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ETON MONTEM.— The Triennial Celebration of the “Montem" took place on Tuesday. On the present occasion the sum of money collected exceeded the collection of any former period, amounting to 12001. Mr. Williams, the son of the bookseller and publisher of the Eton classics, is the fortunate individual who is enriched by this popular contribution, to defray his outfit to King's College, Cambridge. At 12 o'clock, according to a previous announcement, their Majesties, accompanied by Prince George of Cambridge, the Duchess of Saxe Weimar, and attended by Lord and Lady Howe and children, and Lady Gore and family, arrived in three carriages at the chambers of the Rev. Dr. Keate, and from thence passed into the quadrangle of the College, which was crowded by well-dressed people, principally old Etonians or relations and connexions of the scholars. The procession, after parading before their Majesties, proceeded in military order, with banners flying, and accompanied by the bands of the Life Guards and Scotch Fusileers, to Salt Hill. The order of the procession was well preserved throughout, and about two o'clock reached the principal seat of action, Salt Hill; when the main body of the army being drawn up in line, a detachment, headed by a flag-bearer, proceeded to conclude the ceremonies the day, and that important personage having ascended the hills from whence many a rustic was propelled by the staffs of the constables with suitable action, unfurled his ensign, and twirled and twisted it in every variety that his ingenuity could think of. The boys then roared another edition of cheers for their colours, and for the King and Queen, and so terminated the ceremony of the Montem.
The royal carriages immediately drove away, while the whole army of hungry youths flew upon the substantial repast laid out for them at the magnificent inns of the WindMill and the Castle, in both of which all the beds were taken down to make way for the tables of these young devourers.
A notice was recently given in Boston Church of the organist resigning his situation. This resignation is, we understand, the result of an unconquerable disgust at the conduct of the Churchwardens, in seeking to reduce him to a miserable dependant on the capricious wishes of the mob. It is said that he was offered 201. a year additional, if he would decline to play the usual tune on the entrance of the Mayor, as an insult to the Magistracy. He rejected the offer in disdain.
St. Alban's ABBEY.-A Public Meeting was held last month at the Thatched House Tavern, the Bishop of London in the chair, to adopt means for preserving that beautiful monument of antiquity from the destruction with which it is now threatened. This object has been strenuously pursued by Earl Verulam, who was present upon the occasion, as well as many other persons of high station, whose local connexions with, or general admiration of, the venerable structure, induced them to attend. A statement of the damage done, and the funds necessary for the effective restoration of the Abbey, was made by Mr. Donaldson ; and resolutions directed to the objects of the meeting having been passed, a committee was appointed, which is to report progress to another meeting of the Subscribers before the work is commenced. The sum required is 15,0001. The sum of 1,0001. was promptly subscribed at the Meeting; and we are glad to see the subscriptions increasing.
DIRECTIONS TO CHURCHWARDENS BY THE ARCHDEACON or Ely. - In enumerating the defects which I have most frequently had occasion to notice, I would specify, in the first place, the dampness which is too often found in these sacred edifices. It would be superfluous for me to expatiate on the injurious consequences of dampness both to the fabric of the church itself, and to those who assemble within its walls. The evil ought always to be remedied as speedily and effectually as possible, both to promote the neatness and durability of the structure, and the health and comfort of those who resort thither for the purposes of public worship.
The state of the belfries, also, is in some cases very unsatisfactory. Where the number of bells is complete, one, or perhaps more, are cracked; or the frame-work, in which they are suspended, is so much decayed and out of order, that they cannot perform their functions.
I have also frequently had occasion to remark that the towers are not sufficiently secured against the intrusion of birds and the entrance of rain or snow. When the filth and litter deposited by the former are saturated with the moisture occasioned by the latter, we cannot wonder that the process of decay should be greatly accelerated.
There is another appendage of the church which is too often neglected, and that is the church-yard fence. By suffering it to be in a ruinous condition, you allow the VOL. XIV. NO. VII.
precincts of that sacred spot, which, without any tinge of superstition, ought to be regarded with feelings of respect, and which may probably be endeared to soine of you by many tender and cherished recollections, to be desecrated by the steps of every unlawful intruder.
Now, all these are points to which you are bound, by the solemn obligation of an oath, to give your attention; and they are evils which you are bound, by the same obligation, to correct and redress. In swearing that he will truly and faithfully execute the office of a churchwarden within his parish, each individual binds himself, according to the 85th canon, to take care and provide that the churches be well and sufficiently repaired; and so, from time to time, kept and maintained, that the windows be well glazed, and that the floors be kept paved, plain and even, and all things there in such orderly and decent sort, without dust or any thing that may be noisome or unseemly, as best becometh the house of God. He also engages to take the like care that the church-yards be well and sufficiently repaired, fenced and maintained with walls, rails, or pales, as have been in each place accustomed, at their charges unto whom by law the same appertaineth,
And I would here remind you, that, till you are sworn, you can do no legal act as churchwardens, nor can you have any authority, whatever you may expend on the church account, to make or levy any rate, or take any other method to reimburse yourselves.
Your proper and legitimate mode of proceeding, when any repairs are to be carried into effect, especially if they be of an expensive nature, is to obtain an estimate beforehand of the sum requisite for the purpose. You are then to give legal notice of a vestrymeeting, before which this estimate should be laid. If, after legal notice, parishioners voluntarily absent themselves from such meeting, they are equally bound by the resolutions of those who attend, and are considered, in the eye of the law, as giving their assent to whatever resolution is there passed. But, if no parishioners attend after convenient notice, the church wardens alone may make the rate.
With regard to the number of votes which each parishioner is entitled to give, it is to be observed, that, if he has been assessed or charged upon or in respect of any annual rent, profit, or value, not amounting to 501., he shall be entitled to give one vote and no more. And for every 25l. additional, he will have the privilege of an additional vote : yet so, nevertheless, that no inhabitant shall be entitled to give more than six votes.
When a rate has been made, it should always be collected before the amount be expended. Should any person, who has been duly rated, refuse or neglect to pay, he may be summoned before two justices, who are to direct the payment of what is due in respect of such rate, provided the sum ordered to be paid do not exceed 101. above the costs, to be ascertained by such justices.
Besides attention to every thing that relates to the fabric of the church, and the furnishing whatever is requisite for the due solemnization of public worship therein, the canons require you to see that all persons during the time of divine service behave themselves orderly, soberly, and reverently, kneeling at the prayers, standing at the belief, sitting or standing quietly and attentively at the reading of the Scriptures, and the preaching of God's word ;-that none walk, talk, or make any noise in the church, to disturb duty which is there performed ;—that none contend or quarrel about place;that no idle persons abide in the church-yard or church-porch, during the time of divine service or preaching, but that they either come in or depart. It is also part of your office to see that no persons are tippling in the public-houses or beer-houses during the performance of divine service.
I think it necessary that you should be distinctly apprised that you are not empowered to dispose of any thing that appertains to the Church-such as the bells, the lead, or whatever else may be annexed to it, without having previously obtained a faculty from the Bishop's Court for so doing; and that, if you take such an unwarrantable step, it is at your own peril. You are the legally constituted trustees of the property of the Church -I mean its moveable property--and, therefore, you are answerable for its undergoing any diminution or deterioration. Indeed, your very title of 'Churchwarden' appropriately designates your office as the lay-guardians of the Church. If, then, it should appear that you have disposed of any of the said property with the consent of the parishioners, but without the consent of the Ordinary, i. e. without a faculty, for the purpose of defraying in whole, or in part, the necessary Church-rates, which must otherwise have been defrayed by the parishioners themselves, you may be compelled to replace the same at your own expense. For, otherwise, the parishioners might all concur and combine to defraud the Church of her bells, her plate, and other property placed therein, for the honour of God, and the due solemnization of public worship, in order to relieve themselves from the payment of parish rates, or for their own private and fraudulent emolument.
If any one who bears the office of Church warden should ever be guilty of such a flagrant violation of the trust reposed in him, I shall certainly think it my duty to see that the offence be visited with the utmost severity. And I shall esteem it a favour if my clerical brethren will, without delay, notify to me any such act of delinquency (should any such occur), that no time may be lost in applying the legal remedy.
There is another caution, which I think it right to avail myself of this opportunity of suggesting, and that is, that you never, upon any account, substitute an unsightly or less durable material, for one of an ornamental or lasting quality. I am sorry to say that this has too often been practised in the case of Church windows, in which there are many instances where the mullions have been spoiled and disfigured by the substitution of wood or brick instead of stone, and the beauty of the light and elegant tracery of the heads has been entirely destroyed by mortar superseding glass.
In the few remarks which I made in the beginning of this address, on the state of the Churches in general, I noticed the great prevalence of dampness. That this evil may be obviated, in the instructions which you will this day receive from the hands of the Deputy Registrar, you will find, very generally, directions to make a drain round your respective Churches. And I will here beg leave to offer you some suggestions relative to the best mode of carrying these directions into effect.
In the first place, as a preliminary step, and as being in itself conducive to the dryness of the fabric, lower the soil round the Church as much as local circumstances will admit. Then dig out the soil close to the walls of the Church, to a proper depth; which, where it is practicable, should, at least, be as low as the floor of the interior. Pave the bottom of the drain with bricks laid in mortar, in a concave form, that the water may not penetrate further, and may be carried off as expeditiously as possible. Upon this narrow pavement, place so'ıghing tiles, with the convex surface uppermost, or hollow bricks, with the flat sides upwards; only taking care that they are not suffered to fit so close to each other as to impede the water in its passage to the drain. Afterwards, fill up the trench with shingles, fragments of bricks, stones, gravel, or any material of so coarse a nature as may suffer the rain and droppings from the roof to pass through instantaneously. Let all the water which is thus received be conducted out of the Churchyard by means of a pipe laid under-ground, or by a continuation of the paved drain, so that no wound may be inflicted on the feelings of survivors by any thing which has the appearance of violating the depositories of the dead. By the adoption of this plan, you will find all that greenness and discoloration of the walls which are at once offensive and injurious to the edifice, will gradually disappear.—June, 1832.
British Association.—The Second Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, was held in Oxford, on Monday, the 18th ult, and the five following days, at which some hundreds of gentlemen, including the most illustrious scientific characters, were present. The first meeting of this Society was held at York in September last, and was attended by upwards of three hundred persons, including many distinguished Members of this University, and of other learned and scientific bodies in different parts of the United Kingdom. At the Oxford Meeting, the following Reports were presented :
1. On the recent Progress of Mathematical Analysis, in reference particularly to the differential and integral Calculus, by the Rev. George Peacock.
2. On the State and Progress of Astronomical Science, in reference particularly to Physical Astronomy, by Professor Airy.
3. On the Data and Desiderata for calculating the Time and Height of High Water, by W. J. Lubbock, Esq.
4. On the present State of Meteorological Science, by James D. Forbes, Esq. 5. On the Progress of Optical Science, by Sir David Brewster.
6. On the State of our Knowledge concerning the Phenomena of Sound, by the Rev. Robert Willis.
7. On the Phenomena of Heat, by the Rev. Professor Powell. 8. On Thermo-Electricity, by the Rev. Professor Cumming, 9. On the Recent Progress of Chemical Science, by James W. F. Johnston, Esq.
10. On the State and Progress of Mineralogical Science, by the Rev. Professor Whewell.
11. On the Waste and Extension of the Land on the East Coast of Britain, and on the question of the Permanence of the Relative Level of the Sea and Land, by Robert Stevenson, Esq.
12. On the Principal Questions recently settled, or still agitated, in the Philosophy of Botany, by Professor Lindley.
The President of this Meeting was the Rev. William Buckland, D.D. F.R.S. &c. Canon of Christ Church, and Professor of Geology and Mineralogy in this University.
The Vice-Presidents — Sir David Brewster, D.C.L. F.R.S. L. & E. Corresponding Member of the Institute of France, &c., and the Rev. William Whewell, F.R.S. &c., and Professor of Mineralogy in the University of Cambridge. The Oxford Secretaries are Charles Daubeny, M.D. F.R.S. Professor of Chemistry, and the Rev. Baden Powell, F.R.S. Savillian Professor of Geometry.
The Authorities of the University, with great kindness to the Association, allowed the General Meetings to be held in the Sheldonian Theatre, and the Sectional Meetings and other business of the Association to take place in the very convenient suite of rooms in the Clarendon Buildings. The Sectional Committees chose the following officers : Physics, &c.
s President, Dr. D. Gilbert,
Secretary, Rev. H. Coddington.
President, Mr. J. Dalton
Secretary, Mr. Johnston.
President, Mr. Murchison.
Secretary, Mr. J. Taylor.
President, Mr. P. Duncan.
City of London School of INSTRUCTION AND INDUSTRY.-On Monday, the 18th of June, the Twentieth Anniversary Dinner for the benefit of the above Institution, took place at the London Tavern, Bishopsgate, William Taylor Copeland, Esq. in the chair. A handsome contribution was made ; and the following simple addresses were delivered by two of the children.
Boy.--"Generous Patrons,–We poor boys present ourselves before you with grateful feelings. We never can forget that it is for our sakes you meet, and that it is the great Author of all good who has disposed your benevolent hearts to regard, to pity, and to relieve us. You have clothed and instructed us, and we bring with us some of the little productions of our industry. May our conduct, through life, answer your hopes and reward your exertions. Though humble in station, may we always be industrious and useful. May we fear God, honour the king, obey our parents, and live with thankfulness under the laws and constitution of our country. O heavenly Father, we would not seek to be great, but teach us to be good. May thy favour crown our labours, and shower upon our gracious benefactors every blessing both in time and eternity."
GIRL" Generous Patrons,—Deign to receive from a poor girl, in the name of her poor companions and herself, the humble, but sincere, tribute of gratitude. Behold us instructed and clothed by your benevolent care. You have also placed us in the paths of duty and religion. Receive, with ours, the thanks of our parents. May our lot in society be contented and industrious, adorning the Christian profession, and studying to be useful to the community. Thus, whilst you have taught our hands to work, and our hearts to sing the praises of the God of charity and compassion, may you be witnesses of the beneficial fruits of our labour, and the good conduct of our lives. We now present before you the works of our little hands, and trust to receive your smiles and approbation; but above all, the infinitely condescending mercy and guardian care of Him who is the Father of the friendless, and God over all, blessed for evermore. Amen."
The LADY CHAPEL.—A selection of sacred music was performed on the 21st ult. in St. Saviour's church, Southwark, in aid of the funds now collecting for the restoration of the Lady Chapel, and the altar screen. The sum still required, we understand, is about 1,0001., there having been already raised by the liberality of the public more than 3,0001. Towards the required amount, this concert must have contributed in a respectable degree, as the attendance was numerous and brilliant, consisting principally of ladies.
...... June 17.
Ş April 29.
Degree College. University. By Bishop of Adams, Simon Thomas
Oxf. Oxford Baily, William Perceval
B.A. Clare Hall Camb. Rochester Barker, Henry Raymond
Oxf. Oxford Bingham, Charles Heppuff
Camb. Lincoln Bird, Christopher Wentworth B.A. St. John's Camb. Rochester Bloxam, John Rouse
B.A. Dem. Magdalen Oxf. Oxford Bolton, Robert Thorley
Clare Hall Camb. Chichester Bonnin, Thomas Scott .
Camb. Peterborough Bower, Henry Tragonnell
B.A. St. Peter's Camb. Rochester Brown, Langton Edward
Camb. Oxford Browne, T. B. H. ........
.............. B.A. Corpus Christi Camb. Chester Burningham, Thomas
Oxf. Norwich Butterton, George Ash
M.A. St. John's Camb. Rochester Cameron, Archibald Allen ........ B.A. Pembroke Oxf. Oxford Carpenter, Charles T.
Camb. Exeter Case, Thomas
B.A. Worcester Oxf. Rochester Chambers, John William.
M.A. St. John's Oxf. Norwich Chanter, John Mill ....
Oxf. Exeter Chatfield, Allen William
Camb. Rochester Chaytor, Henry
B.A. St. Mary Hall Oxf. Rochester Clarke, William Wilcox
Oxf. Norwich Clayton, William John...
B.A. Queen's Camb. Rochester Cookson, Frederick
B.A. Corpus Christi Camb. Lich. & Cov, Coope, William John
B.A. St. Mary Hall Oxf. Norwich Corbould, William
B.A. Emmanuel Camb. Norwich Cottle, Thomas
M.A. Pembroke Oxf. Salisbury Coulcher, George...
M.A. Corpus Christi Camb. Norwich Cox, James
M.A. Christ Church Oxf. Oxford Crawford, Charles John
B.A. Wadham Oxf. Chichester Crawley, John Lloyd
Oxf. Peterborough Dalton, James Edward
B.A. Fell. Queen's Camb. Norwich Davies, John
Camb. Lincoln De Boudry, Daniel
Magdalen Hall Ox Lincoln Denison, George Anthony
M.A. Fell. Oriel Oxf. Oxford Du Heaume, George
M.A. Fell. Pembroke Oxf. Oxford Dunlap, Arthur Philip
Fell. St. John's Oxf. Oxford Eaton, Henry Charles
B.A. St. John's Camb. Lincoln Eaton, Henry Charles.
B.A. St. John's Camb. Rochester Fellowes, Edmund F. B. B.
B.A. St. John's Camb. Exeter Fisher, John Thomas .......
Camb. Bath & Wells Fisk, George
S.C.L. Corpus Christi Camb. Rochester Fitch, Adam.....
Camb. Rochester Garlike, Thomas Charles...
B.A. Clare Hall Camb. Exeter Gathercole, Michael Augustus Lit.
Lich. & Cov, Goldney, Adam .....
Camb. Oxford Groome, John Hindes
B.A. Pembroke Camb. Norwich Grose, Thomas...
M.A. Clare Hall Camb. Oxford Hall, Robert Edward
B.A. Emmanuel Camb. Lincoln Hamilton, John William
Camb. Norwich Hanbury, Alfred .
S.C.L. St. Mary Hall Oxf. Norwich Hawkins, Edward..
B.A. Fell. Pembroke Oxf. Oxford