vespasiana, a name given, or conti. drawn from a strict historical truth. nued, by the modesty of Antoninus, The number of the Caledonian, army, in honour of Vespasian, under whose which is stated at thirty thousand reign the command of the Roman men, seems hardly credible in a coun. forces in Britain was delegated te try so thinly inhabited. Agricola Agricola. then ordered his tect to sail round It was apparently during the ad. its northern extremity, and make a ministration of Lollius, and probably survey of the coast.

under the direction of Scius SaturDuring the succeeding reigns, the sinus, who, as Jabolenus, and Ri. Rumans made no farthur attempts to chard of Cirencester inform us, was push their conquests in Britain, and then commander of an English fleet it is not improbable that the Caledo- stationed on the coast of Britain, mians regained the entire possession that the maritime survey, or rather of their country. The next mention two partial surveys, of the north that we have, occurs in the reign of part of Britain, were performed. the Emperor Adrian.

That pacific

From these it was, that Ptolemy monarch, finding the Roman Emn- the celebrated geographer, who fioupire already too extended, and la- rished in the following reign, conbouring under its own weight, forin- structed his map of North Britain ; ed the design of contracting it within which is, however, most wofully infarrower and more secure limits. accurate. He makes it project toWith this view, he constructed a wards the cast instead of the south, wall, eighty miles in length, between while he has ranged the Hebrides the rivers. Tyne and Eden, which along the north coast of Ireland, might defend the southern inbabi. running from east to west. tants of the island from the iocur- The following are mentioned, at sions of their barbarous neighbours. this period, as Roman towns : So agreeable did he render himself Curia to the former by this and other measures, that he obtained the title of Trimontium, perhaps Middleby, in the Restorer of Britain.

In the reign of Antoninus Pius, Lucofibia,

Lucofibia, - some place on the east the Roman territories were under

side of Wigton Bay. the command of Lollius Urbieus, Vanduara, perhaps Pasley. who extended them considerably, Victoria, perhaps the Ruins at and planted the Roman Eagle on

the mouth of the the banks of the Varar (now Beau

Earn; perhaps Aberlie.) He built a second wall, farther

nethy. Norib, between the friths of Forth Orrea, Scone, or near it. and Clyde. He founded Roman Devana, Aberdeen. towns, and connected them by milita


perhaps the old Castle ry roads; in short, he provinciated a

of Nairn, now overtract of country, mostly unknown to

whelmed by the sca; former conquerors, extending north

perhaps Inverness. ward, from the newly-raised wall Alcluith, and the forth of Forth, to the firth (afterwards) Dunbarton. of Moray; and from the ocean west- Theodosia, sard 10 Loch-Long, or perhaps

(To be continued.) Loch-Fyne, the great ridge of mour


Otadinorum,} Melros


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Ghronological Account of Remarkable round Naples.--29. Edinburgh races Occurrences in 1805.

commence, and continue for a week. July.


8. Great preparations made against of Ireland, formerly accu

the French invasion.-10. A beautised of high treason, but escaped from ful French frigate, named L. Didon, prison by bribing the goaler, appears captured by his Majesty's‘ship Phæ. in the Court of King's Bench, Dub. nix, Capt. Baker, after a severe conlin, pleads bis Majesty's pardon, and test on both sides.-12. A grand is discharged.-3. i'wo gentlemen field day at Portobello sands, near (students of medicine) fight a duelat Edinburgh, in honour of the Prince Edinburgh, and one of them is kil- of Wales' birth-day, upwards of 8000 led.-5. The Foundation stone of troops under arms.-14. Official acthe Royal Exchange laid at Peters- count of the assault upon Bhurtpore, burgh, Russia, by the Emperor Alex- in the East Indies, received in Engander, with great pomp and ceremo

land.-15. A singular riot at the ny.-10. Russia, in her endeavours Haymarket Theatre, London, by a to effect a restoration of tranquillity, number of tailors, masters and jourmiscarries in her negociation, and an neymen.-19. The Hon. Barry Lord important state paper published by Viscount Avonmore, Baron YelverCount de Novasilzoff on the occasion. ton, Lord Chief Baron of his Majes- 12. Parliament prorogued by com

ty's Court of Exchequer, dies at mission : The first regiment of Roy. Fortfield.-21. Lord Nelson arrives al Edin. volunteers go on permanent in London from the Mediterranean. duty at Edinburgh for 14 days. 22. George Bussy Villiers, Earl of 15. The Edinburgh Court of Police Jersey, dies at Tunbridge Wells:opened, with a procession of the 25. The Duke of Gloucester, his Lord Provost and Magistrates, the Majesty's brother, dies, after a linJudge of Police, &c. in their robes. gering illness : The Rev. Dr Carlyle, 17. The British squadron attack the of Inveresk, near Edinburgh, dies at French flotilla off Boulogne, with the manse of that parish.-31. Dr some success.--19. His Majesty's James Currie, late of Liverpool, ediship Blanche captured by the French, tor of the elegant edition of Burns's after a smart engagement.--22. First works, dies at Sidmouth, much re. regiment R. Edin. volunteers review- gretted. ed, and highly complimented by the

September. Commander in Chief; also a hand- 1. The French troops evacuate some speech addressed to them by Hanover.--3. The Batavian Pensio. their Colonel, the Right Hon. Chas. nary (Schimmelpenninck) opens the Hope : Sir Rob. Calder engages the sittings of the Siates-General. combined fleets of France and Spain, 4. The remains of the Duke of Glouand captures two Spanish vessels, an cester interred with great pomp and 84 and a 74, which he sends to solemnity at Windsor: The pay of England, and pursues the rest.--- the Lieutenants of the British Navy 25. The Blackwall canal gives way, was raised to 8s. per day, and that of but providentially no lives lost: A the Masters to 12l. per month.5. dreadful earthquake throughout the The East India fett came into the greatest part of Italy, especially a- Downs, having on board property Feb. 1806.


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