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Rom. Yet banished ?-Hang up philosophy!
Unless philosophy can make a Juliet,
Displant a town, reverse a prince's doom;
It helps not, it prevails not, talk no more.

Fri. O, then I see that madmen have no ears.
Rom. How should they, when that wise men

have no eyes ? Fri. Let me dispute with thee of thy estate?. Rom. Thou canst not speak of what thou dost

not feel : Wert thou as young as I, Juliet thy love , An hour but married, Tybalt murdered, Doting like me, and like me banished, Then might'st thou speak, then might'st thou tear

thy hair, And fall upon the ground, as I do now, Taking the measure of an unmade grave.

better to the freeborne. There be many meates which are sowre in the mouth and sharp in the maw; but if thou mingle them with sweet sawces, they yeeld both a pleasant taste and wholesome nourishment.--I speake this to this end; that though thy exile seeme grievous to thee, yet guiding thyselfe with the rules of philosophy, it shall be more tolerable.” Malone.

? Let me dispute with thee of thy estate.] The same phrase, and with the same meaning, occurs in The Winter's Tale :

can he speak ? hear?

“ Know man from man? dispute his own estate?" i. e. is he able to talk over his own affairs, or the present state he is in ? Steevens.

8 Wert thou as young as I, Juliet thy love,] Thus the original copy; for which in the folio we have Wert thou as young as Juliet my

love." I only mention this to show the very high value of the early quarto editions. Malone.

then might'st thou tear thy hair,] So, in the poem : “ These heavy tidings heard, his golden locks he tare, “ And like a frantick man hath torn the garments that he

ware. “ He riseth oft, and strikes his head against the walls ; “ He falleth down again, and loud for hasty death he calls.”

MALONE.

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Fri. Arise; one knocks; good Romeo, hide thyself.

[Knocking within. Rom. Not I; unless the breath of heart-sick

groans, Mist-like, infold me from the search of eyes.

(Knocking Fri. Hark, how they knock !-Who's there?

Romeo, arise;
Thou wilt be taken: Stay a while :-stand up;

[Knocking. Run to my study :-By and by :-God's will’! What wilfulness ? is this ?-I come, I come.

[Knocking Who knocks so hard ? whence come you? what's

your will ?

NURSE. [Within.] Let me come in, and you

shall know my errand; I come from lady Juliet. FRI.

Welcome then.

Enter Nurse. Nurse. O holy friar, O, tell me, holy friar, Where is my lady's lord, where's Romeo ? Fri. There on the ground, with his own tears

made drunk.

66

1- God's will!) This speech, and the following, are thus given in quarto 1597 :

Romeo, arise ; stand up; thou wilt be taken ;
I hear one knock !-- arise, and get

thee

gone.
Nur. Here, Friar !
Friar.

God's will! what wilfullness is this?

[She knocks again.
Nur. Ho, Friar, open the door!
Friar. By and bye I come.

Who is there?
Nur. One from Lady Juliet,
Friar.

Then come near."

Boswell. ? What WILFULNESS —] Thus the quarto 1597. That of 1599, and the folio, have-What simpleness. MALONE.

NURSE. O, he is even in my mistress' case,
Just in her case!
Fri.

O woeful sympathy!
Piteous predicamento!
NURSE.

Even so lies she, Blubbering and weeping, weeping and blubber.

ing :
Stand up, stand up; stand, an you be a man:
For Juliet's sake, for her sake, rise and stand;
Why should you fall into so deep an O ?

Rom. Nurse !
NURSE. Ah sir ! ah sir !-Well, death's the end

of all.
Rom. Spak'st thou of Juliet ? how is it with her?
Doth she not think me an old murderer,
Now I have stain'd the childhood of our * joy
With blood remov'd but little from her own ?
Where is she? and how doth she? and what says
My conceald lady to our cancell'd love * ?
NURSE. O, she says nothing, sir, but weeps and

weeps ; And now falls on her bed; and then starts up ^, And Tybalt calls ; and then on Romeo cries,

And then down falls again. (ID

*

Quarto A, her.

+ Quarto A, pules. Quarto A, Now on the ground. 30 woeful sympathy !

Piteous predicament !] The old copies give these words to the Nurse. One may wonder the editors did not see that such language must necessarily belong to the Friar. FARMER.

Dr. Farmer's emendation may justly claim that place in the text to which I have now advanced it. Steevens. CANCELL'd love?] The folio reads-conceald love.

Johnson. The quarto, cancell'd love. Steevens.

The epithet concealed is to be understood, not of the person, but of the condition of the lady. So, that the sense is,-my lady, whose being so, together with our marriage which made her so, is concealed from the world. Heath.

may sack

Rom.

As if that name, Shot from the deadly level of a gun, Did murder her; as that name's cursed hand Murder'd her kinsman.-0 tell me, friar, tell me *, In what vile part of this anatomy Doth my name lodge ? tell me, that I The hateful mansion. [Drawing his sword'. FRI.

Hold thy desperate hand : Art thou a man? thy form cries out, thou art; Thy tears are womanish ®; thy wild acts denote The unreasonable fury of a beast : Unseemly woman', in a seeming man! Or ill-beseeming beast, in seeming both ! Thou hast amaz'd me: by my holy order, I thought thy disposition better temper'd. Hast thou slain Tybalt? wilt thou slay thyself? And slay thy lady too that lives in thee ®,

* Quarto A, Tell me, holy friar. s Drawing his sword.] In quarto 1597 : He offers to stab himself, and Nurse snatches the dagger away.

Nur. Ah !" Boswell.
6 Art thou a man? thy form cries out, thou art;
Thy tears are womanish ;] Thus in quarto 1597 :

“ Hold! stay thy hand : art thou a man? thy form
“ Cries out, thou art; but thy wild acts denote

“ The unreasonable furies of a beast.” Boswell. Shakspeare has here closely followed his original : Art thou, quoth he, a man? thy shape saith, so thou art ;

Thy crying and thy weeping eyes denote a woman's heart, “ For manly reason is quite from off thy mind outchased, “ And in her stead affections lewd, and fancies highly placed ; “ So that I stood in doubt, this hour at the least, If thou a man or woman wert, or else a brutish beast.Tragicall Hystory of Romeus and Juliet, 1562.

Malone. 7 Unseemly woman, &c.] Thou art a beast of ill qualities, under the appearance both of a woman and a man. Johnson.

A person who seemed both man and woman, would be a monster, and of course an ill-beseeming beast. This is all the Friar meant to express. M. Mason.

(l) By doing damned hate upon thyself ? (ID) Why rail'st thou on thy birth, the heaven, and

earth? Since birth, and heaven, and earth, all three do

meet In thee at once; which thou at once would'st lose. Fye, fye! thou sham'st thy shape, thy love, thy wit ; Which, like an usurer, abound'st in all, And usest none in that true use indeed Which should bedeck thy shape, thy love, thy wit. Thy noble shape is but a form of wax, Digressing from the valour of a man': Thy dear love, sworn, but hollow perjury,

8 And slay thy lady too that lives in thee,] Thus the first copy. The quarto 1599, and the folio, have

“And slay thy lady, that in thy life lies." Malone. 9 Why Rail'st thou on thy birth, the heaven, and earth?] Romeo has not here railed on his birth, &c. though in his interview with the Friar as described in the poem, he is made to do so:

“ First Nature did he blame, the author of his life, “ In which his joys had been so scant and sorrows aye so rife; “ The time and place of birth he fiercely did reprove; “ He cryed out with open mouth against the stars above.“ On fortune eke he raild."

Shakspeare copied the remonstrance of the Friar, without reviewing the former part of his scene. He has in other places fallen into a similar inaccuracy, by sometimes following and sometimes deserting his original.

The lines, Why rail'st thou, &c. to-thy own defence, are not in the first copy. They are formed on a passage in the poem: “Why cry'st thou out on love? why dost thou blame thy fate ? Why dost thou so cry after death? thy life why dost thou

hate ? " &c. MALONE. · DiGRESSING from the valour of a man :] So, in the 24th Book of Homer's Odyssey, as translated by Chapman :

- my deservings shall in nought digress “ From best fame of our race's foremost merit." STEBVENS. So, in Richard II. Act V. Sc. III. :

“ And thy abundant goodness shall excuse

“ This deadly blot in thy digressing son. So, also in Barnabe Riche's Farewell : “ Knowing that you should otherwise have used me than you have, you should have digressed and swarved from your kinde." Boswell.

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