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dating tariff, which places within ing, a wider range of ideas, and a their reach the beautiful Canton greater freedom from prejudices,
orapes, and all the most elegant provincialism, and vulgarity. It is -materials for dress which American distinguished, also, by greater coldenterprize can collect in the four ness of munner ; and This is the first quarters of the globe ; and parily of the charges against the nation to the simplicity of the Quaker generally, on which I shall remark. costume, which has had a happy As respects the bighest classes, and sensible influence on the taste I thiuk this charge is in a great and habits of the community at measure unfounded; their recepJarge. Their tone of voice, which tion of a stranger, at least, appearis generally a little shrill, and their ing to be as frauk and as warm as mode of pronouncing a few par- in England. To that part of the -ticular words, are the peculi- population which I have included in arities of manner which I think the third class, the charge attaches would be most remarked upon in with strict propriety, and in many the best society in England. Ge- cases their coldness amounts to the nerally speaking, also, the style of English “cut direct." At first it in female education in America is commoded me excessively, especially Jess favourable to solid acquire in the women in the country, who meats than with us. The young shewed it the most; and I have Jadies here go earlier into society sometimes been disposed to ride on, than in England, and enter sooner not in the best temper, when, arinto married life : Ibey have not, riving at au inn, after a long stage Therefore, the same opportunities before breakfast, and asking very for maturing their taste, expanding civilly “ Can we have breakfast their intellect, and acquiring a rich here?" I have received a shritt store of well-arranged and digested “I reckon so," from a cold female knowledge, as those have who de- figure, that went on with its emHote to improvement the longer in- ployments, without deigning to look lerval which clinate or custom has at us, or to put any thing io motion witbus interposed between the nur- to verify its reckoning. In due sery and the drawing-room. In the time, however, the bread was baked, highest class, especially in Carolina, the chicken killed, and both made there are many exceptions to this ge. their appearance, with their constant neral remark; and among the young companions, even in the wildest ladies of Boston there appeared to part of America, hám, eggs, and me to be, if less refinement than in coffee. The automaton then took the Carolinians, yet a very agreeable its place; and if I had been an union of domestic habits and lite- automaton also, the charm would rary taste, and great kindness and have remained unbroken ; but I simplicity of manners.
do not remember an instance in The third class may comprehend which the figure did not converse all below the second; for, in a coun. with good humour before I rose. try where some would perhaps re- Very often, however, our reception sent even the idea of a second class, warm and friendly; and the this division is sufficiently minute. wife or daughter who poured out This class then will include the my coffee was frank, well-bred, largest proportion of the American obliging, and conversible. The population; and it is distinguished coldness of the men, also, I soon from the corresponding classes of found to be confined principally to my countrymen (the little farmers, their manner, and to indicate no innkeepers, shopkeepers, clerks, indisposition to be sociable and mechanics, servants, and labourers) accommodating. On the contrary, by greater acuteness and intelli- in a route of more than 7000 miles, gence more regular.habits of read. of which I travelled uearly 2000 on OBSERV. No. 248.
horseback, and the rest in steam- the Americans fairly entitled, I have boats and stages, I have found the not often observed a disposition to various classes as accommodating push their claims too far, but, on and obliging as in England ; some- the contrary, a readiness to 'sugtimes, I confess, I have thought more gest some point of comparison in so. Some parts of Georgia and the which Great Britain has obviously Carolinas might suggest a sligbt the advantage. And, without at qualification of this remark; while tempting to defend an acknowŁast Tennessee, and the valley of the ledged defect in their character, Shenandoah, might almost claim a I must confess the Americans have warmer eulogium. lu the course some excuse for their vanity. Deof my route, I have met with only scended (which of us will dispute one instance of personal rudeness, it?) from most illustrious ancestors, and that too slight to be mentioned, possessing a territory perhaps unexcept for the sake of literal ac- equalled in extent and value, viecuracy. My servani's impressions torious in the infancy of their bis correspond with mine. On questory in a struggle for their indetioning him, at the termination of pendence, and rising with unpreour route, he said he thought cedented rapidity in the scale of " the Americans quite as ready to nations, they must be more than serve us and one another as the mortal if they were not elated with English ; " and that they were con- their condition ; and if sometimes tidually expressing their surprise they may appear to draw too heavily to find Englishmen so civil. Now on the future, and to regard Ame our civility was nolbing more than rica rather as what she is to be, would naturally be suggested by a than what she is, I must own that recollection of the institutions of I never yet met with an American the country through which we were who carried his views of her future travelling, and a general desire to greatness so far as I should be disbe pleased with friendly intentions posed to do if she were my coushowever manifested. The coldness iry, and if I could be satisfied of of manner of the Americans, how the predominating influence of reever, is a great defect, and must ligious principle in her publie prejudice travellers till they under councils. sand it a little.
As for the inquisitiveness of the With regard to the vanity which Americans, I do not think it has is charged upon them : this foible been at all exaggerated. They is admitted by all their sensible certainly are, as they profess to be men, who are disgusted with the a very inquiring people; and if we extravagant pretensions maintained may sometimes be disposed to disin ipfared language in their public puie the claims of their love of prints. I have heard some of them knowing to the character of a liberal jocosely say, that they expect their curiosity, we must at least admit countrymen will soon begin to as- that they make a most liberal use sert that they are not only the of every means in their power to most powerful and the most learned, gratify it. I have seldom, however, but ibe oldest nation in the world. bad any difficulty in repressing
In good society, however, I have their home questions, if I wished it, seldom witnessed this vanity in and without offending them; but I any remarkable degree, and I really more frequently amused myself by think I have seen more of it in the putting them on the rack ; civilly, Americans I have met with in En, and apparevtly unconsciously, eludgland, than in ihe whole range of ing their inquiries for a time, and my observation since I landed in Then awakening their gratirude by this country. When I have made such a discovery of myself as I might the concessions to which I thought choose to make. Sometimes a man, Well, my
would place himself at my side in Yankees lose nothing for want of the wilderness, and ride for a mile or asking. I guess, stranger, you are two without the smallest communi- from the old country." " cation between us, except a slight friend, you have guessed right at nod of the head. He would i ben, last, and I am sure you deserve perhaps, make some grave remarks something for your perseverance ; on tbe weather ; and if I assented and, now, I suppose it will save in a monosyllable, be would stick us both frouble if I proceed to ibe to my side for another nile or two, second part of the story, and telt when he would commence his at- you where I am going. tack. “I reckon, stranger, you do going to New Orleans.”—This is not belong to these parts." "No, really no exaggerated picture: diasir, I am not a native of Alabama." logues, noi indeed in these very “I guess you are from the north.” words, but to this effect, occurred “No, sir, I am not from the north." continually, and some of them more "I guess you found the roads mighty minute and extended than I can muddy, and the creeks swimming. venture upon in a letter. I ought, You are come a long way, I guess."
" however, to say, that many ques“No, not so very far; we have tions lose much of their familiarity travelled a few hundred miles since when travelling in the wilderness. we turned our faces westward.” “Where are you from ?" and " whi“I guess you have seen Mr. - ther are you bound ?" do not appear or General -" (mentioning the impertinent interrogatious at sea ; names of some well-known indivi- and often in the western wilds. I duals in the middle and southern found myself making inquiries states, who were to serve as guide- which I should bave thoughi very posts to detect our route); but, “I free and easy at home. And, in have not the pleasure of knowing deed, why should that be deemed any of them;" or, “ I have the a breach of good manners in North pleasure of knowing all,” equally America, which in South America defeated bis purpose, but not lis is required by the rules of common hopes. “I reckon, stranger, you politeness ? “ The Abipones of have had a good crop of coitou of Paraguay,” says Dobrizhoffer, this year.” “ I am sold, sir, the « would think it quite contrary to crops have been unusually abus- the laws of good breedivg were dant in Carolina and Georgia.” they to meet any one and pol to “You grow tobacco, then, I guess," ask him where he was going ; so (10 track me to Virginia.) “ No, that the word niekauè ? or miekauI do not grow tobacco.". Here a chitè ? 'where are you going?' remodest inquirer would give up in sounds in the streets." despair, and trust to the chapter of The next American habit on accidents to develop my vame and which I will remark, wbich always history; but I generally rewarded offended me extremely, is the alhis modesty, and excited his gratis nost universal one of spilling, iude, by telling him I would lore without regard to time, place, or ment him yo longer.
circumstances. You must excuse The courage of a thorouglı-bred my alluding 10 such a topic; but I Yankee * would rise witb bis diffi- could not in caudour omit it, since culties; and, after a decent inter- it is the most offensive peculiarily val, he would resume: “ I hope in American manners. Many, wbo no offence, sir; but you know we are really gentlemen in ollier re
spects, offend in tbis; and I re• Jn America, the term Yankee is gretted to observe the practice eveu applied to the natives of New England in the diplomatic parties at Washonly, and is generally used with an air ington. ludeed, in the Capitol of pleasantıy.
itself, the dignity of the senate is let down by this vile liabit. I which has given a peculiar inlem was there the first session after it rest to many of the scenes through was rebuilt; and as the magniticent which I have passed. The Ameriand beautiful halls had been pro- can character, to be estimated car-, vided with splendid carpets, some rectly, must be regarded as a whole; of the senators appeared at first a and as a whole it has been calumlittle daunted; but, after looking niated to a degree derogatory bolde about in distress, and disposing of to the intelligence and the gener their diluted tobacco at first with rosity of my country. The Ames timidity and by stealth, they ga- ricans bave been exasperated into thered by degrees the courage unfriendly feelings by aur real common to corporale bodies, and jealousy and apparent contempt; before I lest Washington had re- and their very sensibility to our lieved themselves pretty well. froin good opinion, which they cannot the dazzling brighiness of the bril- conceal, has rendered ihe miss liant colours under their feet. It representations of our travellers' was mortifying to me to observe all and journalists the more irritating. this in an assembly whose pro- Americans, have often asked me ceedings are conducted with so if we do not in England consider much order and propriety, and in them a horde of savages, and when chambers-50 truly beautiful as the the question has been proposed to Senate and House of Representa- me by a fair lady, in a handsome tives--the latter the most beautiful drawing-room furnished with every hall I ever saw.
article of luxury which money could Another thing which has disa procure in London or Paris, 1 pleased me, is the profusion and found no difficulty in acquiescing in waste usually exhibited at meals, the conclusion which she seemed 18 Except in the very best society, draw from a hasty glance around the plate is often loaded with a her, that such an idea would not be variety of viands, which are dis- quite just. On such occasions I missed half-eaten. An Englishman have often thought how many of is shocked at the liberal portions my candid and liberal female friends allotted to the young ladies, till would blush, if they could be inhe finds they afford no ineasure of troduced for the evening, to fiod: the appetites of those to whom they how erroneous were their previons are sent, who appear to be as ideas of trans-Atlantic society. But abstemious as his owu fair country- it is when joining in religious wor. women. Still this exhibition of ship with exemplary and eminent waste is always displeasing; and Christians, or witnessing the extent when viewed in connexion with the and variety of their benevolent sufferings of so many of the popu- efforts, that I most keenly feel the lation of our country, is also dis- apathy with which in England we tressing. But the necessaries of life are accustomed to regard our are here produced in abundance, American brethren. I really am and, with very few exceptions, are not without hopes, that it may yet within the reach of every one. I become the fashion for ladies of only recollect seeing three beggars the two countries to reciprocate , since I landed.
visits across the Atlantic, Then, After touching on these points, and perhaps not till then, will my I do not feel willing to conclude countrywomen learn to do justice my letter without reminding you to their Western sisters; and leava of the kindness and hospitality, the ing it to us, their knights-errant, good sense and intelligence, which to maintain their own superiority, I have every where met with ; and as in duty bound, will begin to of that frequent exhibition of phi- think it possible at least that in lanthropic and religious feeling telligence, refiuement, and piety may combine, even on this side of guage and gentle manners of the the Atlantic, to form characters native Canadians confirm the im-, justly entitled to esteem and affec- pression. The pomp of monarchy, tion. The supercilious disdain with even when dimly seen in the regalia which, in inany circles, the very of a viceroy; tlie aristocratical disidea of polished society in America tinctions apparent even in a colony: is rejected, would be suppressed the vestiges of the feudal systein by a more correct estimate of to be traced in the surrounding American manners ; and prejudice seignories; the nunneries, and the would be succeeded by candour Catholic churches, with their vesper. and liberality. Christian sympathy and matin bells; the Catholic clergy also would be awakened towards walking in the streets; and the those unknown distaut friends,who, boards of plenary indulgence sussprung from the same stock, and pended from the walls, are all calspeaking the same language, pro- culated to recal impressions conTess also the same religion; and nected rather with the old world, who, strangers and pilgrims on the than with the newly discovered earth, like their European brethrer continent, where man still shares and sisters, are travelling a thorny his divided empire with the beasts road to that better country where of the forest. Here no grey towerall true Christians will be for ever meets the eye, to call back the ima-: united in one common family. gination to scenes and incidents of
My very sensibility to the unri- elder times; no monastic edifices, to walled excellencies of my fair coun- revive the memory of ancient supertrywomen makes me additionally perstitions; vo regalia, transmitted solicitous that they, at least, should through a line of kings; no feudal be exempt from those unchristian magnificence; no baronial spletprejudices, which some of my coun- dour; no sacred depositories of trymen appear to regard as proofs the ashes of generations who have of patriotism. The pleasure and slept with their fathers during a exultation with which I have just thousand years: all is new, fresh, been listening, in a large party, to and prospective; and if the mind warm eulogiums on Mrs. Hannah will take a retrospective glance, it More and Mrs. Fry, and some other is but to expatiate in the regions : of our illustrious females, have ren- of fancy, or to lose itself in the dered me at this moment peculiarly clouds which rest on the early his susceptible on this point; and you tory of the aborigines. - But I must excuse me if I write with shall have tired you. corresponding eamestness.-The
(To be continuerd.) conversation afterwards turned on the signs of the times in both countries; and on our rambles in
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. Canada, where many of the party had spent the summer.' It was very I PREQUENTLY hear both clergy: pleasant to compare our adventures men and students for holy orders and impressions. Montreal and mention that it is the intention of Quebec are so much like old their parents or friends, instead European towns, and differ so of investing their property in the widely froin the airy, expansive funds or elsewhere, to purchase cities of the United States, that an for them an advowson, or presentaAmerican feels as far from home tion to a benefice. On expressing on his first arrival in a Canadian my surprise, and stating the direct : city, as I did in the forests on the illegality of being privy to such a : Mississippi. As tre looks round proceeding, in the face too of:a him, he feels more and more in a solemo oath, I am told in reply, foreigu ļaud; and the foreign lan.. that it is but the breach of a sta