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land, but nearly twice the length. With more thieves; and children, to prethese they scourged bis back with great vent them from becoming thieves force. When he bad received a good like their parents.” Though there beating, the king was requested to be is horrible cruelty in their practice, satisfied. He immediately desisted, and ordered bis servaut to cease beating there is some ingenuity in their also. The young man, on rising, began reasoning. The Bushmen are no to say something, no doubt on his own less wanting in humanity. They behalf; but he was instantly and se- even abandon the aged among themverely struck by one of those who had selves to starvation, and sometimes assisted to panish him : on attempting to expose them to be torn in pieces speak a second time, he received the same by wild beasts. A shocking story treatment as before, on which he went to this effect is related in Vol. II. quietly and put on his cloak.” “ The


235. king retained his ordinary placid countenance the whole time: he appeared “ Kars, the Griqua, said that the to be performing merely an act of Bushman sitting yonder (pointiog to a justice. The crime was stealing a goat. man in the tent) had an aged mother-in. It must have been a summary business, law. Durivg the absence of the son-infor the king was at the waggons only a law from home, her own daughter, who short time before it bappened. He had is his wife, dragged the old woman into heard the case, passed judgment, and

the field, and left her alive among the put it iu execution with his own hands, bushes, where she was torn to pieces by all in the course of a few minutes.

the wolves that same night. On asking “ These people consider it so unmanly the man if he did not think it cruel to to cry out when receiving punishment, drag the poor woman to the field to that had this person done so, it was perish ; with the utmost indifference thonght they would have thrust their he answ

swered, that it was not he but his spears into his body.” Vol. I. pp. 182

wife who did it." -184.

From Mashow, Mr. Campbell By the custom of these tribes, travelled to Kurreechane, the farit is unlawful for the husband to thest point of bis journey northleave the wife during child-bed; a wards. On his road, he observed singular trait of humanity, which vast quantities of game. In some seems very inconsistent with the paris,

“ The whole country appear

He general complexion of their man- ed to be a boundless forest.” ners. Domestic slavery appears to passed “many old cattle inclosures, exist among them; ihough Mr. built of stone, some parts as neatCampbell informs us, that they ly done as if they had been erectknew of no nation who sold men.'

ed by European workmen." Mr. This must relate to their ignorance Campbell gives the following deof the European traffic in human scription of his caravao. beings; an abomination, compared “ Travelling in the plain without trees with which all other forms of sla

we had the first full view of our whole very, or the slave-trade, seem light caravan. Waggons, men, women, chiland venial; for we find from Mr. dren, oxen, and sheep, in different com. Campbell bimself, that parents will panies, extended about a mile. Forty

five loaded pack-oxen behind each sometimes, in cases of extreme

other, occupied a considerable space. bunger, sell their children in ex

All the men carried assagais, and the change for food, and “the child

women either children, or something of a servant they will part with for else, on their backs, shoulders, or heads. a trifle.” It does not appear, how- On viewing them, I could not help wishever, that they ever make prisoners. ing that all the Missionary Society bad “ When the Bootshuana tribes at. been present to witness so singular a tack a Busliman kraal, to revenge scene ; Hottentots, Matchappees, Tam. robberies of cattle, they kill men, exhibiting something different in their

mabas, Mashows, and Marootzees, all women, and children;-women, say persons, dress, or implements, &c." they, to prevent their breeding Vol. I. pp. 209, 210.

tells us,

It appears, from the following yards with soft wrought clay, which extract, that something like the they smooth by rolling hard vessels cairn of our forefathers, is to be over it. Every family bas a storefound in the interior of Africa. house for corn, which is preserved

in clay vessels, neatly manufactur“ At the summit of the ascent we ed, and holding each ten or twelve found a large beap of small stones, busbels. It appears that the sugar which had been raised by each passen. ger adding a stone to the heap: it was

cane of the West Indies grows here, intended as a monument of respect to though the natives are ignorant of the memory of a king from a remote the art of extracting sugar from it. nation who was killed in the vicinity, The specimens which our author and whose head and hands were interred gives of their pottery are highly rein that spot." Vol. I. pp. 217, 218. spectable; the vessels being of

Kurreechane is the chief town of good forms, and regularly ornathe Marootzee nation. It is situ

mented. ated, if Mr. Campbell's map be " In some houses," Mr. Campbell correct, nearly in the 24th degree

<< there were figures, pillars, of S. lat. ten degrees lower than &c. carved or moulded in hard clay, the Cape of Good Hope, and about and painted with different colours, that 900 miles distant, in an E, N. E.

would not have disgraced European direction from that settlement. Its

workmen. They are indeed an ingeni.

ons people. We saw among them vari. distance from Lattakoo, the far

ous vessels, formed of clay, painted of thest point of his first journey, may different colours, and glazed, for hold. be about 250 miles. Mr. Campbell ing water, milk, food, and a kind of supposes the population of this beer, made from corn. They had also place to amount to no fewer than pots of clay, of all sizes, and very 16,000 souls.

From his drawing*, strong. Every part of their houses and it appears to consist of a number yards is kept very clean. They smelt of districts, composed of neat huts, maker took us to see one furnace, in

both iron and copper.

The rainof a circular form; some of them

which they smelted the iron. It was are plastered on the outside, and built of clay, almost equal in hardness painted red or yellow. The interior to stone. A round opening was left at of one house, which our author has the top for receiving the ore, and an sketched, exhibits a uniform circle excavation underneath for holding the of pillars supporting the roof, and fire, which was open behind and before, has an air of neatness, regularity, not only for admitting the fuel, but also and rude embellishment, which we

the wind from the bellows." Vol. I. should hardly bave expected to meet with in these countries. A cir

It is a custom here, when the cular yard, bounded by a stone fence, king dies without issue by his eldest encompasses every two or three of

queen, for the brother of the dethese respectable hovels. The in- ceased to marry her ; and the son babitants cover the ground of their of such a marriage is legally view

Mr. Campbell's drawings are not ed as a child of the deceased. This ill executed, with the exception of the is a curious circumstance, bearing frontispiece, which is somewhat con- a striking resemblance to the ancient fused. Here, amidst a crowd of wag. custom wbich prevailed among the gons and oxen, we just manage to dis- Jews.-The traditionary knowledge tinguish the figure of Mr. Campbell, of the Marootzee people, only with his well-known umbrella over reached through a line of eleven his head. We should almost as soon

monarcbs. expect to meet him without his head, as without his umbrella. He appears, " It is remarkable,” says Mr. Campbowever, under far more moderate di bell, “ how little information can be mensions, than in the froutispiece to his obtained from the patives of South Affirst book of travels.

rica, even of countries which they have

p. 228.

Pp. 242, 243.

" The


visited. They take notice of nothing ed Moeelway with ten or twelve men, but beads and cattle.

painting each other's bodies with wet “ The Marootzee is the seventh nation pipe-clay of a French grey colour. beyond the colony I had visited, and I About eleven A. M. companies of was never once asked a single question twenty or thirty men began to arrive in respecting the people or country whence the public inclosure where the waggons I came. Beads and cattle are the only stood, marching two and two as regu. subjects which engross their attention. larly as any trained regiment. Most of Selfishness is the predominant vice of them were armed with four assagais, or savage life in every country." Vol. I. spears, and had also battle.axes, and

shields made of the hide of an ox. On

entering the gate they immediately beThere is sometimes a little incon- gan to exbibit their war manæuvres in sistency in Mr. Campbell's repre- a terrific manner, now advancing, then sentations of these African tribes. retreating, and suddenly returning to They appear to have taken consi- the attack; sometimes also imitating the derable notice of the niissionaries, stabbing of an enemy. The height of whom, on more than one occasion, Each company, after performing these

their leaps into the air was surprising, they regarded as gods.

evolutions, retired from the square and curiosity of the people to see us,"

paraded through the town. Mr. Campbell observes,“

At length the Regent entered at great: they rushed forth from their the head of a large party, who, after houses when we passed."

going through their evolutions, sat down Again ;

towards the eastern corner of the square,

after which the other companies soon " On returning to the waggons we

entered, and took their stations in re. found them surrounded by more people gular rows with their faces towards the than we had yet seen. A great con

Regent, who presided on the occasion, course also encircled the fire, to observe

The party that came with him sat, like the Hottentots cooking the victuals. For himself, facing the meeting. Between the accommodation of those who were

three and four hundred persons might behind, the ten or twelve nearest rows

compose the peetso. sat on the ground, and some were hold

“ The meeting commenced by the ing up young people that they might whole company joining in singing a see over the heads of others. When

soug; after which a chief captaiu rose dinner was put down, we extended the

and commanded silence. He then gave tent-door as wide as possible, to allow

three howls, and, resting upon his assaas many as we could to have a view of gais, asked if they would hear him? onr manner of eating, which we knew This was followed by a hum expressive was what they wanted. The different of their assent. He then asked if they things before us, and our method of would give attention to what he said? using them, afforded topics for ani; The sign was repeated. mated discussion among the spectators."

“ He began by expressing his suspi. Vol. I. p. 229.

cions that it was the Boquain nation “ A greater number of natives at

who had lately stolen some of their cat. tended worship in the evening than ontle, and insisted that a commaudo should any former occasion. The singing of be sent against them: on saying this

, the Hottentots attracted mach notice he pointed his assagai to the north, the from them." Vol. I. p. 239.

direction in which the Boquains lived, We cannot resist the temptation as if in the act of throwing it towards

them. The meeting testified its approof presenting our readers with an amusing account of the peetso, orbation, according to the custom of the general meeting of chiefs at Kurree- people, by whistling. He spoke favourchane, though the extract is rather ably of the visit from the strangers.

“ Moeelway (the young King of the long.

Marootzee), was then called upon to “ In the course of my.walk during the dance before them, that they might have morning, I met a party of armed men an opportunity of cheering him. He is marching to the outer districts of the a fine-looking young man, about six feet town to suminon the captains to the bigh. He wore the red nightcap I had peetso, and in one of the streets I pass. given him, tied round with gilt tinsel

lace, which looked extremely well amid they were rather stiff in their move80 motley a group. The Regent wore, ments, which afforded great amuseas a breast-plate, a very large lackered ment. After these had danced a few bed-nail cover, which I had sent him minutes, and exhibited their mode of in the morning, with some other things, attacking an enemy, old Munameets, in consequence of his sending me a se. and Pelangye, a man about six feet two cond elephant's tusk. He wore, some- or three inches high, stepped out and times before and sometimes behind, one danced a little, on which Munameets of the handsomest tiger skins I had seen, proceeded to his speech. and was loaded with beads. As Moeel. “ He said, their rain-maker had been way was returning to his seat from the at Lattakoo, and had been kindly treatdance, he was excessively applauded ed while there ; but he was sorry that by all, beating their shields and shak. Salakootoo his relation, who was sent ing their assagais, accompanied with as to protect him part of the way, had much noise as they could make with treated him ill: on which account the their tongues.”

people of Lattakoo had considered the “ Pelangye, the Matchappee captain want of rain they had experienced as who travelled with us, rose next, and coming upon them; but when he came commenced by giving three howls, paus. up the couutry, and found the drought ing about half a minute between each. had been general, he saw it was the These Matchappee howls being some- hand of God, and exhorted them to seek what different from those of Kurree. rain from the Son of God, who could chane, approaching nearer to yells or give it. sbrieks, highly diverted the female spec. " With the approbation of Mateebe tators, who burst into immoderate fits he had brought these White men to of laughter. After the howls, three or them : he now left them to their care, four of Pelangye's men rushed forth and hoped they would not allow them and danced for a few minutes in front to starve. They came as friends, and of the assembly; one of these, when were anxious to establish a friendship imitating an attack upon an enemy, fell with the Marootzee. He assured them flat on the ground, which raised a uni. the Missionaries had behaved well at versal roar of langhter. Pelangye then Lattakoo, had acted to them as fathers, addressed the meeting, first by taking and loved peace. They had not brought credit to himself for having brought beads, because they were not traders : White men to them; he said we were they came to tell them of the true God, men of peace, and hated theft. On his

and now that the path from Kurreesaying this, the people turved round chane to Lattakoo was opened, he hoped and looked at us as if they had not seen that communications between the two us before : undoubtedly they had never places would be so frequent that the till now heard of people of that descrip- path would never again become invi. tion. It was a heathen who bore this sible.” honourable testimony in our favour and “ In the time of the intervening singin favour of the truth; and they were ing, Sinosee, two of whose daughters heathens who indicated by their con- were married to the Regent, rose and duct their approbation : thus demon. gave three shrieks, on which many of strating that they had the outlines of his people ran from the ranks, and God's law written on their hearts, and danced, &c. for some time; after which possess excusing and accusing cou. he made a most warlike speech, urging sciences,

them to go quickly against the nation “ As soon as Pelangye had concluded, that had stolen their cattle. I was afraid the leader of the singing began a song, he would propose that we should acin which the whole assembly joined. company them with our moskets. Their singivg between the speeches “ Another captain said they had no may be designed to give time for ano. king (alluding to the government by a ther speaker to come forward. While regent) to protect the cattle. He did they were singing, Munameets our

not like to see young kings with thick guide rose with bis usual gravity, wear- legs and corpulent bodies : they onght ing one of my pocket handkerchiefs on to be kept thin by watching and defend. his bead. He began by giving three ing the cattle. barks like a young dog, when four of “ A chief from another town, who his men burst forth from the ranks, and

was very black, and wore a large bairy danced lustily, some of them beingold, cap, made a long speech, warmly exhorting them to take vengeance on the white turban, made from the skin of Boquains. A blind chief, when exhort. the wild hog, the bristles of wbich are ing to war, was cheered ; on which he as white as the whitest horse-bair. Many remarked, that what they had given wore tiger's skins, and several were was a weak cheer, they must clear ornamented with eight or ten coverings their throats, and cheer such things resembling fur tippets, hanging from with more force and heart. He laugh their shoulders, and others wore them ed while he said this.

depending from the middle of their " Another chief said, they conld bodies. There were a great variety of come to the peetso all well powdered; skin cloaks withont the hair. Yet, notand they could talk much abont com- withstanding all this tinery, few scenes mandoes: but it was all show; they did could be conceived more completely nothing. In his young days the cap- savage, almost bordering on the frighttains were men of far more courage and ful: but the tones of voice and the acresolution than they were now.

tions of most of the speakers were ora“ The Regent Liqueling then rose, torical and graceful, and they possessed which caused considerable stir. He great fluency of utterance. None seemremarked, that much bad been said ed to have the smallest timidity, nor about expeditions against those who had were they reluctant to express their stolen their cattle. Though he was not

minds with freedom. In fact, they exa tall man, yet he considered himself a hibited a singular compound of barba. match for any who had stolen the cat rism and civilization. The utmost lati. tle, and was not afraid of them, but he tude of speech seems to be allowed on had his reasons for not attacking them such occasions. The women, who stood at present. " You come before me,' about twenty yards distant from the said he,“ powdered and dressed, and assembly, sometimes cheered, by proboast about commandoes, but I believe nouncing the letter r in a loud musical you are unwilling to go ou them : you tone. An elderly woman very frequent. can talk bravely before the women, but ly applauded in that way, while the I know you too well to take you against Regent was speaking: I concluded she those nations. He added, that he had was bis mother or sister." Vol. I. pp. had various conversations with the 268, 269. strangers; and there was no occasion to fear, and to run from them. They We cannot help thinking that loved peace, he said, and came to make these scenes, notwithstanding ocknown to them the trne God, and his casional folly and absurdity, exSon, who had come into the world. He bibit traits of spirit, liveliness, and then explained the reason why we had no beads, which had caused so much good humour, which do not tell dissatisfaction.

amiss for the understandings and “ His brother concluded the meeting dispositions of the natives of this by a long speech, at one part of which part of Africa.

The liberty of both the Regent and Moeelway, follow- speech allowed at these public ed by many, ran forward and danced meetings seems unbounded, and for some time. On returning to their will doubiless form a subject of seats, he proceeded in his speech; and

envy to some of our own popular the instant he concluded, the whole

orators. “ Such," says Mr. Campmeeting rose as one man, with tumultu.

" is the freedom of speech at ous noise, and departed with such speed, that in one minute the square was clear.

these public meetings, that some ed. The meeting lasted about four

of the Captains have said of the hours.” Vol. I. pp. 258–265.

King, that he stupifies his mind by

smoking tobacco, and is not fit to Our readers may be amused with rule over them." Vol. II. p. 157. the costume and manners display- The rain-maker, mentioned in a ed on this occasion.

preceding extract, is a sort of quack, “ There were a great diversity of

or impostor, who gains a livelihood dresses at the peetso. They all resem: by pretending to procure rain, bled each other, however, in having through the force of certain charms their bodies painted with pipe-clay from which he employs. He is hired head to foot, and in wearing a kind of for this express purpose; and when CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 245.

2 R


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