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what are the words of this prayer, or, if it be | Being a Treatise made by Jolin Frith whiles hee was prilengthy, where it may be found.
soner in the Tower of London. Anno Domini a.d.xXXII." W. SPARROW SIMPSON. (3) "A Briefe Instruction to teach a person willingly to RICHARD OF CIRENCESTER, CHARLES BERTRAM, die, and not to fear Death.” The copy, it appears, in AND WM. STUKELEY: MR. BRITTON'S MSS.-In Downing College, Cambridge, has the following work as his Memoirs of Henry Hatcher (Lond. 1847, 8vo, the Third Treatise: (3.) “The Treasure of Knowledge. p. 9), Mr. Britton stated that he had in his pos- Out of which doth spring most sweet Consolations, right session Bertram's letters to Stukeley respecting necessarie for troubled consciences, to the intent that they the MS. of Richard of Cirencester, together with shall not despair in adversity and trouble.” Stukeley's diaries. These MSS. were not sold
After the book was taken out of the belly of the fish, with Mr. Britton's library in 1857. As I am en
Benjamin Prime, the Bachelor's Dedel, had it conveyed gaged on an examination of the De Situ Britannie, to the Vice-Chancellor, who took special notice of it, and I shall be very grateful to any of your readers made inquisition into the truth of the matter. The book who will enable me to examine papers of such was sent to a binder to be restored. It is related that importance for clearing up one of the most curious Abp. Ussher, hearing of the discovery, considered it as a questions in literary history.
warning froin Providence to prepare for evil approaching.
John E. B. MAYOR. The discovery of the book occasioned some excitement St. John's College, Cambridge.
in the literary circles at Cambridge; some spoke in earnest, others in joke of it. “A younge scholar (who
had in a stationer's shop peeped into the titles of the Civil Queries with answers.
Law), there viewing this unconcocted book in the cod
fish, made a quiblet thereupon, saying, “That it might The Book-Fish.—Under this heading an ac- be found in the Code, but could never be entered into the count is given in Chambers's Book of Days, i. Digest.'' Another said or wrote, • That he would here. 811, of the curious discovery of a book in the maw after never count it a reproach to be called codshead, of á cod-fish at Cambridge. The author states seeing that fish is now become so learned, an heluo librorum, the volume to have been religious treatises by which signifieth a man of much reading, or skilful in John Frith, and that a new edition was printed
many books." under the title of Vor Piscis. The description of Dr. Thomas Fuller (Worthies of England, i. 562, edit. this book is so clear that there can be no doubt of 1810) has supplied the following interesting particulars of the correctness of the writer. My only reason for this learned fish : “ Richard Tracy, Esquire, born at Todreferring to it is this—that I have just come across
ington in this county (Gloucestershire), was son to Sir a slight reference to it in the posthumous works
Williain Tracy, confessor. ... He succeeded to his father's of the celebrated Dr. William King, who died zeal; in the defence whercof he wrote several treatises in 1712:
the English tongue; and that most remarkable, which is “There is a book of Mr. Richard Tracey's, who flourished 1550, entitled--'A Preparation to the Cross,' found
entitled, Preparation to the Cross (Bale, De Scrip. Brit. in the belly of a Cod-fish at Cambridge. Dr. Ward says
Cent. ix, num. 58.) This he wrote experimentally, having it was to be printed there."-From remarks on books suffered much himself in his estate for his father's reputed which he had read.
heretical will: as also he wrote prophetically, anno 1550, The title of the work and name of the author a few years before the beginning of Queen Mary; many differ from Chambers. I turned to Lowndes and being forcwarned, and so forearmed, by his useful enfind Voc Piscis the last mentioned work under deavours. Frith, the mariyr's name, with reference to Tracy,
“It must not be forgotten, how, during my abode in Richard. On applying there I find only William, Cambridge, on Midsummer-eve, 1626, a book was found and no mention of such a treatise ; also John in the belly of a cod (brought into the market to be sold), Gwynneth, another reference, but find nothing containing therein three treatises ; whereof the first and connected with the book in question, under either largest was entitled A Preparation to the Cross. It was its original or second quaint title. J. A. G. wrapped about with canvass, and probably that voracious
[This work, now before us, is entitled “ Vox Piscis; fish plundered both out of the pocket of some shipwrecked or the Book-Fish; contayning Three Treatises which
The wits of the university made themselves were found in the belly of a Cod-tish in Cambridge merry thereat, one making a long copy of verses thereon, Market, on Midsummer Ese last, Anno Domini 1620.
whercof this distich I remember :London, Printed for James Boler and Robert Milbourne.
** If fishes thus do bring us books, tlien we M.D.C.XXVII.” The Three Treatises were, (1.) “ The Pre
May hope to equal Bodlyes library.' paration to the Crosse and to Death, and of the Comfort
(Thomas Randolph.) under the Crosse and Death. In Two Bookes. Being “ But, whilst the youngsters disported themselves here. very fruitfull for all devjute people to reade and meditate with, the graver sort beheld it as a sad presage: and on.” This is by Richard Tracy, and was first printed some, who then little looked for the cross, have since found in 1510. (2. “ 1 Mirrour or ç'arse to know thyselfe. it in that place. This book was thereupon reprinted ; and
the prefacer (p. 18) thereunto entitleth John Frith the ' by the “Cabinet Room” of Charles I., and the author thereof. But no such book appears in Bale Holbein Gate branched across the roadway from (though very accurate to give us a catalogue of his the southern portion of it. writings.) (Cent, viii. num. 71.) Whereby we conclude, Whitelock (p. 375) says, in narrating the exeit was the same made by this Richard Tracy, to which cution of the King, Jan. 30, 1648, “ The King another treatise was annexed, "To teach one to die,' walked from St. James's to Whitehall. . . . They made likewise by our Tracy, who himself died about a brought him to the Cabinet Chamber, where he hundred years since.”]
continued at his devotion.”
Ciris. ELIZABETH ELSTOB.— I shall feel greatly obliged
[From James Paine's Plans, Elevations, &c., of Nobleif any of your correspondents will inform me who men's Houses, built by him (folio, 1767), we learn that
the house built by him for Sir Matthew Featherstonthe persons were who animadverted on Dr. Hickes, the friend and patron of Elizabeth Elstob, the haugh was begun in 1754, and finished in 1758, and that Saxonist, and who were so severely criticised by the whole expenses, including the value of the old mathat lady in the preface to her Anglo-Saxon Gram
terials on the premises, did not amount to the sum of I suspect Swift to have been one of them,
10,4001. Lord Melbourne sold it to the Duke of York in but am not certain. Also, if Rowe Mores's ex
1789.] pression is to be accepted literally when he speaks " AGIOLOG10 LUSITANO."-Can any reader of of Elizabeth Elstob as the indefessa comes of her “N. & Q.” give me information concerning a brother's studies, “a female student in the Uni- work in 4 vols. fol., entitled versity." Could she have shared his rooms at
“Agiologio Lusitano dos Sanctos e varoens illustres Queen's College ?
em virtude do reino de Portugal e suas conquistas. Any information relative to this lady, apart Composto pelo Licenciado George Cardoso.” Lisbon, 1652. from what is given in Nichols’ Anecdotes, Ballard's Learned Ladies, and the Biographical Encyclo
The fourth volume, compiled by Antonio Caepædia, or any allusions to her in the diaries and tano de Sousa, was not published until 1744; and correspondence of her times, will be very thank- month of August. If I remember rightly, the
the work remains imperfect, ending with the fully received by
late Dr. Neale spoke of it as a valuable work and 30, Blomfield Street, Upper Westbourne Terrace, W.
VILEC. [The principal writer on “The whole System of an
[Dr. Neale's notice of this work occurs in the PreEnglish Education," noticed by Elizabeth Elstob in the liminary Reinarks to Murray's Handbook for Travellers Preface of A Grammar for the Anglo-Saxon Tongue, is
in Portugal, ed. 1864, p. 27. He states that “the Agiologio John Brightland, the author of “ A Grammar of the
Lusitano of George Cardoso is a very valuable work. The English Tongue, &c., for the Use of the Schools of Great
first three volumes in folio appeared at Lisbon respectively Britain and Ireland. The Third Edition, 1714, 8vo."
in 1652, 1657, and 1666; a fourth, edited by Caetano de The quotations given by Miss Elstob at p. V., &c., are
Sousa, in 1744, since which time the work has remained from the Preface of this work. We take the expression unfinished, and probably, since the suppression of monasof Rowe Mores to mean that this learned lady resided teries, could not be completed. It is a calendar of such within the precincts of the university, and not actually Portuguese as have been distinguished for sanctity or in Queen's College.
eminence. A short life of each is given in the text; then The best biographical account of William and Elizabeth Elstob will be found in the Newcastle Reprints of ecclesiastical information as to the foundation of the
follows a commentary, enriched with the most copious Rare Tracts, “ Biographical,” vol. i., 1817. Consult also monasteries, and the succession of prelates, &c.: cach Pegge's Account of the Textus Roffensis in the Bibl.
volume contains two months."] Topog. Britan., No. xxv.; the Archaologia, vol. i. p. xxvi., Tindal's History of Evesham, and Ralph Thoresby's Diary BEORNIA.-In Winchester Cathedral there is and Letters.]
the tomb of Richard (a son of the Conqueror),
who is called Dux Bcorniæ. Where is Beornia ? MELBOURNE HOUSE, NOW DOVER House, with
B. B. the round dome and portico, facing the Banqueting House, Whitehall, is said to have been built [This place is now known as Bernay, a town of France, by Payne for Sir Matthew Featherstonbaugh and in Upper Normandy, department of the Eure, and agrecafterwards sold to Lord Melbourne, who ex
ably situated on the left bank of the Charentonne, twentychanged it with the Duke of York for the resi- six miles W.N. W. of Evreux. It is a town of great dence in Piccadilly now occupied by the Albany antiquity, and was at one time a fortified place. It was Chambers. The writer is anxious to obtain the besieged by Duguesclin in 1378, taken by the English in precise dates of the building for Sir M. Feather- 1418 and in 1421, and by the Admiral de Coligny in stonhaugh, and of the two occasions on which the 1563.] house changed owners.
The site of Dover House was formerly occupied
Since my attention has been turned to the sub
ject I have met with repeated instances of the DUKE OF ROXBURGHE: “FLOORS."
name occurring in the Scotch county papers, &c. (3rd S. xii. 294, 422; 4th S. i. 60, 163.) I subjoin a few :Rusticus doubts the correctness of the term in March last on the Littledean and Mertoun
In an advertisement of a roup of pasture lands floors as a vernacular designation of meadow lands
estate, the Floors Park. on banks of streams, and requires a quotation from one of our old Scottish writers to prove that it is
In a Berwickshire subscription list, “ James
Glen, farmer ... Fleurs. not “one of that fanciful class of etymologies so
In Dumfriesshire, "near Thornhill, the farm of much in vogue in Scotland” of late years.
Floors.'' I have certainly never met with the word in any Scotch classical writer; but I submit that the of Floors.”
In Banff co., “near Thornton ... the farm frequent local application of a particular term to similar localities over a large extent of country the Floors Park.
In Roxburghshire, on the farm of Wolfehopelee, affords a sufficient proof of indigenous origin. It
near Stewarton. ... the farm is not probable that the Norman immigrants would
of Floors." apply a French term to the many obscure spots which retain the name of floors, --spots
, many of Teviotdale
, p. 114, mentions, in the farm of Redden
In Roxburghshire, Morton, Mon. Annals of them in wild secluded districts, where probably (or Reveden), “ the lands of ... ... Floris.” no Norman ever set foot. I am confirmed in this view by the following note, with which I lately. North and South Floors.
In Renfrewshire, near Eaglisham, the farms of met when referring to IIndyson's History of Northumberland for a totally different subject : –
In Roxburghshire, on the farm of Edgerston Bush, the Fleurs park.
W.E. “In 1267 Robert Monteford, a burgess of Newcastle, gave to Richard of Horton, son of Sir Walran, Knight, 12 acres of land as well in the field of Stikelan without the ville, as in toft and croft within the ville-namely,
CALVIN AND SERVETUS. those 12 acres which Sir Hugh the Chaplain of New
(4th S. ii. 40.) castle formerly held in the ville of Stikelen,- to wit, a toft and croft 1 acre, in the fleurs 3 acres, in Hewedis 2 E. L.'s letter is so evidently the production of a acres, in Wellsyde 6 acres, by the payment of 9 shillings lawyer practising himself in the art of special a year,” &c. (And in a foot-note hie adds ] “ This I ap: pleading, and not of one wishing to defend Calvin, prehend means the floors or flats, as there are numerous fields and districts known by that name, which are flat
that it would be mere waste of time to give it a lands or lying at the foot of slopes.”—Hodgson's History
serious answer. of Northumberland (Morpeth Deanery), 4to, 1842, p. 263 If his object had been to defame Calvin under
The fact that many Scotch families are of Nor: pretence of defending him, he could not have better man origin is undoubted, and the traces left by fence had been already made by his latest biogra
accomplished his purpose. A much better dethem in the nomenclature of places are numerous. If Floors had been an ancient seat of the noble pher and translator, Bungener, and the reviewer family to which it belongs, and a solitary or rare
of that work some years ago in the Spectator instance of the use of the
word, I should not have newspaper. The question itself that E. L. prodisputed its possible French derivation. But the
poses is a quibble. The only real question that Kers of Cessford were seated for several generations any one cares about is not touched on by himat Attonburn (Auld-toun-burn), near the Cheviots; and Calvin, and what is the moral judgment we
that is, what were the respective acts of Servetus they then acquired Cessford, but their princ pal residence was at Holydene, in the parish of Bow- found fully stated in the two publications above
are authorised to pass on them? These will be den, where an old deer park and considerable referred to, to which E. L. has not added an architectural remains are still to be seen. They atom of information. I will only here mention did not remove to their present residence till the the two most important facts, and which the beginning of last century, when Sir John Van- reader will most care to know. First, if Servetus brugh erected Floors in the year 1718. Long did not deserve his fate morally, he did so in previous to that time the site bore the same name
another common sense of the word, inasmuch as as at present, when it was an open field paying he brought it entirely on himself by his inconrent to the abbey, as I have shown from the ceivable fatuity--not only in openly declaring chartulary of Kelso * in a former note.
bimself a heretic, and that on so purely abstract * “ Rental of the Abbacie, A.1). 1567.
and therefore wholly impractical a question as The Fluris.
the Trinity (while yet one considered essential to In quheit ii bo in beir v bo in meill viïi bo xy bo." all idea of religion by both Romanists and Protes
vol. ii. p. 508. tants), but by repeatedly putting himself into positions of danger again after narrow escapes, and
GOLDSMITH'S EPITAPH. even at the last going to Calvin's church at
(4th S. i. 538, 571; ii. 34.) Geneva, and so getting recognised as he might have expected. Secondly, Calvin does not seem In consequence of the loss of Dr. Johnson's MS. ever to have intended to have Servetus burned, not long after it came from his hands, there is or even to have expected it. He simply wished some ambiguity respecting the original Latiuity of him to be put to death by being beheaded, and his epitaph on Goldsmith. If the Doctor ever voted against his being burned. At the same wrote the phrase “ Nihil tetigit quod non ornatime it seems evident that he made no effort to vit,” no wonder that he is charged by Dean Stanprevent it, as it can scarcely be doubted that he ley with a “ slight mistake."" (Memorials of had influence enough to have obtained the more Westminster Abbey, note, p. 297.) I cannot, howmerciful sentence if he had urged it with earnest- ever, agree with the Deau's argument — “The ness. Still it was better that he should have slight mistake proves that it” (the passage in given even this lukewarm and barren support to question] “is Johnson's own.". Whether the pasthe more humane course than that he should have sage, or the mistake either, is Johnson's own, is instigated the other.
the very point to be now determined. There seems also reason to believe, from the In Boswell's Life of Johnson, 4to, 1791, the evidence adduced by Bungener and his reviewer, passage, taken with its preceding context, stands that Calvin was not guilty of the discreditable thus: means of procuring the arrest and trial of Serve
“Qui nullum ferè scribendi genus non tetigit, tus of which he has been accused. On this im
Nullum quod tetigit non ornarit.”—(Vol. ii. 91.) portant point E. L. is silent, as also on what so it stands also in the 8vo edition of 1793, ii. Calvin did recommend to be done with Servetus.
450; and so it stands also in the 8vo edition by Croker, 1848, p. 520.
These are all the editions that I have consulted; I have read that Calvin said, “I do approve but, to cut the matter short, if any learned pundit myself unto God that I did burn Servetus," or
who lives down Westminster way will only walk words to that effect. Would any one of your into the Abbey, he may there see on Goldsmith's readers oblige me by saying what authority there tomb the line word for word as I have given it is for the statement ? "It Calvin did view with from Boswellcomplacency the fact of Servetus's being burnt to
“ Nullum quod tetigit non ornavit." death, probably E. L. might be satisfied concerning the part played by the Swiss reformer in the This is in all probability the line which Johntransaction; and, seeing that E. L. admits “it son really wrote; and this line I humbly submit, was true he (Calvin) was in earnest in having though in matters of such nicety but an outsider, him (Servetus) punished, which is the worst that is, as it stands, and taken with the context, unimcan be said against him," I do not think, consider- peachable. ing the power held by Calvin in Geneva over the The scriptural phrase, “He may run that minds of the people, that E. L. can escape the readeth.” (Hab. ii. 2), in our choice vernacular conclusion of Calvin's complicity in the burning almost invariably appears as “ He that runs may of Servetus.
read.” There are other changes of the same kind. In the days when that event took place, Calvin In the case now before us, nihil seems to have would only be thought “in earnest” it' he did been substituted for nullum for the convenience pass sentence of death upon Servetus.
Some of “citation,” and quod and tetigit to have been men are only thought to be “in earnest” now transposed, much as Shakespeare is altered by when they consign a heretic to eternal perdition. some modern critics, by way of “ improvement.” Why be nice, then, about Calvin burning Serve
Schin. tus ? The belief in Calvin's doctrines recognises the certain perdition of the majority of the human The criticism upon Dr. Johnson's words, as race : why be so fastidious in respect to the cinera- quoted, “ Nihil tetigit quod non ornavit,” made tion of a single heretic who was troublesome ? by Professor Conington, adopted by Dean Stanley, Calvin could scarcely, with any consistency, hold- and illustrated so happily by Mr. Tew in his ing Servetus to be an arch-unbeliever, feel a quotation from an epistle of the younger Pliny qualm in passing sentence of death him. The book iii. epist. v.], “Nihil legit quod non excergreater, of course, includes the less in this as in peret,” would be all very much to the point if other respects.
they were not founded upon words which Dr. Johnson never wrote. The words actually written in Goldsmith's epitaph were —
“ Nullum ferè scribendi genus non tetigit, nullum quod tetigit non ornavit,"
where the parenthetic relative clause, “quod | Tennyson says —
Died round the Bulbul as he sung." quod," substituted for them.
Much more might be quoted to the same effect, A list of passages thus habitually misquoted to show that the nightingale sings through every would not be unworthy of a place in "N. & Q." hour of the night-and of the day also—and that
it should, therefore, not be adduced as “the earliest Durham,
bird" of the morning, unless that phrase be taken, I am disappointed by the criticism on Johnson's after Theodore Hook's example, as meaning á Latinity having elicited no further discussion than bird who never goes to roost. Eliot Warburton, by a passage analogous to the sentence referred to, in describing his bivouac on the plain of Jordan, adduced from the Epistles of Pliny (lib. iii. ep. v.), ) in The Crescent and the Cross, speaks of the night not an author optima etatis.
ingales “ thrilling the dark groves with their BIBLIOTHECAR. CHETIAM. songs " all through the night; but, at the ap
proach of morning :—“First the partridges all
joined chorus with the nightingales, and, soon EARLIEST BIRD.
after, their dusky forms were seen darting through (4th S. ii. 47, 68.)
the bushes, and then bird after bird joined the
chorus." It was Theodore Hook (was it not?) who, when “pulled up” for non-attendance at his col
A singular fact came within my own knowlege chapel, excused himself by saying that he ledge. housemaid gave notice to leave her was really unable to sit up so late as seven
o'clock place, and did actually leave it, “because she could not sleep for the nightingales.”
This was in the morning, he being an early man who went to bed at five. In slang language, he may have probably not the real reason for her leaving; but called himself “an early bird." But, I cannot it was the only one that she assigned ; and she, think that the term "early bird.” can be applied the nightingale began his song (and not her song,
doubtless, could have borne full testimony that to the nightingale; or that “Philomel begins her at one o'clock in the morning, as stated by
as the poets write) before " one o'clock in the song A. A. (p. 68). Milton, on the contrary, says of
morning.” the nightingale —
A. A. has placed too implicit confidence in " Thy liquid notes that close the eye of day,"
the observing powers of his pottery-man. Thos9 are continued through the night; for “the wake- who have seen much of country folks, at least of the ful nightingale,"
duller natives of the south of England, must have “ All night long her amorous descant sung" been struck with their want of observation of things over the bridal bed in Paradise. The nightingale, constantly around them. In fact, your real southern in fact, seems to be sleepless; and not only to
"chawbacon” is a sad lout. It requires some resing throughout the whole day, but to continue finement of the perceptive faculties, and a certain her song through every hour of the night, without amount of education, to constitute a field-naturalist, waiting for that “one o'clock in the morning,” as
even of the humblest kind. The power of apprementioned by A. A.'s informant.
ciating peculiarities in the notes of birds is rarely “Still her woes at midnight rise,”
vouchsafed to Hodge, whose“ musical ear," if he said Lilly, speaking of the bird which Michael be gifted with one, is often hard to reach through Drayton bad called the charmer of the night."
the imperfection of his external ear, dulled, as it
80 commonly is, by early disease and by want of “ Her mournful hymns did hush the night,"
cleanliness in adult life. If A. A.'s informant says Shakspeare, in his Sonnets. And, when maintains that “from twelve to one o'clock all Romeo thought that he heard the earliest bird, nature is silent,” it must have been owing to his Juliet pleaded —
own "tired nature" indulging in a nap at that " It was the nightingale, and not the lark,
time. The warm and calm weather of this year's That pierced the fearful hollow of thy ear."
May was remarkably inspiriting to all song birds. Thomson says of the nightingale
In this neighbourhood both the nightingale and She sings
the cuckoo were in unusual song. During that Her sorrows through the night." month I was rarely in bed before two A.M.,
and can Cowper says
answer for it that the nightingales in my coppice, “ 'Ten thousand warblers cheer the day, and one who had been singing at intervals all day long, The livelong night.”
were in full voice from supset till two in the Byron say8
morning, without making any pause between "I sing by night-sometimes an owl,
twelve and one. The cuckoo also was often reAnd now and then a nightingale."
peating bis wearisome notes at ten, eleven, and