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20 And he [c answered and said unto them, It is one of the twelve, that dippeth with me in the dish. 21 cc The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him : but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed : good were it for that man if he had never been born. 22 € And as c 1 Cor. xi. 28. they did eat, a Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take[dd, eat] : this is my body. 23 And he took the.cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it. 24 And he said unto them, This is my blood of the [e new] testament, which is fshed for many. 25 Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God. 26 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives. 27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall be offended [8 because of me this night]: for it is written, . I will smite a Zack. xiii. 7. the shepherd, and the sheep shall be h scattered. 28 But e after that I am risen, I will go before you into Galilee, e ch. xvi. 7. 29 But Peter said unto him, i Although all shall be offended, yet will not I. 30 And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. 31 But he spake the more vehemently, If I ii should die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wise. Likewise also said they all. 32 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane : and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I

Comit. cc several ancient authorities read, Because the Son of man .. d read, he. dd omit, as in all the most ancient authorities, and read, Take [this]. . e omit : better render in consequence, covenant, instead of testament. for, being shed.

8 omit. h render, scattered abroad: the word is the same as in Matt. xxvi. 31. i read, even if.

ii render, must. son, but give pathos to the contrast which 26–31.7 DECLARATION THAT ALL follows. 20.] This description of the SHOULD FORSAKE HIM. CONFIDENCE traitor here again does not seem to de- OF PETER. Matt. xxvi. 30–35 (see Luke signate one especially, nor to describe an xxii. 31-34, and notes there). Our ac. action at that moment proceeding, but, as count is almost verbatim the same as that before, pathetically to describe the near in Matthew, where see notes. The few relation of the betrayer to the Betrayed. differences are there cominented on. Now however the relation pointed out is 30.] Notice the climax: this day, but not still closer than before-it is that of one only this-in this night, the part of it now dipping in the same dish-one of those present: nor only so, but before the cock nearest and most trusted.

crow twice, i. e. long before the night is 22—25.] INSTITUTION OF THE LORD's over. 31.) spake the more veheSUPPER. "Matt. xxvi. 26-29. Luke xxii. mently—the original implies, went on 19, 20. 1 Cor. xi. 23--25. See notes on repeating superabundantly. Matthew.

32—42.] OUR LORD'S AGONY AT m render, Rabbi, Rabbi. GETHSEMANE. Matt. xxvi. 36–46. Luke ing with Me. The Lord had no need of it xxii. 39–46 (see John xviii. 1). The any more, now that the hour had come : same remarks apply here also. 33.] not, as some, it is enough of sleep : this, Notice the graphic sore amazed, and see as Meyer observes, is refuted by the sleep note on ch. ix. 15, where the same word is on now. used in the original. St. Matthew has to 43-52.7 BETRAYAL AND APPREHEN. be sorrowful. 36.] Abba is the fa- SION OF JESUS. Matt. xxvi. 47–56. Luke miliar and endearing appellation for Father. xxii. 47–53. 44. lead him away safely] It is an Aramaic form, and after St. Mark's It does not quite appear whether safely manner inserted, as • Ephphatha,' ch. vii. is to be subjectively taken, with confi. 34,— Talitha cumi,' ch. v. 41. Father dence;' or objectively, in safety. Soine is not given as the interpretation of suppose that it has an ironical meaningAbba, but came to be attached to it in one q.d. He will know how to rescue himself phrase as a form of address : see the refer- ---take care that you keep Him safe.' This ences.

Gal. iv. 6. h Heb. v. 7. i John v. 30:

vi. 38.


Gal. v. 17.

1, 2.

shall pray. 33 And he taketh with him Peter and James

and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very S John xii. 27. heavy; 3+ and saith unto them, My soul is exceeding

sorrowful unto death : tarry ye here, and watch. 35 And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and

prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from B Rom: viii. 15. him. 36 And he said, 8 Abba, Father, h all things are Joan F:30: possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: i never

theless not what I will, but what thou wilt. 37 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou ? couldest not thou watch one hour ?

38 Watch ye and pray, lest ye jenter into temptation. k Rom. vil. 23. k The spirit truly is jj ready, but the flesh is weak. 39 And

again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words. 40 And k when he returned, he found them asleep again; for their eyes were heavy ; neither wist they what to answer him. 41 And he cometh the third time, and

saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: it is 1 John xiii. 1. enough, 'the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is bem John xviii. trayed into the hands of sinners. . 42 m Rise up, let us go;

lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand. 43 And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh kk Judas, 1 one of the twelve, and with him a [11 great] multitude, with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. 44 And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely. 45 And as soon as he was come, he

goeth straightway to him, and saith, m Master, master; and j read, come. jj render, willing : it is the same word as in Matt. xxvi. 41. k read, coming again: omitting again below. kk read, Judas Iscariot. 1 many ancient authorities read, being one.

39.] the same words, not of course depends upon the view taken of verbatim, but in substance : see in Matthew. the whole character and purpose of Judas,

41.] it is enough : viz. your watch on which see notes at Matt. xxvi. 14 and

ll omit.

Ps. xxii.6.

Isa, liii, 7. o Ps. lxxxviii.

8. ver. 27.

mm kissed him. 46 And they laid their hands on him, and took him. 47 And one of them that stood by drew na sword, and smote 0 a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear. 48 And Jesus answered and said unto them, P Are ye come out, as against 9 a thief, with swords and with staves to take me? 49 I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: I but n the scriptures must be n Ps. Frii. 6. fulfilled. 50 ° And they all forsook him, and fled. 51 And Bs brzdi. there followed s him a certain young man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and t the young men laid hold on him : 52 and he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked. 53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest : and u with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes. 54 And Peter followed him afar off, veven into the palace of the high priest : and he w sat with the servants, and x warmed himself at the fire. 55 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death ; and found none. 56 For many bare false witness against him, y but their witness agreed not together. 57 And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, 58 We heard him say, 'I will destroy this temple that is Pohon mm see note on Matt. xxvi. 49.

n render, his. O render, the (the same correction ought to have been made in Matt. xxvi. 51).

P Better, both here and in St. Matthew, Ye are come out, fc. without a note of interrogation.

9 render, a robber. I render, but that the scriptures may be fulfilled. s render, with him.

t read, they u render, there come together to him. render, even within into. W render, was sitting.

render, warming. 5 render, and. xxvii. 3. 45. Rabbi appears to have and had been aroused by the intelligence. been the usual form in which Judas ad. The disciples were not laid hold of:-this dressed our Lord: see Matt. xxvi. 25. But person perhaps was throwing some obstacle we must not conclude from this with in the way of the removal of Jesus : or he Bengel, that he never seems to have called may have been laid hold of merely in wan. Him Lord: see Matt. vii. 21, 22. 51.] tonness, from his unusual garb. It is impossible to determine, and therefore 53–65.] HEARING BEFORE CAIAPIAS. idle to enquire, who this was. Epiphanius, Matt. xxvi. 57–68. [Luke xxii. 54, 63 in recounting the traditional austerities of 65.] John xviii. 24. See throughout notes James the brother of the Lord, says, “that on Matthew. 53.] high priesthe never wore a second inner garment, but Caiaphas, de facto, and in the view of our strictly used one wrapper of linen only, as narrator :-50 Matthew and Luke: but it says in the Gospel, The young man fled Jesus was first taken before Annas, who and left the linen cloth with which he was was de jure the high priest: see John girt." Chrysostom and others supposed it xviii. 12--23. 56.] their witness to have been St. John: and there have agreed not together-literally, their testibeen other conjectures. It seems to have monies were not equal, i. e. consistent been some attached disciple of the Lord with one another. It was necessary that (probably well known to the readers of two witnesses should agree. Deut. xvii. 6. Mark), who had gone to his nightly rest,

57.] certain,-two : see Matthew. the sentence was pronounced. The some 59.7 Perhaps the inconsistency of these appear to be members of the Sanhedrim : testimonies may be traced in the different the servants follow. Prophesy) St. Matreports here and in Matthew. 80,- thew and St. Luke explain this :-Prophesy, ' in asserting this'--i. e. they varied in the who smote thee?' terms in which it was expressed. 60.] 66—72.] Our LORD IS THRICE DENIED On the most probable punctuation and BY PETER. Matt. xxvi. 69–75. Luke construction, see note on Matthew, ver. 62. xxii. 56–62. John xviii, 17, 18, 25—27.

q Isa. liii.7.

made with hands; and within three days I will build another made without hands. 59 But neither so did their witness agree together. 60 And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? 61 But 9 he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou

the Christ, the Son of the Blessed ? 62 And Jesus said, I - Matt. xxiv.30. am : 'and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right

hand of power, and coming ? in the clouds of heaven. 63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses ? 64 Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death. 65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.

66 And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest : 67 and when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, And thou also wast with Jesus of Nazareth. 68 But he denied, saying, a I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch ; and the cock crew. 69 And ba maid saw him [c again], and began to say to them that stood by, This is one of them. 70 And he denied it again. And a little after, they that stood by z render, with. & render, I neither know him, nor. b render, the.

Comit. 58.) We and I are emphatic. The by persons of note. 65.] began-when allusion is probably to Dan. ii. 34.

61.] the Blessed : in Hebrew, the See the comparative table, and notes, on ordinary Name for God. “This is the only Matthew. 66.] beneath, because the place in the N. T. where the well-known house was built round the court, and the Name constantly used by the Rabbis is rooms looked down into it. See note on thus absolutely given.” Meyer. 62.] Matt. xxvi. 69. 68.] Peter's reply is The “ henceforthof Matthew, and “from an union of two separate answers, which this timeof Luke are here omitted. form the 1st and 2nd in Matthew. 63.7 his clothes, literally, his tunics--not 69.] the maid — in Matthew another his priestly robe, which was worn only in maid,” in Luke “ another,” but masculine. the temple, and when officiating: see on Meyer does not appear to be justified in Matthew, ver. 65. The plural perhaps asserting that this is necessarily the same is due to the wearing of two inner garments maid as before: it might be only the maid k many ancient authorities read, coming up, i.e. thronging up round him. in waiting in the porch : see note on Mat- of accuracy. From ch. xiv. 53 we know thew. 70.] a little after is expressed that all were assembled. Lightfoot quotes? in Luke by about the space of one hour from Maimonides a precept which declares after.for ... also] for, in addition to that of the Sanhedrim of 71 members it is all that has been hitherto said ....

Ind Peter carack crow twier he wept.

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John xix. 9.

said again to Peter, Surely thou art one of them : 5 for 5 Acts ii. 7. thou d art a Galilæan[e, and thy "speech agreeth thereto]. 71 But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak. 72 And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind f the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.

XV. 1 And a straightway in the morning the chief - Pecif. 13; priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes, ff and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate. 2 And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering 8 said unto him, Thou sayest it. 3 And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answered nothing. 4 And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing ? behold how many things they 88 witness against thee. 5 6 But Jesus h yet answered nothing; so that Pilate b Isa. lili:7. marvelled. 6 Now hh at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired. 7 And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection [i with him], ii who had committed murder in the insurrection. 8 And the multitude k crying aloud d render, art also.

e omit.

f read, the word, how. ff render, as did the whole council. & read, saith. 88 read, charge. h render, made him no further answer : viz. after that in ver. 2. hh render, at the feast-time.

i omit. ii who is plural : better render for perspicuity, striking out the comma, and had committed.

not necessary for business that all be 72.] when he thought thereon-no en present: but when all were specially sumtirely satisfactory meaning has yet been moned, attendance was compulsory. given for the original word thus rendered. 6- 15.7 BARABBAS PREFERRED TO Referring to my Greek Testament for the Him. HE IS DELIVERED TO BE CRUCIdiscussion, I may sum it up by stating that FIED. Matt. xxii. 15—26. Luke xxiii. the sense in the text, though not elsewhere 17-25. John xviii. 39, 40. Our account found, seems to suit both the word and the is nearly cognate to, but distinct from that context better than any other that has of St. Matthew, where see notes. The been suggested.

principal points of distinction will be Chap. XV. 1-5.] JESUS IS LED AWAY noticed. 7.] The circumstance that TO PILATE, AND EXAMINED BY HIM. Barabbas was one of a set of murderers, Matt. xxvii, 1, 2,11-14. Luke xxiii. 1-5. shewn by the them that had made, and John xviii. 28–38. Our account is very the plural who (see margin), is peculiar to nearly related to that in Matthew : see notes our narrative, and shews that it is not ; there. 1.] the whole council is a touch compiled from Matthew and Luke.

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