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R. M. Theobald, to whom we are indebted for this parallelism, remarks that the “annotators of ‘Coriolanus' have not yet found out what Shakespeare meant by the common muck of the world.'”
We group together several parallelisms under the head of Love.
LOVE, A MADNESS
From Bacon "Love is merely (wholly) a mad- “ Transported to the mad degree ness."
of love." - Essay of Love (1625). As You Like It, iii. 2 (1623).
LOVE IS FOLLY “ By love, the young and tender wit “Love is the child of folly." — Is turn'd to folly."
Essay of Love (1612). Two Gentlemen of Verona, i. 1 (1623).
28 STRONG CHARACTERS NOT GIVEN TO LOVE “ Believe not that the dribbling “Great spirits and great business dart of love
do keep out this weak passion.” — Can pierce a complete bosom.” – Ibid.
Measure for Measure, i. 4 (1623).
LOVE FATAL TO WORLDLY SUCCESS
“ It has “Whosoever esteemeth too much Made me neglect my studies, lose of amorous affection quitteth both my time,
riches and wisdom.” — Ibid. War with good counsel, set the “All who, like Paris, prefer world at naught.”
beauty, quit, like Paris, wisdom Two Gentlemen of Verona, i. 1 and power.”—De Augmentis (1622).
LOVE CREEPS BEFORE IT GOES
“Love “Love must creep in service Will creep in service where it can where it cannot go.” — Letter to not go.”
The letter was written in 1610, but not published till long after Bacon's death. The proverb appeared in one of the Shake-speare plays, in print for the first time in 1623.
From Bacon (" Love moderately ; long love doth “Love me little ; love me long." so."
- Promus (1594-96). Romeo and Juliet, ii. 6 (1599).
“ To be wise and love “It is not granted man to love Exceeds man's might; that dwells and be wise." — Advancement of with gods above.”
Learning (1603-5). Troilus and Cressida, iii. 2 (1609).
It was Publilius Syrus, a Roman mimographer of the time of Julius Cæsar, who said that “it is scarcely possible for a god to love and be wise." Bacon and the author of the Plays both quote the saying approvingly, but both also change its application (as above) from gods to men.
33 LANGUAGE OF LOVE HYPERBOLICAL “When we vow to weep, live “Speaking in a perpetual hyperin fire, eat rocks, tame tigers, – bole is comely in nothing but love." this is the monstrosity of love." — - Essay of Love (1612). Ibid., iii. 2. “Woo in rhyme, like a blind Har.
Love's Labor's Lost, v. 2 (1598). “Cleopatra. If it be love indeed,
tell me how much. Anthony. There's beggary in the
love that can be reckon'd.
Cleo. I'll set a bourn how far to
be loved. Ant. Then must thou needs find
out new heaven, and new
earth." Anthony and Cleopatra, i. (1623).
UNRECIPROCATED LOVE TREATED WITH CONTEMPT
From Bacon " In revenge of my contempt of “It is a true rule that Love is love."
ever rewarded either with the reciTwo Gentlemen of Verona, ii. 4 proque or with an inward and secret (1623).
contempt.” — Essay of Love (1612).
LOVE BEWITCHES “Now Romeo is beloved and loves “There be none of the affections, again,
which have been noted to fascinate Alike bewitched by the charm of or bewitch, but Love and Envy." — looks."
Essay of Envy (1625).
“ All the charms of love! Let witchcraft join with beauty!" Anthony and Cleopatra, ii. 1
SOLDIERS GIVEN TO LOVE
“We are soldiers, “I know not how, but martial And may that soldier a mere re- men are given to love.” — Essay of creant prove
Love (1625). That means not, hath not, or is not
in love." Troilus and Cressida, i. 3 (1609).
This passage from Bacon's Essay was quoted by Lord Tennyson to prove that Bacon, owing to his peculiar sentiments on love, could not have written the plays of Shakespeare. And yet here is the identical sentiment in Troilus and Cressida.
From Bacon “We have kiss'd away “Love troubleth men's forKingdoms and provinces."
tunes." - Ibid. Anthony and Cleopatra, iii. 8
These twenty-eight passages on Love cited above, and many more of the same kind that might be cited, plainly show that the two authors were in exact accord on the subject. This fact, indeed, is not without recognition among intelligent commentators. For example:
“In Venus and Adonis,' the goddess, after the death of her favorite, utters a curse upon love which contains in the germ, as it were, the whole development of the subject as Shakespeare has unfolded it in the series of his dramas." — Gervinus.
It has been asserted by several writers that Queen Elizabeth withdrew her countenance from Bacon because of her aversion to his sentiments on love, as expressed in his famous essay. The essay was not written till nine years after the Queen's death.
DIVINATION From Bacon:
"By natural divination we mean that the mind has of its own essential power some pre-notion of things to come. This appears mostly (1) in sleep; (2) in ecstasies; (3) near death; (4) more rarely, in waking apprehensions; and (5)... from the foreknowledge of God and the spirits.” — De Augmentis (1622). From Shake-speare:
1. In sleep :
Methought the souls of all that I had murderd
“ Richmond (also narrating a dream].
Methought their souls, whose bodies Richard murder'd,
Richard III., v. 3 (1597). 2. In ecstasy: “Queen [to Hamlet, who sees his father's ghost].
This is the very coinage of your brain;
Hamlet, iii. 4 (1604). 3. Near death : “ King Henry [to his executioner]
Thus I prophesy, that many a thousand,
3 Henry VI., v. 6 (1595). 4. In waking apprehensions : “ Macbeth. Methought I heard a voice cry, 'Sleep no more,
Macbeth does murder sleep.' ... Lady Macbeth.
What do you mean?
Glamis hath murder'd sleep, and therefore Cawdor
Macbeth, ü. 2 (1623). 5. From foreknowledge of spirits : “ King (to Hamlet).
Prepare thyself ;
So it is, if you knew'st our purposes.
Hamlet, iv. 3 (1604).
1 Col. H. L. Moore of Lawrence, Kansas, in the Journal of the Bacon Society, i. 187. Colonel Moore is an exceptionally keen and able critic.