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been registered; for his words are assert that the child was baptized these, “all persons are supposed to according to the form generally obdie unbaptized but those whose bap- served among that class of Dissenttism the registers own; and there- that Mr. Wickes stood upon fore, the registers not owning dissent- the fact as the ground of his refusal. ing baptisms, those who die with such This was acting certainly much more baptisms must be supposed to die properly, than pretending to doubt a unbaptized.” Now this is assertion, fact of which he had no conscientious but nothing more; for there is no doubt; and though he has, perhaps, authority whatever referred to in sup- unfortunately mistaken the law, it was port of it, — there is no law to be much more honourable not to state a found which so declares,—there is no doubt of the fact, but to act upon the practice which justifies this as being existence of his doubt of the law. the rule. And to what extent--to It has been said, that the present what monstrous length, would this case is important, both to the interest go? No foreigners who are in this of the Dissenters and of the Church. country,—not only no Catholics, but It may be important to the Dissenters, no persons born in any Protestant that their right of church burial should country in Europe, coming into this be established, and that their baptisms country and dying here, could be should be recognized, and should not buried according to the forms of the be considered as mere nullities; for Church of England, because they are that goes far to the denial of their persons clearly not registered in this being Christians at all; and every country, clearly not baptized by a thing which savours of disability and lawful Minister of this country, or exclusion is of importance to any subaccording to our Book of Common jects of his Majesty; and, if the law Prayer. Not only these, but none does not exclude them from church of his Majesty's Scotch Presbyterian burial, no blame whatever can be imsubjects could be buried here, no puted either to the individual, or to member of the Church of England the body, if the body countenance the whose baptism has been by omission individual, in the attempt now made neglected to be registered in his pa- to assert the right of burial by the rish; nay, a person born in one part institution of the present suit. But of the kingdom, if he happened to die how the object of the suit can be in another, and a distant part of the that, which has been suggested by kingdom, could not receive Christian the counsel, namely, for the purpose burial, from the want of facility to of establishing their Ministers as procure the register of his baptism. “lawful Ministers," is difficult to be
It has been asked, if you do not imagined. As lawful dissenting Mirequire proof from the register, what nisters, they are already established; other proof can you have? how are for the law allows them and recogthe clergy otherwise to find out who nizes them as such ; and the event of are baptized, and who are not? To this suit cannot by possibility make that it may be properly answered, them lawful Ministers of the Church they must be satisfied with reasonable of England episcopally ordained, nor evidence,—with what a person acting can it in any manner alter their fairly, and not captiously, would re- station and character in the political quire; for if a clergyman meant to society of the country, act vexatiously, and, under the pre- The importance of the suit to the text of not being satisfied of the fact, interests and dignity of the Church is when taking all the circumstances not less difficult to be apprehended., of the case together no doubt could If the legal rights of the Church were reasonably be entertained upon the affected, it would not be more the subject, refused burial, he would not duty than the inclination of the Court only be liable to the punishment of the to uphold them. The suit may be law, but exposed to that punishment interesting to individuals who have in its utmost extent. In the present been embarked in controversy and case, there appears however no diffi- contest; it may be interesting to the culty of the sort : for the articles clergy in general, who are doubtful what the law is, that the law should rather than of punishing the indivibe ascertained by a judicial decision : dual. The minister may have acted, but why the rights and interests of and it is presumed has acted, from a the Church are to be affected by con- sense of his public duty : for, upon sidering dissenting baptisms as Chris- his understanding of the law, it was tian baptisms, — by allowing persons his duty, and he was bound, not to so baptized the common right of being perform the service, which he might buried according to the ordinary forms most willingly have performed if he of the Church, and by a minister of had more correctly understood the the Church to whose support they law. The Court has therefore thought are bound to contribute, has not been it proper to state its opinion, and the explained. If the law has not ex- grounds of that opinion, the more cluded them from this ordinary rightfully, in the hope of setting the quesof Christianity and humanity, the mi- tion at rest, and of putting an end to nisters of the Church will not surely the suit. If the facts are truly stated, be degraded by performing the office. and the decision now given upon the On the contrary, the generality of the law should be acquiesced in, it may Clergy, it may be presumed, will re- reasonably be expected, from the spirit joice that in this last office of Chris- of candour which has been avowed on tian charity there is no separation the part of the promoter, that he would between the Church and their Protes- be satisfied in correcting the error, tant Dissenting brethren. It is by a and in establishing the right; and that lenient and a liberal interpretation of the suit might end here, and harmony the laws of disability and exclusion, be restored between these parties, and not by a captious and vexatious each of them recollecting that, however construction and application of them, they may differ upon certain points, that the true interests and the true either of doctrine or of ceremony, dignity of the Church establishment still they are both equally bound by are best supported.
Christian charity to dismiss as quickly Upon the whole of the case, and for as possible from their minds all feelthe reasons assigned, the Court is of ings of animosity, and to return to opinion that the minister, in refusing the exercise of mutual kindness. The to bury this child in the manner Court, upon the grounds already stapleaded in the articles, has acted ille- ted, has no doubt at all in admitting gally. The suit is probably brought these articles, and does admit them for the sake of deciding the question, accordingly.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.
Report for 1832. The Society's Report is just pub- Bibles
63,203 lished, and a most important, satisfac- Testaments
66,553 tory, and cheering report it is. Great
Common Prayers 150,348 and various have been the operations Psalters.
15,470 of the Society within the last year. Other bound books 102,169 The income has been 66,2691. 1ls.; Tracts, &c.
1,317,580 the expenditure, 65,2331. 178. 9d. It is interesting to compare this The total number of books issued to statement with the condition of the members on the terms of the Society, Society in 1732. Then, its revenue granted gratuitously in special cases, was about 6,000l.; and the whole issue delivered to members for gratuitous of its publications was about 16,000. distribution, and supplied at prime Then, its members amounted to 460; cost, is as follows:
now they amount to 15,000. Thus, in the course of a century, the opera- at the General Fast, the Society contions of the Society have increased tracted with the King's Printer to more than a hundredfold.
supply 200,000 copies of the Form of For upwards of a century, the So- Prayer at a very low price. ciety for Promoting Christian Know- The Society concludes the domestic ledge was the only body of importance portion of its report with a commendwhich supported the cause of general atory notice of the system adopted education. And it appears that the by the Bath and Bedminster District number of children educated exclu- Committee, which we have before resively from the books of the Society, commended to local associations. The amounts to about 900,000.
advantages of that system, proved by The Society has been largely and actual results, cannot be too extensuccessfully occupied, during the last sively known. year, in turning into the channel of In India, the Society has been Christian instruction, the mighty endeavouring to procure the grant of streams of popular and periodical three Bishops for that enormous dioliterature, and counteracting the scep- cese; and with well grounded expectical use which has been made of those tations of success. They have also influential instruments. In May last, exerted themselves to obtain the rethe number of weekly cheap periodi- moval of the abominable encouragecals published in London alone was ment of idolatry by the British 300,000, of which not one was pro- Government, and East India Comfesssedly engaged in defence of reli
pany; and have reason to hope that gion, and the greater part were openly their representations will be successful. hostile to Christianity. To counteract A new church has been built at this immense evil, the Society for Pro- Mysore, with the authority of the moting Christian Knowledge sanction- Rajah. The Liturgy of our Church ed the formation of a Committee of is in course of translation into the General Literature and Education, and Persian, Arabic, Teluroo, Guzeratee, placed at its disposal 2000l. It ap- and Bengalee languages. The Native pears that the Saturday Magazine, School system has been productive of established by this Committee, has the expected fruits. Native children already extinguished some of the have been baptized, together with worst low periodicals, and subdued their parents. An annual grant of the tone of others.
1501. is made to the Mission SemiAn important feature of the last
nary at Vepery. 501. has been granted year's operations has been the esta- to the Colombo Committee for school blishment of School Lending Libraries; books. to encourage which the following To the Cape of Good Hope 20001. resolution has been adopted by the has been granted for general purposes. board : “ That a grant of books from An English church at Cape Town is the Society's permanent catalogue, to in a very forward state. Towards an amount not exceeding five pounds this object, towards the erection of at the cost price, be made to any such churches at Port Elizabeth, Bathurst, schools in union with the National Wynberg, and Simon's Town, and Society as shall apply for the same, towards the establishment of infant provided that books to an equal or and other schools, this money has greater amount be added to them, at been distributed. The Local Society their own expense, from the Society's are beginning to print portions of the Catalogue." . The advantages which Scripture in the Caffer tongue. may arise from this liberal resolution To the district of St. John's, Neware almost incalculable.
foundland, 401. has been granted in Forty-three new works are admit- books; and tracts on Confirmation ted on the Society's Permanent Cata- have been also issued. logue, and fifteen on the Supplemental. The only part of the Report which
An edition of the Common Prayer bears a tinge of melancholy is the in French has been published for the West Indian. But nothing can here use of the island of Jersey, to which be assigned in the way of negligence the Society has contributed 501. And on the part of the Society. In Jamaica, the horrors of the last year, and the progress of fanaticism and jacobinism have had a fearful effect on Christian instruction.
By the Providence of God, however, it may be expected that the planters, having witnessed the comparative effects of ecclesiastical and schismatical teaching, may take those decided courses, which may lead to the more efficient establishment of sound Christianity. In Barbados, the hurricane of the last year rendered unfit for divine service every church, chapel, and schoolhouse. To the repairs of these places the Society granted 20001.
The Society has been engaged in
diffusing Christianity in the Scilly Islands. Besides the regular expenses of the Missionaries, the Society has granted 301. towards the repair of Boyhar Church. It has further memorialized the crown on the spiritual wants of these islands; and as they form part of the Duchy of Cornwall, and thus yield a revenue to the crown, it is hoped the application will be attended to.
The Report concludes with an energetic appeal to the Christian public to concentrate its energies in the bosom of a Society which may become the most effectual bulwark of the truth in an apparently impending struggle.
SOCIETY FOR THE PROMOTION OF CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE, AND PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS.
Anniversary of the Exeter Diocesan Society. The anniversary of these institu- amounting to-Bibles, 1,522 ; Testations was held on Thursday, Oct. 25, ments and Psalters, 3,980; Common when the Civic Authorities, together Prayer Books, 3,890; other books with the Schools connected with the and tracts 39,762. Societies, attended the Cathedral. The A portion of the above list was performance of the service, which issued gratuitously: viz :-—Bibles, 87; was that composed by Bridgwater, of Testaments and Psalters, 270; ComYork, was very grand, and the 100th mon Prayer Books, 162; other books, Psalm, by the children, had a most 6,631. pleasing effect. The anthem appro- And another portion was granted priately chosen for the occasion was for the purpose of being re-sold conDr. Clarke's, of Cambridge,
“ Where- siderably under the regulated prices : withal shall a young man cleanse his viz; — Bibles, 133; Testaments, 99; way,” &c. It was admirably sung, Common Prayer Books, 338. particularly the part by the two tre- The average sale at the Depository bles, whose chasteness of execution of the Saturday Magazine alone, has afforded a rich treat to the admirers exceeded 800 numbers weekly. of sacred music. The Right Rev. Such is a brief statement of the Dr. Philpotts preached a forcible ser- endeavours which have been made, mon from Matt. xxiv. 14. The during the last year, to promote collection at the doors—741. 78. 104d. Christian knowledge and education
At the conclusion of the service at within this diocese. But a most grathe Cathedral, the usual meeting took tifying circumstance still remains to place at the Guildhall, where the be noticed. This Committee have Lord Bishop presided, and having been enabled to place at the disposal offered up an appropriate and impres- of the Chaplain of the county gaol sive prayer, announced that during and bridewell
, Bibles, Common Prayer the last year, (exclusive of nearly Books, and other religious publica25,000 religious papers and cards for tions; to be by him re-sold to such the use of schools) there had been an of the prisoners as (through his exerincrease in the number of books and tions, prospered by the blessing of tracts, which have been sold at the Him who willeth not the death of a Exeter Depository alone, of nearly sinner) have been brought to feel, 16,700. The total number sold, that the fear of the Lord is wisdom, and to depart from evil, understanding. The books which have been thus disposed of, from the appointment of the present Chaplain in October 1831 to 29th September 1832, amount to--Bibles, 38; Common Prayer Books, 110; other books and tracts, 204.
In the Report of the Treasurer is noticed a donation of 201. from “ An
Anonymous Friend," by the hand of
S. P. G.–The claims of this Society we stated in the Report, and some powerful appeals were made in its behalf; but we have been unable to learn what sum of money the Committee have transmitted to the Parent Society.
DOMESTIC. No political circum- the town immediately after he is advised stance of purely domestic relation, and of the entrance of a French army into of sufficient importance to merit par- Belgium. In all these measures he is ticular notice, has occurred during the most enthusiastically supported by his last month.
people, both the government and the So many difficulties have arisen to governed acting most vigorously in the hinder the registration of votes for same spirit. members of Parliament in Ireland, that The effects of these measures upon our it is calculated this cannot be completed domestic policy have been seriously felt, before the end of January next; and, and powerfully expressed by a large porconsequently, that Parliament cannot be tion of our fellow-subjects. A numerous dissolved before that time.
meeting of the bankers, merchants, and But if domestic political measures traders of London was held on the 12th have been so unimportant, those con- ultimo, and their voice was most loudly nected with our foreign relations have and unanimously raised against them, as been of the greatest consequence. The injurious to the country, and tending administration of this country have laid strongly to increase the distresses under an embargo on all Dutch vessels in the which the country has groaned so long ports of this kingdom, and issued orders and so heavily. The same feeling is exto the commanders of his Majesty's pressed by all ranks, in all our commercruisers, to detain and send in all cial and manufacturing towns; whilst our vessels bearing the Dutch flag, or con- seamen feel so repugnant to fight against veying Dutch property. They have com- the Dutch, and for the French, that though missioned a fleet of ships of war to go, thousands of them are out of employ, and in company with a fleet of French ships, literally starving for want, this small feet to the mouth of the Scheldt, whether could not be manned without having remerely to blockade the entrance of that course to the odious measure of issuing river, or to attempt to sail up it, does press-warrants. not yet appear. The king of Holland The indications of the intentions of the speaks in the same undismayed tone as powers whose interests are involved in before ; and whilst he omits no means of this question, continue to be warlike. The prudence to maintain his rights, has not Prussian armies are approaching Venloo suffered himself to be betrayed in any in great force—the French papers say, to measure derogatory to that high ground occupy it, and maintain its neutrality, as which he has all along occupied. He a measure favourable to Belgium-other has laid no counter embargo, he has accounts state as one to facilitate operashewn no hostile feeling towards the tions in favour of Holland, should hostilisubjects of those states which thus in- ties be commenced. From Vienna, it is dicate their warlike intentions towards said, contracts have been made to furnish him. He continues to send towards the clothing for five hundred thousand troops, Scheldt, such “materiel" of war as may with a contingent contract for that of be necessary to protect his people and two hundred thousand more, if required. maintain his rights. He has caused Marshal Mortier, who had been sent to the citadel of Antwerp to be furnished St. Petersburgh on a special mission, has with provisions and ammunition for a returned to Paris, it is reported, having a long siege ; and has instructed the failed in the object of it. commander, General Chassé to fire upon