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from ancient magnates, which cannot be verified in Kingston church records that his bowels were on the spot. While it becomes all to know some interred there, where he had his principal resithing about their ancestors, the information is dence. His body was removed for burial to the best kept for the family circle or the private church of St. John the Evangelist at Brecon, in note-hook.

his native country. The reason is thus apparent 2. The instance given by Mr. Irving, from the for his bowels and his body being thus deposited list of Nisbet's patrons, of the crowned and in different places. At Brecon there is a sumpwinged heart as the crest of the Dukes of Queens- tuous monument to his memory, presenting his berry (80 created in 1084) is a very late example effigy in judicial habiliments. EDWARD Foss. indeed. I suspect he will not find it in the body of Nisbet's Heraldry as either the shield or crest

The custom of embowelling was so common of Drumlanrig, their predecessors, the former of which is fully described in the Lord Lyon's formerly that it may appear unnecessary to give article in the flerald and Genealogist (Nov. 1866) W. J. C. is not so much directed to the custom,

instances, and the query of your correspondent to which I referred. Not being much of an etymologist, I cannot internals. To that I am not able to make any

but how the Taricheutæ of old disposed of the follow Mr. Irving in his guesses as to the origin reply, but if instances of the bowels being buried of the wings of the Johnstones. My impression

apart from the body are of interest, I may refer would be that Annandale, from its position, was

to two recorded in the registers of this parish. colonised rather from the west than east.

The first is in the year 1599 :

“Nov. 12. Mrs Elizabeth Ratcliff, one of the Maides of

honor died, and her bowells buried in the Chancell at I much regret not having been present at the Richmont.” meeting of the Archæological Institute at which the

The other is that of Sir Anthony Poulet, son meaniny of these crowned hearts was discussed. of the well-known Sir Amias. He died in the I remember, however, hearing Canon Rock say, year 1600 at Kew, then a part of Richmond parish. some years ago, that he believed them to be con

În the register appears nected with the worsbip of the “Sacred Heart.” This view is corroborated by the peculiar treat

“ July 24, 1600. Sir Antony Paulet, Knight, died at ment of the design in a brooch which I procured Kew, whose bowells were interred at Richmounte.” at Hof, in Northern Bavaria, which is of silver,

In both these instances the bodies were probably heart-shaped, and surmounted by a pot of lilies,

conveyed to a distance, and as locomotion was not the well-known emblem of the Virgin, arranged very easy in those days, embalming or embowel80 as to resemble a crown or coronet. The ling must have been a necessary process. crowned heart seems to have been coinmon

The Prince of Wales no doubt intended to do over a considerable part of Europe. It is well honour to the body of Sir John Falstaft, and proknown that brooches of that form were and are

mised to see him "embowelled by and bye," common in Scotland ; and one which I procured honour which we know the fat knight emphatiat Augsburg is almost identical with another in

cally declined; but the phrase evidently shows my possession, which was found on some muir

that the custom was well known in Shakspeare's ground in Aberdeenshire, and is undoubtedly time, who might have known both Elizabeth ancient. I was told at Augsburg that in Bavaria Ratcliff and Sir Antony Poulet. they are only, or principally, used by the sect of

Apropos of registers, let me add my testimony “ Wiedertäufern," or Anabaptists. They are also to the urgent necessity of some means being taken used in the Black Forest, and other parts of for their preservation. I do not want to say anySouthern Germany.

C. E. D.

thing against the clergy, but worse registrars or
more careless custodians cannot exist. W. C.

Richmond, Surrey.
(4th S. ii. 9.)

There is no difficulty in angwering the inquiry

of W.J.C. as to “How did the Taricheutæ of old The judge who is mentioned in this query. was dispose of the internals ’of those bodies they praca native of Wales, and though originally called | tised their art on ? " David ap William, adopted the simpler appellation The bowels of Queen Eleanor of Castille were of David Williams when he removed into England, interred in Lincoln Cathedral, and a tomb, one where he became celebrated for his legal acquire- of three to her honour, erected over them. Her ments. When King James I. determined to add a heart was placed in Blackfriars' Monastery, Lonfifth judge to each bench, Mr. (then Serjeant) Wil- don, the rest of her “remains" in Westminster liams was selected for the additional judge in the Abbey. King's Bench. He died in Jan. 1612-3, and a tablet Wrote Roger de Hoveden, of Richard I. —


“The king then gave orders that his brains, his blood, born is the greatest ass, and the greatest liar, and the and his entrails should be buried at Chaluz; his heart at greatest canaille, and the greatest beast, in the whole Rouen, and bis body at Fontevraud, at the feet of his world, and that I heartily wish he was out of it."-Herfather."

vey's Memoirs, i, 275. It may be inferred that the same annalist in

J. WILKINS, B. C. L. tended to state that "the young King Henry, brother of Richard I., and with their father

ST. THOMAS A-BECKET AND SYON COPE. (Henry II.) co-King of England,” was after

(4th S. i. 604.) death treated in a similar fashion ; for he states“The king's servants after having extracted his brains

A letter dated July 6, 1846, addressed to me and the entrails, and buried them at Martel (where he by the then Lord Shrewsbury, contains the foldied), sprinkled the body of the dead king with large lowing description of the cope from Sion IIouse:quantities of salt, and then wrapped it in bulls' hides and lead, in order that they might take it to Rouen to be

“It certainly is a very interesting relic, as old, they buried there."

say, as the time of Edward III., and in excellent preserMatthew Paris tells us, of the interment of establishment of Sion House, which was a foundation of

vation. It is of course much more ancient than the King John, that

Henry V. The ground is of woven silk, divided into "the Abbot of the Canons of Croxton, a man well-skilled compartments of brown and green, each surrounded by a in medicine, who was the king's physician at that time, border in silk and gold. In each compartment is a group opened the king's body that it might be better carried or single figure. The principal group (and which was to the grave; and having well salted his entrails, had under the hood, the hoods themselves being lost, having them carried to his abbey, and honourably buried there." been moveable, and each probably adapted to the succes

sive ecclesiastical festivals) represents the coronation of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans,

the blessed Mother of God by her eternal and adorable Son. second son of John, dying at Berkhamstead Castle, Immediately under this is the group of the Crucifixion, his entrails were buried in the church of that occupying the centre of the cope. Underneath that is St. place; his heart in the church of the Minorites at Michael the Archangel slaying the Dragon. On one side Oxford; his body in the monastery at Hailes, sentation of the death of the blessed Virgin, and on the

of the group of the coronation of the Madonna is a reprewhich he had founded, where, shortly before, the other of her burial. In nine of the compartments are body of his son, who was assassinated by the single figures of the Apostles : in one our Sariour is rebrothers De Montfort in the church at Viterbo, presented appearing to *t. Mary Magdalen in the garden ; was placed; the heart of the latter was deposited the rest, being the smaller compartments, are each occuin an urn near the shrine of Edward the Coufessor,

pied by a seraph with six wings standing on a wherl, as at Westminster.

in Ezekiel. The orplirey is heraldic, consisting of a

series of armorial bearings, all in the form of a lozenge ; Another of your correspondents inquired who a much narrower border of arınorial bearings, also

Rosarius," an exhibitor at the Royal Aca- lozenge-shape, runs along the hem of the cope. There demy on three late occasions. I am at liberty to

is much gold in the dresses of the figures, which are not state that this was an assumed name of Miss Brett,

raised, but appear to have been worked by the same prosister of Mr. John Brett, landscape-painter.

cess as the ground. I had it direct from a branch of the

nuns of Sion House, who came over to this country from F. G. STEPHENS.

Lisbon some years ago with a view of re-establishing 10, Hammersmith Terrace, W.

their order amongst us, but in this they failed.”

A chamberlain to the late Pope Gregory XVI. "The Council ordered the bowels of Prince George to informed me that there were two chasubles of St. be put into a box covered with red velvet and carried in Thomas of Canterbury at Sens. He lamented to one of the Prince's coaches, by such attendants as his me that he had made no drawings of the vestGroom of the Stole should appoint, and buried in Henryments which came under his notice when in the VII th's chapel. Ordered a Committee to settle the ceremonies of the funeral."-Doddington's Diary, March

Germany. The following is his account of a 22, 1750.

superb chasuble at Aix-la-Chapelle, called St. “But who is he,

Bernard's :
Fresh as a rose-bud newly blown, and fair
As op'ning lilies; on whom every eye

“ It is of rich purple silk, lined with red, and adorned With joy and almiration dwells? See, see

with orfrays of seed pearl, worked in an exqui-ite pattern He reins his docile barb with manly grace.

of foliage without any gold. It is so large that few of Is it Adonis for the chase arrayed ;

the clergy, althougl generally tall men in Germany, can Or Britain's second hope ? "

wear it conveniently. The celebrant wears it on St.

Bernard's Day in the cathedral. There is also at Aix an This quotation is from the third book, line 383, unique cope attributed to Pope Leo III., of crimson velvet of Somerville's Chase, third edition, published in most richly embroidered, and set round the edge with a 1735, when the Adonis would be the above- fringe of lit le gold bells, like the vestments of the Jewish mentioned Prince George (father of George III.),

High Priest.” whose mother thus described him to Lord Her- If your correspondent, John Piggot, Jun., vey:

F.S.A., is anxious to ascertain particulars about “My dear Lord, I will give it you under my hand, if

any vestment embroidered with bells, he will be you are in any fear of my relapsing : that my dear first- / glad to be informed that there was a few years


since at Mawley Hall, near Bewdley, a chasuble But read it thus, and that's another sense : of crimson silk velvet, the front of which was

Edwurdum occidere nolite, timcre bonum est. Adorned with the figure of the blessed Virgin Mary

Kill not the king, 'tis good to fear the worst. surrounded with angels and rays of glory. The

Unpointed as it is, thus shall it go," &c. front of the chasuble had also wrought on it

Mr. Collier appends the following note : eight bells, and as many fleur-de-lis. Beneath “Sir J. Harington has an Epigram (L. i. E. 33) .Of the figure of the Virgin were three lilies issuing

writing with double pointing,' which is thus introduced.

• It is said that King Edward, of Carnarvon, lying at from a vase. The back of the chasuble had

Berkely Castle, prisoner; a cardinal wrote to his keeper, wrought thereon in gold and silk of various colours Edwardum ocridere noli, timere bonum est, which being a figure of the blessed Virgin Mary; double-headed read with the point at timere, it cost the king his life.'" eagles, seraphs on wheels, and fleur-de-lis. This

JOIN ADDIS, JUNIOR. chasuble of course is still in the possession of the Blount family.

QUOTATIONS WANTED (4th S. ii. 10.)-
R. D. Dawson-DUFFIELD, LL.D.

“ It has been well said that the Arch-flatterer with 5, Belvoir Terrace, Cambridge.

whom all the petty flatterers have intelligence is a man's self.'"

This saying is quoted by Bacon, Eseny x.," Of In reference to Mr. Piggor's notes respecting Love" from Plutarch's De Adul. et Amico. It is ancient copes, chasubles, &c., I beg to state that twice repeated by Bacon, slightly varied in lanthe Roman Catholic Cathedral of Waterford pos-guage, in Essay xxvii. “Of Friendship," and in sessed a suit of copes, chasubles, &c., which were Essay liii. “Of Praise.”

J. T. bestowed on the church by Pope Incocent III.; Glasgow. and some of which I heard were presented by the “And she hath smiles to earth unknown," &c. late Right Rev. Dr. Foran, Catholic Bishop of the see of Waterford and Lismore, to the Earl of worth's “ Louisa.” In the latest edition of his

These lines form the second stanza in WordsShrewsbury, Waterford, and Wexford, in whose collection they were placed in glass cases at Alton

works they do not occur. The lines (beautiful Towers. These copes, &c., were elaborately and enough in themselves) were probably expunged richly embroidered; some of them contained figures

as being bardly in harınony with the rest of the of the Apostles, &c., worked in around the fringe

poem, giving the idea of repose rather than actior edge of the cope, and executed with a distinct- vity, such as that of her who ness which could not be excelled. I believe a

“ Down the rocks can leap along,

Like rivulets in May." few of them yet remain in the Roman Catholic

W.F. cathedral church of Waterford. They are referred to in Ryland's History of Waterford.

“ STRADELLA " (4th S. i. 436.)—Niedermeyer MAURICE LENIHAN. (composer of “Il Reo per Amor,” &c.) produced Limerick.

an opera entitled Stradella, in Paris, 1836.

ΕΤΑ. . We are told at Canterbury that the piece of stone stained with the blood was cut out of the The story of the Sultan Mourad forms the intro

SULTAN DYING OF ENNUI (4th S. i. 605; ii. 47.) pavement, and taken to St. Peter's at Rome as a relic at the time of the Reformation. I was pre

duction to the first number of the Welcome Guest, sent at the annual exhibition of saintly relics

which appeared on the 1st of May, 1858. It was there, and very numerous they are, but could not written, I believe, by Mr. George Augustus Sala. find this piece, nor did the custode, though very

The point of the story is this : - The sultan and civil and intelligent, know anything about it. his courtiers are dying of ennui, when a strange Can any of

dervish makes his appearance, and delights them readers furnish information on

your the subject ?

A. A.

all by his songs, stories, and jokes. The only re(Of) Poets' Corner.

ward he will accept is one penny, and addressing

the sultan he says,ADAX OF ORLETON'S SAYING (4th S. i. 411,

“ I will undertake to amuse you, your whole court, and 495.)—I cannot refer to historians, but it seems

your whole people for a penny a week. Once a week will

I visit these halls of dazzling light, when you shall hear worth while, perhaps, to quote a version of the my tales and stories, my songs and anecdotes, my narrastory about fifty years older than the first edition tives of travel and adventure, my jokes and odd sayings, of Baker's Chronicle. The following passage shall see the pictures from my magic portfolin, and for the occurs in Marlowe's Edward II. (Dodsley's Old remaining six days yawning shall be impossible, and Plays, ii. 393)

boredom out of the question." * Mortimer Jun. This letter, written by a friend of ours,

In answer to the sultan he adds,Contains his death, yet bids them save bis life.

“ You shall call me the Welcome Guest, for I mean to be Edwardum occidere nolite timere, bonum est.

a guest, and a welcome one too, in thousands of your subFear not to kill the king, 'tis good he die.

jects' homes-and now farewell for the present. Give me my penny and let me be off, and each week you shall have ANCIENT AND MODERN SUPERSTITIONS (4th S. another visit from your Welcome Guest.

i. 574.)—I was, a few years since, the clergyman THOMPSON COOPER, F.S.A. of a parish within ten miles of Birmingham, This historiette, beginning“ The Sultan Mourad much frequented on holidays by a low class of was dying," was but an artsul prospectus for a

mechanics, and I invariably noticed that, whenperiodical called The Welcome Guest, the first ever I passed, some one or more of them spit number of which appeared some ten years since. aside; giving me the idea that they belonged to C. W. BINGIAM should find it bound up with some sect or society which enjoined the rule to vol. i. of The Welcome Guest in the British spit whenever a clergyman passed, or perhaps any Museum; and some mention of it, as a specimen known churchman.

S. W. of the "puff insidious," appeared in Blackwood's

CURIOUS ORTHOGRAPHIC Fact (4th S. i. 571; Magazine in the spring of 1858. I wrote this ii. 19.)—The following ways of representing the trifle ; but, as I am not ambitious to claim its sound an may be added to J. C.'s list: aen (aens?), authorsbip now, am content to sign myself


am, ams, ean, eans, end, ends, and han (as in hanchoan).


Whitby. CITT AND BUMPKIN (4th S. ii. 38.) — May I suggest to MR. LLOYD, that in “transcribing four MORTLAKE POTTERIES : TOBY JUGS (4th S. lines for the amusement of your general readers,”- i. 160, 615.)—The song – he obliges me to leave the last Number at any “ Dear Tom, this brown jug, chambers instrad of taking it to my house.

Which now foams with mild ale," -“N. &Q” ought not to contain anything which is given, with a few verbal alterations from the would disgust a decent woman, or which should copy of A. S., in Mrs. Inch bald's selection of be put out of the way of children.

Farces (vol. ii.), as sung by Dermot in The Poor AN INNER TEMPLAR. Soldier, by John O'Keeffe, Esq. If the statement MODERN INVENTION OF THE SANSKRIT ALPHA

of Mr. CAAPPELL be correct, as it undoubtedly is, BET (4th S. i. 610.)—Your correspondent W. E. O'Keeffe must have conveyed it from the Rev. takes no notice of the Arabic collection of alpha- Francis Fawkes, with or without leare or acknow


S. bets upon which my proposition was based, but contends - if I understand him rightly-that the DISCOVERY OF AN OLD MEDAL (4th S. i. 483, Sanskrit is derived froin the Lât or Pâli character, 568; ii. 18.)— I have an impression from one side in which Asoka's edicts are written, of about the of an engraved piece, which is apparently similar third century B.C.

to those described. It is exactly one inch in Asoka, the great Budhist monarch referred to, diameter, and bears the effigy of Prince Ilenry, belonged to the Niaurya or Mori Rajput tribe, and the legend as described in vol. ii

. p. 18. May founded by and called after Mayur Varma, who, not these medals have been engraved as counters? according to Wilson,* lived about a thousand Simon Pass was employed by Hilliard to engrave years aço-a dynasty of Southern India, to whom sets of the royal family as such. I should be glad the series of coins having a peacock on one side

to know if there are variations in size of this parand a Budbist tope on the other would appear to

ticular medal.

GEO. CLUlow. belong.

Derby, Will W. E. be good enough to explain the Monogram " A. E. I.” (4th S. ii. 10.) — These nature of any historical evidence by which Asoka are intended for the Greek capital letters å e i, ever, can be referred to any earlier period, quoting any always, for ever. Thucydides (i. 22) uses this execlipses given in grants, or inscriptions by which pression in reference to his own work (Erypapń): the earlier date claimed for him can be established ? Ktnud te és áci. " It is composed as a possession for

R. R. W. ELLIS. ever," and is equivalent to our modern word history. Starcross, near Exeter.

The phrase ó del xpóvos means eternity; oi ảel óvres FONTS MADE TO Lock (41h S. i. 509, 566.)—Is

means the immortals. On a trinket or letter-paper it, and was it, not always the custom in the Roman Homer, Pindar, Lucian, &c.; and és åei are equi

A E I is equivalent to “ Ever yours.” It is used by Catholic church to keep the cover of the font valent to eis aci, ns Aristotle wrote, and in Homer locked ? not to prevent the water being taken for

and some of the Attic poets to eis aiel. magical purposes, but, being consecrated, to pre

T. J. Buckton. vent visitors profanely tonching it. The marks or remains of such fastenings can be seen on all

These letters form the Greek word aer, del, old fonts.

S. W. 1" always,

" the full stops, which so

disguise the word, have, of course, been introduced * Wilson's Vishnu Purána, p. 469; and Wilson's through ignorance of its meaning. This word has Mackenzie Collection, vol. i. p. 96.

been brought into modern use by the fashion of

" for ever;


A. A.

imitating Etruscan and Roman jewelry, on nu- personal beauty, neatness was the most attractive merous specimens of which it has been found. It quality. Can any of your readers refer me to a signifies constancy, and was therefore frequently proper version of this proverb ?

A. A. used on tokens of love and friendship.

(Of) Poets' Corner. J. H. M.

LADY KILSYTH (4th S. ii 28.)–W. H. C. will These letters do not constitute a monogram, but find a long account of the discovery of the bodies a Greek word, AEI - semper, perpetui), ever of Lady Kilsyth and her infant in the Appendix appropriate inscription for a love-token. I should to Mark Napier's Memoirs of Dundee, p. 672 to not have sent this reply were it not for the sake of p. 685; also a slightly different account in the preserving the bon-mot of a friend, to whom a Domestic Annals of Scotland, R. Chambers, pp. 97 young lady addressed SIGMA's very question. to 99. I believe W. H. C. will also find that « The letters A E 1,” said he," signify An Engaged Lady Kilsyth was not the daughter of the first, Individual.”

W. J. BERNARD SMITH. but of the second Earl of Dundonald. Temple.


Highfield, Liscard, Cheshire. practice, which at any rate dates as far back as NAKED LEGS AT Court (4th S. ii. 36.) - A the time of the notorious Jezebel, is partly de- similar peculiarity appears, quite unmistakeably, scribed in a fragment of Ovid, “De Medicamine in the portrait of Sir Thomas Lee, No.631, in the Faciei.” After enumerating the produce of various National Portrait Gallery at the South Kensingherbs, flour, roots, gums, &c., he speaks of cerussa ton Museum, and is mentioned in the catalogue. (red lead), nitre, sal ammoniacum, poppy juice, and Should the above query obtain any reply, I trust other things, which the late Mr. Sheridan would that the bare legs of Sir Thomas, who otherwise have described as “a mess for a mad dog.” Can is handsomely appareled, may be explained at the any votary of Madame Rachel narrate whether

same time.

C. W. M. any of these ingredients are now in use, or what the "medicamiva faciei” of the present day are ?

This, I suppose, must be the saine picture we The information might be curious many years tion. If so,

saw last year in Paris at the Universal Exhibihence.

I should say decidedly that the artist

did not mean to represent naked leys, but only (Of) Poets' Corner.

flesh-coloured “unmentionables.' No French EARLIEST BIRD (4th S. ii. 47.)—The nightin- courtier would ever have thought, surely, of apgale is the earliest bird I ever heard. On inquiry pearing before a virgin queen en sans-culotte ! of a man employed to watch the fires of a country

P. A. L. pottery by night, he tells me that it is so: that CITY OF LINCOLN (4th S. ii. 33.) – Why from twelve to one o'clock, all nature is silent; “ rugged" and not "ragged,” Mr. T. J. BUCKTON? tbat at the latter hour, “Philomel begins her I can form a distinct mind-picture of a rayged song," then the lark, cuckoo, and robin, and then town: as, when from the main-street branch off, the whole winged choir.

A. A. at right angles, thoroughfares of unequal length; (Of) Poets' Corner,

thus giving to the contour of the place a frayed or On this interesting subject, I extract the fol- ham. In an old ballad I have read a village street

“ragged" aspect. Such is Brentford, such Lewislowing from the Food, Use, and Beauty of British is described as "jagged ” — from the angularity, Birds, by C. 0. G. Napier:

I suppose, of the houses, and the unevenness of “If the Naturalist rises betimes in midsummer like the the pavement.

G. A, SALA, French academician M. Dureau de la Malle, he will find

Putney. the greenfinch astir at 4} in the morning; the linnet from 2 to 3 ; the quail from 24 till 3; the blackbird from

CALVIN AND SERVETUS (4th S. ii. 40, &c.)-I 3} to 4; the redpole from 3 to 3; the sparrow from 5 to am not disposed to be harsh with the theologians 5); the blue tit from 5 to 54; a strong inducement it is of the sixteenth century for killing one another. surely to rise early to enjoy the song of the birds."

Nearly all the earnest men wished to burn those From this it would appear that the linnet is the who differed from them, and the bold were ready earliest bird, and he is most sure of his breakfast, to prove their sincerity by being burned. I think, for the proverb says, the earliest bird gets thé however, that the praise or blame of burning

Servetus is due to Calvin alone. When we con8, Chippenham Terrace, W.

sider the power which he exercised at Geneva, it

mattered as little who pronounced the sentence CLEANLINESS (4th S. ii. 47.)-The late respected as who lighted the faggots, and I do not find and talented Joshua Watson told me that he had that Calvin shrunk from the responsibility. Meheard the saying should be “Cleanliness is next lanchthon and Beza did not offer him their approto goodliness," not “Godliness”; that is, next to , bation as counsel for the prosecution,” and he



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