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Seite 49 - Virginia ; a Geographical and Political Summary, embracing a description of the State, its geology, soils, minerals, and climate ; its animal and vegetable productions ; manufacturing and commercial facilities ; religious and educational advantages ; internal improvements and form of government.
Seite 48 - Geological phenomena, and the deductions derivable therefrom, in 250 miles of sections, in parts of Virginia and Maryland. Also, notice of certain Fossil Acotyledonous Plants in the secondary strata of Fredericksburg...
Seite 42 - ... of the formation to the Jurassic upon the evidence of the plants alone. " I do not, however, desire to be understood as arguing for the Jurassic age of the Potomac formation. The most that it is intended to claim is that, if the stratigraphical relations and the animal remains shall finally require its reference to the Jurassic, the plants do not present any serious obstacles to such reference.
Seite 242 - Pteris, etc., to cast doubt upon the botanical affinity of Cladophlebis species unless these are attested by a considerable body of evidence. It is believed, however, that the Potomac species are all to be included in the subfamily...
Seite 37 - ... to there is exposed another group of strata with which, at first view, the sandy and argillaceous layers of this formation might readily be confounded. These are the silicious, argillaceous, and pebbly beds, which, underlying the Tertiary in Virginia, and the well-marked Cretaceous formation farther north, have, in the latter region, been regarded as belonging to the base of the Cretaceous series of the Atlantic States. In Virginia the formation consists typically of a rather coarse and sometimes...
Seite 178 - Dryosaurus has its nearest European ally in Hypsilophodon, again a Wealden type, and the crocodile, Goniopholis, is reported from the Wealden and its marine equivalent the Purbeckian, not from the older Jurassic levels. The weight of this evidence would seem to place this fauna beyond the Jurassic into the beginning of Cretaceous times.
Seite 187 - It was not more than one-half the size of the western species, and its proportions were extremely slender. The bones are very light and hollow, the metapodials being much elongated and their walls extremely thin. An ungual phalanx of the manus measures about 25 mm. in length ; and 14 mm. in vertical diameter at the base. This animal could not have been more than 5 or 6 feet in length.
Seite 38 - Fredericksburg containing similar remains, and to favor their being referred, at least in part, to the horizon of the upper Jurassic rocks. Possibly we may find here a passagegroup analogous to the Wealden of British geology.