## An Encyclopædia of Architecture: Historical, Theoretical, and Practical |

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Seite 326

A

will touch it in every other point B The surface of a fluid at rest, or of a well-

polished table, may be considered as a

A

**plane**is a surface, such that if a right line applied to it touches it in two points itwill touch it in every other point B The surface of a fluid at rest, or of a well-

polished table, may be considered as a

**plane**. 2. A right line is perpendicular to a**plane**... Seite 327

If two right lines LM, FG be drawn, in these two

AB, these will form four an- L gles at the point C, which are - called the

inclinations of the two

line AB (fig ...

If two right lines LM, FG be drawn, in these two

**planes**, perpendicular to the lineAB, these will form four an- L gles at the point C, which are - called the

inclinations of the two

**planes**, or the angles \ formed by the two**planes**. - 4. If theline AB (fig ...

Seite 328

make right angles with the lines AC, AD, it will be perpendicular to the

which passes through these lines. b lf the line A B were not perpendicular to the

FDCG, another

A B ...

make right angles with the lines AC, AD, it will be perpendicular to the

**plane**which passes through these lines. b lf the line A B were not perpendicular to the

FDCG, another

**plane**might be made to pass through the point A, to which theA B ...

Seite 329

A polyhedron is a solid terminated by

terminated by two identical

which are parallelograms. (Fig. 334.) . A parallelopiped is a prism the bases of

which are ...

A polyhedron is a solid terminated by

**plane**surfaces. 3. A prism is a solidterminated by two identical

**plane**bases parallel to each other, and by surfaceswhich are parallelograms. (Fig. 334.) . A parallelopiped is a prism the bases of

which are ...

Seite 331

Because the

will also (Prop. 98.) be perpendicular to the

ABC, having the angles b, B right angles, and the angle A common, are ...

Because the

**planes**cd CD are parallel; AB, being perpendicular to the**plane**CD,will also (Prop. 98.) be perpendicular to the

**plane**cal: whence the triangles Abc,ABC, having the angles b, B right angles, and the angle A common, are ...

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1-inch deal 15th century arch architect architecture architrave axis balusters base bead butt bead flush breadth bricks building called cathedral centre of gravity century church circle circumference colour columns construction Corinthian order cube curve cutting decorated described diameter divided divisor Doric order draw edifices ellipsis entablature equal equation erected example extrados feet fraction given half height Hence horizontal intercolumniations iron joints length lime limestone moulded multiplied nave oolite ornaments ovolo palace panels parallel parallelogram perpendicular piece piers placed plane portico principal Prop proportion pyramid quantity quotient radius rectangle right angles right line Roman roof sandstone scantlings side sofite solid square root stone style subtract supposed surface tangent temple thickness timber tower transepts triangle vault vertical Vitruvius voussoirs walls whence whereof width

### Beliebte Passagen

Seite 6 - In taking two stations having the same value, the one to the north and the other to the south of...

Seite 316 - The angle at the centre of a circle is double of the angle at the circumference upon the same base, that is, upon the same part of the circumference.

Seite 16 - The western face, which is the least elevated, is the most interesting on account of the appearance of building it presents. Near the summit of it appears a low wall, with interruptions, built of unburnt bricks, mixed up with chopped straw or reeds, and cemented with clay-mortar of great thickness, having between every layer a layer of reeds ; and on the north side are also some vestiges of a similar construction.

Seite 375 - As 360 is to the degrees in the arc of the sector, so is the area of the whole circle to the area of the sector.

Seite 17 - ... in breadth, diminishing in thickness to the top, which is broken and irregular, and rent by a large fissure extending through a third of its height.

Seite ix - Vive, vale ; si quid novisti rectius istis, Candidus impertí ; si non, his utere mecum.

Seite 51 - Twenty-five years, and above three millions sterling, were employed by the founder: his liberal taste invited the artists of Constantinople, the most skilful sculptors and architects of the age; and the buildings were sustained or adorned by twelve hundred columns of Spanish and African, of Greek and Italian marble. The hall of audience was...

Seite 372 - PROBLEM I. To find the area of a parallelogram, whether it be a square, a rectangle, a rhombus, or a rhomboides.

Seite 199 - The taste of all these stately mansions was that bastard style which intervened between Gothic and Grecian architecture; or which perhaps was the style that had been invented for the houses of the nobility, when they first ventured on the settlement of the kingdom after the termination of the quarrel between the Roses, to abandon their fortified dungeons, and consult convenience and magnificence...

Seite 216 - What the back-ground is in painting, in architecture is the real ground on which the building is erected ; and no architect took greater care that his work should not appear crude and hard, that is, that it did not abruptly start out of the ground without expectation or preparation.