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Mas-a-fuera Island.—Summit (4,000 feet). 33 deg.

46 min. o sec, S. lat.; 80 deg. 46 min. o sec. W.

long. H. M. S. Albatross. Marshall Islands.—Arhuo Atoll, Northeast Point.

7 deg. 9 min. 17 sec, N. lat.; 176 deg. 56 min.

30 sec, E. long. Commander Meade, U. S. N. Mulgrave Islands.—Port Rhiu, north side of entrance. 6 deg. 14 min. o sec, N. lat.; 171 deg.

46 min. o sec, E. long. Captain Berard, French

Navy.

Mazatlan, Mexico.—Signal station. 23 deg. 11 min. 17 sec, N. lat.; 106 deg. 26 min. 39 sec, W. long. Commander Dewey, U. S. N.

New Britain.—Blanche Bay, Matupi Island, Northeast Point. 4 deg. 13 min. 20 sec, S. lat.; 152 deg. 10 min. 18 sec, E. long. German survey.

New Caledonia.—Harbor of Noumea, Lighthouse at office of Captain of the Port. 22 deg. 16 min. 20 sec, S. lat.; 166 deg. 27 min. 8 sec, E. long. Lighthouse List.

New Guinea.—Cape Cretin, Cretin Islets. 6 deg. 43 min. o sec, S. lat.; 147 deg. 53 min. 20 sec, E. long. Captain Moresby, R. N.

New Hebrides Islands.—Aniteum Island, Port Aniteum, Sand Islet. 20 deg. 15 min. 17 sec, S. lat.; 169 deg. 44 min. 44 sec, E. long. Captain Denham, R. N.

New Hebrides Islands.—Tanna Island, Port Resolution, Mission. 19 deg. 31 min. 17 sec, S. lat.; 169 deg. 27 min. 30 sec, E. long. Captain Denham, R. N.

New Ireland.—Carteret Harbor, Cocoanut Islet. 4 deg. 41 min. 26 sec, S. lat; 152 deg. 42 min. 25 sec, E. long. Captain Belcher, R. N.

North Islands.—Queen Charlotte Island, NorthPoint.

—54 deg. 20 min. o sec, N. lat.; 133 deg. o min.

o sec, W. long. English. New Zealand.—Queenstown, U. S. Transit-of-Venus

Station. 45 deg. 2 min. 7 sec, S. lat.; 168 deg.

40 min. 6 sec, E. long. Captain Raymond,

U. S. A.

Nagasaki, Japan.—North angle of Custom-house Sea-wall. 32 deg. 44 min. 35 sec, N. lat.; 129 deg. 52 min. 9 sec, E. long. Lieut. Commanders Green and Davis, U. S. N.

Panama.—South Tower of Cathedral. 8 deg. 51 min. 12 sec, N. lat.; 79 deg. 32 min. 12 sec, W. long. Lieut. Commander Green, U. S. N.

Paumatou Islands (Low Archipelago).—Arnanu or Muller Island, Southwest Point. 17 deg. 53 min, 20 sec, S. lat.; 140 deg. 50 min. 26 sec, W. long. Commaisance des Temps.

Phoenix Islands.—Gardner's Island, center. 4 deg. 47 min. 42 sec, S. lat.; 174 deg. 40 min. 18 sec, W. long. Commander Wilkes, U. S. N.

Pitcairn Island.—Village. 25 deg. 3 min. 37 sec, S. lat; 130 deg. 8 min. 37 sec, W. long. Captain Beechy, R. N.

Samoan Islands.—Savaii Island, Paluale Village. 13 deg. 45 min. o sec, S. lat; 172 deg. 17 min. o sec, W. long. Commander Wilkes, U. S. N.

Samoan Islands.—Upolu Island, Apia Harbor, Rugis Wharf. 13 deg. 48 min. 56 sec, S. lat; 171 deg. 47 min. 34 sec, W. long. Captain Richards, R. N.

Santa Cruz Islands.—Vanikoro, Ocili Village, n * deg. 39 min. 30 sec, S. lat; 166 deg. 55 min. 10 sec, E. long. Admiral D'Urville.

Society Islands.—Boru-boru Island, Otea Vanua Village. 16 deg. 31 min. 35 sec, S. lat; 151 deg. 46 min. o sec, W. long. Findlay.

Society Islands.—Tahiti Island, Papiete Harbor, Motu-uta Islet. 17 deg. 31 min. 39 sec, S. lat.; 149 deg. 34 min. 16 sec, W. long. Connaisance des Temps.

Solomon Islands.—Bougainville Island, Northeast

Point. 5 deg. 30 min. o sec, S. lat.; 155 deg.

17 min. 14 sec, E. long. Admiral D'Urville. Sumatra, Padang.—Apenberg flagstaff, o deg. 58

min. 1 sec, S. lat.; 100 deg. 20 min. 13 sec, E.

long. Netherlands Hydrographic Office. Singapore.—Fullerton Battery. 1 deg. 17 min. 11

sec, N. lat.; 103 deg. 51 min. 15 sec,, E. long.

Lieut. Commanders Green and Davis, U. S. N. Sandwich Islands.—Hawaii, Hilo Bay Lighthouse,

19 deg. 45 min. o sec, N. lat; 155 deg. 5 min.

o sec, W. long. Light House List. Sandwich Islands.—Oahu, Honolulu, Reef Lighthouse. 21 deg. 17 min. 55 sec, N. lat.; 157 deg.

52 min. 13 sec, W. long. Hawaiian Government

Survey.

Sitka, Alaska.—Middle of parade ground. 57 deg.

2 min. 52 sec, N. lat.; 135 deg. 19 min. 31 sec,

W. long. U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. San Francisco, Cal.—Presidio Station. 37 deg. 47

min. 30 sec, N. lat.; 122 deg. 27 min. 49 sec, W.

long. U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. San Diego.—Coast Survey Astronomical Station.

32 deg. 43 min. 6 sec, N. lat.; 117 deg. 9 min.

40 sec, W. long. U. S. Coast and Geodetic

Survey.

Tasmania.—Hobart Town, Transit of Venus Station. 42 deg. 53 min. 25 sec, S. lat..; 147 deg. 20 min. 7 sec, E. long. Professor Harkness, U. S. N.

Union (Tokalau) Islands.—Nuku-Nono, or Duke of Clarence Island, Southeast Point. 9 deg. 11 min. 15 sec, S. lat..; 171 deg. 37 min. 2 sec, W. long. Commander Wilkes, U. S. N.

Valparaiso, Chili.—Site of San Antonio Fort. 33 deg. 1 min. 53 sec, S. lat.; 71 deg. 38 min., W. long. English Survey.

Vancouver Island.—Esquimalt, Lighthouse. 48 deg. 25 min. 40 sec, N. lat. 123 deg. 27 min. 20 sec. W. long. Admiralty Light List.

Yokohama, Japan.—Flag-staff English naval storehouse. 35 deg. 26 min. 24 sec, N. lat.; 139 deg. 39 min. 14 sec, E. long. Lieut. Commanders Green and Davis, U. S. N.

CHAPTER XIX.

HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAJU

And now, rejoicing in the prosperous gales,
With beating heart, Ulysses spreads his sails;
Placed at the helm he sate, and marked the skies,
Nor closed in sleep his ever-watchful eyes.
There viewed the Pleiads and the Northern Team,
And great Orion's more refulgent beam,
- To which, around the axle of the sky,
The Bear, revolving, points his golden eye;
Who shines exalted on the ethereal plain,
Nor bathes his blazing forehead in the main.

Pope's (Homer's Odyssey.)

THE first nation or people in the world, to make any practical progress in navigation and commerce, or carry on any considerable traffic, making the seas and oceans serve as a highway, were— with the possible exception of the Chinese—the Phoenicians. Our accounts of them date as far back as 2800 years before the Christian era. Phoenicia was one of the smallest countries of antiquity. It occupied that part of the Syrian coast, which stretches from Aradus (the modern Ronad) on the north, to a little below Tyre on the south—a distance of about fifty leagues. Its breadth was much less, being, for the most part, bounded by Mount Libanus to the east, and Mount Carmel on the south. The surface of this

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