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MODERN EUROPE.

A SCHOOL HISTORY.

BY JOHN LORD, LL.D.

A

NEW EDITION, WITH FOUR ADDITIONAL CHAPTERS, COMPREHENDING

ALL THE LEADING EVENTS WHICH HAVE OCCURRED

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LONDON:
SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO., STATIONERS' HALL COURT;

HAMILTON, ADAMS & CO., PATERNOSTER ROW.

1882.

093 k. 207

[Entered at Stationers' Hall.]

J. &W, RIDER, Printers, 14, Bartholomew Close, London, E.C.

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In writing this History I have attempted to furnish, for the use of schools and families, a connected narrative of what is most vital in the events of the last three hundred years, avoiding both minute details and elaborate disquisitions.

If, in accomplishing this object, I have avoided the defects of those dry compendiums which are too often used for want of living histories, and have succeeded in enforcing those great moral truths which History ought to teach, this little work will, I doubt not, meet with that degree of attention which it may be regarded as meriting, and which a life devoted to historical composition may not unreasonably claim.

J. L. South Audley Street, London.

POSTSCRIPT TO THE NINTH THOUSAND.

The addition of three new chapters, completing the narrative to the Peace of Villafranca, will, it is hoped, render the History still more acceptable to Teachers, and be kindly accepted as an expression of gratitude for the favor with which the work has been received. The price of the book is unchanged.

CONTENTS

PAGE 1

CHAPTER II.-MARTIN LUTHER AND HIS ASSOCIATRI.

Birth of Lather.........

16 Papal excommunication.........

His religious experiences

16 Luther's intrepidity.......

Augustinian Theology....

17 Burning of the Papal Bull..

Luther as Professor.....

17 Diet of Worms ....

Visit to Rome

18 Imprisonment at Wartburg

as Doctor of Divinity 18 Carlstadt...........

Preachers of indulgences

18 His extravagances

The ninety-five propositions. 19 His flight

The Elector of Saxony

20 Münzer and the Peasants' War

Erasmus ........................................... 20 Marriage of Luther

Melancthon

20 Ulric Zwingle

Pope Leo X.

21 Character of Zwingle

The Emperor Maximilian

21 Differences with Luther..................

The Papal Legate..........

22 Spirit of his reforms

The Leipsic disputation.

22 Political combinations

Character of the debate .................. 23 Diet of Augsburg.........

Luther's appearance

23 Confession of Augsburg

Authority of Scripture

24 League of Smalcalde

Position of Luther

24 Disunion of the Reformers

His fitness for the work

25 Death of Luther

25

26

20

27

27

28

28

29

29

30

30

31

31

32

32

33

33

34

34

35

CHAPTER III.-TIR EMPEROR CHARLES V.

Condition of Germany in 1510 ......... 36 | Their mutual jealousies

39

France

36 Character of their wars ................... 39

Spain
36 Battle of Pavia ......

40

England.

36 Sack of Rome by the Bourbon....reno 40

Italy...
37 Peace of Cambray

40

Northern Powers....... 37 Diet of Spires

41

the Ottoman Empire. 37 Peace of Nuremberg

41

The Emperor Charles V. .............

38 Barbarossa
His rival, Francis I.

38 Peace of Creasy.

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