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they never could have been intended to meet. At one time he says,
• I languish because I am not with you. And yet, madam, I have not been insensible to the charms of your sex, (this is the truth at all events) but there is now a magic force which amazes me; for you have made a greater advance upon my heart, in a few hours, than I intended to have allowed you in as many weeks ; indeed, you have possessed yourself of so much room in it, that unless you will consent to be a tenant for life,--our parting will not be a little injurious, and it will be a good while before I shall get into good repair again!
. It is natural enough that your dear idea should pursue me to the study, and the chamber; but why must I think of you in public, (i.e. in the pulpit) and imagine there is something, that resembles you, in every agreeable woman I see, while I am proud to think that the resemblance is but faint!
• My predictions are accomplished sooner than I expected, and I already find so much of my happiness centred in your arms, that I believe you will find it a very hard matter to keep me out of them.'-pp. 38, 39.
On another occasion, having been detained in bed two hours beyond his usual time, by dreaming of his charmer, he breaks out in the following pompous strain.
* Think not, madam, to charge the fault upon my weakness ! why did you look with so engaging an air, when I saw you last? why did your conversation teem with sentiments, which might have charmed from any lips, and disclose a treasure of greatness, and goodness of mind, which no more needed to be recommended by wit, than wit to be inflamed by beauty ? Indeed, madam, I ought to chide you ; and yet such is the frailty of human nature, that I cannot forbear thanking you. Common prudence might teach me to argue, that if every idea of you thus enchants me, and robs me of some of the brightest hours of life, the possession of your very self must be dangerously transporting; and yet, if you will believe me, I I long to prove the utmost effort of your charms; though it may seem as absurd, as that a traveller, whose wearied eyes can hardly endure the rising sun, should wish for the dazzling blaze of noon.'-p. 41.
From a schoolmaster and a divine, this is sufficiently warm language. After this we are not at all surprised to find him adding, that I am almost tempted to leave my pupils and my flock, and even my sick friends, to come to tell
come to tell you a foolish story, which per
a haps, you have often despised, when told to much greater advantage.' The sensible reader will here naturally ask, what good purpose does it serve to resuscitate from the sleep of nearly a century, letters of this description. Do they tend to the advantage of Dr. Doddridge's memory as a minister, or even as a man? It may be said that these bursts of passion were little blemishes, which may easily be overlooked. Overlooked they might, and ought to be certainly, but they ought never to have been brought forward. Language such as we have quoted, might have been in itself, and under the circumstances, perfectly innocent; but it does not exalt,
in our opinion at least, the memory of a minister of the Gospel, In other letters his love for God and his mistress is mentioned in a way that must offend every person of genuine piety and pure taste. We shall give but a single specimen of this amorous theology.
' I need not hasten into your presence, rapturous as it is, to revive a flame that languishes in absence. I am in love with your mind, nor is it rivalled by even your charming elegance of form. When I think of the wisdom, piety, and sweetness that breathe in your conversation, and sometimes seem to speak in your very silence, I cannot forbear exclaiming, “ Is it possible she should be mine ?” Methinks, madam, for your sake, I could wish myself rich and great; and yet so capricious is love, that in a moment I rejoice that I am neither, as it gives me the greater evidence of your disinterested and generous passion, when you accept my love in such humble and precarious circumstances.
Lovely Cleora !—but I am forced away; and while I have a thousand fond and tender ideas pressing in upon my heart at once, I have only time to add,-may the happiness you deserve ever attend you, and may you, if possible, return half the fondness of Your most obliged, impatient, and affectionate Lover,
PHILIP DODDRIDGE. P.S. It is Sabbath night, and yet I could not omit writing, nor contract my letter into less room, Surely devotion itself will grant a few moments to a love by which it hopes to be improved.
· God cannot require I should forget you on such a day: he knows it is impossible, and equally impossible to remember you without transports of love and joy.'--pp. 56, 57.
The widow Clark, in the mean time, waxed jealous. She who at first, as it would seem, was almost angry at the apprehension being entertained that he thought of paying her his addresses, upon receiving the intelligence concerning Miss Maris, changes her strain altogether, and abuses him for his inconstancy. She gets sick on his account, takes to her bed, and writes him a thundering letter. His letter in reply is characteristic. We give only the concluding paragraphs. Čleora, be it observed, is only another name for Miss Maris. My love for her is as sincere as my affection for you, and it cannot be
When I urged your coming to Northampton, I earnestly desired it; some hints, however, dropped after my return hither, which convinced me, that others would not judge of it as I had done, and it was in the faithfulness of friendship, and with the sincerest respect for your character, that I withdrew my request. Your brother's judgment was of some weight, but it was not the only consideration. Your resentment, therefore, confirms a remark I have often made, and will, I hope, teach me not to be too communicative where women are concerned, if I desire to please them.
• It is, perhaps, the infirmity of my nature; but Cleora pardons, nay, even esteems it. I thought Cordelia would have been of her mind, and
if she will not, I must assume some new name, and call myself any thing rather than her
• FIDELIO.'--pp. 58, 59. We were not a little amused with an attempt which is made by the editor to vindicate the conduct of Dr. Doddridge in his various
We observe that he says nothing of the affair with the widow, which perhaps he did not suspect, although he has given us some of the letters on the subject. The essay is written in very affected language, and winds up with the fact, which we reach at last, that the Dr. and Miss Maris, were made one on the 22nd of December, 1730. This event, however, does not put an end to the correspondence between the lovers, for they are separated, and we have letters passing with every post as fiery in their spirit as ever, though rather more modest in their language, than those of which the reader has seen a few specimens.
It is pleasant in these days of religious freedom, to cast a Parthian glance at some of the obstacles with which that great cause had to struggle a century ago, For simply preaching in the neighbourhood of a reverend clergyman of the establishment, the Doctor was very severely handled, and charged with attempting to inflame the people against each other.
There was hardly any crime that was not imputed to the Dissenters; in short they were all abominable schismatics, who deserved to be damned. Such at least was the opinion of the Rev. Mr. Hills, who wrote, and preached, in his parish church, these un-christian sentiments. It is but justice to Doddridge, to say that his reply to these charges evinces a steadiness and good temper, which must have placed the churchmen, even at that time, in a situation not much to be envied. The Doctor had subsequently a more serious battle to fight, having been proceeded against in the Ecclesiastical court, for not taking out a licence to keep school. He met this attack with great firmness, and aided by Lord Halifax, and his brethren in general, he finally triumphed over a persecution which reflects little honour upon its promoters.
Next to the Christian mildness and liberality which distinguished Dr. Doddridge, there are few traits in his character more worthy of imitation than his incessant industry. He had to study hard in order to perform his duties as a Pastor; he had a numerous congregation to instruct in their religious obligations, and he had several pupils whom he appears to have taught in every necessary branch of education. The rules which he framed for the disposition of his hours, deserve to be transcribed, as there is hardly any evil more to be deprecated than that abuse of time, of which we all are, in a greater or less degree, guilty.
• I will usually rise at about five o'clock, and study till the time of inorning prayer, which will be half-past eight. The forenoon will generally be employed in Lectures. If I dine very moderately, I may secure a little time before I go out in the afternoon; but the business from two till six,
will be to attend upon my people. I shall generally read a lecture in the evening, and will retire as early as I can; but will take care to give the family prayer so soon, as to have a little retirement between that and bedtime.
On this scheme I proceed as follows: As a Tutor,-1. I propose generally to read about ten lectures in a week; allowing one morning and one afternoon vacant. And accordingly, for Geometry, I propose to proceed with the first geometrical class, to the
I end of the second book of Wetstein's Euclid ; and perhaps to enter a little on Archimedes. With the other class, to carry them through the four first books of Euclid and Algebra.
52. For Hebrew, I hope to go through some little part of Genesis, select prophecies, and a sentence at the end of Robertson; besides the paradigms of the verses, and the index of those roots which occur more than twenty times in the grammar.
'3. I hope to end upon Oratory, and to have some exercises of Reading, and Speaking; and to go over a short scheme of Logic, as preparatory to Mr. Jennings's, which will be the work of the next half year.
4. I propose to end Geography, and to proceed about six lectures in Civil History, reserving the rest to the next half year. Perhaps we may attend to Ancient Geography, consulting Wills upon that subject.
5. I propose to spend some time every day in reading the classics ; the Latin one day, and the Greek the next. We shall probably be employed in reviewing some Satires of Horace, and Juvenal, with select passages from Virgil
, Pliny, and perhaps Plautus, Sallust of the Jugurthian War, and, if possible, the rest of Persius. For the Greek, select passages in Delectus Tabularum, a little of Homer, and at least one Oration of Isocrates.
6. For Academical Exercises, translations of some scenes in Terence, from Tully's book of Friendship; some select Orations in Sallust, and Epistles from Pliny, with some passages in the Spectator, and Guardian, to be turned into Latin. 67. Devotional Lectures every Month.
II. As a Pastor,--I will visit my People both in town and country, throughout the whole Congregation, allowing, as I before said,
the Afternoon for that purpose, and generally going into the country on Thursdays. I will have a peculiar regard to the young people, for whom I propose to draw up a catechism. I will expound on Friday nights, at the vestry. Perhaps I may also expound before the morning service, and catechize before that of the afternoon.
III. As a private Student,- I must be making some preparations for the Lectures of the next half year; particularly by reading over Watts's Logic, and Locke, besides attending to Mr. Jennings's Logic. I must also complete the Hebrew vocabulary, and read some of the classics by myself, particularly, if it be possible, Lucan's and Plato's Dialogues.
For Divinity, I hope to end Cradock on the Old Testament, and to make some pretty good progress in Beza on the New; and to be every day
7 reading some little portion of a Practical Writer; and that, though I am sensible that it can be but little. Besides others, I hope to despatch Mr. Philip Henry's life, Dr. Owen on the Mortification of Sin in Believers, Tillotson to p. 620, Howe's Carnality of Religious Contention, and Dis
courses on Union among Protestants, and the other tracts in his works, to the end of his Reformation Sermon, Baxter on Making Light of Christ, of Faith and Judgment, of Repentance and Right Rejoicing, besides the review of his Gildas Salvianus, Burnet's Pastoral Care, Barks's Pastor Evangelicus, Clark's Sermons, and Dr. Bates's Miscellaneous Sermons.'
We are told that although after his settlement at Northampton his duties in these three capacities very much increased, he never proposed to himself the question how any of those duties could be avoided, but how they could be most efficiently discharged. He read almost every work of importance, on the general topics of literature, and as he usually marked in the margin particular passages which struck him, and had a strong memory, he found little difficulty in applying them to his purposes. With him, the end of reading was, -as it ought to be with every student,--to furnish the mind not with quotations, but with materials for the exercise of its own powers. His great favourites were Homer and Pindar, and the Fathers of the primitive ages of the church. He was critically versed in Hebrew. For the catalogue of his own numerous productions we must refer to his Biographers. Of these, the “ Family Expositor,” has continued to be popular, even to the present day. How very few works, particularly of our divines, whether Dissenters or Churchmen, have a chance of living for a hundred years!
Among the many correspondents of Doddridge, whose epistles are inserted in this volume, we find the venerated names of Warburton and Watts. Their letters, however, and indeed the greater number of those which are not written to or by Mrs. Doddridge, are filled with controversial matter, which it is not our province to discuss. The communications of the Rev. Thomas Scott particularly, enter into some of the most delicate points of theology.
ART. V.-Notes on the Bedouins and Wahabys, collected during his
Travels in the East. By the late John Lewis Burckhardt. 4to. pp. 439. Published by the Authority of the Association for Promoting the Discovery of the Interior of Africa. London: Colburn and Bentley.
1830. This is the fourth, and we believe the last of the volumes which were destined to furnish an account of the interesting researches prosecuted by the late Mr. Burckhardt, into the condition and history of the Arabs of the Desert. The whole of the materials which supplied what may be properly called the personal narrative of the distinguished author, seem to have been exhausted in the former volumes, as the present one appears wholly constituted of miscellaneous and isolated facts, general reflections, and illustrations or amplifications of former statements. Sir W. Ouseley, to whom the editorship of this quarto is very properly entrusted, (provided