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c Matt. x. 19.

d Acts ii. 4:

iv. 8, 31. e Micah vii. 6.

Matt. 2. 21.

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Matt. x. 22. N
Rev. ii. 10.

before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony

against them. 10 And the gospel must first be published 141. among all w nations. 11 c But when they shall lead you,

x and deliver you up, take no thought beforehand what ye shall speak, neither do ye premeditate : but whatsoever

shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye: for it is a Ats, 31.not ye that speak, a but the Holy Ghost. 12 Nowe the

brother shall betray the brother to death, and the father the son ; and children shall rise up against their parents,

and shall y cause them to be put to death. 13 And ye shall * Danex11.1.2. be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that

2 shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved. 14 But 8 Dan. ix. 27. when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, [a 8 spoken

of by Daniel the prophet,] standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judæa flee to the mountains : 15 and let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of his house : 16 and let him that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment. 17 h But woe to them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! 18 And pray ye that your flight be not in the winter. 19 i For [b in] those days shall be affliction, such as C was not from the beginning of the creation which God created unto this time, neither shall be. 20 And except that the Lord had shortened d those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect's sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days. ' 21 And

then if any man shall say to you, Lo, here is Christ'; or, w render, the nations.

A render, to deliver you up. y render, put them to death. z render, hath endured.

& omit. b omit : not in the original. · C render, hath not been. d render, the days.

e render, have been.

h Luke xxiii.

20.

i Dan. ix. 20 :

xii. 1. Joel ii. 2.

has the emphasis—let your care be ... description of the place than we find there.

11.] St. Mark has vv. 10, 11 pecu. 18.] St. Matthew adds, “ nor on the liar to himself. St. Luke (vv. 14, 15) has sabbath day.St. Mark wrote mostly for something very like them - St. Matthew Gentile readers, and thus perhaps was not nothing: but they occur Matt. x. 19, likely to report this. 19, 20.] the creawhere see note.

12.7 This is ex- tion which God created .... and the pressed by " then shall many be offended, elect's sake, whom he hath chosen, pecuand shall betray one another, and shall liarities of St. Mark's style in reporting our hate one another,Matthew, ver. 10.

Lord's discourses, for greater solemnity. 13.7 hath endured, viz, in the confession John xvii. 26, John v. 16, cited strangely implied by for my name's sake preceding. by Mr. Elliott to disprove this, are no

14.7 where it ought not-see note cases in point. In both those, the expres. on Matthew, ver. 15. This is a less definite sion is necessary to the sense: here, and

Dan. vii. 10.
Zeph. 1. 15.

14. Matt.

Acts i. 11.
1 Thess. iv.
16. 2 Thess.
i. 7, 10. Rev.
i. 7.

lo, [f he is] there; believe [8 him] not: 22 for [88 false Christs and] false prophets shall rise, and shall h shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect. 23 But k take ye heed : [hh behold,] I have foretold you all k 2 Pet. ii. 17. things. 24 1 But in those days, after that tribulation, the Dani: 10. sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light. 25 i And the stars ii of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken. 26 m And then m Dan, vii: 13, shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with cm. x11.69. great power and glory. 27 And then shall he send i his 1 Thess. iv. angels, and shall gather together j his elect from the four 1.7.10. Kev. winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven. 28 Now learn jj a parable of the fig tree; When her branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, kye know that summer is near : 29 so ye in like manner, when ye shall see these things come to pass, know that it is nigh, even at the doors. 30 Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not kk pass, till all these things be done. 31 Heaven and earth shall pass away : but my words shall not pass away. 32 But of that day n Isa. xl. 8. land [m that] hour knoweth n no man, no, not on the angels which are in heaven, o neither the Son, but the Father. f not in the original.

8 or, it: not expressed in the original. 88 omitted in some ancient MSS., and probably inserted from Matt. xxiv. 24. h read, work.

hh omit.

i render, Howbeit. ii render, shall be falling from heaven.

j read, the. jj render, the parable from the fig-tree: When now her branch becometh tender. read, it is known. kk render, pass away.

I read, or. momit : not in the original. Brender, for perspicuity, none. an read, an angel in heaven.

o render, nor even. usually in St. Mark, it is merely idiomatic. her, emphatic, when her branch ... con

24.] The opening word is more than veying an a fortiori in the application. the simple but ' and is best rendered If in so humble an example as the fig-tree by howbeit or nevertheless : as if it were, you discern the nearness of a season, “though I have forewarned you of all much rather should you in these sure and things, yet some of those shall be so terrible awful signs discern the approach of the as to astound even the best prepared among end. 30.] this generation-see on you." in those days, after that tribu. Matthew, ver. 34. 32.] This is one of lation-then those days come after that those things which the Father hath put tribulation : see note on Matthew, ver. 29. in his own power, Acts i. 7, and with

Our Evangelist omits the mourning which the Son, in his mediatorial office, of the tribes of the earth, and the seeing is not acquainted: see on Matthew. We the sign of the Son of Man. 27.) must not deal unfaithfully with a plain from the uttermost part of the earth, and solemn assertion of our Lord (and from the extremity of the visible plane of what can be more so than nor even the the earth, shall the collecting begin: and Son, in which by the nor even He is not shall proceed to the uttermost part of below but above the angels ?) by such heaven, to the point where the sky touches evasions as “He does not know it so as that plane on the other side. 28.] to reveal it to us,” or as Aug., “He did

VOL. I.

T

Luke xii. 40. Rom. xiii. 11.,

1 Thess. v. 6. p Matt. xxv. 14.

man

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• Mate XH:18. 33 • Take ye heed, watch [oo and pray] : for ye know not Rhes when the time is. 3+ [p p For the Son of man is) as a man

PP taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, [9 and] to every man his work, and commanded the porter to watch. 35 Watch ye therefore : for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, 99 at even, or at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning : 36 lest coming suddenly he find you sleeping. 37 And what I say unto you I say unto all, Watch. .

XIV. 1 After two days was r the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread : and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death. 2 rr But they said, Not 8 on the feast day, lest

there be an uproar of the people. a sce Luke vii. 3 a And s8 being in Bethany in the house of Simon the

leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an

alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and 00 omitted in several ancient authorities. P not expressed in the original. pp the original has only, going from home : see on Matt. xxv. 14. q omit.

99 read, whether at. r render, the passover, and the (feast of unleavened bread.

rr read, for. 8 render, during the feast. 88 render, when he was. not so know it as then to indicate it to are so frequent and irregular, as in my the disciples.” Of such a sense there is opinion wholly to preclude the idea that not a hint in the context: nay, it is alto. St. Mark had ever seen either. The gether alien from it. The account given minute analysis of any passage in the by the orthodox Lutherans, as represented three will, I think, convince an unpreby Meyer, that our Lord knew this by judiced examiner of this. On the possession, but not by use, is right enough, chronological difficulties which beset this if at the same time it is carefully remem- part of the Gospel history, see note bered, that it was this possession of which on Matt. xxvi. 17.

1. the passHe emptied Himself when He became man over, and (feast of] unleavened bread] for us, and which it belongs to the very classed together, because the time of eatessence of His mediatorial kingdom to hold ing the Passover was actually the comin subjection to the Father. 33–37.] mencement of the feast of unleavened Peculiar to Mark, and containing the con- bread. The announcement by our Lord densed matter of Matthew, vv. 43-47, and of his approaching death (Matt. xxvi. 2) perhaps an allusion to the parable of the is omitted by St. Mark and St. Luke. talents in Matt. xxv.

The porter is 3-9.7 THE ANOINTING AT BETHANY. the door-porter, whose office it would be Matt. xxvi. 6-13. John xii. 1-8. (On to look out for approaching travellers, – Luke vii. 36–50, see note there.) The answering especially to the ministers of whole narrative has remarkable points of the word, who are °(Ezek. xxxiii.) watch. similarity with that of St. John,- and has men to God's church.

been used as one of the indications that CHAP. XIV. 1, 2.7 CONSPIRACY OF THE St. Mark had knowledge of and used the JEWISH AUTHORITIES AGAINST Jesus. Gospel of St. John. My own view leads Matt. xxvi. 1-5. Luke xxii. 1, 2. The me to a different conclusion. I have account of the events preceding the pas already remarked (note on Matt. xxvi. 3), sion in our Gospel takes a middle rank that while St. Matthew seems to have prebetween those of St. Matthew and St. Luke. served trace of the parenthetic nature of It contains very few words which are not this narrative, such trace altogether fails to be found in one or other of them ; but in our account. It proceeds as if conat the same time the variations from both tinuous. 3. spikenard] The original,

she brake the box, and poured it on his head. 4 And there were some that had indignation within themselves, [t and said, Why was this waste of the ointment made?] 5 For tt it might have been sold for more than three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her. 6 And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me. 7 For bye have the poor with you always, b Leat. xv. 11. and whensoever ye will ye may do them good : but me ye have not always. 8 She hath done what she could : " she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying. 9 v Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever w this gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her.

10 And Judas Iscariot, ww one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them. 11 And when they heard [it], they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him.

t read, to what purpose this waste of the ointment had been made. tt read, this ointment.

a render, denarii. v render, she hath by anticipation anointed. w read, But verily,

W read, the. ww literally, the one, or that one, of the twelve. literally rendered, is as Bishop Jeremy also common to John, but as addressed to Taylor has it in his Life of Christ, $ 15, Judas. 7.] The agreement verbatim “nard pistick.” But it is quite uncertain here of Matthew and John, whereas our what this epithet “pistick” means. The narrative inserts the additional clause and discussion may be seen in my Greek Tes whensoever ye will ye may do them good, tament. Here I can only state that the is decisive against the idea that St. Mark two possible explanations are (1) genuine, compiled his account from the other two. unadulterated ; and (2) liquid, or drink In these words there appears to be a able. There clearly appears to have been reproach conveyed to Judas, and perhaps a certain sort of ointment which they an allusion to the office of giving to the drank: see citations as above. The word poor being his. 8.] We have here again is nowhere found in the classics, only here & striking addition peculiar to Mark. and in the parallel place in St. John, and She hath done what she could : a similar some later writers. brake the box praise to that given to the poor widow, ch. can hardly mean only having broken the xii. 44_“she cast in all that she had.We resin with which the cork was sealed. In have also the expression she hath by antich. v. 4, John xix. 36, Rev. ii. 27, the cipation anointed, shewing, as I have word is used of breaking, properly so observed on Matthew, that the act was called : and I see no objection to supposing one of prospective love, grounded on the that the box (i. e. of course the narrow deepest apprehension of the reality of our neck of it) was crushed in the hand, and Lord's announcement of His approaching the ointment thus poured over His head. death. 9.] See notes on Matthew The feet would then (John xii. 3) be ver. 13. anointed with what remained on the hands 10, 11.] COMPACT OF JUDAS WITH THE of Mary, or in the broken vase (see note CHIEF PRIESTS TO BETRAY HIM. Matt. on Luke vii. 38). 4, 5. some) See xxvi. 14–16. Luke xxii. 3–6. The only notes on Matthew. The three hundred matters requiring notice are,-the words denarii is common to our narrative and when they heard [it], i.e. the proposal,' that of St. John. 6.] Let her alone, and promised, implying, as does the

12 And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover ? 13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water : follow him. 14 And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is y the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? 15 And he will shew you a large upper room furnished and prepared : 2 there make ready for us. 16 And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them : and they made ready the passover. 17 And in the evening he cometh with the twelve. 18 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you a which eateth with me shall betray me. 19 And they began to be sorrowful, and to say unto

him one by one, Is it I? and another [b said], Is it I? xi.e, the householder. y read, my. Z read, and there. . a render, shall betray me, he that eateth with me.

b not in the original. word in Luke, that the money was not our own day explains the pitcher of water, paid now, either as full wages, or as which led the way to the room where the earnest-money,- but promised ; and paid last Supper was celebrated, to mean “the (most probably) when the Lord was baptismal grace” which we have “in brought before the Sanhedrim, which was earthen vessels," which “ leads on to other what Judas undertook to do.

graces, even to the communion of Christ's 12-16.7 PREPARATION FOR CELE Body and Blood.” 15.] In the midst BRATING THE PASSOVER. Matt. xxvi. 17 of a verbal accordance with Luke we have -19. Luke xxii. 7-13. Our account here inserted prepared, indicating that the contains little that is peculiar. 12.] guest-chamber was already prepared for when they killed the passover, like St. the celebration of tbe Passover, as would Luke's expression “when the passover must indeed be probable at this time in Jeru. be killed,'' denotes the ordinary day, when salem. The disciples had therefore only to they (i. e. the Jews) sacrificed the Pass. get ready the Passover itself. over ;--for that the Lord ate His Pass. 17—21.] JESUS, CELEBRATING THE over on that day, and at the usual time, is PASSOVER, ANNOUNCES His BETRAYAL the impression conveyed by the testimony BY ONE OF THE TWELVE. Matt. xxvi. 20 of the three Evangelists : see notes on - 25. Luke xxii. 14 (21-23). John xiii. Matthew ver. 17, and Luke ver. 7. We 21 ff. The account of St. Luke (ver. may notice that if this Gospel, as tra. 16) supplies the important saying of our ditionally reported, was drawn up under Lord respecting the fulfilment of the two the superintendence of Peter, we could parts of the Passover feast-see notes hardly have failed to have the names of the there. After our ver. 17, comes in the two disciples given ;-nor again would our washing of the disciples' feet by the Lord narrator have missed (and the omission is as related in John xiii. 1-20.

18.7 an important one) the fact that the Lord The words he that eateth with me are first gave the command, to go and prepare peculiar to Mark, and, as we have seen the Passover-which St. Luke only relates. before, bear a relation to St. John's ac.

It becomes a duty to warn students count, where our Lord had just before cited of the sacred word against fanciful inter he that eateth bread with me,&c. ver. 18. pretations. A respected Commentator of They do not point out any particular per

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