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2 Tim. iii. 8.

man; who called for Barnabas and Saul, and desired to 1 Exod. vii. 11. hear the word of God. 8 But Elymas the sorcerer (for so 1 Exod. vii. 11.

is his name by interpretation) withstood them, seeking to

turn away the deputy from the faith. 9 Then Saul, (who mch. iy. 8. also is called Paul, m filled with the Holy Ghost, set his

eyes on him, 10 and said, O full of all subtilty and all n Matt, xiii. 38 Jobhyii M. mischief, " thou b child of the devil, thou enemy of all

bread, son. retained five or even more years. The was called Paul. It signifies that Paulus imperial provinces, on the other hand, was a second name borne by Sanl, in were governed by a military officer, a Pro- conformity with a Jewish practice as prætor or Legatus of the Emperor, who old as the captivity (or even as Joseph, was girded with the sword, and not re- see Gen. xli. 45), of adopting a Gentile vocable unless by the pleasure of the Em- name. Mr. Howson traces it through the peror. The minor districts of the imperial Persian period (see Dan. i. 7; Esth. ii. 7), provinces were governed by Procurators. the Greek (1 Macc. xii. 16; xvi. 11; 2 Mace. Nothing more is known of this Sergius iv. 29), and the Roman (ch. i. 23; xüi. 1; Paulus. Another person of the same name xviii. 8, &c.), and the middle ages, down to is mentioned by Galen, more than a century modern tiines. Jerome has conjectured after this, as a great proficient in philo. that the name was adopted by Saul in mesophy. He was of consular rank, and is mory of this event; the subjugation of probably the Sergius Paulus who was con Sergius Paulus to Christ, as the first sul with L. Venuleius Apronianus, A.D. fruits of his preaching-in the same way 168, in the reign of Marcus Aurelius. as Scipio after the conquest of Africa was 8. Elymas] See above on ver. 6. 9. called Africanus, and Metellus was called who also is called Paul] This notice Creticus after the conquest of Crete. It is marks the transition from the former part strange that any one could be found of his history, where he is uniformly called capable of so utterly mistaking the cha. Saul, to the latter and larger portion, where racter of St. Paul, or of producing so un. he is without exception known as Paul. fortunate an analogy to justify the mistake. I do not regard it as indicative of any It is yet stranger that Augustine should, change of name at the time of this in- in his Confessions, adopt the same view: cident, or from that time: the evidence “He who was the least of Thine Apostles, which I deduce from it is of a different ... loved to be called Paul, instead of kind, and not without interest to en. Saul, as before, to commemorate so great quirers into the character and author, a victory.” So also Olshausen. A more ship of our history. Hitherto, our Evan- probable way of accounting for the addi. gelist has been describing events, the truth tional name is pointed out by observing of which he had ascertained by research that such new names were often alliterative and from the narratives of others. But of or allusive to the original Jewish name: henceforward there is reason to think that he who was Jesus as a Jew, was called the joint memoirs of himself and the Jason or Justus, Col. iv. ll: see other great Apostle furnish the material of the examples in my Greek Test. set his book. In those memoirs the Apostle is eyes on him] It seems probable that Paul universally known by the name Paul, never entirely recovered his sight as before, which superseded the other. If this was after the glory of that light(see ch. the first incident at which Luke was pre- xxii. 11). We have several apparent alla. sent, or the first memoir derived from sions to weakness in his sight, or to somePaul himself, or, which is plain, however thing which rendered his bodily presence doubtful may be the other alternatives, contemptible. In ch. xxüi. I, the saine the commencement of that part of the expression, "fixing his eyes on," "ear. history which is to narrate the teaching nestly beholding," A. V., " the council and travels of the Apostle Paul,- it would occurs, and may have some bearing (see be natural that a note should be made, note there) on his not recognizing the identifying the two names as belonging high priest. See also Gal. iv. 13, 15; vi. 11, to the same person.— The also must not and 2 Cor. xii. 7, 9, and notes. The tra. be understood as having any reference ditional notices of his personal appearance to Sergius Paulus, or as meaning that represent him as having contracted and the Apostle also (as well as Sergius) overhanging eyebrows. - Whatever the

righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord ? 11 And now, behold, the hand of Esed. 112. the Lord is upon thee, and thou shalt be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. And immediately there fell on him a mist and a darkness; and he went about seeking some to lead him by the hand. 12 Then the deputy, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord. 13 Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia : and P John departing from them returned to Jerusalem. p ch. IV. 33. 14 But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and I went into the synagogue on the xvii. 2 : Iviii.

q ch. xvi. 13:

word may imply, it appears like the graphic the sides of two hills, with an extensive description of an eye-witness, who was not valley in front, watered by the river Ces. Paul himself. 10. son of the devil] trus, and backed by the mountains of the Meyer supposes an indignant allusion to Taurus.” (Conybeare and Howson, vol. i. the name Bar-jesus (son of Jesus, or p. 195, from Sir C. Fellows's Asia Minor.) Joshua). This is possible, though hardly The remains are almost entirely Greek, probable. wilt thou not cease to with few traces of later inhabitants. The pervert the right ways of the Lord ?] inhabitants of Pamphylia were nearly allied This evidently applies, not to Elymas's in character to those of Cilicia : and it may conduct on this occasion merely, but to have been Paul's design, having already his whole life of imposture and perversion preached in his own province, to extend of others. The especial sin was, that of the Gospel of Christ to this neighbouring laying bold of the nascent enquiry after people. John probably took the op. God in the minds of men, and wresting it portunity of some ship sailing from Perga. to a wrong direction. The Lord here His reason for returning does not appear, and in ver. 11, is Jehovah. 11. for a but may be presumed, from ch. xv. 38, to season] The punishment was only tem- have been, unsteadiness of character, and porary, being accompanied with a gracious unwillingness to face the dangers aboundpurpose to the man himself, to awaken ing in this rough district (see below). He repentance in him. a mist and a afterwards, having been the subject of disdarkness] In the same precise and gradual sension between Paul and Barnabas, ch. manner is the healing of the lame man, xv. 37—40, accompanied the latter again to ch. iii. 8, described : he stood (first), and Cyprus; and we find him at a much later walked. So here, first a dimness came on period spoken of by Paul, together with him,-then total darkness. And we may Aristarchus, and Jesus called Justus, as conceive this to have been shewn by his having been a comfort to him (Col. iv. 10, gestures and manner under the infliction. 11): and again in 2 Tim. iv. 11, as pro

12. at the doctrine of the Lord] fitable to him for the ministry. 14.] Hesitating as he had been before between It is not improbable that during this jour. the teaching of the sorcerer and that of ney Paul may have encountered some of the Apostle, he is amazed at the divine the perils by robbers' of which he speaks, power accompanying the latter, and gives 2 Cor. xi. 26. The tribes inhabiting the himself up to it. It is not said that he was mountains which separate the table-land of baptized : but the supposition is not thereby Asia Minor from the coast, were notorious excluded: see ver. 48; ch. xvii. 12, 34; for their lawless and marauding habits. xviii. 8, first part. 13. Paul and his Strabo says of Isauria, that its inhabitants company] Is there not a trace of the par. were all robbers, and of the Pisidians, that, rator being among them, in this expres, like the Cilicians, they have great practice sion ?- Henceforward Paul is the principal in plundering. He gives a similar character person, and Barnabas is thrown into the of the Pamphylians. ANTIOCI IN background. Perga in Pamphylia PISIDIA was founded originally by the Perga lies on the Cestrus, which flows into Magnetes on the Meander, and subsequently the bay of Attaleia. It is sixty stadia (74 by Seleucus Nicator; and became, under miles) from the mouth, “ between and upon Augustus, a Roman colony. Its position is

Luke iv. 16. ver. 27.

Lake iv. 16. sabbath day, and sat down. 15 And after the reading of

the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent

unto them, saying, [° Ye men and] brethren, if ye have 6 Heb. xiii. 22. 8 any word of exhortation for the people, say on. 16 Then t cho xilolm Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of x Deutbil. 6. Israel, and 4 ye that fear God, give audience. 17 The God

Ps. cv:23, 24. of this people of Israel * chose our fathers, and exalted the 2 min : people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Numb1v. . Egpyt, 2 and with an high arm brought he them out of it.

18 And a about the time of forty years d suffered he their

u ver. 26, 42,

43. ch. x. 35. x Deut. vii. 6,7 y Exod i.l.

P's. cv. 23, 24. ch vii. 17. z Exod. vi. 8:

xiii. 14, 16. a Exod. xvi. 35.

33, 34. Ps.

Comit: see on ch. i. 16.
d render, bore he them as a nurse beareth a child : see note.

described by Strabo as being on a hill, and Lydian, St. Paul must have spoken to them was unknown or wrongly placed till Mr. by virtue of his miraculous gift of tongues. Arundell found its ruins at a place now To the question put by Dr. W., “ In what called Yalobatch, answering to Strabo's language did St. Paul preach in Pisidia ?" description : where since an inscription has we may reply, seeing that he preached in been found with the letters ANTIOCHEAE the synagogue, after the reading of the CAESARE. 15.] The divisions of the law and prophets, “In the same language Jaw and prophets at present in use among as that in which the law and prophets had the Jews were probably not yet arranged. just been read." ge that fear God Before the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, The persons thus addressed here, and in the Law only was read in the synagogues: ver. 26, formed a distinct class, viz. the but, this having been forbidden by him, (uncircumcised) proselytes of the gate; the Prophets were substituted :-and, when not excluding even such pious Gentiles, the Maccabees restored the reading of the not proselytes in any sense, who might be Law, that of the Prophets continued as present. The speech, from the beginning well,

sent unto them] Then they and throughout, is universal in its appliwere not sitting in the foremost seats, cation, embracing Jews and Gentiles, Matt. xxiii. 6, but somewhere among the 17. of this people of Israel] Grotius thinks congregation. The message was probably that as the Apostle said these words, he sent to them as having previously to this pointed with his band to the Jews. Or taught in the city, and thus being known rather, perhaps by the word this he indito have come for that purpose. See, as cated, without gesture, the people in those illustrating our narrative, Luke iv. 17 ff. synagogue they were assembled. Our and notes. 16. beckoning with his fathers] It is evident that the doctrine so hand] As was his practice; so he stretched much insisted on afterwards by St. Paul, forth the hand, ch. xxvi. 1. See also that all believers in Christ were the true ch. xxi. 40. The contents of this speech children of Abraham, was fully matured (vv. 16—41) may be thus arranged: already: by the words this people he alludes 1. Recapitulation of God's ancient deliver to the time when God was the God of the ances of His people and mercies towards Jews only: by this us he unites all present them, ending with His crowning mercy, in the now extended inheritance of the the sending of the Deliverer and promised promises made to the fathers. exalted Son of David (vv. 16 –25). II. The his. the people] Evidently an allusion to Isa. tory of the rejection of Jesus by the Jews, i. 2, where the word is also used in the and of God's fulfilment of His promise by sense of bringing up,' nourishing to manraising Him from the dead (vv. 26-37). hood. This was done by increasing them III. The personal application of this to in Egypt so that they became a great all present,- the announcement to them nation : see Gen. xlviii. 19. There is no of justification by faith in Jesus, and reference to any exaltation of the people solemn warning against the rejection of during their stay in Egypt: whether by Him. It is in the last degree unsafe to their deliverance, or by the miracles of argue, as Dr. Wordsworth has done, that Moses, or by Joseph's preferment to honour. because Strabo asserts the language of the 18. he bore them as a nurse beareth Pisidians to have been neither Greek nor a child] The adoption of this rendering,

e 1 Sam. iii. 20.

X.1.

26, 28: xvi. 1.

h 1 Sam. xvi.

13. 2 Sam.

Ps. lxxxix, 20.

manners in the wilderness. 9 And [e when he [e had b Deut. vii. 1. destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, if he o Josh. xiv. 1;

2. Ps.lxxviii. divided their land to them by lot. 20 And after d that he a Fudg. ii. 18. gave unto them judges, about the space of four hundred and fifty years, e until Samuel the prophet. 21 ? And after- iis ward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of 8 Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years. 22 And [8 e when] he [e had] removed ® 20, 28: XV.1.

Hos. xiii, 11. him, hf he raised up unto them David to be their king; to 1 1 Sansari.

ii. 4: v. 3. whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found is. LXX 20. e omit... f render, and.

8 render, Kis. instead of that of the A. V., depends on the present Hebrew text of 1 Kings vi. 1. change of one letter in the Greek. The

Samuel] mentioned as the terminus word is “etrop(or, ph)ophoresen :” the of the period of the Judges, also as having former being the reading rendered in the been so nearly concerned in the setting A. V. But the other is the more probable, up over them of Saul and David. 21. both from the MSS. here, and from the Saul.... a man of the tribe of Benjamin Heb. of Deut. i. 31, and the expansion of It may be not altogether irrelevant to the same image in Nam. xi. 12. 19. notice that a Saub, a man of the tribe of seven nations See Deut. vii. 1; Josh. iii. Benjamin, was speaking; and to trace in 10; xxiv. 11.- From the occurrence of this minute specification something chamanifest references, in these opening verses racteristic and natural. by the space of the speech, to Deut. i. and Isa. i., com of forty years. So also Josephus. In the bined with the fact that these two chapters Old Testament the length of Saul's reign form the present lessons in the synagogues is not specified; 1 Sam. vii. 2 gives 110 on one and the same sabbath, Bengel and reason, as Bengel thinks, why Saul's reign Stier conclude that they had been then should have been less than twenty years, read. It may have been so: but see on as the twenty years there mentioned do ver. 15. 20.] Taking the words as not extend to the bringing up of the they stand, no other sense can be given to ark by David, but only to the circumthem, than that the time of the judges stances mentioned in the following verses. lasted 450 years. And we have exactly Biscoe has well shewn, that as Saul was a the same chronological arrangement in young man when anointed king, and IshJosephus; who reckons 592 years from the bosheth his youngest son (1 Chron. viii. 33) Exodus to the building of Solomon's tem. was forty years old at his death (2 Sam. ple,-arranging the period thus : (1) forty ii. 10), his reign cannot have been much years in the wilderness : (2) twenty-five short of that period. It is clearly against years under Joshua : (3) Judges (below): the construction to suppose Samuel's time (4) forty years under Saul, see on ver. 21: as well as Saul's included in the forty (5) forty years under David, 1 Kings ii. 11 : years, following as they do upon the verb (6) four years of Solomon's own reign. “gave them." Yet this has been done by This gives 592 minus 149, i. e. 443 years the majority of Commentators. 22. (about 450) for the judges, including he removed him] i.e. deposed him; in this Samuel. That this chronology ditfers case, by his death, for David was not made widely from 1 Kings vi. 1, is most evident, king till then. Or perhaps the word may - where we read that Solomon began his refer to the sentence pronounced against temple in the four hundred and eightieth Saul, 1 Sam. xiii. 14, or xv. 23, 28, and (LXX, four hundred and fortieth) year the following verb, raised up, to the whole after the Exodus. All attempts to reconcile process of the exaltation of David to be the two are arbitrary and forced. See king. But I prefer the former. to some such recounted in my Greek Test. whom he gave testimony, and said] The It seems then that St. Paul followed a two passages, Ps. Ixxxix. 20, and 1 Sam. xii. chronology current among the Jews, and 14, are interwoven together: both were agreeing with the book of Judges itself spoken of David, and both by prophetic (the spaces of time in which, added toge- inspiration. They are cited from memory, ther, come exactly to 450), and that adopted neither the words the son of Jesse,nor by Josephus, but not with that of our which shall fulfil all my will,being VOL. I.

3 C

46. 1 Isa. xi. 1.

Lukei. 32, ch. ii. 30.

Rom. i. 3. m 2 Sam. vii.

12. Ps. Cxxxii. 11.

Rom. xi, 20. o Matt, iii. l.

Luke iii. 3. p Matt. iii. 11

Luke iii. 16.

John i. 20,2 q Matt. x. 6.

Luke xxiv. 47. ver. 46

ch, iii. 20. r Luke xxiii.

84. ch. iii.

8. s ver. 14, 15.

k 1 Sam.xiii: David the son of Jesse, ka man after mine own heart,

which shall fulfil all my will. 23 1 Of this man's seed hath Ghori sGod according m to [h his] promise i raised unto Israel na "2. P.W. Saviour, Jesus : 24 ° when John had first preached k before n Matt. 1:2 his coming the baptism of repentance to all the people of

3: Israel. 25 And as John fulfilled his course, he said, Mark iin p Whom think ye that I am ? I am not he. But, behold,

:27. there cometh one after me, whose shoes of his feet I am 47. ver. x6. not worthy to loose. 26 [1 Men and] brethren, children of reuken is the stock of Abraham, and m whosoever among you feareth

Cor. ii. God, 9 to you is the word of this salvation sent. 27 For Ch. xv. 21. they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, ' because

h. they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets u Matt, uvii. s which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled

1311 uke them in condemning him. 28 u And n though they found ishin six. 0, no cause of death in him, * o yet desired they Pilate that he y Luke xviii.. should be slain. 29 y And when they had fulfilled all that

30,130,28, was written of him, 2 they took him down from the tree,
59. Mark xv. and laid him in a sepulchre. 30 a But God raised him from
John tij. ss. the dead : 31 and 5 he was seen many days of them which
6. ch. ii. 24: iii. 13, 15, 20 : v.80. b Matt. xxviii. 10. ch. i. 8. 1 Cor. IV.5, 6, 7.

i render, brought.
k literally, before the presence of his coming.
1 omit : see on ch. i. 16.
m render, those among you who fear God: see note.
n render, when.

O render, they desired.

t Luke xxiv.

20, 4. ch. Xxvi. 22: xxviii. 23.

22. Mark xv. 13, 14. Luke xxiii. 21, 92. John xix. 0,

15. x ch. iii. 13, 14.

81: xxiv. 46. John xix. 28, 30, 36, 37. z Matt. xxvii.

46. Luke

a Matt. xxviii.

h omit.

found in them. These latter words are spoken of Cyrus, see Isa. xliv. 28. That such citations are left in their present shape in our text, forms a strong presumption that we have the speeches of St. Paul word for word as delivered by him, and no sub. sequent general statement of what he said, in which case the citation would have been corrected by the sacred text. 23.) hath God according to promise brought...j viz, the promise in Zech. iii. 8, where the very word bring forthis used; not however excluding the many other promises to the same effect. 24, before the presence of his coming] referring to “ broughtabove, when bis coming forward publicly was about to take place. 25.] The expression “to fulfil (or finish) a course” is peculiar to St. Paul : see ch. xx. 24; 2 Tim. iv. 7. On this course see Luke iii. 15 ff. 26.] The same two classes, (see on ver. 16,) Jews, and God. fearing Gentiles, are here again addressed: and this should be more distinctly marked

in the version, than is done in the A.V.
this salvation] viz, the salvation implied
in Jesus being a Saviour-salvation by
Him. 27.] On the peculiar construc-
tion of this verse, almost unintelligible
in any English representation, consult my
Greek Test. 28. when they found
Not, though,' but rather because they
found no cause: when they found no cause
of death in him, they besought, &c. : see
Luke xxiii. 22, 23. 29.] De Wette
rightly remarks, that St. Paul, in this
compendious narrative, makes no distinc-
tion between friend and foe in what was
done to our Lord, but regards both as
fulfilling God's purpose regarding Him. I
may add that there is also a contrast
between what men did to Him, and God's
raising Him, ver. 30.-Joseph and Nico-
demus, be it observed, were both rulers.-
Paul touches but lightly on the cross of
Christ, and hastens on to the great point,
the Resurrection, as the fulfilment of pro-
phecy and seal of the Messiahship of Jesus.

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