West Virginia Geological Survey, Band 1,Teil 1

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Seite 3 - These boring operations were begun by the Ruffner Bros. (David and Joseph) in 1806, and their efforts were crowned with success on the 15th day of January, 1808. The story of these early drilling operations and inventions has been given in a detailed and interesting sketch by Dr. JP Hale, president of the West Virginia Historical Society, Charleston, W. Va., in the 'Resources of West Virginia.
Seite x - The great oil producing companies would most heartily co-operate in any such endeavor by giving facilities for securing samples of the drillings, making more numerous and accurate (steel line) measurements, etc., but they cannot be expected to do such purely scientific work at their own expense, and entirely on their own initiative. If the Survey could secure the funds to employ two men at modest salaries ($60 to $75 per month), one to attend the drill by day, and the other by night, recording measurements...
Seite 15 - There is a continual discharge of carbonated hydrogen gas from the well; and also from the bed of the creek on which the well is situated, at various places for the distance of half a mile. This gas is highly inflammable, and where there is a free discharge of it, it will take fire on the surface of the water, on the application of a lighted stick, or the flash of a gun, and continue burning for days, unless put out by a heavy shower or a high wind. It was this discharge of gas that induced the present...
Seite 542 - Speechley gas sand — 1900 feet deep — as the shallow gas sands usually to the the deeper, and more productive sand rocks. A determination of the nitrogen in the gas from this upper rock gave 5.62 per cent. Speechley gas contains 4.51 per cent. The sample was collected on April 13th, the day on which the Speechley samples were taken. The Speechley gas wells are six miles distant from this well. Tests for hydrogen, olefines, carbon monoxide and dioxide and ammonia in this gas all led to negative...
Seite 51 - Another limitation might possibly be added, which would confine the areas where great gas flows may be obtained to those underlain by a considerable thickness of bituminous shale. (e) " Very fair gas wells may also be obtained for a considerable distance down the slopes from the crests of the anticlinals, provided the dip be sufficiently rapid, and especially if it be irregular or interrupted with slight crumples. And even in regions where there are no well marked anticlinals...
Seite 9 - Other important improvements were gradually going on in the manner of boring, tubing and pumping wells, &c. The first progress made in tubing, after Ruffner's compound wood-and-wrapping-twine tube, was made by a tinner who had located in Charleston to make tin cups and coffee pots for the multitude. He made tin tubes in convenient lengths and soldered them together as they were put down the well. The refinement of screw joints had not yet come, but followed shortly after, in connection with copper...
Seite 544 - Difference = 840 The chemical formulas given show them to have the same composition, and yet these hydrocarbons would be represented by different values if used as fuels. The presence of isomers among the hydro carbons of natural gas would tend to interfere with the correctness of a calculation of its fuel value. No isomers are known in the case of methane (CH4).
Seite 45 - Sistersville,) occupy these numerous little spaces, and thus saturate the rock just as water does a piece of cloth or a sponge when dipped into the same. The larger these pores are, and the greater the volume they occupy in proportion to the volume of the rock mass, the greater will be the contained oil or gas supply, and this proportion in fairly good producing sands, usually varies between one-fifth and onetenth...
Seite 2 - The tract, of which the 125 acres is a moiety, was taken up by General Andrew Lewis and myself, for and on account of a bituminous spring which it contains, of so inflammable a nature as to burn as freely as spirits, and is nearly as difficult to extinguish.
Seite 545 - Thomsen' s researches have disproved this assertion, however, and have shown conclusively that ethane produced in a variety of ways invariably possesses the same calorific power. (Berichte der Deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft 1881, p 500). Isomers of the higher paraffins no doubt occur in gas, as well as in petroleum, but when it is considered that in gas the higher paraffins occur only in small quantity, and moreover that the calculated and the available calorific power...

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