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is imperfect and depraved. Lord, confound me not. This is my To-day. This day let me quickly come unto Thee. This day let me see the Lord Jesus."
ARCHBISHOP LAUD. — The last words of this illustrious martyr deserve to be recorded. When kneeling at the block, he thus prayed : “ Lord, I am coming as fast as I can. I know I must pass through the shadow of death before I can come to thee; yet it is but umbra mortis, a mere shadow of death, a little darkness upon nature; but Thou, by thy merits and passion, hast broke through the jaws of death. So, Lord, receive my soul, and have mercy upon me, and bless this kingdom with peace and with plenty, and with brotherly love and charity; that there may not be an effusion of Christian blood amongst them; for Jesus Christ's sake, if it be thy will."
Archbishop Wuitgift.—The attachment of this great man to the interests of the Reformed Church was visible to the last hour of his existence, when, although his speech failed him in attempting to address James 1. who was by his bedside, he was heard to repeat distinctly once or twice with great earnestness, and with eyes and hands lifted up, “ Pro Ecclesia Dei”—For the Church of God. He appeared, indeed, to have some misgivings respecting the king's devotion to the Liturgy, if we may believe Camden- whose opinion is confirmed by Sanders, in his history of the same monarch, who puts the following words into the mouth of Whitgift when upon his deathbed :-“And now, O Lord, my soul rejoices that I die in a time when I would rather give an account of my bishopric to thee, than exercise it longer among men."
Join Bradford (Martyr ).—This "holy” martyr being led to the stake in Smithfield by the persecuting ferocity of the papists, asked all the world forgiveness, and forgave all the world, and entreated the people to pray for him; then, turning his head towards the young man, who suffered with him, he said, “ Be of good comfort, brother, for we shall have a joyful supper with the Lord this night;" after which, embracing the reeds, he added, "Strait is the way, and narrow is the gate, that leadeth unto eternal salvation ; and few there be that find it."
Thomas BilNEY (Martyr).- When led forth to the place of execution, one of his friends desired the sufferer to be constant, and endure the pangs destined for him with all the firmness and patience he could command ;-to whom Bilney replied with "a quiet and mild countenance,”
"_"When the mariner undertakes a voyage, he is tossed on the billows of the troubled seas; yet, in the midst of all perils, he beareth up his spirit with this consideration, that, ere long, he shall come into his quiet harbour : so am I now sailing upon the troubled sea; but ere long my ship shall be in a quiet harbour ; and I doubt not, but through the grace of God, I shall endure the storm; only I would entreat you to help me with your prayers.” At the stake be made an explicit avowal of his faith, prayed earnestly to God for constancy and strength to endure his approaching trial; and after suffering the most excruciating torments, expired, calling upon the name of his God and Saviour.
No. V.-BRAWLING IN A CHURCH.
IN THE COMMISSARY COURT OF THE DEAN AND CHAPTER OF WESTMINSTER.
CLINTON v. HATCHARD. This was a proceeding by articles adding, in an angry, chiding, and reagainst Henry Hatchard, of the parish proachfiul manner, “ For shame, Mr. of St. Margaret, Westminster, at the Rodber! Mr. Saunders was regularly promotion of the Rev. Dr. Charles elected — why not let him preach? Fynes Clinton, prebendary of the Col- For shame!"-and that, by such irlegiate Church of St. Peter, West- reverent and improper conduct, he, minster, and incumbent Curate of the said Henry Hatchard, greatly anthe said parish. The articles, after noyed and disturbed, as well the said pleading, first, the general law touch- Rev. William Johnson Rodber in the ing the orderly demeanour of persons performance of his duty, as the conwho repair to their parish churches; gregation then assembled in the said and, secondly, that part of 5 and 6 Church, for the purpose of divine Edward VI. c. 4, which respects quar
worship. relling, chiding, or brawling, in any A responsive allegation was given, church, went on to charge, that the and admitted, on the part of the said said Henry Hatchard did, in the after- Henry Hatchard, which pleaded, in noon of Sunday the 10th of December, substance, that in the autumn of the 1820, whilst at the Church of St. Mar- year 1820, the afternoon parochial and garet, Westminster, and during the unendowed lectureship of the parish celebration of divine service therein, of St. Margaret, Westminster, having behave in an irreverent and disorderly become vacant, the Rev. Isaac Saunmanner, and annoy and interrupt the ders, Rector of St. Ann's, Blackfriars, Rev. William Johnson Rodber, assist- was chosen lecturer, against several ant Curate of the said parish, whilst competitors, by a majority of parishhe was passing from the vestry-room ioners, at a poll taken by the Churchto the pulpit, and endeavour to pre- wardens on the 6th, 7th, and 8th of vent him from preaching a sermon December in that year--that it being therein — that he, the said Henry doubted, during the said election, Hatchard, in order to effect his said whether Dr. Clinton, the incumbent, purpose, had caused, or induced a
would grant Mr. Saunders the use of number of persons to collect about the the pulpit, if elected, much curiosity vestry door, by shouting, in a loud was excited among the parishioners tone, “We want some friends about to know the result, which led to the the vestry-room door ;" so that the assemblage of an unusual number said Rev. William Johnson Rodber of persons at the afternoon service, at could, with difficulty, effect a passage St. Margaret's, on the ensuing Sunday, from the said vestry-room to the pulpit being the 10th of December— that, --that, during the said Rev. William
among others, the said Henry HatchJohnson Rodber's passage from the ard went, and arrived there towards said vestry-room towards the pulpit, the conclusion of prayers; and having the said Henry Hatchard took hold learnt, upon his arrival, that the said of his gown, and, addressing himself Mr. Saunders was in the vestry, he to him, said, “ Here is Mr. Saunders, went thither to inquire whether he ready to do his duty; why wont you was, or was not, allowed to preach.-let him preach?” — that upon the that being answered by that gentlesaid Rev. William Johnson Rodber's man in the negative, he withdrew from disengaging his gown, and still pro- the vestry into one of the aisles of the ceeding towards the pulpit, he, the Church, where, having learnt, soon said Henry Hatchard, followed him, afterwards, from one of the beadles, repeating the word “Shame!” and that the said Mr. Saunders had retired
into the Church-yard, upon the vestry undertaker) standing very near the being cleared, he also went there, and vestry door, by the deponent, whose found him in conversation with a office it was to attend the officiating friend, who suggested that it would Clergyman from the vestry to the be proper to give formal notice to
pulpit—that he distinctly heard him Mr. Rodber, the officiating Curate, say to a person who stood close to that Mr. Saunders was in attendance, him, “ We want a few persons near as a matter of courtesy ; and that the the vestry-room door"—that, as Mr. said Henry Hatchard, as a supporter Rodber was passing from the vestry of the said Mr. Saunders, was a proper towards the pulpit, he was closely person to communicate such notice followed by Mr. Hatchard, who said to Mr. Rodber—that the said Henry to him, in the deponent's hearing, Hatchard thereupon proceeded towards plainly and distinctly, “Shame, Mr. the vestry, for the purpose so suggested; Rodber! Mr. Saunders is regularly but that encountering Mr. Rodber in elected—why not let him preach?his way from the said vestry, which he for shame of you !"—that immediately had just left, to the pulpit steps, he upon Mr. Rodber's ascending the said to him, in a very low tone of pulpit, a number of persons began to voice, and in a mild and respectful hiss and shout, and call out “shame!" manner, “Mr. Rodber, Sir, the Rev. -whereby so great a tumult was exIsaac Saunders is here to perform the cited, that a very few of the congregaduty to which he has been elected ”- tion could possibly distinguish Mr. that the said Rev. William Johnson Rodber's sermon, although preached Rodber, taking no notice thereof, the in his loudest tone,--and that after said Henry Hatchard immediately the service was over, the crowd, which turned away, and left the said Church, was greater than ever the deponent which he did not re-enter during that had seen there, either before or since, afternoon—that, on the said Henry would not quit the Church till a maHatchard so turning away, several gistrate was sent for, and arrived from persons cried out “Shame! Shame!' the Queen Square Police Office, acand “For shame, Mr. Rodber !" or to companied by several constables-and that effect; and there was a noise, that it was between five and six o'clock and a hissing, and a considerable before the Church was cleared. This tumult in the said Church ; but that witness further deposed, that “although the said Henry Hatchard took no there was some talking, and a kind of part in the same—that he had not murmuring noise, before Mr. Hatchard previously shouted or said, in a loud addressed Mr. Rodber, as above-yet tone of voice, or otherwise, “ We want there was nothing violent or outrasome friends at the vestry-room door;" geous until after he had so addressed and that he did not, subsequently, him." accompany the said William Johnson The Rev. William Johnson Rodber Rodber towards the pulpit steps, ex- (in substance) deposed, that on Sunday, claiming, “ For shame, Mr. Rodber!" the 10th of December, 1820, he ator to that effect; or address him in tended the afternoon prayers at the any other words than those before parish Church of St. Margaret, Westpleaded.
minster, as the assistant curate of that No evidence was adduced in sup- parish--that as soon as the Clergyport of this allegation; but three wit- man who read the prayers, had finished, nesses were produced and examined he left his pew, and retired to the upon the articles.
vestry — that, on leaving the vestry Frederick Price, one of the bearers for the pulpit, where the deponent of the parish, deposed (in substance) - was about to preach, his progress was that he was at the parish Church of impeded by a great number of people St. Margaret, Westminster, on the about the vestry-door, among whom afternoon in question, and that, just was Henry Hatchard, the party proafter the evening prayers were finished, ceeded against, so that the deponent he observed Mr. Hatchard (whom he had great difficulty in effecting a pashad never seen at the said Church
sage towards the pulpit--that he had before, but at a funeral, he being an proceeded but a short way from the
vestry, when he felt the left sleeve of him from reaching it—and that the his gown pulled, and heard his own said Henry Hatchard was principally name called out; whereupon he turned instrumental in this attempt, and in round, and saw the said Henry Hatch- exciting the tumult and disorder which ard, who immediately said, “Mr. Rod- otherwise existed in the said Church. ber, here is Mr. Saunders, ready to do The evidence of John Woodward, his duty, will you choose to let him also, one of the bearers of the parish, preach?” [The deponent says, that was precisely corroborative of that of he had observed the said Rev.Mr. Saun- Price, the first witness, and that of ders in the said Church during the Mr. Rodber. afternoon prayers, and knew him to Judgment. -- Dr. Swabey, after have been elected afternoon preacher, stating the charge and recapitulating by the parishioners, although he had the evidence.] been denied the use of the pulpit, even Upon this view of the case I confor a probationary sermon, and had ceive it impossible to deny that the been told that it would still be denied offence imputed to this defendant, and to him, in the event of his being which, as appears, may be one of grave elected]—that the deponent did not consequence, is brought home to him make any reply to the said Henry by the clearest and most indisputable Hatchard, but passed on— that the evidence. In particular, no language said Henry Hatchard kept close to can be a “chiding and brawling' the deponent; and, as he was passing within the statute of Edward VI., in near the rail of the altar, again ad- a truer sense of the word than the dressed him, saying, angrily, defendant's expostulations, or remonRodber, why won't you let Mr. Saun- strances, with Mr. Rodber, as spoken ders preach — he has been regularly to by the several witnesses, upon the elected ?--for shame!"—that deponent occasion in question. The attempted still not answering, but forcing his justification set up (in plea) can be way through the crowd, a most vio- regarded in no other light than that lent outcry and noise immediately took a mere pretext. Not only was a place—that in his passage through the “ formal notice" to Mr. Rodber that crowd, to the pulpit steps, which the Mr. Saunders was in attendance purely deponent, with difficulty, effected, by superfluous, butits delivery can scarcelý, aid of two of the Church beadles, he I think, under the circumstances, be was kicked till both his legs were ascribed, by any stretch of charity, to black and blue, and hissed at, and a laudable motive, But be that as spit upon — whilst there were many it may, it is certain that the scene of persons crying out, “Mr. Rodber, tumult and disorder which ensued was come back, don't disgrace yourself"- the actual, if it was not the designed, that the deponent delivered his sermon consequence of the delivery of this in the midst of an uproar, which con- “notice” by the defendant; who theretinued during the whole service, and fore has been selected, in my judgwas loud enough, at times, to drown ment, with great propriety, as the the sound of the organ, and the voices person against whom these proceedof the congregation and the charity ings have been instituted. children - that this uproar was such little inquiry, which it was his duty to as the deponent had never, upon have made, if inclined to meddle in any occasion, before witnessed, and this matter at all, would have inthat after the service, the crowd was structed him, that in the case of every, obliged to be dispersed by constables- at least unendowed, lectureship, no that it was evidently the intention of choice by the parish, of a Lecturer the persons who hustled the deponent is effective, without the consent or in his way to the pulpit, to prevent approval of the Rector ; whose
No person can be a Lecturer, endowed or unendowed, without the Rector's consent, unless there be an immemorial custom to elect without his consent—where there is such a custom, it is binding on the Rector, as it supposes a consideration to him. The endowment only seems material, in this respect, as it does (or may) furnish an argument in
undoubted right it is, in every such sentence of the law, which assigns to case, to grant to, or withhold from, this species of offence, the offender the Lecturer so chosen, the use of his being a layman, the penalty of suspulpit. At all events, however, he pension ab ingressu ecclesiæ, for a discould not be ignorant that if Mr. Saun- cretionary period. I am induced to ders had a legal right to the pulpit in limit that period to one month only the instance in question, there must (to be computed from Wednesday next) be a legal mode of enforcing it—that in the present instance, from the cirany other mode of attempting to en- cumstance of this defendant being an force it was as unjustifiable, as it must undertaker. I trust that he will be eventually prove unavailing; and that sensible of the lenity of the Court in an appeal to private judgment, or rather this respect-and that, in future, he to popular feeling upon such a sub- will be led to his parish Church by ject (which this defendant's conduct better motives, and conduct himself in amounted to, in my apprehension of it with greater caution and propriety. it) was illegal as well as, in the high- I accompany this sentence of susest degree indecorous.
pension with a decree for costs against It remains only to pronounce the Mr. Hatchard, as a matter of course.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE, &c.
Bath and Bedminster Committees. The Nineteenth Anniversary Meeting and Psalters, 2,661 ; Bound books, of the Bath and Bedminster Commit- 2,747 ; School - books and Tracts, tees of the Society for Promoting 23,834 ; shewing, on the whole, an Christian Knowledge, and of the increase of issues amounting to 4,776. National Society for the Education of Two public district - meetings had the Poor, was lately held at the Assem- been held in the Deanery of Bedbly Rooms. A most impressive ex- minster, in the course of last year, at cellent, and appropriate sermon was Wrington and Long Ashton ; the preached on the occasion at the result of which had been the diffusion Abbey Church in the morning, by of the knowledge, that such an Instithe Rev. C. Trelawney Collins, M. A. tution as this actually exists, and the
The attendance at the Abbey, and also acquisition of several Subscribers both at the Rooms, was numerous and re- to the Parent and District Fund. spectable in the highest degree. The The admirable institution by which Rev. Preacher selected his text from upwards of 1,200 poor children of this Galatians vi. 7, 8,
city alone were instructed in the The business of the Meeting did knowledge of God and the principles not commence until nearly two, and of their religion through the medium terminated at a late hour in the after- of the Holy Scriptures, needed all the noon.
support and assistance which every The Rev. W. D. Willis rose to state lover of Christianity, and friend of his that the issue from the Depository be- country could bestow. The method tween the 1st of April, 1831, and proposed by the Committee was, to April 1, 1832, had been of Bibles, take upon itself the expense of pro878; Testaments 780; Prayer-books viding those Bibles, Prayer-books, and
support of the custom, and to shew that it had a legal commencement. See 2 Str, 1192. 1 Wils. 11. Rex v. Bishop of London, 1 T. R. 331 ; and Rex v. Field and others, 4 T.R. 125. Even after the Rector's consent is obtained, the Bishop's license is also necessary-if not as forming part of the title of the Lecturer, still, at least, to exempt him from 13 & 14 Car. 2. c. 4. Vide 1 T. R. 331.