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But we must call the attention of our readers to a few documents which appear to have entirely escaped the notice of Stowe, Maitland, and the other historians of London, but which are highly important for a clear understanding of the point at issue.
Court of ALDERMEN.-October 4, 1677. This Court doth desire Dr. Gale, master of the schoole of St. Paul, to consider of and devise a fitting inscription to be set on the new pillar at Fish-streethill, and to consult therein Sir Christopher Wren, knight, his Majesties surveyor generall, and Mr. Hooke, and then to present the same unto this Court.
Court of Aldermen.-October 22, 1677. Upon intimation now given by the right honble the Lord Mayor, that the inscriptions for the new Pillar on ffish-street-hill
, prepared and lately presented to this Court by Dr. Gale, had been tendered to and very well approved off by his Matie. this Court doth order the said inscriptions be forthwith made upon the said Pillar accordingly.
Court of ALDERMEN.—October 25, 1677. This Court now takeing into their consideration the ingenious inscriptions prepared and presented unto this Court by Dr. Gale for the new Pillar on ffishstreet-hill, doth order that Mr. Chamberlein doe deliver unto Mr. Lane, comptroller of the chamber, ten guineys, (to be placed on account of the cole duty,) and hee to lay out the same in a handsome piece of plate to be presented to the said Dr. Gale, as a loveing remembrance from this Court.
Court of ALDERMEN.-November 12, 1680. It is ordered by this Court, that Mr. Comptroller, taking to his assistance such persons as he shall think fitt, doe compose and draw up an inscription in Latin and English, to be affixed on the monument on Fish-street-hill, signifying that the city of London was burnt and consumed with fire by the treachery and malice of the papists in September, in the year of our Lord 1666.
Court of Common Council. June 17, 1681. This day, Mr. Comptroller of the chamber, (psuant to an order of the 12th of November last) did present to this Court an inscripcon in Latin and English, by him composed, to be affixed on the Monument or Pillar on ffish-street-hill. The Latin is in these words (sed furor papistiticus, &c.*) wch he conceived might properly be added to the psent inscripcon on the north side thereof, after these words (stetit fatalis ignis,* &c.) and the English inscripcon follows these words, (viz'.) (This pillar, &c.*), which said inscripcons being read, this Court doth very well like and approve of them, and doth order that the same shall be forth with affixed on the said Monument in the most convenient parts thereof, at the direccon and appointm' of the Ri Honble the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldren.
And it is likewise ordered that another inscripcon in English, now psented by Mr. Comptroller, and read in this Court and agreed on, shall be likewise forthwith affised on the front of the house where the said fire began at the like appointm' of the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldren, wch sa inscripcon is in these words, viz. (Here by divine, * &c.)
Court of AlderMEN.—Held, June 23, 1681. The Right Honble the Lord Mayor is desired by this Court, to direct the setting up the inscriptions lately agreed to in Comon Counsell, touching the
• See before these inscriptions at length.
fireing of this city by the papists, A.D. 1666, upon the Pillar on Fish-street-hill, and the house where the fire began, in such manner as his Lordship shall think convenient.
A Court of ALDERMEN.—Held, July 12, 1681. It is now agreed by this Court, that the Right Honourable the Lord Maior, who was desired by this Court to cause the additional inscription, lately agreed to in Comon Counsell, to be set up on the Pillar at Fish-street-hill, doe in order thereunto cause the inscription already made on the said Pillar, or such part thereof as his Lordship shall think convenient, to be taken out and anew engraved, the better to make way for the said additional inscription.
Court of ALDERMEN.—September 16, 1689. It is unanimously agreed and ordered by this Court, that the too generall inscripcons formerly sett up by order of this Court in the Majorality of Si Patience Ward,* on the monument and the house where the dreadful fire in 1666 began, (which have been since taken down) be again sett upp in their former places, and that Mr. Chamblaine and Mr. Comptroller doe se the same done accordingly.
The only point by which the authorities can be brought into tion, is the known servility of the magistrates of London at that period, which would have induced them to pass any resolution in accordance with the ideas of the ruling powers; an evidence of which is manifested in the fact, that the figure introduced for the Duke of York in the relievo, and which, in the early edition of Stowe and Maitland, is described as representing his Royal Highness, is, in later copies of the same work, designated as Mars; whilst the chaplet in his hand, with which he was about to crown the rising city, is converted by the time-serving editors into an emblem that an honourable peace would be the consequence of war :" an enigma that (Edipus could not have solved.
* In allusion to this worthy magistrate, Thomas Ward says, in his Poem upon the disclosures of Titus Oates regarding the papists, –
“ He swore the Jesuits, 'ere we mind 'em
Steal in unseen that none can find 'em,
His nien were fools, and he an ass."
But let the Court speak for themselves, and shew how readily they could accommodate their tongues to the servile flattery of a popish monarch.
Court of ALDERMEN.-ffebry 12, 1684.
This day it was agreed that the Address following shall be presented to his Majesty from this Court, when his Majesty shall signify his pleasure to be attended therewith, the tenor whereof is as followeth:
To the King's Most Excellent MAJESTY, The humble Address of the Lord Maior, Aldermen, and Sherriffes of your
City of London, SHEVETII, --That as we canot but with deepest sorrow of heart reflect upon and condole the death of his late Majesty of happy memory, soe wee doe greatly reioice, and esteeme ourselves and these nations very happy, in your Majesties coming to the crown your undoubted right. And wee humbly presume to tender your Majesty our heartiest thanks and acknowledgements for your great grace and condescension, vouchsafed in your late gracious declarations. And we beg leave to assure your Majesty of our hearty and earnest desires and praiers, for your Majesty long life and happy reigne. And that wee shall ever be ready to yield your Majesty our hublest duty and obedience, and to serve your Majesty in our stations with our lives and fortunes.
And it is ordered that Mr. Sherriffes doe forth with goe up to Whitehall to know his Majesty's pleasure, when hee will be attended with the said addresse, and that a Court be accordingly sumoned to present the same,
This specimen will suffice as to the quantum of the sincerity of the proposers and authors of the inscriptions; and had we no surer grounds to proceed upon, we should have let the accusation against the papists have gone to the “ Tomb of the Capulets," without endeavouring to perpetuate it: but history fully bears out the charge; and the incidental proofs we have adduced must carry conviction to all who de. sire to be convinced. But it is time to close this desultory paper, which we do by expressing our hope that, notwithstanding the violation which has been offered to the pedestal, -notwithstanding the march of irreligion and revolution under the influence and guidance of certain city demagogues,--sufficient true and sound Protestant feeling exists in London, to spare Englishmen the foul and indelible disgrace of having destroyed a noble monument of piety and gratitude to God, as well as a splendid work of art.*
* In 1786, the corporation of London, at a very great expense, thoroughly repaired and beautified it, and regilt the flame; and, to prevent accidents, caused a new iron railing to be placed round the balcony. The emoluments arising from its exhibition are at present given to Mr. Charles Chapman, an old and meritorious citizen, the price of admission being sixpence.
In this expression of our sentiments, we may possibly have rendered ourselves obnoxious to the remarks of certain Latitudinarians, who hate every thing that may conduce to the prosperity of the Reformed Church. Should this be ihe fact, we have only to reply, that, what we have now, and heretofore said or done, appears to us strictly in accordance with our character, as - The Christian REMEMBRANCER."
VOL. XIV. NO, I.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. At a numerous meeting of the So- sented to his Majesty's Government, ciety for Promoting Christian Know- and to the Honourable Court of Diledge, held at the Society's House, 67, rectors of the East India Company, Lincoln's-Inn Fields, on Tuesday the have acquired great additional force 6th December, 1831, it was unani- from the recent loss which the Indian mously resolved:
Diocese has sustained in the death of “ 'That this Board has received, its fourth Bishop, who sank under his with feelings of the deepest regret, labours at the close of his first visithe melancholy and afflicting intelli- tation. gence, which has just been commu- 5. That the Society having been nicated, of the death of the Right engaged for more than a century in Rev. Dr. Turner, Bishop of Calcutta, promoting Christianity in the East, and of the severe loss which the Indian feels it to be its bounden duty again Church has sustained by being de- to represent in the strongest manner prived, for the fourth time, of its the necessity of making more effectual Bishop; that, in the opinion of this provision for the discharge of the Board, it is the bounden duty of the Episcopal functions, the advantages of Society to renew the representations which, while they have more than reaformerly made to his Majesty's Go- lized the Society's expectations, have vernment and the East India Com- been officially recognised and put upon pany, relative to the appointment of record by the authorities in India. an additional number of Bishops in 6. That, in the opinion of the SoIndia; and that a Special General ciety, this object can be secured only Meeting of the Society be summoned, by the division of the Diocese of Calat an early day, for that purpose.” cutta, and by the appointment of addi
In consequence of which, a Special tional Bishops; an arrangement which, General Meeting of the Members of if not immediately attainable, the Sothe Society was fixed for Tuesday the ciety earnestly hope will at least make 13th December, at two o'Clock pre- a part of the approaching settlement cisely, when his Grace the Lord Arch- of the affairs of India. bishop of Canterbury, President, tock 7. That a letter be addressed by the the chair; and the following Resolu- Society to his Majesty's Government, tions were agreed to unanimously:- enclosing a copy of these Resolutions
1. That this Special Meeting sin- and of the above-mentioned Memorial; cerely concurs in the deep feeling of and that his Grace the Lord Archsorrow for the death of Bishop Turner bishop of Canterbury, President of the expressed at the last General Board. Society, be respectfully requested to
2. That in the ten years which will present the same to the First Lord of have elapsed between the death of the the Treasury and the President of the first Bishop of Calcutta and the time East India Board. of the earliest possible arrival of his Additional Resolution. - That the fourth successor at Calcutta, the Church cordial thanks of this Meeting are emiof India will have been deprived of nently due, and are hereby offered, Episcopal Superintendence during pe- to his Grace the President, for having riods amounting in the whole to nearly taken the chair on the present occa
sion, for the very obliging manner in 3. That it is impossible not to an- which he has acceded to the wishes of ticipate a frequent recurrence of a like the Board in regard to the presentainjurious deprivation, so long as the tion of the Letter, Resolutions, and duties of that vast Diocese shall be Memorial, and for the attention uniimposed upon a single individual. formly paid by his Grace to the ob
4. That the arguments urged by the jects and interests of the Society. Society in a Memorial formerly pre
DIOCESE OF ELY.
since the institution of this Committee,
they have distributed 5762 Bibles, 4131 At a General Meeting of the above Testaments, 11,098 Prayer-books, and Committee, holden in the Combina- 56,917 other books and tracts. tion Room of Jesus College, on Satur- The Sub-Committee have the satisday, December 10, 1831, the Very faction of announcing also that the Rev. the Dean of Ely in the Chair; state of the funds of the Committee
The list of Annual Subscribers for has enabled them to grant supplies of the year ending at the audit in No- books towards the establishment and vember last having been presented, support of several Sunday Schools the following statement was read and within the Diocese. unanimously adopted.
After which it was unanimously The Sub-Committee have to an- agreed: nounce that, during the present year, 1st. That a donation of 401. be rethey have distributed 252 Bibles, 283 mitted to the Treasurer of the Parent Testaments, 650 Prayer-Books, and Society in London. 4,613 other books and tracts, more 2nd. That the Rev. E. Fisher, Vicar than one half of which has been dis- of Linton, and the Rev. T. Lund, tributed gratuitously; and that they Fellow of St. John's College, be rehave complied with every application quested to audit the Treasurer's acthat has been made to them.
counts for the ensuing year. They have further to report that
J. GRAHAM, Secretary.
INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE
GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS. On Friday, December 2, the annual Many and most able speeches were meeting of the Society established in delivered on the occasion, particularly the Diocese of Ely and University of that by the Christian Advocate, which Cambridge, in aid of the Incorporated our limited space forbids us to quote; Society for the Propagation of the but we rejoice to observe throughout, Gospel in Foreign Parts, was held at a truly Christian zeal to spread abroad the Town-hall, the Rev. Dr. Graham, the saving truths of Christ's holy Vice-Chancellor, in the chair.
INCORPORATED SOCIETY for PROMOTING the ENLARGEMENT,
BUILDING, and REPAIRING of CHURCHES and CHAPELS. The Commissioners for building ad- including 128,082 free sittings; that ditional Churches and Chapels have twenty-seven Churches and Chapels made their twelfth report, by which are in the course of erection, and it appears that since the opening of that plans have been approved for the commission, one hundred and sixty- the building of sixteen others. The eight Churches and Chapels have now Exchequer bills which have been been completed, and therein a total issued for this purpose amount to provision made for 231,367 persons, 1,367,4001.
PROSPECTUS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM. The government to be vested in the Professors.—1. Divinity and EcDean and Chapter, the Bishop being clesiastical History.--2. Greek and Visitor.
Classical Literature.—3. Mathematics A chief officer of the College or Uni- and Natural Philosophy. versity to be appointed, with the title READERS,-1. Law.-2. Medicine. of Warden; to whom will be committed -3. History, Ancient and Modern. the ordinary discipline.
To these may be added readers in