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anatomy, a skeleton: A mere anatomy, ii. 49; that fell anatomy, iv. 42; this anatomy, viii. 195.


anatomy, a body: I'll eat the rest of the anatomy, iii. 366; In what vile part of this anatomy, vi. 439. anchor, an anchorite, vii. 159.

ancient, a standard-bearer, an ensign-bearer (now called an ensign): Ancient Pistol, iv. 342, 343, 434, 435; good ancient, iv. 344; vii. 397; his Moorship's ancient, vii. 376; Ancient, conduct them, vii. 387; to be saved before the ancient, vii. 406; Othello's ancient, vii. 456; consists of ancients, iv. 268.

ancient, a standard: an old faced ancient ("an old standard

mended with a different colour," STEEVENS), iv. 268 (where by mistake “old-faced" is printed): and see face.

and, used redundantly, as it occasionally is in old ballads: When that I was and a little tiny boy, iii. 395; He that has and a little tiny wit, vii. 296.

andirons, vii. 668: "The andirons were the ornamental irons on each side of the hearth in old houses, which were accompanied with small rests for the ends of the logs. The latter [rests] were sometimes called dogs, but the term andirons frequently included both," &c. (HALLIWELL).


Andren, v. 484: see note 3, V. Andrew-My wealthy, ii. 346: the name of a ship: the conjecture that it was derived from the naval hero Andrea Doria is not a probable one.

angel-An ancient, iii. 157: see note 125, iii. 196.

angel of the air, bird of the air, viii. 122 (Angel, in this sense, is a Grecism,―yeλos, i.e. messenger, being applied to birds of augury : our early writers frequently use the word as equivalent to "bird;" so in Massinger and Dekker's Virgin-Martyr the Roman eagle is called "the Roman angel," Massinger's Works, vol. i. p. 36, ed. Gifford, 1813).

angel, a gold coin, which at its highest value was worth ten shillings: not I for an angel, ii. 97; This bottle makes an angel, iv. 267; your ill angel is light ("The Lord Chief Justice calls Falstaff the Prince's ill angel or genius; which Falstaff turns off by saying, an ill angel (meaning the coin called an angel) is light," THEOBALD), iv. 324; he hath a legion of angels (with a quibble), i. 354; twenty angels, i. 367; the angels that you sent for, ii. 37; his fair angels, iv. 28; Imprison'd angels, iv. 39: and see stamp about their necks, &c. angels' faces-Ye've, v. 529: An allusion to the saying attributed

to St. Augustine, "Non Angli, sed Angeli.”

angle, a corner: In an odd angle of the isle, i. 184. a-night, in the night, by night, iii. 26.



anon, anon, equivalent to the modern "coming," iv. 223, 233, 349, &c.

answer in the effect of your reputation, answer in a manner suitable to your character" (JOHNSON), iv. 332.

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answer must be made-My, "I shall be called to account, and must answer as for seditious words" (Johnson), vi. 629.

answer, retaliation: whose answer would be death, vii. 709; great the answer be Britons must take, vii. 714.

Antenor, vi. 14, 46, 53, &c.: “Very few particulars respecting this Trojan are preserved by Homer. But, as Professor Heyne, in his Seventh Excursus to the First Æneid, observes; 'Fuit Antenor inter eos, in quorum rebus ornandis ii maxime scriptores laborarunt, qui narrationes Homericas novis commentis de suo onerarunt; non aliter ac si delectatio a mere fabulosis et temere effusis figmentis proficisceretur'" (STEEVENS).

anthropophaginian, a cannibal, i. 404.

Antonaid-The, the name of Cleopatra's ship, vii. 551.

antres, caves, caverns, vii. 387.

ape-The famous. See unpeg the basket, &c.

ape, in the corner of his jaw, &c.—Like an, vii. 175: see note 107, vii. 233.

apoplex, apoplexy, iv. 380.

appaid, satisfied, contented, viii. 313.

apparent, heir-apparent, next claimant: he's apparent to my heart, iii. 425; as apparent to the crown, v. 259.

apparent, plain, evident: apparent foul-play, iv. 52; apparent prodigies, vi. 636.

apparition of an armed Head rises-An, vii. 47; An apparition of

a bloody Child rises, vii. 48; An apparition of a Child crowned, with a tree in his hand, rises, ibid.: “The armed head represents symbolically Macbeth's head cut off and brought to Malcolm by Macduff. The bloody child is Macduff untimely ripped from his mother's womb. The child with a crown on his head, and a bough in his hand, is the royal Malcolm, who ordered his soldiers to hew them down [each] a bough and bear it before them to Dunsinane" (UPTON,-whose explanation is at least very ingenious): I may add here a remark of the truly learned Lobeck; "Mortuorum capita fatidica jam multo ante Bafometum et illud galeatum phantasma, quod in fabula Shakspeariana introducitur, memorat Phlegon, Mirab. iii. 50, &c." Aglaophamus, p. 236 (note).

appeach, to impeach, to accuse, to inform against, iv. 171, 172; appeach'd, iii. 220.

appeal the duke, iv. 105; appeal each other of high treason, iv. 106;



appeals me, iv. 113: “Appeal, v. a. This word appears to have been formerly used with much latitude; and sometimes in such a way that is not easy to find out what those who used it precisely meant by it. But according to its most ancient signification, it implies a reference by name to a charge or accusation, and an offer, or challenge, to support such charge by the ordeal of single combat. And something of this, its primary sense, may still be descried in all its various applications. Thus, an appeal from one person to another, to judge and decide; or from an inferior to a superior court, is to transfer the challenge from such as are deemed incompetent to accept it, to those who may be competent: and, as 'a summons to answer a charge,' it is nearly equivalent to an actual challenge. 'And likewise there were many Southland men that appelled others in Barrace to fight before the King to the dead, for certain crimes of lese majesty.' Pitscottie, p. 234. Here the word clearly means challenge; as in the preceding page the laird of Drumlanerick and the laird of Barrace are said to have provoked (which also means challenge[d]) others in Barrace to fight to death'..... but being appealed (challenged) by the Lord Clifford, an Englishman, to fight with him in singular combat.' Hist. of Scotland, f. 365.


'hast thou sounded him,

If he appeal (charge or accuse, and challenge) the duke on ancient
Richard II. i. 1.

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'Against the Duke of Hereford that appeals me.' Id. i. 3." Boucher's Glossary of Arch. and Prov. Words. appellant, challenger, iv. 106, 112, 114; v. 137 (twice); appellants, iv. 159. See appeal, &c. apperil, peril, vi. 516. apple-John, a sort of apple, called in French deux-années or deuxans, because it will keep two years, and considered to be in perfection when shrivelled and withered, iv. 258, 340; apple-Johns, iv. 340 (twice). (“Apple-John, John-Apple. We retain the name, but whether we mean the same variety of fruit which was so called in Shakespeare's time, it is not possible to ascertain. Probably we do not. In 2d pt. Hen. IV. Prince Hal certainly meant a large round apple, apt to shrivel and wither by long keeping, like his fat companion. This is not particularly characteristic of our Johnapple." Forby's Vocab. of East Anglia.)

apply, to apply oneself to, or, rather (see notes in the Var. Shak.), to ply: Virtue, and that part of philosophy Will I apply, iii. 114. appointed, accoutred, equipped: To have you royally appointed, iii.

483; You may be armed and appointed well, vi. 327; like knights appointed, viii. 173; With well-appointed powers, iv. 319; What wellappointed leader, iv. 364; The well-appointed king, iv. 449; the Dauphin, well-appointed, v. 56; very well appointed, v. 255.




appointment, accoutrement, equipment: your best appointment
make with speed, i. 478; in appointment fresh and fair, vi. 71; a
pirate of very warlike appointment, vii. 186; Men of great quality
.. by their appointment, viii. 135; these hands Void of appointment,
viii. 156; Our fair appointments, iv. 149.
apprehension, faculty for sarcastic sayings, sarcasm: how long
have you professed apprehension? ii. 115; To scourge you for this
apprehension, v. 32.
apprehensive, possessed of the power of apprehension or intelli-
gence: whose apprehensive senses, iii. 214; makes it apprehensive,
quick, forgetive, iv. 375; men are flesh and blood, and apprehensive,
vi. 648.
approbation, proof: naught for approbation But only seeing, iii.
439; drop their blood in approbation, iv. 425; on the approbation of
what I have spoke, vii. 646.
approbation, probation, novitiate: receive (enter on) her appro-
bation, i. 452.

approof, approbation: Either of condemnation or approof, i. 476. approof, proof: in approof lives not his epitaph As in your royal speech ("The truth of his epitaph is in no way so fully proved as by your royal speech," MASON,-where others understand proof as equivalent to "approbation"), iii. 214; of very valiant approof, iii. 239; as my furthest band Shall pass on thy approof ("As I will venture the greatest pledge of security on the trial of thy conduct," JOHNSON; "such as I will pledge my utmost bond that, thou wilt prove," Nares's Gloss. in “Band”), vii. 539.

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approve, to prove: On whose eyes I might approve This flower's force, ii. 284; to approve Henry of Hereford . . . disloyal, iv. 115; approve me, lord, iv. 263; To approve my youth further, iv. 325; that my sword upon thee shall approve, vi. 298; does approve, By his lov'd mansionry, that, &c., vii. 17; Thou dost approve thyself the very same, vii. 706; 'tis the curse in love, and still approv'd (experienced), i. 320; of approved valour, ii. 94; an approvèd wanton, ii. 119; approved in the height a villain, ii. 126; approv'd in practice culpable, v. 153; Approved warriors, vi. 338; approv'd good masters, vii. 386; approv'd (" convicted by proof of having been engaged," JOHNSON) in this offence, vii. 409; I have well approv'd (experienced) it, vii. 412; which well approves You're great in fortune, iii. 255; Approves her fit for none but for a king, v. 81; which approves him an intelligent party, vii. 304.

approve, to ratify, to confirm: approve it with a text, ii. 382; ť approve the fair conceit The king hath of you ("to strengthen, by my commendation, the [good] opinion which the king has formed [of you]," JOHNSON), v. 516; Your favour is well approved by your tongue, vi. 203; He may approve ("make good the testimony of,"

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MALONE) our eyes, vii. 104; approve the common saw (" exemplify the common proverb," JOHNSON), vii. 282; he approves the common liar (fame), vii. -499.


approve, to recommend to approbation: if you did, it would not much approve me ("if you knew I was not ignorant, your esteem [judgment, CALDECOTT] would not much advance my reputation," JOHNSON), vii. 204.

approvers-To their, "To those who try them" (WARBURTON), vii. 666.

apricock, an apricot (the tree), viii. 146; apricocks (the fruit), ii. 290; iv. 154.

aqua vitæ, a term for ardent spirits in general, i. 372; ii. 33 ; iii. 359, 488; vi. 435, 457.

Aquilon, the North Wind, vi. 72.

Arabian bird, the phoenix, vii. 539, 651.

araise, to raise up, iii. 224.

arch, a chief: My worthy arch and patron, vii. 276.

Arden-The forest of, iii. 8, 19, 25: “Ardenne is a forest of con

siderable extent in French Flanders, lying near the Meuse, and between Charlemont and Rocroy. It is mentioned by Spenser in his Colin Clout's come home again, 1595 . . . But our author was furnished with the scene of his play by Lodge's novel" (MALONE): see iii. 3.

argal, a vulgar corruption of the Latin word ergo, vii. 192, 193 (twice).

argentine, silver-hued, "of the silver moon" (STEEVENS), viii. 70. Argier, the old name for Algiers, i. 185 (twice). (It was not obsolete even in the time of Dryden: "you privateer of love, you Argier's man." Limberham, act iii. sc. 1.)

argo, a vulgar corruption of the Latin word ergo, v. 170. argosy, a ship of great bulk and burden, fit either for merchandise or war (probably so named from the Argo), ii. 353, 379; iii. 138 (twice); v. 269; argosies, ii. 345, 415; iii. 138.

argument, conversation, discourse: For shape, for bearing, argument, and valour, ii. 105.

argument, subject, matter: thou wilt prove a notable argument ("subject for satire," JOHNSON), ii. 80; You would not make me such an argument (“ subject of light merriment," JOHNSON), ii. 298; an absent argument Of my revenge, iii. 36; th' argument of Time, iii. 461; argument (subject of conversation) for a week, iv. 228; the argument shall be thy running away, iv. 239; And sheath'd their swords for lack of argument, iv. 450; the argument of hearts (“of what men's hearts are composed," MALONE), vi. 529; an argument



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