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The date of this allegation was December 29, lines by Leigh Hunt who did not always deal so 1663, and the marriage actually took place at St. gently with royalty, and they are so characteristic Ann, Blackfriars, on the 14th January following, that I think their, reproduction in "N. &Q." will as appears by the register of that church.

interest many. They are in no collection which Bridget Cromwell, therefore, was dead at least I have ever seen: eighteen years before the date of the entry in the

“From a volume of Poems, just published, entitled Stoke Newington register referred to.

* Foliage; or Poems original and translated, by LEIGI This Dame Mary Hartopp was the daughter of HUNT.' Sir John Coke, one of the principal secretaries of state to King Charles I., and widow of Sir Edward Hartopp, second baronet of Freathby. Fleetwood

(A female voice is heard, issuing forth sostly and tenderly.) had evidently retired, after the Restoration, to his

• My widowed Love!' estate in Norfolk, and it is probable that his con

(Recitative of another voice, a man's.) nection with Stoke Newington commenced only “Hark, princely mourner! 'tis the voice of her when he married his third wife, whose residence You loved on earth, that with her favourite strings was there. Subsequently, Fleetwood's son and Comes mingling thus, like smiling dreams that stir daughter by his first wife respectively married The lips of day-sweet Patience. Hark! she sings! the daughter and son of his third wife by her

(The voice returns.) former husband, and hence the later Fleetwood

• Look up, look up, and weep not so, and Hartopp entries in the Stoke Newington

My Leopold ! my love!

Thou touchest me with such a woe, registers. It is not impossible that the Bridget,

As should not be above. buried in 1681 may have been his daughter by

Pray be, as thou wast all along, Dame Mary Hartopp, but more probable that it

Affectionate and sweet, but strong. was a child of his son Smith Fleetwood by Lady

I know, dear love, thou canst not see Hartopp's daughter.

The face that looks on thine ; Fleetwood's will, which was proved November

Thou canst not touch or come to me,

But all this power is mine ; 2, 1692, about a month after his burinl in Bunhill

And I can touch that bosom still; Fields, throws no light on the subject. He men

And now I do so, by that thrill ! tions his “last dear wife," and directs to be buried

• The night I passed thee from my clay, “in the same grave or as near as may be” to her.


kissed thy brow's despair, The question now is, what became of Bridget

I met upon my moonlight way, Cromwell? She was alive in 1655, as is proved

A hundred spirits fair,by certain letters of Fleetwood of that date, and

A hundred brides, who all, like me, she was dead in December, 1663. I should be

Died in that first sweet agony. glad if those who see this note would look at their

· And we inhabit wondrous bowers, collections covering this brief period of eight years;

Which, though they cannot fade,

Have sympathy with the sweet powers for, now that the date of 1681 is no longer in

Of those our smiles obeyed; the way, the record of the burial of another of

For as on earth ye spread delight, her name may be found that will establish her

The leaves are thick and flowers grow bright. identity.

• Then turn thee to thy wonted will, If she lived till after the restoration, and, as

Dry thine and others' tears; seems most probable, Fleetwood retired' to Felt

And we will build our palace still, well, she ought to have been buried there; but

With tops above the spheres ;

And when thou too art fancied dead, the Rev. Theo. H. C. Day, curate of Feltwell (to

There, there shall be our bridal bed.'” whose courtesy I am greatly indebted), assures

SHIRLEY BROOKS. me that no record of the fact exists in the register

Regent's Park. of that parish. Did she, then, die before the Restoration ? If so, when and where was she buried ? JOSEPH LEMUEL CHESTER.


Mons Feretrus is given by Cramer, in his Description of Ancient Italy (vol. i. p. 259), as the

ancient name of San Leo, which served for many POEM BY LEIGH HUNT.

years as one of the state prisons of the Papal "I am not one of those who”. (as they say in States; and where Cagliostro, the celebrated imthe House, instead of “I do not”) think that an postor, died in exile in 1794. He supposes the author's memory is best honoured by the aggre- district, now Monte Feltro, to derive its name gation of all the fugitive or "occasional” trifles from Mons Feretrus. Though I do not find that which he may have written and discarded. But there is any such mountain mentioned by ancient in a volume of the E.caminer for 1818, in the geographers, I have little doubt that it was so; number for March 15, I have come upon these at all events in the middle ages it had the name, as Mannert (vol. i. p. 485), in his Geographie von situated in a remote inland district of Italy.

Italia (Leipzig, 1823), states, of Monteferetron, Among the early Romans, the god Feretrius was and he quotes Procopius (De B. G., ii. 2) as his worshipped; but the learned men of later times authority. I draw the attention of your readers to had evidently lost the clue to the original worit, as I Þave not observed it mentioned that there ship., Festus (De Verborum Significatione, 1593), are the remains of an ancient temple in its neigh- who hands down much curious information, but bourhood at a spot called Monte Jove, which the abounds in nonsensical etymologies, thus speaks inhabitants call the Temple of Jupiter Feretrius. of Feretrius : When I visited San Leo, in my antiquarian tour, “ Feretrius Jupiter dictus a ferendo, quod pacem ferre I proceeded to the spot and found only slight putaretur, ex cujus templo sumebant sceptrum, per quod remnants of its ancient magnificence. I was a jurarent, et lapidem silicem, quo fædus

ferirent." good deal disappointed ; but by the courtesy of We find that Romulus dedicated a temple to the papal governor of San Leo, I had my atten. Feretrius on the top of the Capitoline hill (Dionys. tion drawn to what had originally formed its Hal., ii. 34). This, I think, shows that the great chief ornaments.

Pelasgic race, that peopled Italy in early times

, The cathedral of San Leo is of considerable worshipped å god whom they called Feretrius, size, and has been built out of the remains of the though the origin of the worship has been lost ancient temple. There are a number of fine to us in the mist of ages. Can any one acquainted marble columns with capitals, which cannot be with Eastern languages give' us some suggestion said to belong to any known order, evidently more consonant wità probability than the etyshowing that it was built by those who knew mology of Festus, or rather of Verrius Flaccus ? nothing of Grecian architecture. What struck

As this district is little visited, I may mention me as peculiar was, that these pillars are orna- that there are ancient ruins found a few miles mented with the forms of fish, bulls butting at

distant from San Leo, at a spot called Torre Fageach other, and many strange figures. The go-giolo; but what they represent in ancient times, vernor said that these columns had been trans- I cannot say, if not the small town of Pitinum. ferred from Monte Jore. I know not whether

I may add that I heard of a work entitled the idea of the fish may not have been suggested Storia di San Leo, by Marini. Is it known to by the circumstance that, at no great distance, is any of your readers? In my journey through found a hill called Monte Tausano, where I was Southern Italy, I saw and perused many of these told that petrified fish and fruit are found in great topographical works in manuscript and in print; abundance. Is this known to any geologist among but I invariably found that they contained scarcely your readers, or has fish ever been known to be

“two grains of wheat hid in two bushels of chaff, so found elsewhere? On the walls of the oldest generally beginning with the deluge, and giving catacombs of Rome, the representation of the everything except the precise information that IXOTE is frequently discernible, and always inter- you required. CRAUFURD TAIT RAMAGE, preted as an emblem of the Saviour; but this temple goes away back to the remote period of the Umbrian inhabitants, a branch of the great

BEN JONSON'S PLAYS. Pelasgic race, occupying this high-lying part of Italy. May it not point to the eastern origin of Gifford's edition of Ben Jonson has been long this people, and to the worship of Astarte, the out of print; and when a copy turns up it Ashtoreth of the Hebrews, or to Dagon? This fetches, I am told, a fancy-price; and yet, though was a species of fish-worship, a remnant of which of all our dramatists Jonson stands most in need is said still to be found in the special care taken of notes, no publisher could venture to reprint of certain holy fish in some parts of Syria (Nie- Gifford's edition without the certainty of a loss. buhr, Reise, ii. 167). And then as to the bulls, The late Mr. Moxon told me that his loss on Mr. we find that in Phoenicia Ashtoreth had the head Dyce's handsome and valuable edition of Beauof a cow or bull, as may be seen on coins. San- mont and Fletcher was something awful; and the choniathon states, that " Astarte adopted the head same, I believe, was the case with Booth's most of a bull as a symbol of her sovereignty." I suppose accurate reprint of the Folio Shakespeare. The that there is no doubt that the form of a fish fact is, though there are upwards of sixty million (Notius Poseidon) was, from remote ages, a type speaking the English language, the number of of protective dominion which the symbolising those who wish thoroughly to understand what spirit of the ancients caused to pass into Chris- they read is incredibly small. I greatly doubt, tianity, as appears from Eusebius and St. Augus- for instance, if, of the myriads who have purtine ; but others will speak with more authority chased the Globe and the other cheap editions of on this subject than I pretend to be able to do. Shakespeare, one in a hundred has read him, and

At all events, it is a strange circumstance to am certain that not one in five hundred has enfind fish ornamenting the pillars of a temple | deavoured to understand him. Owing, I think,

in a great measure to the multitude and the low I cannot conceive what made Gifford insert sir; price of books, we have fallen into a habit of for "physician" is constantly of four syllables in superficial reading. Like “the child at a feast, this play. who first sips of a sweet and then flies to the

.“ With Romagnia and rich Candian wines, rest,” we run from book to book, never mastering Yet drinks the lees of Lombard's vinegar; any:

You will lie not in straw.”—For, i. 1. There is, however, a cycle in literature as in

I suspect good, or some other adjective, has been everything else; and a reaction will come, sooner lost after “With" in the first line. We should, or later, and then Gifford's Jonson will reappear, of course, transpose in the last. I trust competently edited. As I think the volumes of “N. & Q." will always be had recourse

And re-return ; could make knots and undo them.”

Ib. i. 1. to by future editors, I give here, in addition to the So Gifford. I read :three I lately gave in what I wrote on the “Transposition of Words” in this volume, such other

“ And return; make knots and undo them again. corrections as I have made in the text of Moxon's

Almost as much as from Montagnie.”—1b, iii. 2. edition, the only one I possess. It will be seen It is quite impossible that a scholar like Jonson that they are not very numerous. The reader could have thus misspelt “Montaigne ": the will observe that the words in italics are those printer must have transposed the i in it, and a used to supply apparent omissions :

word have been omitted, ex. gr. indeed, after “ Call up your young master; bid him rise, sir."

“ much." The mistake could not have been made

Every Man, &c., i. 1. by Lady Would-be, for she is not an ignorant perThis I have already corrected by transposition, son; on the contrary, she is what is called a but Go might have been lost at the beginning. bluestocking"- the first of the kind in our

literature. “ And usage of your sister both confirm

How well I have been affected to your – "-Ib. i. 4. “ Where yet, if you make haste, you may apprehend Gifford added both. I did the same myself in

him.- 1b. iii. 2. The Taming of the Shrew (iv. 4), but I doubt if we “ An arrant locust! by heaven, an arrant locust.”

Ib. iii. 5. were justified in so doing, as I have met with no

You mention'd me instance of both following the words with which

For some instructions. I will tell you, sir."-16. iv. 1. it is connected. I would read :

For “mention'd" I would read motion'd, as in “ And usage of your sister confirm how well I have been affected to your family.

ii. 3. See the note on “Sam. Agon.” v. 222 in my

edition of Milton's Poems. “ Of late is much declined in what he was."-Ib.

And straight give out about the streets you two." For “in,” probably caused by the same word in

Ib. v. 1. the following line, I would read from.

“ 3 Avoc. And be taught to bear himself." - Ib. v. 8. “ I pray thee come, good muss; we stay for you."

“ You did fault to upbraid him 16. ii. 2.

With the brethren's blessing of Heidelberg, not “ Death, death! these phrases are intolerable."

weighing Ib. iv. 1.

What need we have to hasten on the work." The following lines should be rearranged, for

Alch. iii. 1. Kitely always speaks in blank verse.

“ Besides the main of hiring force

Abroad, and drawing the Hollanders your friends." 6. The dismal night-raven and the tragic owl.”

Ibid. Poetaster, iii. 1.

Of Face so famous, the precious king."-16. v. 2. " Nat. Annals of what times are they? Lat. I think of Pompey's,”— Sejanus, i. 1.

Here the metre seems to enjoin the transposi" Arr. O good! brave ! excellent good prince.”

tion of the adjectives, and this would fully justify Ib. i. 2.

my having transposed them in The Tempest (i. 1; “ With a great lady, sir, at a physician's.”—Ib. ii. 4.

iv. 1). But most may have been lost before

“precious.” We have three omissions, it will be * When my Tales and Popular Fictions (perhaps my seen, in this very play. best work) was published, Mrs. Alaric Watts observed:

I would I had but time to beat thee,”-16, v. 3. “ This book should have been published twenty years ago,"-a very sound remark indeed, as the event proved.

“Of that proportion or in the rule.” I afterwards gave the contents of that volume in the

Devil is an Ass, ii. 1. preface to the second edition of the Fairy Mythology, 6. And your three pence! give me an answer.”. fully expecting that it would carry off a good many of

Ib. v. 2. the remaining copies. It did not cause the sale of a “ And my heart it is wounded, pretty Amie!” single copy; so the wheel had not revolved. The Fairy

Sad Shep., ii. 4. Mythology itself would not have reached a second edition were it not that Mr. Bohn happened to have a taste for

These, I believe, are all the errors of any imthat kind of literature,

portance left by Gifford. It is curious that they

occur in Jonson's best plays, and those which he as he wrote it-viz. in a little 24mo tract in 1708. had printed himself. They are mostly, it will be The sermon now in circulation was printed from seen, omissions-a proof that the eye of the writer notes taken down by an auditor. That given in is not infallible. I have not observed any errors Messrs. Longmans' new edition is printed from a in the Masks and Poems.

MS. copied from the author's autograph, and has I have also corrected the errors in Gifford's been collated with the printed copy of 1708. For Massinger, where they are about twice as nu- the copy I possess of tbis excessively rare little merous as in Jonson. In Shakespeare my correc

book, I am indebted to the kindness of the late tions far exceed a thousand, and those I have | Mr. Secretan, the lamented Vicar of Longdon. made in my copy of Dyce's Beaumont and Fletcher This edition is greatly indebted to some MSS. are about five hundred in number. This copy of belonging to David Laing, Esq., of the Signet mine may, when it comes to be sold, fetch a Library, Edinburgh, which were transcribed from fancy-price. I must inform the reader that the the originals in Leighton's autograph soon after greater number of those corrections are, as here, his death. The editor is also indebted to the restorations of the metre.

kindness of the Rev. W. D. Macray of the Bodleian Thos. KEIGHTLEY. for a MS, which he discovered amongst the Raw

linson collection.

With regard to previous editions, it may suffice NEW EDITION OF ARCHBISHOP LEIGHTOY'S to say, that the collective editions which go by WORKS.

the names of Middleton, Jerment, and Pearson, had

no responsible editor. As to what Dr. Doddridge As so much about Archbishop Leighton has edited, in some cases I have had better and fuller appeared in “N. & Q.," it may not be amiss to

MSS. than he had access to: e. g. the Exposition give a brief account of the new edition of his of Ps. xxxix. will be found greatly enlarged. The works.

This will be found to be in many re- Comment on St. Peter I found in a very faulty spects rather a new book than a new edition, state, and have made many thousands of correcsince it not only contains a number of pieces tions of various kinds. The table of contents entirely new, but it gives for the first time the prefixed, and the index appended to this, Leighcorrecť text of the works previously published. ton's greatest work, will be found very helpful to Besides the accuracy of text gained by collating the reader. the printed text with MSS. and first editions, the As each volume comes out and is read, any inchief features of the work are as follows: 1. The works are illustrated by a careful study traced, or corrections of errata, will be thankfully

formation respecting quotations and allusions not of many of the author's favourite books, as also of

received by

WILLIAM WEST. the writings of his personal friends and disciples,

The Parsonage, Nairn, N.B. Andrew Gray, Hugh Binning, Henry Scougal, &c.

2. Most of the quotations and allusions have been traced. As many of these had been but

LONDON IN 1605.partially given in the original MSS., Leighton

· For, as in LONDOX (stuft with euery sort) having set down in such cases merely what was

Heere's the Kings Pallace, there the Innes of Court: sufficient to prompt his memory, it was important Heere (to the Thames-ward all a-long the STRAND) to recover and complete these to make the text The stately houses of the Nobles stand : intelligible.

Heere dwell rich marchants ; there artificers ;, 3. Many quotations have been recovered which

Heere silk-men, mercers, gold-smithes, iewellers :

There's a church-yard furnisht with choice of bookes ; had been wholly merged in the text.

Heere stand the shambles, there the row of cookes : 4. The works are illustrated by a careful study Heere wonne vp-holsters, haberdashers, horners; of the author's life and times, and now for the There pothecaries, grocers, taylours, turners : first time may be read by the light of history and

Here shoo-makers; there ioyners, coopers, curriers; chronology. Much of the obscurity connected

Ilere brewers, bakers, cutlars, felters, furriers: with Leighton's works has arisen from not know

This street is full of DRAPERS, that of diars :

This shop with tapers, that with womens tyars : ing at what times and under what circumstances For costly toyes; silk stockings, cambrick, lawne, they were written. With the exception of the Heere's choice-full plenty in the curious Pawne : University Lectures, they have been hitherto And all's but an Exchange, where (briefly) no man assigned to the period after the Restoration ;

Keeps ought as priuate : Trade makes all things com

mon."-JOSUAH SYLVESTER. whereas in fact we have scarcely any remains of the author (excepting letters) written after he city, wherein dwell people of all conditions, continually

| Varginal note.] “ The world compared to a mighty became a bishop:

trafficking together, and exchanging their particular The remarkable sermon preached before Parlia- commodities, for benefit of the publike."--J. S. ment in 1669 is the only discourse of the bishop's The above description of London is one of the known to be extant. It has been but once printed numerous interpolations of master Josuah Syl



vester in his popular version of the works of A NEW CHEER.-I think it wise to make a Guillaume de Saluste seigneur du Bartas. As note of the origin, or at any rate of the birthSylvester was a member of the Company of place, of a cheer which may probably cross the Merchants-adventurers we may assume it to be Atlantic, take the fancy of noisy enthusiasts here, as exact as if written by John Stow himself. As an and become as well known among us as Kentish author, he could not omit to notice Paules-church- fire or as

fire or as "Hip, hip, hurrah!" The cutting is yard.

BOLTON CORNEY. from The Standard, Nov. 18, 1868:

“A SIGNIFICANT CHEER.—The inaugural address of EPIGRAMS.-The following epigrams, by a gen- Dr. M'Cosh (late of Belfast), the new President of Princetleman of the legal profession in Lancashire, re- ton College, New Jersey, on the 27th ult., occupied nearly cently deceased, appear to me to be worthy of

two hours in its delivery, but the interest of its subject

matter, the vigour and terseness of its language, its pracpreservation in “N. & Q.”:

tical common sense, the numerous happy allusions and

telling hits interspersed through it, held the closest atten“ Jack says that of law, common sense is the base;

tion of the audience to the close, and hardly half a dozen And, doubtless, in this he is right:

left the building until it was finished. He speaks with a Though certain am I, that in many a case

very strong Scotch accent, and is by no means a graceful The foundation is quite out of sight.

orator, but he produced throughout a most favourable “R. T. G.”

impression upon all his hearers, and especially upon the “ A PUNNING VINDICATION.

students, one of whom shouted as the speaker closed,

Long live President M.Cosh,' and then proposed three Hal's blamed for not leading a soberer life,

cheers, which were given with a will, followed by the For spending his cash and neglecting his wife. Just list to the truth, and then judge for yourself,

usual tiger and rocket.' The rocket, by the way, is a If the man's not belied by some slanderous elf :

thoroughly Princeton institution, and as such deserves a He, in love with a girl, went discreetly to court her,

word of description. It is given with a f-z-z-z-boomGot married, and now scarce does aught but sup-porter." | flight of a rocket in the air ; the second the explosion, and

a-h! The first exclamation is supposed to imitate the “R. T. G."

the third the admiring exclamations of the enthusiastic ON READING GODWIN'S MEMOIR OF HIS WIFE, MARY

spectators as they witness the burst of coloured fire. It is

believed this species of vocal pyrotechnics originated in “ Hard was thy fate in all the scenes of life,

the army; but wherever it came from, the effect of it, as As daughter, sister, mother, friend and wife;

given by a couple of hundred students who have given But harder still thy fate in death we own,

their minds' to perfecting themselves in the art, is ludiThus mourned by Godwin with a heart of stone.

crous in the extreme.”- New York Times. “ R. T. G."


FUNERAL CUSTOM.—The following is a cutting STRANGE NAMES. - In a poll-book for Suffolk from a daily newspaper, giving a report of the refor 1727, among the freeholders of Boxford, is cent explosion at Ilindley colliery : Arquebus Powder"; and in a rent-roll for the

“I find an old Lancashire custom observed in the case manor of Maple-Durham, county of Hants, for of this funeral. By the bedside of the dead man, the re1614, is the name of “ January May.”

latives, as they took their last look at the corpse, have JAMES COLEMAN. formed a tray or plate, upon which lay a heap of sprigs

of box. Each relative has taken one of these sprigs, and THE BROTHERS PERCY.-It is curious that, in

will carry it to the grave, many of them there dropping, Wheeler's Dictionary of Noted Names of Fiction, it upon the coffin. Ordinarily the tray contains sprigs of the names of the Brothers Percy are not to be rosemary or thyme ; but, these poor Hindley people not found. Mr. Timbs, in the preface to the last being able to obtain those more poetical plants, have, edition of the Percy Anecdotes, points out that

rather than give up an old custom, contented themselves

with stripping several trees of boxwood; and hence it is “ Sholto and Reuben Percy, Brothers of the

the mourners carry the bright green sprigs which I Benedictine Monastery of Mont Benger," were have seen." Mr. Joseph Clinton Robertson, projector of the The ancient use of rosemary at funerals is fully Mechanic's Magazine (died 1852), and Mr. Thomas mentioned by Brand in his Popular Antiquities. Byerley, brother of Sir John Byerley, the first

EDWARD J. Wood. editor of The Mirror (died 1852). The name of the interesting collection of anecdotes was taken

Queries. from the Percy Coffee House in Rathbone Place, where the idea of the book was first started. Sir

ADMIRE: TO WONDER AT.”—Is this word often Richard Phillips maintained that the idea origi- used in the above sense ? I have frequently heard nated in a suggestion made by him to Dr. Tilloch it so applied by an old woman in Oxfordshire. and Mr. Mayne, to cut the anecdotes from the For example, she told me once her husband was many years' files of The Star newspaper, of which looking so ill I should quite admire him. I should Dr. Tilloch was then editor and Mr. Byerley like to know if this is a solitary instance of the assistant editor. The latter overheard the con- application.

S. L. versation, and the Percy Anecdotes were com- PLURALITY OF ALTARS.–There are two altars menced.

JouN PIGGOT, JUN., F.S.A. in the parish church of Frome Selwood. Accord

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