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THE

HISTORY

O F

E N G LAND,

FROM

The Invasion of JULIUS CÆSAR

T O

The REVOLUTION in 1688.
In EIGHT VOLUMES.

By DAVID HUME, Esq;
VOL. V.

A NEW E DI T IO N, Corrected.
To which is added, a COMPLETE INDEX.

D U B L I N:

Printed For The United Company Of Book-
Sellers. ySf^ffi^X

[graphic]

Affairs of Scotland. Spanijl) affairs., Sir Francis

Drake. A parliament. Negotiations of marriage

with the duke of Anjou. Affairs of Scotland.Letter

of queen Mary to Elizabeth. Conspiracies in England.

A parliament.The ecclesiastical commission.Af-

fairs of the Low Countries. Hostilities with Spain.

187

CHAP. XLIN.

Zeal of the Catholics. Babington's conspiracy.Mary

assents to the conspiracy. The conspirators seized and

executed. Resolution to try the queen of Scots.

The commissioners prevail on her to submit to the trial.

The trial. Sentence against Mary. Interposition of

king fames. Reasons for the execution of Mary.

The execution.Mary's character.The queen's affected sorrow.Drake destroys the Spanijh fleet at Cadiz. ,

Philip projects the invasion of England.The invincible armada.Preparations in England. The armada arrives in the channel. Defeated.A parliament.Ex-

pedition against Portugal.Affairs of Scotland. 228

CHAP. XLIV.

French affairs.Murder of the duke of Guise.Murder of

Henry the third.Progress of Henry the fourth.Na-

val enterpriz.es against Spain. A parliament.Henry

the fourth embraces the catholic religion. Scotch af-

fairs. Naval enterprizes.A parliament.Peace of

Firvins. The earl of Essex. 286

CHAP. XLV.

State of Ireland.Tyrone's rebellion. Essex sent over to

Ireland.His ill success.Returns to England.Is dis-

graced.His intrigues.His insurrection. His trial

and execution. French affairs.Mountjoy's success in

Ireland.Defeat of the Spaniards and Irish.A parli-

ament.Tyrone's submission. Queen's sickness.——

And death.—And character. 3*9

APPENDIX III.

Government of England.Revenues.Commerce.Military

force.Manufactures.Learning, 364

, THE

THE

HISTORY O F

E N G LAND.

CHAP. XXXIX. ELIZABETH.

Queen's popularity.——"Re-ejlablifbment of the protestant religion. A parliament. Peace with France.' Disgujl between the queen and Mary queen of Scots.'

Affairs of Scotland. Reformation in Scotland. <

Civil wars in Scotland.—Interposal of the queen in the affairs of Scotland. Settlement of Scotland. French affairs. Arrival of Mary in Scotland.—— Bigotry of the Scotch reformers.—Wife government of Elizabeth.

IN a nation so divided as the English, it could scarcely CHAP, be expected, that the death of one sovereign, and XXXIX. the accession" of another, who was generally believed to v—.y**^/ have embraced opposite principles to those which prevail- i558. ed, could be the object of universal satisfaction: Yet Queen's so much were men displeased with the present con- popularity. duct of affairs, and such apprehensions were entertained of futurity, that the people, overlooking their theological disputes, expressed a general and unseigned joy that the scepter had passed into the hand of Elizabeth. That princesshad discovered great prudence inherconductduring the reign of her sister; and as men were sensible of the imminent danger, to which she was every moment exposed, compassion towards her situation, and concern for her sasety, had rendered her, to an uncommon degree, Vol. V. B the

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