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This eminent antiquary adds, respecting his dis- sagacity and energy of Bruce, which in the end covery, that " Margaret and Admorus (evidently enabled him to triumph over such a phalanx of Aymer, after Aymer de Valence, his near kins- enemies with the might of England at their back. man,) are new characters; while in the latter, Thanking A. R. (4th S. ii. 23) for his note rewho must have died young, also expired the last garding still subsisting Comyns, I would ask him gleam of the direct and once redoubtable male if there was not once in his county a family, Badenagh line.” They were thus, he says, in the “Climming of Culter," which held a baronetcy, year after Bannockburn, as “refugees in a foreign and one of whom, some time in last century, had land, obliged to take a charitable but uncertain the title of “King of the Cherokee Indians"? I bequest.'

think I have seen this somewhere. The surname of Margaret, widow of John Comyn

ANGLO-Scotus. the younger, does not appear from the above. Thomas Lord Wake of Liddel was one of the disin- A. R. has pointed out that the statement of herited lords (les querrelleurs, as they were called) Anglo-Scotus —“The worshipful and knightly who accompanied Edward Balliol in his expedition house of Altyre is, and has long been, the only to Scotland in 1332. Many of them were connected one of the name in Scotland"-is erroneous. I am by blood or affinity with Balliol and the Comyns, sure A. R. will allow me to correct his own stateand a complete list of their names, estates, and ment that Mr. Cumine of Rattray in Aberdeenclaims will be found in Hailes' Annalswhich is shire “holds by long descent” (by which I prenot beside me—which may perhaps explain the sume he means inheritance arising from descent) point.

a portion of the wide domains which once beThere is a later notice of the other Adomar (de longed to the earldom." Strabolgy), which I quote from memory (from The quotation which A. R. gives from one of another controversial work of the above eminent the publications of the Spalding Club shows that lawyer, the Reply to Bardowie), in a grant, 34th the name of Comyn, Cumming, or Cumine, had of Edw. III 's reign (1360), to him, therein styled disappeared at one time from Aberdeenshire. Such “notre cher oncle, Monsieur Eymer d'Athells," was certainly the case. All bearing that dan. of the Manor of Felton, by his nephew David de gerous patronymic had, when the national cause Strabolgy, the last Earl of Athole of this surname, became triumphant under Bruce, either been slain, who died in England in 1375, possessed of Dav- driven out, or, as was probably the case with the ington Court in Kent. This earl's seal exhibits a family of Buchan of Auchmacoy, cited by A. R., garb on either side of his own arms, allusive to who bear the Comyn arms, forced to change their Joan his paternal grandmother, co-heiress of Ba- surname. But, a century later, descendants of denoch ; while his mother, Catherine Beaumont, the great old race are again found in the old wife of the earl killed in 1335 at Kilblane, was earldom, not afraid to call themselves by their the daughter of the heiress of Buchan. Henry real name, and their origin, as preserved in family de Beaumont, her father, married Alicia Comyn, records, and acknowledged by the Altyre family, the heiress of Buchan, and as one of the disin- from whom they sprang, to be authentic, may be herited lords, claimed that earldom in her right. found detailed in its main points in Douglas's

Lastly, I do not know who the John Comyn Baronage of Scotland. It can thus be shown that, was who died in possession of the manor of Kyn- from the commencement of the fifteenth century, sale (Ireland) “ before May 10, 1371." Was this several branches of the Altyre family have renot the property of the De Courcys from a much settled, at different tim in Aberdeenshire, three earlier period ? It is the first notice I have ever of which at least are still represented. seen of Comyns in Ireland after their decadence It appears that a certain Duncan Cumming of in Scotland, and is decidedly interesting, He Lochtervandich, in Glenrinnes (second son of Sir must have been a scion of some subsidiary line of Richard Cumming of Altyre, who flourished about Comyns, for the houses of Badenagh and Buchan the middle of the fourteenth century) had several were by this time extinct

as Comeyns – though sons, one of he younger of whom settled in the the Talbots and Beaumonts, their female repre- Buchan district of Aberdeenshire, and was ansentatives, continued to receive summonses to the cestor of the families of Cumming, or Cuming, of English parliaments as “ Lords Comyn of Bade. Birness, Kininmond, and others. The family of nagh,” and “Earls of Buchan.”

Birness is still represented, through the female For much valuable and more detailed inform line, by John Gordon-Cuming-Skene, Esq.,, of ation as to the Comyns, I would beg to refer Pitburg, Birness, and Dyce; Kininmond is beHERMENTRUDE to the Appendix to Mr. Riddell's lieved to be extinct. Two centuries later, in learned work above quoted. The close connec- 1634, the eldest male representative of the said tion subsisting between the Balliols, the Comyns, Duncan Cumming, also a Duncan, sold bis estate the Hastings, and other powerful families excites of Lochtervandich to his younger brother, George, one's admiration even at this distant day, for the a successful merchant, who founded a hospital in

Elgin, and "lies under a heraldically sculptured “ Jennifer, f. Corn. Kelt. White wave.”—Introduction, stone in the interior of the cathedral there, de

“Gwenever was her full English name, contracted into scribed thereon as George Cumming of Lochter- Ganivre, or Ganare-a form that occurs in old Welsh vandich." This George sold Lochtervandich to frequent there ; but nowhere else in our island has the Duff of Braco, ancestor of the Earl of Fife, and name been followed."-Vol. ii. p. 36. purchased the estates of Auchry and Pitullie, in Aberdeenshire, settling the former on his eldest Genevion ; Breton, Jenovefa ; Italian, Genoveffa ;

She gives as synonyms — French, Généviève, son John, and the latter, along with the patronage German, Genovefa ; Russian, Zenevieva; and of the hospital in Elgin, on his second, George Illyrian, Genovefa and Genovefica, besides several Cumming. The descendants of this John Cum other forms of the name. ming, who were of course the lineal representa

Ferguson, in his Teutonic Name System, in his tives of Lochtervandich, possessed the estate of anxious endeavour to give a Scandinavian or TeuAuchry until not many years ago, when they sold tonic origin to nearly every English or French it and went to New Zealand, where the family name, has the following (p. 443-4):now is settled. The lineal male heir and representative of the second brother, George, of Pitullie, probably the following. A large proportion of the ancient

“ From the Old Norse ginna, to seduce, gan, magic, are is undoubtedly Mr. Cumine of Rattray, who, names from this root seem to have been those of women, though the estate of Pitullie has passed into other and the general sense is probably only that of seductivehands, still retains the patronage of the hospital ness or fascination. But in one case, where we find at Elgin, above mentioned. The estate of Rat- Ganpa as the name of a fortune-teller or witch, we must tray was acquired in recent times, so that it is only take the direct sense of magic.* A stem liable to inter

mix is gagan, gain.a coincidence, though an interesting one, that Mr. Cumine now possesses, as stated by A. R., With all due deference to Mr. Ferguson, it " the site of one of the chief castles, and the remains may in general be taken for a certainty that, of the royal burgh of Rattray . which were erected where we find a favourite name (and various comby the powersulo family from which he claims to be pounds of the root or stem of that name) and that descended.”

it may be fully explained in the language of the That that “claim" is undeniable has been shown nation where it is used, we may take that meaning above. Another branch of the Altyre family, as the real signification of the word ; and here we Cumming of Logie, is, I believe, still flourishing, have a name, the root of which is still to be found and one more, Cuming of Relugas, is represented, as a living witness in female names in Wales and through the female line, by Sir Thomas Dick- the bordering counties at the present time. There Lauder, Bart.

are many females in this neighbourhood now I must add that, three generations ago, the bearing the names of Gwenllean and Gwenifrid. spelling of their family name became fixed,

JAMES BLADON. as regards the Pitullie branch, in the form of Albion House, Pont-y-Pool. “Cumine”; and the senior branch, Auchry, seems to have followed their example. Birness had lat- This name is not at all uncommon in Cornwall. terly spelt Cuming with one m; Altyre, Relugas, I have often seen it in parochial registers, and and Logie seem to have used two; so that Altyre, have found it borne by living persons. It is the parent stem of all these, uses the spelling usually shortened into Jenny. It is variously most different from the original “Comyn” of any written, as will be seen from the following exnow in use at all.

C. E. D.

tracts from the parish registers of Bodmin : There is a charter of Robert the Bruce (Reg. Mag. Jennefer, dau. of M". Humphry Williams, was bape Sig. 24) which proves the existence of branches of 1717," the Baliol and Comyn families to which little atten

Jenefret, dau, of Mr. Walker Hobbs, was bap', 1724." tion has been directed. By it the king grants to

"Thomas, son of Joseph Gatty and Jane his wife, was

bapt. Apl. 1762.” his well-beloved and faithful knight Henry de Philippa, dau. of Joseph Gatty and Jenifer his wife, Baliol the whole lands of Brankishelme, in the was bapt. Decr. 1762. barony of Hawick, “exceptis illis septem libratis

“John, son of Joseph Gatty and Jennifer his wife, was et sex denariatis terre que per nos Waltero Comyn

bap. 1765.” infra dictam terram de Brankishelme sunt con

Joseph, son of Joseph Gatty and Jane his wise, was

bap. 1769." cesse." GEORGE VERE IRVING.

Perhaps to this stem we may put the female name JENIFER.

Genovefa, sixth century, and the present Christian name

Genovesa in Germany, and Généviève in France. If the (4th S. ii. 36.)

name be German, it might mean weaver of spells.' Miss Miss Yonge, in her History of Christian Names, Yonge, however, argues for a Celtic origin, as also do

Leo and Mone. But Grimm assumes the Germanhood of p. lxxxii. and vol. ii. p. 132, mentions Jennifer as follows:

the name, which compares with others having the same termination."

In the case of Mrs. Gatty, it will be noticed

66 'Twas when the Seas were roaring.* that she was called indifferently Jenifer or Jane.

“ From Greenland's Icy Mountains, I should be glad to ascertain if any other instance

From India's coral Strand, of this exists.

Where Afric's sunny fountains It seems to me scarcely probable that the hard

Roll down their Golden Sand, g in “Guenerer" can be softened into the soft j

From many an ancient River,

From many a palmy plain, in “Jenifer," nevertheless it is curious that the

They call us to deliver latter name is found to prevail in a race essen

Their land from error's chain. tially British. Is the name also found in Wales ?

“What though the spicy breezes JOHN MACLEAN.

Blow soft o'er Ceylon's Isle, Hammersmith.

Though every prospect pleases,

And only Man is vile,

Iu vain, with lavish kindness, My mother had several sisters, one of whom

The gifts of God are strown, was named Jennifer (we always spelled the name

The Heathen in his blindness thus), and another Jane (known in the family as

Bows down to wood and stone! “Jenny”). I mention the latter fact to show

“ Can we, whose souls are lighted that Jennifer was not a corruption of Jenny.

With wisdom from on high,

Can we to men benighted

The Lamp of Life deny ?
Salvation ! Yea, Salvation !

The joyful sound proclaim,

Till each remotest nation

Has learn'd Messiah's name! (4th S. i. 222.) The following information regarding this well

“Waft, waft ye winds the story,

And you, Ye waters, roll, known hymn will, I hope, be of interest to all

Till, like a sea of glory, readers of “N. &'Q.” It was first given to me


spreads from Pole to Pole! by a lady whose mind is “full of suggestions and

Till, o'er our ransom'd Nature, remembrances," and to whom the readers of

The Lamb for sinners slain, N. & Q.” are indirectly indebted for some in

Redeemer, King, Creator,

In bliss return to reign!” teresting notes; but I transcribe it now verbatim from the tly-leaf, accompanying the facsimile of

I have copied the verses verbatim; the capital

Ceylon, the original autograph of the "good bishop's.” letters and punctuation are Heber's own. (Published by Messrs. Hughes & Son, Wrex- in the second stanza, the disputed point, is the ham):

right and original reading. The whole hymn has " On Whitsunday, 1819, the late Dr. Shipley, Dean of but one correction: in the second stanza, savage St. Asaph, and Vicar of Wrexham, preached a Sermon

had been written down first, and has then been in Wrexbam Church, in aid of the Society for the Pro- softened down into heathen ; in fact, the whole pagation of the Gospel in Foreign parts. That day was seems to have been what is commonly called “an also fixed for the commencement of the Sunday Evening inspiration,” and has been written down by its the late Bishop of Calcutta (Heber), then Rector of gentle author “wie aus einem Guss," as the Hodnet, the Dean's Son-in-law, undertook to deliver the Germans have it. The handwriting is small, refirst Lecture. In the course of the Saturday previous, the minding, one somewhat of that of Leigh Hunt, Dean and his Son-in-Law being together at the Vicar- though less delicate; and the last verse is written age, the former requested Heber to write · Something with a trembling hand, as if the writer had been for them to sing in the morning,' and he (Heber) retired deeply touched or affected by his subject. for that purpose from the table, where the Dean and a few friends were sitting, to a distant part of the room.

HERMANN KINDT. In a short time the Dean enquired, What have you written?' Heber having then composed the first three verses, read them over. There, there, that will do very THE MONASTERY OF KENIGSSAAL. well,' said the Dean ; ' No, no, the sense is not complete, replied Heber ; accordingly, he added the fourth verse,

(4th S. ii. 9.) and the Dean being inexorable to his repeated request Pius II., whose character by Machiavelli is of 'Let me add another, oh! let me add another, thus that he “showed himself mindful above all of the completed the Hymn of wbich the annexed is a facsimile, and which has since become so celebrated; it was

welfare of Christendom and the honour of his sung the next morning in Wrexham Church, for the first church, independent

of any passion or interest of time.-E.”

his own” (Storie Fiorentine, l. vi.), is better The original autograph, which was exhibited at known, and was a better man, as Æneas Sylvius the Great Exhibition of 1851, was in the large Piccolomini, notwithstanding some traces of early collection of autographs of the late Dr. Raffles, an gallantry. (Epist. ccccix.) "Before he was pope, ardent lover of such interesting relics. The hymn * To which tune the hymn has generally been sung, reads as follows:

the original of Gay's charming poem.

he maintained that the pope was vicar of the

LADY KILSYTH. church, not of Christ. He speaks of the corrup

(4th S. ii. 28.) tions of the clergy in the same terms as did Huss and Jerome of Prague, whose martyrdom he wit- In accordance with the request of your correnessed, and said their fortitude exceeded that of spondent W. H. C., I transcribe the following the philosophers of antiquity; and is perhaps account of the discovery of the bodies of this the only man of his church who has truly stated lady and her infant from the little book he menthe tenets of the reforming Protestants, or, as

tions : he terms them, “hujus pestiferæ ac jampridem “ Preserved Bodies. There is an arched vault, or bury. damnatæ factionis." (Hist. Bohemia, p. 60.) I ing ground, under the church of Kilsyth, in Scotland, have not found in any of his works that I have which was the burying-place of the family of Kilsyth

until the estate was forfeited and the title became extinct been able to consult å description of Zbraszlaw,

in the year 1715; since which it has never been used for that so named in Bohemian, Aula regia in Latin, and purpose, except once. The last earl fled with his family Königs-saal in German. This was a Cistercian

to Flanders, and, according to tradition, was murthered cloister, according to Zedler; and in the arch or to death about the year 1717, along with his lady and dome of the parlour the whole of the Old and New infant child, and a number of otber unfortunate Scottish Testament was written in letters of gold. It was

exiles, by the falling in of the roof of a house where they

were assembled. What became of the body of the earl is two (German) miles from Prague, near Beraun, and

not known, but the bodies of Lady Kilsyth and her infant was founded by Wenceslaus IV.: an account of it were embowelled and embalmed, and soon afterwards in 1304 is to be found in Diplomatar. Bohema- sent over to Scotland. They were landed, and lay at Siles. apud von Sommersberg's Script. Rer. Siles. Leith for some time, in a cellar, where they were aftertom. i. p. 943, seq. n. 38. The kings of Bohemia wards carried to Kilsyth, and buried in great pomp in

the vault above mentioned. often directed their interment here. In 1420

"In the spring of 1796, some rude regardless young (10 Aug.) it was destroyed by the Hussites under

men having paid a visit to this ancient cemetery, tore Zischka, where the Emperor Wenceslaus bad been open the coffin of Lady Kilsyth and her infant. With interred in 1402. (Lentant, Hist. de la Guerre des astonishment and consternation they saw the bodies of Hussites, i. 114.) Its abbot, Petrus, has described Lady Kilsyth and her child as perfect as the hour they it in his Chronica Aule Regis, but only from 1317 kept secret ; but at last it began to be whispered in

were entombed. For some weeks this circumstance was to 1333. Zedler's authorities are Zeiler, Topogr. several companies, and soon excited great and general Bohem. p. 38; Bucelinus, Monast. Germ. Imp. curiosity. On the 12th of June,' says the minister of p. 201, and Balbinus, Misc. Dec. I. lib. iii. 19 and 3, the parish of Kilsyth, in a letter to J. Garnet, M.D., p. 133. Zeiler is very brief, but says that the

' when I was from bome, great crowds assembled, and gold letters were on the board-fence of the garden; would not be denied admission. At all hours of the night, adding that Æneas Sylvius cannot praise this their curiosity. "I saw the body of Lady Kilsyth soon

as well as the day, they afterwards persisted in gratifying monastery too much. Bucelinus is still shorter ; after the coffin was opened; it was quite entire. Every he merely says it was “sub regula divi Benedicti, feature and every limb was as full, nay the very shroud et reformatione Cisterciensi." Perhaps when was as clear and fresh, and the colours of the ribbons as Æneas Sylvius (Gora karéovoi Deol) is translated bright, as the day they were lodged in the tomb. What

rendered this scene more striking, and truly interesting, into the language of men (μερόπων ανθρώπων), we was, that the body of her son and only child, the natural shall find that he alludes to maps and exotic heir of the title and estates of Kilsyth, lay at her knee. plants. The writing of the Bible on the walls His features were as composed as if he had been only was borrowed from the Mahometans, who so or

asleep. His colour was as fresh, and his flesh as plump namented their walls by extracts from the Koran, infancy and innocence sat on his lips. His shroud was

and full, as in the perfect glow of health ; the smile of being forbidden to adorn them with figures or

not only entire, but perfectly clean, without a particle of images such as the factitious representations of dust upon it. He seems to have been only a few months the Trinity, the Virgin, eaints, &c. The cheap- old. I'he body of Lady Kilsyth was equally well preness with which the Bible in any living language served; and at a little distance, from the feeble light of can be obtained by the clergy and laity now, pre

a taper, it would not have been easy to distinguish whe

ther she was dead or alive. The features, nay the very cludes the necessity of posting it on the walls for expression of her countenance, were marked and distinct; convenience of the clergy exclusively. There is and it was only in a certain light that you could distinnot the slightest reason to suppose that the guish anything like the ghastly and ag nizing traits of a gardens and cloisters of Königssaal were at all violent death. Not a single föld of her shroud was discomparable to our horticultural, botanical, and composed, nor a single member impaired.

“ Let the candid reader survey this sketch; let him zoological gardens, still less to the Crystal Palace. recal to mind the tragic tale that it unfolds; and say, if I have been unable to refer to Mr. K. H. Digby's he can, that it does not arrest the attention and interest Compitum, or his authority, Dubois' Hist. de l'Ab- the beart. For my own part, it excited in my mind a baye de Morimond, as I cannot find those works thousand melancholy reflections; and I could not but in the Catalogues of the British Museum.

regret that such rudeness had been offered to the ashes T. J. BUCKTON.

(remains) of the dead, as to expose them thus to the

public view. Wiltshire Road, Stockwell, S.W.

“• The body seemed to have been preserved in some liquid nearly of the colour and the appearance of brandy. qualify it by the opinion of Bulwer, that the epiThe whole coffin seemed to hare been full of it, and all its contents saturated with it. The body had assumed some

gram of his friend was

more witty than just.” what the same tinge, but this only served to give it a fresher

The great novelist adds :look. It had none of the ghastly livid hue of death, but “Voltaire had no sentiment in his writings, though rather a copper complexion. It would, I believe, have been not, perhaps, devoid of it himself. Indeed, he could not difficult for a chemist to ascertain the nature of this have been generous with so much delicacy, if he had not liquid, though perfectly transparent; it had lost all its possessed a finer and a softer spirit than his works dispungent qualitirs, its taste being quite vapid.

play. Still less could he have had that singular love for ** The head reclined in a pillow, and as the covering de- the unfortunate, that courageous compassion for the opcayed, it was found to contain a collection of strong-scented prest, which so prominently illustrates his later life. herbs. Balm, sage, and mint, were easily distinguished ; No one could with less justice be called 'heartless' than and it was the opinion of many that the body was filled Voltaire. He was remarkably tenacious of all early with the same.

friendships, and loved as strongly as he disdained deeply. " • Although the bodies were thus entire at first, I confess Any tale of distress imposed upon him easily ; he was I expected to see them crumble into dust ; especially as the creature of impulse, and half a child to the last. He they were exposed to the open air, and the pure aromatic had a stronger feeling for humanity than any of his cofluid bad eraporated; and it seems surprising that they temporaries : he wept when he saw Turgot, and it was in did not. For several weeks they underwent no visible sobs that he stammered out · Laissez-moi baiser cette main change, and had they not been sullied with dust, and qui a signé le salut du peuple !' Had Voltaire never writdrops of grease from the candles held over them, I am ten a line, he would have come down to posterity as a contident they might have remained as entire as ever; practical philanthropist. A village of fifty peasant infor even a few months ago (many months after) the bodies habitants was changed by him into the home of one thouwere as firm and compact as at first; and though pressed sand two hundred manufacturers. His character at Ferwith the finger, did not yield to the touch, but seemed to ney is still that of the father of the poor. As a man he retain the elasticity of the living body. Even the shroud, was vain, self-confident, wayward, irascible; kind-hearted, though torn by the rude hands of the regardless multi- generous, and easily moved. He had nothing of the tude, is still strong and free from rot.

Mephistophiles."— The Student, ". Perhaps the most singular phenomenon is, that the bodies seem not to have undergone the smallest decompo

A hundred years before this, Goldsmith had sition or disorganisation. Several medical gentlemen written his beautiful “Apostrophe on the suphave made a small incision in the arm of the infant; the posed Death of Voltaire”: substance of the body was quite firm, and every part in its original state.' "

“Should you look (says he) for the character of VolCuriosities for the Ingenious, 12mo, taire among the journalists and illiterate writers of the 1821, p. 36.

age, you will there find him characterised as a monster Next follows an account of several instances of with a head turned to wisdom, and a heart inclined to vice; the artificial preservation of bodies, concluding forming a detestable contrast. But seek for his charac

the powers of his mind and the baseness of his principles with a statement of the discovery in 1569 of three ter among writers like himself, and you find him very Roman soldiers, “in the dress of their country, differently described. You perceive him in their accounts fully equipped with warlike instruments." They possessed of good nature, humanity, greatness of soul, were dug out of a moss of great extent, called fortitude, and almost every virtue; in this description, Kazey Moss. “When found, after a lapse of pro- | character, are unanimous. The royal Prussian, D'Argens,

those who might be supposed best acquainted with his bably about fifteen hundred years, they were quite Diderot, D'Alembert, and Fontenelle, conspire in drawfresh and plump."

WILLIAM BATES. ing the picture, in describing the friend of man, and the Birmingham.

patron of every rising genius." - Citizen of the World.

Letter XLIII.

In the same spirit a forcible modern writer, not

otherwise favourable to Voltaire (see Hypocrisy: (4th S. i. 587, 613; ii. 22.)

a Poem, 8vo, Tiverton, 1812, p. 91), writes : The correspondence between Voltaire and Lord “Yet Ferney still redeems her patron's fame, Lyttelton was published half a century ago by

And grateful lauds her benefactor's name; Rebecca Warner, in her volume of Original Let

Whilst some bright spots his panegyrists boast,

And one transcendant act-itself a host, ters, &c., 8vo, 1817. Lord Brougham was well

Uomix'd applause and approbation wins, acquainted with it; and has characterised the

And Calas covers multitudes of sins." statement of Horace Walpole as to the letter of

Modern Antiquity and other Poems, by the Voltaire, that “not one word of it is tolerable

late Rev. C. C. Colton, author of Lacon, English," as a gross exaggeration. (Men of Letters

&c. 12mo. London, 1835, p. 120. of the Time of George 111.)

I have already referred to the admirable essay When I wrote my paper on the “Bones of on Voltaire which forms the first of the late Lord Voltaire,” I regarded his heart simply as a phy- Brougham's Lives of Men of Letters of the Time of sical organ, without reference to the moral feelings George III. No more liberal and discriminative and qualities of which that viscus is held to be appreciation of the literary labours of the great the seat. Thus it was, that when I quoted the Frenchman exists; and the illustrious biographer witticism which gave preference to the intellect of records with equal' fidelity the noble and generous the philosopher, I did not think it worth while to deeds which the philosopher loved to perform,

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