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ma

b ch. ii. 18.

John vii, 25, 80, 46.

yard unto others. 10 And have ye not read this scripture; a The stone which the builders rejected 9 is become the head a Pra, cavili. of the corner: 11 this was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes ? 12 b And they sought to lay hold bebinimi il. on him, but feared r the people : for they knew that he had 3 spoken the parable against them : and they left him, and went their way, 13 and [s they] send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to t catch him in his words. 14 And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth : Is it lawful to give tribute to Cæsar, or not? 15 o Shall we give, or a shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it. 16 And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription ? And they said unto him, Cæsar's. 17 And Jesus (vv answering) said unto them, Render to Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.

18 Then come unto him the -Sadducees, which say there c Acts xxii. 8. is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying, 19 Master,

Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave a Deut. xxv. 5. his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his

q render, the same is become, as in Matt. xxi. 42.
I render, the multitude. The word in Luke xx. 19 is different.
s omit.

t literally, to catch him by a word.
a render, must.

render, denarius. vomit. our Lord's discourse. After ver. 11 saying of His. 14.) Must we give, or comes in Matt. vv. 43–45.

12.] must we not give ? the originality of the Meyer makes the multitude (the people report is shewn by these words. They in Luke) the subject of they knew, but wish to drive our Lord to an absolute I think quite unnecessarily. The fear of affirmation or negation. 15.] a dethe people is increased by the conscious- narius (see note on Matt. xx. 2), Mark and ness on the part of the rulers that He had Luke, answers to the tribute-money," spoken the parable against them : they are Matthew. 17.) they marvelled is in the as men convicted before the people.

original in the imperfect tense, and is 13 – 17.7 REPLY CONCERNING THE graphic. This was going on, when the LAWFULNESS OF TRIBUTE TO CÆSAR. next incident began. Matt. xxii. 15—22. Luke xx. 20-26. The 18–27.] REPLY TO THE SADDUCEES parable of the wedding-garment, Matt. xxii. CONCERNING THE RESURRECTION. Matt. 1-14, is omitted. The only matters re xxii. 23–33. Luke xx. 27 -- 40. The three quiring additional remark in these verses reports are very much alike in matter, and are,-13.] by a word signifies the instru. now and then coincide almost verbally ment wherewith they would catch him : (Matthew ver. 27, Luke ver. 32. Mark ver. the verb being one taken from the chase. 23 end, Luke ver. 33). The chief addiThey wished to lay hold on him by some tions are found in Luke, vy. 34-36, where see notes, and on Matthew throughout. Sadducees. I should be disposed to take

brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 20 [w Now] there were seven brethren : and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed. 21 And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed : and the third likewise. 22 And the seven [* had her, and] left no seed : last of all the woman died also. 23 In the resurrection [x therefore], when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them ? for the seven had her to wife. 24 And Jesus [* answering] said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God ? 25 For when they shall rise from the

dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but e 1. Cor. xv. 42, e are as [x the] angels which are in heaven. 26 And as

touching the dead, that they rise : have ye not read in the

book of Moses, y how in the bush God spake unto him, 1 Exod. iii. 6. saying, 'I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac,

and the God of Jacob? 27 z He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living : ye [x therefore] do greatly err. 28 And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment

49, 53.

I omit.

W omit.
y render, in the history concerning the Bush, how God spake.
z render, God is not (the God) of dead men, but of living.

23.] when they shall rise does not St. Mark's as the strictly accurate account, here mean, when men (the dead) shall seeing that there is nothing in the quesrise,' but when they (the wife and seven tion which indicates enmity, and our brothers) shall rise : see on ver. 25.

Lord's answer, ver. 34, plainly precludes 25.] thc when they shall rise here is it. The man, from hearing them disgeneral, not as in ver. 23 : see last note. puting, came up, and formed one of the

26. in the history concerning the band who gathered together for the purBush (so also in Luke)] The words may in pose of tempting Him. St. Mark's report, the original mean either, 'in the chapter which here is wholly unconnected in origin containing the history of God appearing in with St. Matthew's, is that of some one the Busb, or, 'when he was at the Bush who had taken accurate note of the cir. The former is the more probable, on ac- cumstances and character of the man : count of the construction of the verse in St. Matthew's is more general, not entering, our text. In Luke, if we had his account as this, into individual motives, but classing alone, the other rendering might be ad- the question broadly among the various missible, Moses testified, at the Bush: “temptations” of our Lord at this time. but this will not answer in our text.

28.] The motive seems to have been, 28 - 34.7 REPLY CONCERNING THE admiration of our Lord's wise answer, GREAT COMMANDMENT. Matt. xxii. 34 and a desire to be instructed further by - 40, but with differing circumstances. Him. the first commandment of all; There the question appears as that of one -this was one of the “strivings about the among the Pharisees' adherents, who puts law(Titus iji. 9),—which was the greatest this question, tempting him_and in commandment. The Scribes had many consequence of the Pharisees coming up to frivolous enumerations and classifications the strife, after He had discomfited the of the commands of the law.

Rom. xiii. 9.
Gal. v. 14.
James ii. 8.

of all ? 29 And Jesus answered him, The first [a of all the commandments] is, : Hear, O Israel ; The Lord our God is 5 Duke. Ti, 2 one Lord : 30 and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength : [a this is the first commandment.] 31 [a And] the second is [a like, namely] this, " Thou shalt h lev. xix. 18. love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these. 32 And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, b thou hast said the truth : for there is one God; i and there is none other but he: 33 and i Deut. iv. sa. to love him with all the heart, and with all the under- 14:8 standing, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, * is more than all k 1 Sam. xv. 22. whole burnt offerings and sacrifices. 34 And when Jesus kisah vi. saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man c after that durst ask him any question. 35 And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David ? 36 cc For David a omit.

bread, thou hast truly said that He is one. C render, any more.

cc read, But.

Deut. iv. 39.
Isa xlv.c,

Hs. vi. 6. Micah vi. 6 8.

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29 f.) St. Mark cites the passage entire,-St. the spirit of the great command of Law Matthew only the command itself.

and Gospel, are nearer to being of his 31.] Our Lord acids this second as an flock, than the formalists :- but then, as application or bringing home of the first. Bengel adds, “If thou art not far off,

The first is the Sun, so to speak, of come in: otherwise thou hadst better been the spiritual life :—this the lesser light, far off.” And no man ....] This is which reflects the shining of that other. apparently out of its place here, as it is It is like to it, inasmuch as both are laws after the question which now follows, that of lore: both deduced from the great and St. Matthew relates this discomfiture of highest love: both dependent on “I am his adversaries. We must not however the Lord thy God," Lev. xix. 18.

conclude too hastily, especially where the Stier sets forth beautifully the strong con- minute accuracy of St. Mark is at stake. trast between the requirements of these The question just asked was the last put two commands, and the then state of the to our Lord, and therefore the notice of Jewish Church : see John vii. 19.

its being the last comes in fitly here. The 32, 33.] The Scribe shews that he had enquiry which follows did more than entered into the true spirit of our Lord's silence their questioning; it silenced their answer; and replies in admiration at its answering too; both which things St. wisdom. whole burnt offerings and Matthew combines as the result of this sacrifices, the things to which the out- day, in his ver. 46. ward literal observers paid all their atten- 35–37.] THE PHARISEES BAFFLED BY tion. 34. not far ....] This man had A QUESTION CONCERNING CHRIST AND hold of that principle in which Law and DAVID. Matt. xxii. 41–46. Luke xx. Gospel are one : he stood as it were at the 41--44. The reports are apparently indoor of the Kingdom of God. He only dependent of any common original, and wanted (but the want was indeed a serious hardly agree verbally in the citation from one) repentance and faith to be within it. the LXX. See notes on Matthew. The Lord shews us here that even outside 35.] The whole controversy in the temple His flock, those who can answer discreetly is regarded as one : hence the new point (or intelligently), who have knowledge of raised by our Lord is introduced as a

12 Sam. xxiii. himself said d 1 by the Holy Ghost, m The Lord said to my mn Pow. cz.1. Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I e make thine

enemies thy footstool. 37 David [f therefore] himself

calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son ? 1 chi, 2. And the common people heard him gladly. 38 And she

said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, o Luke zi. 43. which love to go in long clothing, and [8 love] salutations

in the marketplaces, 39 and the chief seats in the synagogues, and the h uppermost rooms at feasts : 40 which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation. 41 And

Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the p? Kings xii. people cast i money P into the treasury: and many that

were rich cast in much. 42. And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two kmites, which make a

k farthing. 43 And he called unto him his disciples, and q? Cor. vii. 12. saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That 9 this poor

widow hath cast more in, than all they which I have cast d render, in. e many ancient authorities read, put thine enemies beneath thy feet. fomitted in many ancient authorities.

& not in the original. h render, chief places.

i literally, brass : see Matt. x. 9. I see note.

I read, are casting. rejoinder, with answered. 36.] Ob- rupt practices of the so-called priesthood serve in the Holy Ghost,“ in the Spirit," of Rome, than these of our Lord ? The Matthew,—" in the book of Psalms," pretence was, to make their sanctity ap. Luke: a coincidence not to be passed over. pear to these women, and so win their

37.] whence, i.e. from whence shall favour. 40.7 greater- because they we seek an explanation for what follows ? have joined thieving with hypocrisy.

And the common people (literally 41-44.] THE WIDOW's MITES. Luke the great multitude) heard him gladly is xxi. 1–4: probably from a common oripeculiar to Mark.

gin. 41. the treasury1 This is 38-40.] DENUNCIATION OF THE usually understood of thirteen chests, SCRIBES. Luke xx. 45–47. These verses, which stood in the court of the women, nearly verbatiin the same in the two into which were thrown contributions for Evangelists, and derived from a common the temple, or the tribute (of Matt. xvii. report, are an abridgment of the dis. 24). But it is hardly likely that they would course which occupies the greater part of be called the treasury, and we hear of a Matt. xxiii.- with the additions of love building by this name in Josephus. Lucke to go in long clothing, and ver. 40, believes some part of the court of the see on Matthew, where these words are women to be intended, perhaps a chamber spurious. The words in his doctrine seem in connexion with these chests. Our to imply that St. Mark understood it as Lord had at this time taken his leave of a compendium.

They devoured the temple, and was going out of it-bewidows' houses, by attaching them to tween Matt. xxiii. end, and xxiv. themselves, and so persuading them to 42.7 mites, the smallest Jewish coin : St. minister to them of their substance. A Mark adds which make a farthing, for trace of this practice (but there out of his Roman readers : -- the mite = of an gratitude and love) on the part of the as = - or, after the weight of the as Jewish women, is found in Luke viii. 2, 3. was diminished, da of a denarius. Two, What words can better describe the cor- Bengel remarks, are noticed : she might

r Deut. xxiv. 6.

ar

a Jer. xxix. 8.

Eph. v.6.
1 Thess. ii. 3.

into the treasury: 44 for all they did cast in mof their abundance; but she m of her want did cast in all that she had, 'even all her living.

XIII. 1 And as he went out of the temple, one of his disciples saith unto him, Master, seen what manner of stones and a what buildings [o are here]. 2 And Jesus [P answering] said unto him, Seest thou these great buildings? there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down. 3 And as he sat upon the mount of Olives over against the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately, 4 Tell us, when shall these things be ? and what shall be the sign 9 when all these things shall be fulfilled ? 5 And Jesus r answering them began to say, a Take heed lest any man deceive you : * Eyn.v.S.. 6 for many shall come in my name, saying, I am [s Christ]; and shall deceive many. 7 And when ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, be ye not troubled : [t for] such things must needs be; but the end shall not be yet. For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom : and there shall be earthquakes in divers places, and there shall be famines and troubles: these are the beginnings of a sorrows. 9 But vb take heed to your- b Matie: 97. selves : for they shall deliver you up to councils; and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten: and ye shall be brought mi.e. out of.

render, what great. o omit : not in the original.

P omit. q read and render, when these things are about to be all fulfilled. r many ancient authorities have, began to say unto them. s not in the original. I am he, is more faithful. t omitted by many ancient authorities. u literally, birth-pangs.

render, take ye: see note. have kept back one. 43.] more, in no effect : the size and jointing of the God's reckoning; more, for her own stoves was too strong for it, and for all stewardship of the goods entrusted to her the others.”

3.] Peter and James care.

and John and Andrew are his disciples" Chap. XIII.] JESUS PROPHESIES OF in Matthew, and “ some" in Luke. His COMING, AND OF THE TIMES OF THE 4.] these things implies that they viewed END. Matt. xxiv. Luke xxi. 5–36. The the destruction of the temple as part of accounts are apparently distinct, and each a great series of events, which had now by contains some fragments which have es frequent prophecy become familiar to them. caped the others. On the matter of the These things about which thou so often prophecy, I have fully commented in Mat- Speakest.' 5.7 began to say-with thew, where see notes: also those on Luke. this begins our Lord's full explanation on 1.] what great stones.- Josephus the matter. See reff.

8. there says, “ the stones of the building were 40 shall be ... there shall be By these repecubits in size.” And again," for 6 days titions, majesty is given to the discourse. together the strongest of all the battering

the beginnings- i.e. but the beengines played on the wall and produced ginnings-the mere beginnings. 9.] ye

10.

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