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125

TRAVEL
From Shake-speare

From Bacon “Home-keeping youth have ever “Travel in the younger sort is a homely wits.

part of education; in the elder, a Were 't not affection chains thy part of experience.” Essay of tender days

Travel (1625). To the sweet glances of thy honor'd “ In your travel you shall have love,

great help to attain to knowlI rather would entreat thy company edge." — Advice to the Earl of To see the wonders of the world Rutland (1596).

abroad.”
Two Gentlemen of Verona, i. 1

(1623).
Panthino : (He) did request me

to importune you To let him spend his time no more

at home, Which would be great impeach

ment to his age. Antonio. He cannot be a perfect

man, Not being tried and tutord in the world."

Ibid., i. 3.

126

SILENCE UNDER ACCUSATION Baptista. Why dost thou wrong "[On being charged with a fault]

her that did ne'er wrong thee? guard against a melancholy and When did she cross thee with a stubborn silence, for this either bitter word !

turns the fault wholly upon you, Kathurine. Her silence flouts me, or impeaches your inferior.” — and I'll be revenged.”

Advancement of Learning (1603-5). Taming of the Shrew, ii. 1 (1623).

127

COUNTING IN ANGER “ Second Murderer. I pray thee, “A man may think, if he will, stay awhile; I hope this holy hu that a man in anger is as wise as

mour will change; 't was wont to be that hath said over the twenty
hold me but while one would tell four letters.” — Essay of Anger
twenty.” Richard III., i. 4 (1625).
(1597).

128
MAKING ONE'S SELF CHEAP
From Shake-speare

From Bacon “ Being daily swallow'd by men's “He that is too much in anyeyes,

thing, so that he giveth another They surfeited with honey, and occasion of satiety, maketh bimself began

cheap.” – Essay of Ceremony To loathe the taste of sweetness, (1598).

whereof a little More than a little is by much too

much.

Grew a companion to the common

streets."

1 Henry IV., iii. 2 (1598).

129

MIND DEFORMED BY AGE “ As with age his body uglier grows, “Old age, if it could be seen, So his mind cankers.”

deforms the mind more than the Tempest, iv. 1 (1623). body." — De Augmentis (1622).

Bacon enlarges on this subject in his Historia Vito et Mortis (1623) thus :

“I remember when I was a young man at Poictiers in France that I was very intimate with a young Frenchman of great wit, but somewhat talkative, who afterwards turned out a very eminent man. He used to inveigh against the manners of old men, and say that if their minds could be seen as well as their bodies, they would appear no less deformed; and further indulging his fancy, he argued that the defects of their minds had some parallel and correspondence with those of the body."

Many other writers, including Lucretius, have called attention to this relationship between the mind and the body.

130

CONCORD AND DISCORD
From Shake-speare

From Bacon “ How shall we find the concord of “A discord, resolved into a conthis discord ?

cord, improves the harmony." — Midsummer-Night's Dream, v. 1. Preface to Novum Organum (1620). (1600).

131

LOVE, THE FIRST GOD "O brawling love! O loving hate! “Love was the most ancient of 0 anything! of nothing first all the gods, and existed before created.”

everything else, except chaos.” — Romeo and Juliet, i. 1 (1597). Wisdom of the Ancients (1609).

Bacon wrote a chapter on Love as a god, declaring him to have been the appetite or desire of matter, or the natural motion of the atom. Accordingly, Love had no progenitor.

“Absolutely without cause,” says Bacon.
“Created out of nothing," says Shake-speare.

132 DUELLING FORBIDDEN BY THE TURKS Enter Othello and Attendants. “Touching the censure of the “ Othello. What is the matter Turks of these duels: there was a here?

combat of this kind performed by Montano. 'Zounds! I bleed still; two persons of quality of the Turks

I am hurt to the death. wherein one of them was slain, Othello. Why, how now, ho! from the other party was convented whence ariseth this ?

hefore the council of Bassaes; Are we turn’d Turks, and to our the manner of the reprehension selves do that

was in these words: How durst Which heaven hath forbid the you undertake to fight one with Ottomites ? "

the other? Are there not Christians Othello, ii. 3 (1622). enough to kill? Did you not

know that whether of you should be slain, the loss would be the Great Seigneour's ?!" Charge

touching Duels (1613). Both authors condemned duelling, and both knew that the practice was forbidden among the Turks.

133

THE WORLD, A STAGE
From Shake-speare

From Bacon “All the world 's a stage, “Men must know that in this And all the men and women theatre of man's life it is reserved merely players.

only for God and the angels to be They have their exits and their lookers-on.” – Advancement of entrances,

Learning (1603-5). And one man in his time plays many parts.”

As You Like It, ii. 7 (1623). The word merely in the above quotation from the play is used in its strict Latin sense, merum, wholly. On the world's stage men and women, without exception, are all

players. — Shake-speare. In the theatre of man's life, none are lookers-on. Bacon.

134

ELIXIR “How much unlike art thou Mark “[It is believed] that some Anthony !

grains of the medicine projected Yet, coming from him, that great should in a few moments of time medicine hath

turn a sea of quicksilver or other With his tinct gilded thee.” material into gold.” – AdvanceAnthony and Cleopatra, i. 5 (1623). ment of Learning (1603-5).

Both authors called the tinct, which was supposed by the alchemists to have the property of transmuting base metals into gold, THE MEDICINE. Both evidently investigated this curious subject, Bacon even expressing the opinion that silver could be produced by artificial means more easily than gold. The true term for the tinct was Elixir.

135

HONORS LIKE GARMENTS “ New honors come upon him, “Queen Elizabeth used to say Like our strange garments, cleave of her instructions to great officers, not to their mould,

that they were like garments, But with the aid of use.”

straight at first putting on, but did Macbeth, i. 3 (1623). by and by wear loose enough.'” –

Apothegms (1624).

136

ORPHEUS

From Shake-speare “Orpheus' lute was strung with

poet's sinews, Whose golden touch could soften

steel and stones, Make tigers tame and huge levia

thans Forsake unsounded deeps to dance

on sands." Two Gentlemen of Verona, iii. 2

(1623). “Therefore the poet Did feign that Orpheus drew trees,

stones and floods ; Since nought so stockish, hard and

full of rage, But music for the time doth change

his nature." Merchant of Venice, vi. (1600).

From Bacon “All beasts and birds assembled, and forgetting their several appetites, some of prey, some of game, some of quarrel, stood all sociably together, listening unto the airs and accords of [Orpheus'] harp.” — Advancement of Learning (1603-5).

“So great was the power of his music that it moved the woods and the very stones to shift themselves and take their stations about him.” - Wisdom of the Ancients (1609).

It is perhaps significant that Bacon took Orpheus, the great musician whose lyre Jupiter placed among the stars, for his own model. He erected a statue of him in the orchard at Gorhambury as “ PHILOSOPHY PERSONIFIED.”

137

GESTICULATION “Do not saw the air too much "It is necessary to use a stedwith your hand, thus, but use fast countenance, not wavering all gently. . . . Be not too tame with action, as in moving the head neither, but let your discretion be or hand too much. . . . It is sufyour tutor; suit the action to the ficient with leisure to use a modest word, the word to the action, with action.” —Civil Conversation (date the special observance that you o'er- unknown). step not the modesty of nature.”— Hamlet, iii. 2 (1604).

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