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BATH – Conventual Chunch or THE BENEdictin Es.

Dates. Founders. Nave. Choir. Aisles. Transept. | Tower. - - ! L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. 1495 - i to Oliver King, bishop - - 75 35 73 - 46 48 742O 30 13d 1502 Bird Of the nave. il on- - - «» - lso { Gibbes i Po." } 136 72 78 112 21 38 46 28 74 Inhabitants of Bath Of the choir. 1570 Sir John Harrington - - 8O 21 38 | and others 1609 |James Montague, bishop|Completed the building 1– – Building unfinished at the Reformation, and completed by Bishop Montague and the executors of the Lord Treasurer Burleigh. Total length, 210 ft.; breadth, 126 ft. BRISTOL – Conventual. Chunch of St. AugustiNE. Dates: Founders. Nave. Choir. Aisles. Transept. Tower - L. B. H. L. B. h. L. B. H. L. B. h. height. 1160 |Robert Fitzharding 1230 Robert third Lord 131 i Berkeley, Maurice | fourth Lord Berke- }|75 73 43 Originally included. 128 – 43 l o ley, and Edmund --- Knowles, abbot |, ..., s! Elliot and William |l 463 Hunt, abbots - - 100 4:3 - N. trans. 127 1481 to 1 John Newland, abbot, - Our Lady's 1500 completed - - Chapel. - The church displays two distinct styles. The Chapter House and Elder Lady Chapel were erected at the beginning and close of the twelfth century, and the existing nave and choir in the beginning of the fourteenth. It is probable it was not completed after the plan of the Abbot Knoles. The tower was intended to receive a spire. The aisles and nave are of the same height, which is only 43 ft. CANTER BURY — CATHEDRAL Chukch. Dates. Founders. Nave. Choir. • Aisles. Transept. Towers. – L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. loso Archbishop Lanfranc - - - - N.W. 100 ft. 1090 Archbishop Anselme | i loo ormalphus priors - The second church destroyed by fire in 1174. Conrade 1 122 Archbishop W. Corboil. | W. Senensis l archi- Present \ | ded U - - | 1.5 - J l 1 I 74 R. Anglus } tects { church. J 150 AO 71 Included Upper 1304 iHenry de Estrey, prior. -- S. Sudbury N.W. spire 1379 W. Courte- arch- | Improved | Lower o | to - and orna- - - - gh ; nav bishops 124 taken down (1431 || |... "..." mented. 1705 ; T. Arundel s.w.. isost. T. Chittenden 1449 (4. Goldstone i Po" 214 94 80 1468 W. Sellinge. o - Central 234 1490; w. Morton, archbishop - - - - { high, 35 | | diameter.

The original Anglo-Saxon structure of Lanfranc was rebuilt after the canonisation of Thomas à Becket, The very elegant central tower was completed in 1500 by Archbishop Morton. This cathedral

has a lofty crypt of greater extent than, we believe, any other in England. At the eastern end of this cathedral, and projecting eastward of the general line of the plan, is an apartment open to the rest of the church, and consisting of a segment equal to about three fourths of a circle, called “Becket's Crown.” The to hou, of this church is 514 ft., and breadth 154 ft.

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similar. 1320 - - - - - - North, a parish church. 180 – — 1485 Simon Ripley, abbot Oldham, abbot — 73 73 - - - 127 ft. 1508 The west- Finished | 19 - - - ern front - - - in 1508.

The Chapter House was built by Ranulf Earl of Chester, and in it many of his descendants are interred. A north transept only in this church. Length, 348 st. ; breadth, 180 ft.

CHICHESTER – CATHEDRAL CHURCH.

| date. Founders. Nave. - Choir. Aisles, Transept. Tower.

bishops. T. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. | 1094 ||Ralph - - - First church. Siffrede - - Included r - 1125( Abbot woo) 105 95 61 { – 91 — s There o | | four aisles. o - & The only North 95 ft. high 1217 ||Ralph de Warham - 100 64 "to à I { W. end. - England. J 1282 |Gilbert de St. Leofard South !. ft. high 1329 |John de Langton - - - - { o * ...i | window. to tower - - 271 ft. high. 1520 |Robert Sherbourne - |Repairs and embellishment of the choir, &c.

It may be right to consider the present church as founded by Siffrede upon that built by Ralph in 1094. Total length, 407 ft. ; width, 131 ft.

DURHAM – CATHEDRAL CHURCH.

Dates. Founders. Nave. Choir. Aisles. Transept. Tower. | - - ... Bishops. . L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. 1093 w illiam de Carilelpho-26O 74 69 1 128 |Ralph Flambard. 1230 |Richard Poose and - - - Included. 176 57 1233 Melsonby, prior - - - - - { won |Bertram Middleton, and Hugh Darling- } - 120 74 71 - 90 18 – ton, priors - Nicholas de Farnham, bishop. 1295 |Richard de Houton, Central zoo | prior - - - - - - { tower 214.

The Lady Chapel was built in 1390, forming a sort of transept at the end of the choir. This cathedral is remarkable from the pillars of its nave, which are curiously striated. The Galilee, or chapel, at the western end, is 50 ft. by 78 ft., and was finished by Bishop Langley in 1430. Total length of the church, 420 ft.; width, 176 st.

ELY — CATHEn RAL Chunch.

t Dates. Founders. Nave. Choir. Aisles. Transept. tower.

- - Bishops. L. B. H. L. B. h. L. B. h. Length. o | to Herney - - - - - N. 1783 1133 Nigillus - - Erected the cloisters. - - | Centre of

117 Id. Geoff. Ridal - 203 - 104 - - - { West front

210 ft. high.

1335 to Hugh Northwold - - Presbytery, which was made the choir in 1769. 1252 J

3

Simon Montacute - - Octagon Louvre.
1. Wisbich, prior - - ho 34} to | |

A spire of wood was added to the tower by Bishop Northwold, but it no longer exists. The octagon, from which rises the louvre, is 142 ft. high from the floor, and is 71 ft. 6 in. diameter. It was designed by Alan de Walsingham, a monk of Ely, in 1328. The diameter of the lantern is 30 ft., and its external height 170 ft. Total length, 517 ft.; breadth, 178 ft. 6 in.

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The cloisters, which are only perfect on one side, were added by Thomas Brentinghan. The towers stand at the ends of the transept. The general plan of the church is that designed by Bishop Quivil, from which none of his successors deviated. The total length is 390 ft.; width, 140 ft. Bishop Grandison's screen in this cathedral is celebrated among antiquaries as displaying a series of statues more numerous and entire than are to be found in any other cathedral.

- 28 28 145

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and choir with the transepts.

W. Ferleigh about 1408.

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and are unusually situated, being on the north side of the church. width, 152 st.

HERE FOR D – CATH EDRAL CHURCH.

The western facade and two arches were The tower rises from the intersection of the nave The cloisters are the most perfect and beautiful of any in England,

Total length, 426 ft. ;

Dates. | Founders. Nave. Choir. Aisles. Transept.
|, bimon. TL. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H.
;" Robert de Losinge - 144 68 68 - 144 – – 140 - -
-
o Rainelm - - - 125 20 64
1131 to s Robert de Bethune, - - Lower.
1148 |\ prior of Llanthony - 1 l l — —
1200 to -
1216 } Giles de Bruse - - - -
| 4 oo i
1492 to Edmund Audley - - - - -
1502 - |
| | Restored in 1786.
- —l- t

Tower.

|

| The spire,

Ancient spire 240 ft. high. West tower was 130 ft.

which was taken down in 1790.

The great west tower sell in 1786, and destroyed the greater part of the nave and aisles, which

were rebuilt shorter by 15 ft.

The architecture of the chapter house, which was octagonal, with

a single central pillar, and 37 ft. diameter, was unnecessarily taken down by Bishop Egerton. Total length, 325 ft.; width 100 ft.

LICHFIELD – CATHEnk AL CHURCH.

| Dates. Founders. Nave. Choir. Aisles. Transept. Tower. | Bishops. L. h. h. L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. 1295 s Walter de Louton, or West spi to Langton - - }|213 67 6712o 33 67 Included. 88 – –? lo'. 1430 || ||And his successors William Hewworth, \ | W. front. Total of the - - - - - central spire. who died in 1447 78 – — 258.

The church is very uniform, having been, like Salisbury and Exeter, completed u

pon one plan. The

arches in the Triforia here show the dog-tooth moulding in great perfection. Total length, 411 ft. ;

breadth, 88 ft.

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The central spire of this cathedral was higher than that of .# and was blown down in 1547. The others were removed in 1808. Total length, 498 ft.; breadth, 227 ft.

LONDON – Old St. PAUL's CATHEDRAL CHURCH.

T Dates. Founders. Nave. Choir. Aisles. Transept. Towers. |... ... Bishops. L. h. h. L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. 1086 Mauritius - -335 91 102 1120 Richard de Beaumes - - - Included. 1297 – — o: 260 - - ft., ditto of 1220 William de St. Maria - - 163 – 88 - - spire 274 ft. | - Burnt down | in 1561. |

The Chapter House was built by William de St. Maria, and was octangular. The cloisters, which were only 91 ft. square, were erected by Henry de Wingham in 1260 ; and the Lady Chapel by Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, in 1312. The area which this cathedral covered in o was 3 acres, 3 roods, and 26 perches. The cloisters were removed by the Protector Somerset, to build his palace in the Strand. . Inigo Jones commenced his restorations upon the fabric in 1633, and placed, in 1636, a most beautiful but incongruous Corinthian portico at the western end, the expense of which was borne by Charles I. The whole of the church was taken down and removed by Sir Christopher Wren in 1675. The following are the dimensions assigned to the cathedral in 1309: – Length,631 ft. ; breadth, 130. The height of the vaulting of the western part, 102 ft.; of the eastern, 188 ft.: of the tower, 260 ft. : and of the spire, which was timber-framed and covered with lead, 274 ft. Dugdale's history of the church is embellished with numerous plates by Hollar, and is a most interesting work.

NORWICH – CATHEDRAL CHURCH.

Dates. Founders. Nave. Choir. Aisles. Transept. Tower.

Bishops. L. B. H. L. B. H. L. B. H. 1096 |Herbert Losinga - - - Tower.

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Thomas Percy - - - - - Spire 317 ft.

this church has no Lad Chapel. The cathedral, before 1272, was so dilapidated, that it was nearly rebuilt by succeeding bishops and priors. The cloisters, erected by Bishop Wakering in 1420, are the most spacious in England, being 174 st. square. Length of cathedral, 414 ft. ; breadth, 191 ft.

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The Chapter House here is of perfect Anglo-Norman architecture, built in the reign of Henry ii. Length of church, 154 ft. ; breadth, 102 ft.

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