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41 And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is
David's son? 42 and David himself saith in the book of m P82. CI. 1. Psalms, m The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my
right hand, 43 till I make thine enemies thy footstool. 44 David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son ?
45 Then in the audience of all the people he said unto n Matt. viii. r his disciples, 46 » Beware of the scribes, which desire to o ch. xi. 43. walk in long robes, and • love greetings in the markets,
and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief s rooms at feasts; 47 which devour widows' houses, and for a t shew make long prayers : the same shall receive greater damnation.
XXI. 1 And he looked up, and saw a the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury. 2 And he saw also a
certain poor widow casting in thither two mites. 3 And a 2 Cor. viii. 12. he said, Of a truth I say unto you, a that this poor widow
hath cast in more than they all : 4 for all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings [w of God] : but she of her penury hath cast in all the living that she had.
5 And as some spake of the temple, how it was adorned r read, them.
S render, places.. t render, pretence, as in Matt. xxvii. 14, Mark xii. 40, where the original word is the same as here. U render, rich men who were casting.
V see note. W omitted by some ancient authorities. 41 - 44.7 QUESTION RESPECTING gelist's narrative : but surely not, when CHRIST AND David. Matt. xxii. 41-46; they are in a discourse of our Lord. If Mark xii. 35—37, where see notes. St. His words were so loosely reported as this, Luke omits the question of the lawyer, where is any dependence on the accuracy which occurred immediately on the gather of the Evangelists ? ing together of the Pharisees after the last 45–47.] DENUNCIATION OF THE incident. This question of our Lord seems SCRIBES. Matt. xxiii. 6, 7. Mark xii. to have followed close on that, which (and 38—40, with which latter our text almost not that in vv. 27 ff. here) was their last verbally agrees: see notes there. to Him, Mark xii. 34. 41.] unto them, 45.] This particular, in the audience of all i. e. the Scribes. The same thing is sig. the people, is only in Luke. nified by “How say the Scribes ?” in CHAP. XXI. 144.] THE WIDOW'S Mark. In Matthew the question is addressed MITES. Mark xii. 41–44, where see notes. to the Pharisees. I mention these things
1. looked up] Our Lord as yet has as marks of the independence of the ac been surrounded with His disciples (see counts. The underlying fact is, the Lord ch. xx. 45), and speaking to them and the addressed the Pharisees and Scribes on a multitude. He now lifts up His eyes, and view which they (the Scribes, the Pharisees sees at a distance, &c. agreeing) entertained about the Messiah. 5–36.] PROPHECY OF HIS COMING, Hence the three accounts diverge.
AND OF THE TIMES OF THE END. 42.] On in the book of Psalms, Wordsw. Matt. xxiv. 1-51 (xxv. 1-46). Mark says, “added here as conveying information xiii. 1–37. See notes on both, but espenecessary to Gentile readers." This might cially on Matthew. Meyer says truly, be well, did the words occur in the Evan- that there is no trace in Luke of the dis
cEph. v. 6.
2 Thess. ii. S.
with goodly stones and > gifts, he said, 6 [y As for] these things which ye behold, the days will come, in the which b there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall b ch. xix. 4. not be thrown down. 7 And they asked him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be? and what 2 sign will there be when these things a shall come to pass ? 8 And he said, "Take heed that ye be not deceived: for e Ephi wali many shall come in my name, saying, I am [b Christ]; and, The time draweth near: go ye not [e therefore] after them. 9 But when ye shall hear of wars and commotions, be not terrified : for these things must first come to pass; but the end is not d by and by. 10 Then said he unto them, Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: 11 and great earthquakes shall be in divers places, and famines, and pestilences; and fearful sights and great signs shall there be from heaven. 12 d But before all e these, they shall lay their hands on you, d Rev. ii. 10. and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues, X render, offerings.
y not expressed in the original. z render, will be the sign.
a render, are about to.
course being delivered on the Mount of draweth near, i. e. the time of the KingOlives—but he adds, that it belongs to dom. They are the words, not of our Lord, the discourses in the temple, which begin but of the many just mentioned : see on ch. xx. 1, and that therefore St. Luke Matthew, verses 4, 5. 10.] Then said alone mentions the offerings. He seems to be unto them perhaps implies a break in have overlooked the break at ver. 7, cor. the discourse, which the other reports do responding to the change of scene. All not notice. 12.] Why the words bethree speak of the opening incident as fore all these things should have made any happening while He was departing from difficulty, I am at a loss to imagine. The the temple; and St. Matthew and St. Mark, prophecies of vv. 7, 8 in Matthew,—ver. 8 of the enquiry being made afterwards, on in Mark, --and vv. 10, 11 here, are a parenthe Mount of Olives,-i.e. in the evening, thetical warning of what shall happen when he had retired thither (ver. 37). before the end. And then having stated, 5.] The offerings were many and precious that these things shall be the very begin. Tacitus calls it “a temple of immense ning of the actual pangs themselves (see opulence:" and Josephus gives an account note on Matthew), the prophetic chronoof the gilding, and golden vines (presented logy is resumed from “the end is not yet," by Herod the Great) with bunches of in all three accounts; here, by distinct grapes as large as a man, &c. in the statement, But before all these things; in temple. 7.] That St. Luke's account Mark by implication, “But take ye heed to alone gives us no trace of a different scene yourselves,” by which “but” the follow. or a different auditory, is a proof of its inde. ing words are thrown back to the “ Take pendence of the others : for how could any heed” before:-in Matthew, by the gatherrational writer have omitted so interesting ing up of the parenthetical announcements a matter of accurate detail, if he had been as “all these things,” and thus casting aware of it? but when] Their question them off, as the beginning of pangs” begins with “but,” on account of what our belonging to the "end," before the disLord had said, ver. 6. 8.] The time course proceeds with the “then” taken
e Acts iv. 3: v.
18: xii. 4: xvi. 24.
g1 Pet. ii. 13.
2 Thess. 1, 5.
xii. 2. n Matt. 1. 29
e Acts iy. 8: v. and into prisons, 'being brought before kings and rulers Sachs 24v. 23. & for my name's sake. 13 And hit shall turn to you for a
Phil 1.25.testimony. 14 i Settle it therefore in your hearts, not to Materialmeditate before what ye shall answer : 15 for I will give k Acte vi. 10. you a mouth and wisdom, k which all your adversaries 1 Micah vii.6. shall not be able to gainsay nor resist. 16 i And ye shall be
f betrayed 8 both by parents, and brethren, and kinsfolks, m Acts vii. 50: and friends; and m some of you shall they h cause to be
23. put to death. 17 And "ye shall be hated of all men for my o Matt. I. 30. name's sake. 18 o i But there shall not an hair of your
head perish. 19 In your patience k possess ye your souls. 20 And when ye shall see Jerusalem Icompassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. 21 Then let them which are in Judæa flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart
out; and let not them that are in the mcountries enter p Dan, ix, 20,, thereinto. 22 For these be the days of vengeance, that Pall
things which are written may be fulfilled. 23 (n But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days: for there shall be great distress nn in the · land, and wrath o upon this people, 24 and they shall fall
27. Zech. ii.
I better, as the same word in ver. 12, delivered up. 8 render, even.
h render, put to death. See on Mark xiii. 12. i render, And.
k read and render, ye shall acquire. 1 render, being compassed.
m render, fields. omit.
nn render, on the earth. o render, for.
up from ver. 6. The whole difficulty has passed graphically sets forth the scene arisen from not rightly apprehending the now before them, as it should then apforce of the word pangs as the death pear. On the variation of expression from throes of the end. 13.] for a testimony, Matthew and Mark, see note on Matthew, viz. of your faithfulness, and (Mark) against ver. 15. 21.] of it belongs to the “of them. 15.) Luke only. Gainsay cor- it” (thereof) of ver. 20, and signifies not "of responds to mouth, resist to wisdom. Judæa,” but “of Jerusalem." the fields 16.] even by ... 'not only by strangers,' - not “the countries,” or “the provinces.” Bengel. some of you—i. e. of the It is in the original the same word as our Apostles. One of the four who heard this Lord uses in John iv. 35, where He comdiscourse was put to death, Acts xii. 2. mands His disciples to lift up their eyes on 18.] Not literally, but really true; not cor- the fields. 22.] vengeance; from this poreally, but in that real and only life which being the same word in the Greek, it is a the disciple of Christ possesses. 19.] In hint perhaps at ch. xviii. 8. The latter part your patience (i.e. by your endurance of all of the verse alludes probably to the prothese things) ye-shali acquire (not, possess, phecy of Daniel, which St. Luke has omitted, which is an ungrammatical rendering) but referred to in “the desolation thereof," your souls: this endurance being God's ver. 20. 23.] on the earth, generalappointed way, in and by which your for this people, particular. The distress salvation is to be put in your possession on all the earth is not so distinctly the
acquire, as find," Matt. xvi. 25 — result of the divine anger, as that which “save," ch. ix. 24. 20.] being com- shall befall this nation. 24.] A most
q Dan. ix. 27:
xii. 7. Rom. xi. 25,
heaven shall be coming on the or hooking after
by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all P nations : and Jerusalem q shall be trodden down r of the 8 Gentiles, 9 until the times of the 8 Gentiles be a Daniel fulfilled. 25 ? And there shall be signs in the sun, and in repet. ii. 10, the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, t with perplexity ; the sea and the waves roaring ; 26 men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken. 27 And then shall they see the Son of man s coming in a cloud with power and s Rev.1.7: xir. great glory. 28 And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your t Rom. viii. 10, redemption draweth nigh. 29 And he spake to them a parable ; Behold the fig tree, and all the trees; 30 when they now shoot forth, ye see and know of your own selves that summer is now nigh at hand. 31 So likewise ye, when ye see these things come to pass, know ye that the kingdom of God is nigh at hand. 32 Verily I say unto you, this generation shall not pass away, till all be fu)filled. 33 Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away. 34 And · take heed to your- u Rom. xlii. 18. selves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with i Pet. iv.7. surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you runawares. 35 For as a snare v ! Thess. V.2. shall it come on all them that w dwell on the face of the Rei, bl. 8:
P render, the nations. 9 render, shall remain trodden down. I i.e. by.
8 literally, nations. t render, in despair at the roaring of the sea and the waves. a render, coming
V many ancient authorities read, unawares as a snare. For it shall come on all them ...
w literally, sit. important addition, serving to fix the tion ;-the great rejection of the Lord meaning of the other two Evangelists,- by the Gentile world, answering to its see notes there,- and carrying on the type, His rejection by the Jews, being prophetic announcements past our own finished, the time shall come, of which times, even close to the days of the end. the destruction of Jerusalem was a type.
they, viz. this people. shall Times has the same meaning as time: remain trodden down-see Rev. xi. 2.- no essential difference is to be insisted on. The present state of Jerusalem. The con. It is plural, because the Gentiles (nations) struction of the verb in the original is are plural: each Gentile people having in unusual, and is made use of to signify a turn its time, 25, 26.] The greater state of duration,-a condition which shall part of these signs are peculiar to Luke. continue. The times of the Gentiles
28.] your redemption, i.e. the comare the end of the Gentile dispensation,- pletion of it by My appearing. just as the time of Jerusalem was the 34-36.] Peculiar to Luke. 34.] your. end, fulfilment, of the Jewish dispensa, selves and your are emphatic, recalling
1 Thess. v.6.
9 Pet. iii. 10. Rev. iii. 3: xi. 15.
a Ps. 11. 2.
John xi. 47. Acts iv. 27.
w ch. xviii. 1. whole earth. 36 Watch ye s therefore, and pray always,
that ye may xx be accounted worthy to escape all these Ps. 135. Eph. things that y shall come to pass, and x z to stand before the
Son of man.
37 And a in the day time he was teaching in the temple ; y ch. xxii. so. and ya at night he went out, and abode in the mount that
is called the mount of Olives. 38 And all the people came early in the b morning to him in the temple, for to hear him.
XXII. 1 Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover. 2 And a the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him ; for they feared the people. 3° Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve. 4 And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and
captains, how he might d betray him unto them. 5 And b Zech. xi. 12. they were glad, and bcovenanted to give him money.
6 And he promised, and sought opportunity to d betray him X read, But watch ye. 18 many ancient authorities, for “be accounted worthy,” read, be able. y render, are about to.
z literally, to be set. & literally, during the days . . . during the nights. b better, mornings: see above. C better, And Satan entered. “Then” is not temporal.
d render, deliver him up. the thoughts to themselves, after the re. JESUS. Matt. xxvi. 1–5. Mark xiv. counting of these outward signs.
1, 2. The account of St. Matthew is the 35.] There is meaning in sit; on them fullest ;-see notes there. The words here who are sitting securely. 36.] to be give us a mere compendium of what took get, i. e., by the angels--see Matthew, ver place. 31-before the glorified Son of Man.
3–6.) COMPACT OF JUDAS WITH 37, 38.] Peculiar to Luke. These verses THEM TO BETRAY HIM. Matt. xxvi. close the scene of our Lord's discourses in 14–16. Mark xiv. 10, 11. Our account Jerusalem which began ch. xx. 1. It does is strikingly peculiar and independent of not appear, that St. Luke believed our the others. The expression Satan entered Lord to have taught after this in the into Judas is found in John xiii. 27,-and temple. Nothing is said to imply it, certainly in its proper place. Satan had a general closing formula like this applies not yet entered into Judas,-only (John to what has been related. 38.) xii. 2) put it into his heart to betray our St. Luke relates nothing of any visits to Lord. 4.] and captains is peculiar Bethany. He has the name, incidentally to Luke: the others have merely the chief only, in ch. xix. 29 and ch. xxiv. 50, where priests. On the office, see Acts iv. 1. see note.
On the whole question The Levitical guard of the temple would regarding the history of the woman taken be consulted, because, it had been of late in adultery, which some of our MSS. in- especially in the temple that our Lord had sert here, compare notes, John viii. 1 ff. become obnoxious to them (see ver. 53 and This certainly would seem a more appro- ch. xxi. 37, 38). The words covenanted priate place for it, than that which it now and promised here seem clearly to imply holds.
that the money was not now paid, but CHAP. XXII. 1, 2.] CONSPIRACY OF afterwards, when the treachery was acTHE JEWISH AUTHORITIES TO KILL complished ;- see note on Matt. xxvi. 15.