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belonging to the East India Compa- shal Bernadotte, consisting of 4000
consisting of 33 sail of the line (18
French and 15 Spanish,) 4 frigates, 1. Bonaparte quitted Strasburgh, and 2 brigs, with 4000 troops on and crossed the Rhine with the whole board; and, after a confiict of 4 of the Grand Army --Dreadful ex. hours, 19 of the enemies line strike plosion of the powder-mills at Roslin, their colours, and a French 74 blows near Edinbergh, and two men kill. up; Lord Nelson is killed; about the cd.-3. The advanced guard of Mar- middle of the action, by a musket
ball in his left breast ; Capt. Duff of fleets, and how they were disposed of, the Mars, and Capt. Cooke of the names and rank of the French and Bellerophon, also killed; the French Spanish officers in the late action, Admiral Villeneuve, a Spanish Vice with returns of the killed and woun. Admiral, and also a Rear-Admiral, ded on board the British squadron, are among the prisoners.-22. Death with other important matters, pubof the D. of Roxburgh at Fleurs.-- lislied in an Extraordinary Gazette. 23. Lady Elgin and suite arrive in Killed 423, wounded 1164; total England from France, after being de- 1587. tained long a prisoner by Bonaparte.
December. —24. The Ocean, a large ship of 2. The Grand Lodge of Scotland 98 guns, but fitced to mount 120, celebrate the Festival of St Andrew, launched at Woolwich, in presence in place of November 30,
which hapof the Duke of Sussex, the Princess pened this year on a Saturday : great of Wales, &c. &c.: The Thames, a
battle between the French and Ausfine frigate of 44 guns, launched at tro Russian army at Austerlitz, in Chatham.-26. Report of another which the latter is unhappily defeatbattle between the Austrians and ed with greai logs.c--4. Toe Victory French.
arrived at Portsmouh, with the reNovember.
mains of Lord Nelson.--;. A gene. 2. General promotion of Military ral Thanksgiving for the splendid Officers.--William Robertson, Esa. Victory off I'rafalgar.-6. Armistice Advocate, appointed one of the signed between France and Aust:iaLords of Session, in room of the late 7. Intelligence received at the India Lord Ankerville.-3. Four French House of the capture of the Brunsline of battle ships, part of the Cadiz witk Indiaman by the French Adsquadron, captured by Admiral Sir miral Linois, on the nth of July.-R. Strachan, after the engagement A French squadron of 7 sail of the with Lord Nelson, off frafalgar.- line and 4 frigates seen at sea, and 9 Intelligence of the defeat of the supposed to have escaped from Brest. combined fleet by Lord Nelson ar- - 23. The trial of Sir Robert Caltives in Edinburgh.-11. A general der commenced at Portsmouth, on illumination, and great rejoicings at board of the Prince of Wales. It Edinburgh, on account of the victo. terminated on the 26th, when he was ty:-21. His Majesty, being seated reprimanded.--24. La Libre French on the throne, receives the address of frigate, of 40 guns, taken by La the city of London, on the defeat of Loire and Egyptienne frigates. the French and Spanish at sea, also their sentiments of condolence on the lameoted death of Lord Nelson; Suggestions on the utility of forming which address his Majesty graciously
some new lines of road in Scotanswers. -23. The Hon. Robert
By J. Hocg, the Ettrick Johnson, an Irish Judge, tried in the
Shepherd. Court of King's Bench, London, for publishing a libel against Go W
CHEN we see a person putting
. bimself to any extraordinary Meeting of the principal inhabitants trouble or expence voluntarily, we of Edinburgh, for erecting a naval reasonably conclude that he has some pillar, or other monument, to the end in view, cither of honour or admemory of Lord Nelson.----26. ln- vantage to himself or others; but teresting dispatches from Lord Col when his object is an investigation of lingwood; a list of the combined the rural economy of his country,
his views are more easily ascertained. pilots to steer the British helm, we
But if ever most necessary; and, if he were, a they should appear, the following literary miscellany is an improper suggestions are never, or but very place wherein to publish the proposlightly mentioned; and I was led sal. To such, I answer, that the to them merely by reading in the most important discoveries in the news papers the other day an adver- history of man, have taken their ori. tisement for contractors to make gin from small, and even unfeasible roads through some of the southern beginnings ; and if I liked I could islets and peninsulas of Argyleshire. mention some events of greater imporThese I rejoiced to see, sensible that tance to our species than either roads they were of much utility, but con- or canals, which were first discovered eluded in the mean time that there to shepherds. And the Scots Magawas as much, and more need of them, zine hath always been the vehicle somewhere else.
wherein my abstracted ideas have Scotland is a field where of late been circulated, and I have no incli. years a great deal has been done, nation to change it. Who knows but a great deal still remains to do; but these hints
of and if a kind providence be pleased some, who have more infuence with long to spare the present illustrious the legislature of the country than
I ? less, I am sure, they cannot have; people in these districts, which are or at least of some who can better all educated at the metropolis, their discuss their utility.
friends from thence, and all travellers The first that I shall mention, and of business, pleasure, or speculation, which is so notoriously important to would find a safe passage directly to a great extent of valuable country, every glen. that I am surprised it was never put
As the branches from either side in execution, or even proposed as far would be almost innumerable, espeas I know. It is one to lead froin cially to the westward, it would be the Gleo more.na.h.alabin, or line of necessary to have directing posts at the Caledonian canal, northward a. each joining; naming the districts longst the back.bone of the country, and islands to which they led, and to the northern shore of Sutherland. on the other side The high road to This would at once supersede the ne- London might be printed. This cessity of making any other great simple appeodage, annexed to roads in all that country, as it would thing of so much utility to the open a communication to every indic country as I am certain this road vidual glen both on the eastern and would be, might work more upon western sides of the island. None the mind of the illiterate highlander, of these are long ; sundry have good in whose breast only some national -stripes of road alongst them already, prejudices may still linger, in favour and each would soon open up a of the sister kingdom, than can well branch to the great road. The gen. be imagined. He would, at every tlemen of that country have already stage, be impressed with their near wrought miracles by a frugal use of connection, until he became involunthe funds arising from the conversion tarily convinced that their interests of the statute labour into money, and were inseparable; that they were many individuals have contributed childıen of the same family, and that greatly; and surely this would be ad. from this, their more rich and honadministering a new and irresistable ourable sister, much of their aflu. stimulus for further exertion. By ence and present comforts were derithis the thousands of sheep and cat- ved. I remember, that when I was at tle bred upon their mountains would Inverness, and saw at the end of one find a safe and easy conveyance into of the streets, The road to Edin. the markets in the heart of the coun- burgh, printed, I could not help contry; whereas they are at present, not sidering myself as at home, though only unspeakably wasted by ferries, sensible that the wilds of Athol and fording of deep and rapid rivers, Badenoch intervened. This propoand a course 90 circuitous, that, sal may be viewed as presumptuous saving a few lifted near the eastern in me, and were I to point out the coast, when they reach Fort-William very tract the road should keep, it they have commonly driven them at would be the height of presumption; least two miles for every one that however, it must be considered, that they have advanced southward ; but though the mountains of Scotland likewise, the country being so inac- are tremendous, there are neverther cessible, dealers of any credit, either less many excellent passes through in wool or live stock, are discoura. them in every direction ; as witness ged from entering it, as well knowing those of Glenshee and Athol; as well the difficulties they must encounter
as three notable ones in the western before they can carry their purcha- road, those of Loch-Ern,Tyne drum, ses to market. By this too, the and Glencoe. pumerous families of the genteel
Grammatical Error in Scott's Beau. gent teacher, when using such books,
will warn his pupils not to suppoge TIES of WRITERS.
such expressions sanctioned by the
authority of Addison : and truly, if BOOKS made from books, under that ornament of English literature
the various titles of Collections, had written thus, bis style would Extracts, Beauties, &c. are, in the have ill deserved the character it has present age, sufficienily numerous, and received for classic elegance and corwhen judiciously and faithfully com
rect simplicity. All extracts should piled, are very useful. It is almost
be carefully copied from the best superfluous to stalc, that what is editions of the original writers : for professed to be extracted from an author, should be in the words of anthor, not the compiler, is responsi
every peculiarity of expression, the thai author. Such compilations, in. ble; and he ought to be well acdeed, as are designed for the perusal quainted with his subject, who pre. of youth, should be carefully purified sumes to alter the style or the gramfrom every vestige of profanity, im- mar of Addison or Johnson. morality, and indelicacy; but no
A. M. compiler should mutilate an author Lawn-market, Jar. 1806. to make hiin correspond with his notions of grammar. Yet, in the last editions of Scott's Beauties of Emiment Writers, we are perpetually of- Character of the Bijugas, an Afrie fended at finding the conjunctive
CAN Tribe. mode united with the conjunction IF, whether the event be future and (From Beaver's African Memoranda.) doubtfil, or present and certain. In the beautiful
from Addison's Spectator on temperance, instead of THESE, of all the Africans on
this part of the coast, are the what the author wrote, “ If exercise most uncivilized, faithless, and war. throws off all superfluities, temper. like; and are distinguished among ance prevents them;" we have, “ If
the exercise throw off :" and in the sub. sequent sentences, instead of clears, raises, difipates, we have clear, raisi, difjipate, to the depravation of both amples are taken from Murray's Exer.
cises : sense and sound : and it may be ob
If thou hast [not have) promised, be served, that in the 19th rule of Mr
faithful to thy engagement. Lindley Murray's excellent grammar, If thou hadst [not had] succeeded, perwe are cautioned against such expres. haps thou wouldst not be the happier sions; and in his exercises on that for it. rule, examples of the very same nature
If he prefers (not prefer] a life of inaregiven to be corrected*. An intellic dustry, it is because he has an idea of
comfort in wealth.
If thou censure that is, shalt censure]
uncharitably, thou wilt be entitled to * What Grammarians call the con- no favour. junctive Moue seems to have arisen from Though be fall, [that is, should fall,] an ellipsis of shall, should, will, would, - he shall not be utterly cast down. 112, could, -may, might, &c, and there. Were he (that is, if he should be, not if fore, thou shall, thou should, &c. can in he was] ever
so great, this conduct ao case be proper. The following exo would debase him..