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choly, I did commend the black-opprefsing kumour to the most wholesome physick of thy health-giving air; and, as I am a gentleman, belook myself to walk. The time, when ? About the fixth hour ; when beasts mos graze, birds best peck, and men sit down to that nourishment which is called supper. So much for the time when : Now for the ground which; which, I mean, I walk'd upon: it is ycleped, thy park. Then for the place where ; where, I mean, I did encounter that obscene and most preposterous event, that draweth from my snow-white pen the ebon-colour'd ink, which here thou viewest, beholdest, surveyest, or feest: But to the place, where, --It standeth north-north-east and by east from the west corner of thy curious-knotted garden: ? There did I see that low-spirited swain, that lase minnow of thy mirth,

Cost. Me.
King.--that unletter'd small-knowing soul,
Cost. Me.
King.—that Mallow vasal,

--- curious-knotted garden :) Ancient gardens alsounded with figures of which the lines intersected each other in many directions. Thus in King Richard 11:

“ Her fruit-trees all unprun'd, her hedges ruin'd.

" Her knots disorder'd, " &c. Io Thomas Hill's Profitable Art of Gardening, &c. 4to. bl. 1. 15.79, is the delineation of " a proper knut for a garden, whereas is spare roume enough, the which may be set with Time, or llop, at the discretion of the Gardener." Ju Henry Dethicke's Gardener's Labyrinth, bl. 1. 4to. 1586, are other examples of “ proper krots deuiled for gardens. STEEVENS.

base minnow of thy mirth, ] The base minnow of thy mirth, is the contemptible little object that contributes to thy entertain

Shakipeare makes Coriolanus chara&erize the tribunitian" insolence of Sicinius, under the same figure:

hear you not This Triton the minnows!" Again, in Have with you to Saffron Walden, or Gabriel Harvey's Hunt is up, &c. 1596: " Let him denie that there was another showe made of the little minnow his brother,'' &c. STEEVENS.

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Cost. Still me.
KING.--which, as I remember, hight Coftard,
COST. O me!

KING.-- foried and consoried, contrary to they established proclaimed edit and continent canon, with wiih? -0 withbut with ihis I pasion to say wherewith.

Cost. With a wench.

KING.—with a child of our grandmother Eve, a female; or, for thy more sweet understanding, a woman. Him I (as my ever-esteemed duly pricks me on) kave fent to thee, to receive the meed of punishment, by thy sweet Grace's officer, Antony Dull; a man of good repute, carriage, bearing, and estimation,

Dull. Me, an't shall please you; I am Antony Dull.

King. For Jaquenetta, ( so is the weaker velfel celled, which I apprehended with the aforesaid swain,) I koep her as a veljel of thy law's fury; and shall, at the least of thy sweet notice, bring her to trial. Thine, in all compliments of devoted and heart-burning heat of duty,

Don Adriano de Armado. BIRON. This is not so well as I look'd for, but the best that ever I heard.

KING. Ay, the best for the worst. But, firrah, what say you to this?

Cost. Sir, I confess the wench,
King. Did you hear the proclamation ?


9 with--with-] The old copy reads- whick with. The corre&ion is Mr. Theobald's. MALONE.

veffel of the law's fury; ] This seems to be a plorase adopted from scripture. See Epift. to the Romans, ix. 22. of wrath,” Mr. M. Mason would read --- vafal instead of veffel.


the vessel

Cost. 'I do confess much of the hearing it, but little of the marking of it."

King. It was proclaim'd a years imprisonment, to be taken with a wench.

Cost. I was taken with none, fir; I was taken with a damosel.

King. Well, it was proclaimed damosel.

Cost. This was no daniofel neither; fir, she was a virgin.

KING. It is so varied too ; for it was proclaim’d, virgin.

Cost. If it were, I deny her virginity ; I was taken with a maid.

KING, This maid will not serve your turn, fir. Cost This maid will serve my turn, lir.

King. Sir, I will pronounce your sentence; You shall fast a week with bran and water.

Cost. I had rather pray a month with mutton and porridge:

KING. And Don Armado shall be your keeper. My lord Biron see him deliver'd o'er. And go we, lords, to put in practice that Which each to other hath so strongly sworn.-

[ Exeunt. Biron. I'll lay my head to any good man's hat,

These oaths and laws will prove an idle scorn. – Sirrah, come on.

Cost. I suffer for the truth, fir: for true it is, I was taken with Jaquenetta, and Jaquenetta is a true girl ; and therefore, Welcome the four cup of prof

3 I do confefs much of the hearing it, but little of the marking of it.] So, Falstaff, in The Second Part of K. Henry IV:

- it is the disease of not listening, the malady of not marking, that I am troubled withal." STEEVENS.

perity! Affliction may one day smile again, and till then, Sit thee down, forrow!

[ Exeunt,


Another part of the same. Armado's House.

Enter ARMADO and Moth. Arm. Boy, what sign is it, when a man of great spirit grows melancholy?

MOTH. A great sign, sir, that he will look fad.

ARM. Why, sadnels is one and the self-fame thing, dcar imp.

Moth. No, no; O lord, sir, no.

ARM. How can'ít thou part sadness and melancholy, my tender juvenal ?

MOTH. By a familiar demonstration of the working, my tough senior.

ARM. Why tough senior ? why tough senior ? Moth. Why tenderjuvenal ? why tender juvenal?

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dear imp. ) Imp was anciently a term of dignity. Lord Cromwell, in his lait leiter to Henry VIII. prays for the imp his fon. It is now used only in contempt or abhorrence: perhaps in our author's time it was ambiguous, in which state it suits well with this dialogue. JOHNSON.

Pistol salutes King Henry V. by the same title. STEEVENS.

The word literally means a grajf, Nip, scion, or sucker: and by metonymy comes to be used for a boy or child. The imp, his son, is no more than bis infant for. It is now set apart to fignify young frends; as the devil and his imps.

Dr. Johnson was mistaken in supposing this a word of dignity. It occurs in The Hillory of Celestina the Faire, 1596: tleman had three sonnes, very ungracious impes, and of a wicked

RITSON. --my tender juvenal?] Juvenal is youth. So, in The Noble Stranger, 1640: " Oh, I could hug thee for this, my jovial juvinell."


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Arm. I spoke it, tender juvenal, as a congruent epitheton, appertaining to thy young days, which we may nominate tender.

MOTH. And I, tough senior, as an appertinent title to your old time, which we may name tough.

ARM. Pretty, and apt.
Moth. How mean you, fir? I

my saying apt? or I apt, and my saying pretty?

ARM. Thou pretty, because little.

Moth. Little pretty, because little: Wherefore apt? ARM. And therefore


because quick. Moth. Speak you this in my praise, mafter ? Arm. In thy condign praise. MOTH. I will praise an eel with the same praise. ARM. What ? that an eel is ingenious ? Moth. That an eel is quick.

ARM. I do say, thou art quick in answers : Thou heat'st my blood.

MOTH. I am answer'd, sir.
ARM. I love not to be cross'd.

MOTH. He speaks the mere contrary, crosses love not him. 7



tough senior, as an appertinent title to your old timo,] Here and in two speeches above the old copies have signior, which appears to have been the olol spelling of fenior. So, in the last scene of The Comedy of Errors; edit 1623 : " We will draw cuts for the signior; till then, lead thou first. In that play the spelling has been corrected properly by the modern editors, who yet, I know not why, have retained the old spelling in the passage before us. MALONE.

Old and tough, young and tender, is one of the proverbial.phrases colieded by Kay. STEEVENS.

crosses love not him. ] By crosses he means money. So, in As You Like It, the Clown says to Celia, - if I should bear you, I should boar 110 cross.” JOHNSON.


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