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* Heb. that
they shall take them captives, * whose captives they were ; A.Ç. 715.
6 He who smote the people in wrath with a continual Heb. a stroke
7 The whole earth is at rest, and is quiet: they break
trees rejoice at thee, and the cedars of Le-
10 All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also
11 Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise
12 How art thou fallen from heaven, #0 Lucifer, son of Or, 0 day
13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into
14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds : I will
#Heb.leaders. + Or, great goals.
of the pit.
16 They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;
17 That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that s opened not the house of his pri- 1.0r, did not soners ?
18 All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house.
let his prisons ers loose home. wards.
A.C. 716. 19 But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable
branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust
20 Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because Job xviii. 19. thou hast destroyed thy land, and slain thy people : "the xxxvii. 28. & seed of evildoers shall never be renowned.
21 Prepare slaughter for his children * for the iniquity of Matt. xxiii.35.
their fathers; that they do not rise, nor possess the land,
22 For I will rise up against them, saith the Lord of
23 I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water : and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.
24 q The Lord of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, so shall it stand :
25 That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot : then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.
26 This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth : and this is the hand that is stretched out
all the nations.
27 For the Lord of hosts hath purposed, and who shall Moto XX7.30. disannul it? and his hand is stretched out, and who shall Dan. iv. 31.
turn it back 45 ?
t 2 Chron. XX.
45 Bishop Lowth remarks, that this chapter contains a poem superior to any thing of its kind extant in any language. For beauty of disposition, strength of colouring, greatness of sentiment, brevity, perspicuity, and force of expression, it stands among all the monuments of antiquity unrivalled. Chap. xiii. opens with the gathering together of the different nations, appointed to execute the divine wrath on Babylon; and from ver. 11. to the end predicts the dreadful destruction of its inhabitants, and the everlasting desolation to which that great city was doomed. It is one of the most beautiful examples of variety of image, sublimity of sentiment, and diction, that can be given in the prophetic style. The deliverance of Judah from captivity, the immediate consequence of this great event is celebrated in ver, 1, 2. chap. xiv, The ode then commences with a chorus of Jews rejoicing in the downfall of the oppressor, and the destruction of the "golden city.” The whole earth shouteth for joy, and the cedars of Lebanon ; (or all those rulers, or kingdoms, who had been harassed or oppressed) utter a severe taunt over the fallen tyrant. The regions of the dead are then laid open, ver. 9.; and Hades is represented as rousing up the shades of the departed monarchs, to receive the king of Babylon on his
General Prophecy of the Desolation and Recovery of Judea.
ISAIAH XXIV 46.
| The doleful judgments of God upon the land. 18 A remnant shall joyfully
praise him. 16 God in his judgments shall advance his kingdom. 1 Behold, the Lord maketh the earth empty, and maketh A. C.714. it waste, and * turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad . Heb. perthe inhabitants thereof.
face thereof. 2 And it shall be, as with the people, so with tu the priest; 1 or, prince. as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress ; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.
3 The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the Lord hath spoken this word.
4 The earth mourneth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, I the haughty people of the earth Heb. che
height of the do languish.
entrance, and to insult him on being reduced to the same miserable state of im-
. xiii. 7. as the principal agents in the overthrow of Babylon, were at that
* These chapters are generally supposed to allude to Sennacherib's invasion. Bishop Lowth is of opinion, that they refer to the three great desolations of Judea, by Shulmaneser, Sennacherib, and the Romans. Bishop Horsley, to the general tribulation of the latter ages, and the succeeding prosperity of the Church in the end of the world. They are placed here chiefly on the authority of Lightfoot; and seem to have been written to console the faithful people of Judea, in the desolation caused by Sennacherib's army.
x Jer, vii. 34. & xvi. 9. &
xxvi. 13. Hos. ii. 11.
A.C.714. 5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof;
because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordi-
6 Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they
7 The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh.
8 The mirth * of tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that Xxv. 10. Exek. rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth.
9 They shall not drink wine with a song; strong drink
10 The city of confusion is broken down : every house is
that no man may come in.
12 In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten
13 I When thus it shall be in the midst of the land among the people, there shall be as the shaking of an olive tree, and as the gleaning grapes when the vintage is done.
14 They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing for the majesty of the Lord, they shall cry aloud from the sea.
15 Wherefore glorify ye the Lord in the * fires, even the
name of the Lord God of Israel in the isles of the sea.
have dealt treacherously, yea, the treacherous dealers have
17 » Fear, and the pit, and the snare, are upon thee, O
18 And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare : for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.
19 The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.
20 The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage ; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it, and it shall fall, and not rise again.
21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD ^ Heb. visit shall g punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and
the kings of the earth upon the earth.
* Or, valley.
y Jer. xlviii. 43, 44.
* Heb. with the gathering
22 And they shall be gathered together, * as prisoners are A. C. 714. gathered in the + pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be I visited.
of 23 Then the a moon shall be confounded, and the sun for, dungeon. ashamed, when the Lord of hosts shall reign in mount Zion,
1 Or, found wanting:
z ch, xilii. 10. and in Jerusalem, and g before his ancients gloriously.
Ezek. xxxii.7. Joel ii. 31. & iii. 15.
Or, there shall be glory
before his an 1 The prophet praiseth God, for his judgments, 6 for his saving benefits, 9 and cients.
for his victorious salvation.
2 For thou hast made of a city an heap; of a defenced
3 Therefore shall the strong people glorify thee, the city
4 For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength
of the terrible ones is as a storm against the wall.
5 Thou shalt bring down the noise of strangers, as the heat in a dry place; even the heat with the shadow of a cloud : the branch of the terrible ones shall be brought low.
6 And in this mountain shall the Lord of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.
7 And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the || Heb. swallow covering + cast over all people, and the veil that is spread Hcb.covered
. over all nations.
8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord a 1 Cor. xv. Goo will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the bre- o*Rev
. vii. 17. buke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth : & xxi. 4. for the Lord hath spoken it.
9 And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us : this is the Lord; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation,
10 For in this mountain shall the hand of the Lord rest, and Moab shall be + trodden down under him, even as straw + Or, thresta is trodden down for the dunghill.
11 And he shall spread forth his hands in the midst of a jin Madinc. them, as he that swimmeth spreadeth forth his hands to