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Ephraim two young men of the sons of the prophets : give A.C. 800.
23 And Naaman said, Be content, take two talents. And
25 But he went in, and stood before his master. And
26 And he said unto him, Went not mine heart with thee, ther.
27 The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto
+ Heb, not hither or thi.
2 KINGS VI. VER. 1-24.
2 Let us go, we pray thee, unto Jordan, and take thence
3 And one said, Be content, I pray thee, and go with thy servants. And he answered, I will go.
4 So he went with them. And when they came to Jordan, they cut down wood.
5 But as one was felling a beam, the fax head fell into 4 Heb. iron. the water : and he cried, and said, Alas, master! for it was
6 And the man of God said, Where fell it? And he shewed
7 Therefore said he, Take it up to thee. And he put out
8 9 Then the king of Syria warred against Israel, and
7730, but that
place shall be my camp.
A.C. 889. ing, Beware that thou pass not such a place; for thither the
Syrians are come down.
10 And the king of Israel sent to the place which the man of God told him and warned him of, and saved himself there, not once nor twice.
11 Therefore the heart of the king of Syria was sore troubled for this thing; and he called his servants, and said unto them, Will ye not shew me which of us is for the king of Israel?
12 And one of his servants said, * None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel, telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber.
13 | And he said, Go and spy where he is, that I may send and fetch him. And it was told him, saying, Behold, he is in Dothan.
14 Therefore sent he thither horses, and chariots, and a + Heb. heavy. † great host: and they came by night, and compassed the
early, and gone forth, behold, an host compassed the city
16 And he answered, Fear not: for 8 they that be with
17 And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the Lord opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.
18 And when they came down to him, Elisha prayed unto the LORD, and said, Smite this people, I pray thee, with blindness. And he smote them with blindness according to the word of Elisha.
19 | And Elisha said unto them, This is not the way, Heb. come ye neither is this the city: follow me, and I will bring you to
the man whom ye seek. But he led them to Samaria.
20 And it came to pass, when they were come into Samaria, that Elisha said, Lord, open the eyes of these men, that they may see. And the LORD opened their eyes, and they saw; and, behold, they were in the midst of Samaria.
21 And the king of Israel said unto Elisha, when he saw them, My father, shall I smite them? shall I smite them?
22 And he answered, Thou shalt not smite them: wouldest thou smite those whom thou hast taken captive with
g 2 Chron. Xxxii. 7.
thy sword and with thy bow? set bread and water before A.C.889. them, that they may eat and drink, and go to their master.
23 And he prepared great provision for them : and when they had eaten and drunk, he sent them away, and they went to their master. So the bands of Syria came no more into the land of Israel.
2 CHRONICLES XXI. ver. 1.
his fathers, and was al Kings xxi.
2 CHRONICLES XXI. VER. 5, 6, 7.
way of the kings of Israel, like
his sons for ever.
or, candle, c 2 Sam. vii. 12 1 Kings xi. 36. 2 Kings viii. 19. Psalm cxxxii, 11, &c.
2 CHRONICLES XXI. VER. 2, 3,
gave them great gifts of silver, and of
, 2 Kings vii. 16. which was in the two and twentieth year of Jehoshaphas: and the third at his father's death. The first time, he was made viceroy, when his father went out to fight for the recovery of Ramoth-gilead; and the second, he was again made viceroy on his father's absence in Moab with Jehoram.Lightfoot's Prolegomena to the Harmony of the Evang., Works, vol. i.
| the Ist of
of the King dom with his
A. C. 889. gold, and of precious things, with fenced cities in Judah:
but the kingdom gave he to * Jehoram; because he was the made Partner firstborn.
4 Now when Jehoram was risen up to the kingdom of his father, 2 Kings father, he strengthened himself, and slew all his brethren with the sword, and divers also of the princes of Israel.
2 CHRONICLES XXI. VER. 11-16.
12 7 " And there came a writing to him from Elijah the
14 The letter from Elijah to Jehoram has given rise to much discussion. Elijah the Tishbite was taken up to heaven in the reign of Ahab, many years before the last accession of Jehoram. Jehoram was made king three several times. Once before the battle of Ramoth-gilead, in which Ahab was killed : (compare 1 Kings xxii. 51. 2 Kings i. 17. 2 Kings iii. 1.); once upon his father's going to war against the Moabites; and again on his father's death. It is doubtful on which of these occasions he destroyed his brothers, and attempted to restore idolatry. If on his first or second accession, the letter might have been written by Elijah immediately preceding his assumption. But it does not appear probable, either that Jehoram would bave acted in this cruel and unnatural manner, or that he would have endeavoured to establish idolatry, during the lifetime of his father, who was zealous for the worship of the true God. This argument, therefore, prevents us from supposing that he deserved to receive the letter after his first or second accession ; we must therefore conclude he destroyed his brothers, and restored superstition after his father's death.
But at this time, Elijah had ascended into heaven. Three hypotheses have been framed to account for this apparent difficulty. One supposes, that for Elijah we ought to read Elisha. Another, that the Elijah here mentioned is another prophet of that name, and not Elijah the Tishbite. The third is, that immediately preceding his ascension into heaven, when Jehoram was first raised to the joint administration of the kingdom by his father Jehoshaphat, Elijah predicted the enormities of which he would be guilty, and left the writing with the sons of the prophets. When the circumstances prophesied by Elijah had actually taken place, the writing was sent to Jehoram; the account of the punishment of his offences was laid before him ; an interval was allowed him for repentance; and, at the end of a short time, he fell a victim to the disease foretold by Elijah.
If, then, we come to the conclusion, that this letter of Elijah to Jehoram was written by the prophet before the murder of his brothers, it may be esteemed one of the most important passages in the books of Scripture. It may be regarded as the commencement of that part of the dispensations of Providence, which was continued nearly to the close of the Canon of Scripture; that is, it was the first written prophecy of which we read, which confined itself to the judgments about to be inflicted on an individual. It was a new mode of appeal to the princes and people of Israel and Judah. It was made at a time when the public corruption was at its height; it was confirmed by the most wonderful mi
prophet, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of David thy A. C. 889.
13 But hast walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and
14 Behold, with a great plague will the LORD smite Web. a great
15 And thou shalt have great sickness by disease of thy
2 CHRONICLES XXI. VER. 8, 9, 10.
9 Then Jehoram went forth with his princes, and all his + Heb. hand.
10 So the Edomites revolted from under the hand of Ju-
2 CHRONICLES XXI. VER. 16, TO THE END.
17 And they came up into Judah, and brake into it, and
ch, xxii, J. or,
racles, and authenticated by the witnesses among whom it was deposited, who
Lightfoot is of opinion that the letter was sent by Elijah after Jehoram's first
dabia vexata, &c.