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14 | And Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up unto the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD.

15 And Hezekiah prayed unto the LORD, saying,

16 O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth : thou hast made heaven and earth.

17 Incline thine ear, O LORD, and hear ; open thine eyes, O LORD, and see : and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach the

living God. * Heb. lands. 18 Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations,

and their countries, + Heb. given. 19 And bave † cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the

work of men's hands, wood and stone : therefore they have destroyed them.

20 Now therefore, O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the king. doms of the earth may know that thou art the LORD, even thou only.

21 Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Whereas thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria :

22 This is the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him ; The virgin, the daughter of Zion, hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee.

23 Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom bast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high ? even against the Holy

One of Israel. Heb. By the 24 By thy servants hast thou reproached the Lord, and hast said, By the hand of thy

multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the | Heb. the sides of Lebanon ; and I will cut down & the tall cedars thereof, and the choice tallness of the Cedars thereof, fir trees thereof : and I will enter into the height of his border, and || the forest and the choice of his Carmel. of the fir trees thereof. 25 I have digged, and drunk water; and with the sole of my feet have I dried l| Or, the forest and his fruit- up all the rivers of the besieged places. ful field. * Or, fenced

26 + Hast thou not heard long ago, how I have done it; and of ancient times, and closed.

that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to + Or, Hast thou not heard lay waste defenced cities into ruinous heaps ? made it long

27 Therefore their inhabitants were I of small power, they were dismayed and

confounded: they were as the grass of the field, and as the green herb, as the formed it of ancient times ?

grass on the housetops, and as corn blasted before it be grown up. should I now bring it to be

28 But I know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy laid waste, and defenced cities rage against me. to be ruinous

29 Because thy rage against me, and thy tumult, is come up into mine ears, heaps ? 1 Heb. short therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will Or, sitting, turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.

30 And this shall be a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that which springeth of the same: and in the third

year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof. # Heb. the es 31 And || the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take caping of the

root downward, and bear fruit upward : house of Ju.

32 For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and they that escape out * Heb, the

of mount Zion : the zeal of the LORD of hosts shall do this. escaping

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dah that re. maineth.


33 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, “He shall b 2 Kings xix.

31. ch, jx.3. not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shields, nor cast a bank against it.

* Heb. shield.
34 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not
come into this city, saith the LORD.

35 For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my ser- i 2 Kings xx.
vant David's sake.
36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the k 2 Kings xix.

Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand : and when they arose
early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.

37 [ So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and
dwelt at Nineveh.

38 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his
god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and
they escapedin to the land of † Armenia : and Esar-haddon his son reigned in his +Heb. Ararat.

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Xxxii, 94.


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i Hezekiah, having received a message of death, by prayer hath his life lengthened.

8 The sun goeth ten degrees backward, for a sign of that promise. 1 In 'those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And Isaiah the prophet the 12 kings XX.

1. 2 Chron. son of Amoz came unto him, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Set, thine house in order : for thou shalt die, and not live.

Heh. Give

charge con? Then Hezekiah turned his face toward the wall, and prayed unto the cerning thy LORD,

3 And said, Remember now, O LORD, I beseech thee, how I have walked
before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good
in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept s sore.

Heb. with 4 Then came the word of the LORD to Isaiah, saying,

great weeping. 5 Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will add unto thy days fifteen years.

6 And I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria : and I will defend this city.

7 And this shall be a sign unto thee from the LORD, that the LORD will do this thing that he hath spoken ;

8 Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the || sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, || Heb degrees by which degrees it was gone down.

by, or, with

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the sun,

21 For Isaiah had said, Let them take a lump of figs, and lay it for a plaister
upon the boil, and he shall recover.

22 Hezekiah also had said, What is the sign that I shall go up to the house

of the LORD?

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Heb, vessels or instru. ments.

1 Merodach-baladan, sending to visit Hezekiah because of the wonder, hath notice

of his treasures. 3 Isaiah, understanding thereof, foretelleth the Babylonian

1 At that time Merodach-baladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, m2 Kings XX. sent letters and a present to Hezekiah: for he had heard that he had been 12, &c.

sick, and was recovered. * Or, spicery. 2 And Hezekiah was glad of them, and shewed them the house of his pre

cious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, + Or, jewels. and all the house of his t I armour, and all that was found in his treasures :

there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed
them not

3 | Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him,
What said these men ? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah
said, They are come from a far country unto me, even from Babylon.

4 Then said he, What have they seen in thine house ? And Hezekiah answered, All that is in mine house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shewed them.

5 Then said Isaiah to Hezekiah, Hear the word of the LORD of hosts :

6 Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store until this day, shall be carried to Babylon : nothing shall be left, saith the LORD.

7 And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall Fulfilled, they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of han. I. 2, 3, 7.


& Then said Hezekiah to Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which thou hast spoken. He said moreover, For there shall be peace and truth in my days.

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2 KINGS XX. VER. 20, 21.
20 g And the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and all his might, and how he
made a pool, and a conduit, and brought water into the city, are they not written
in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

21 And Hezekiah slept with his fathers : and Manasseh his son reigned in his


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Events in the Kingdom of Israel, contemporary with the Reign

of Hezekiah, King of Judah.

Reign of Hoshea king of Israel continuedShalmaneser invades

the Dominions of Hoshea.

2 KINGS XVII. VER. 3, 4.
3 4 Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria ;
and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him * presents.

A.C. About

725. || Heb. rendered. * Or, tribute


4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea : A.C. About for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound

him in prison.


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Hosea predicts the Captivity of the Ten Tribes, and exhorts the

People to repentance 55.



1d reproof of manifold sins. Il God's wrath against them for their hypocrisy:

1 When I would have healed Israel, then the iniquity of Ephraim was discovered, and the * wickedness of Samaria : * Heb. evils. for they commit falsehood; and the thief cometh in, and the troops of robbers + spoileth without.

+ Heb. strip2 And they consider not in their hearts that I remember : Heb. say not all their wickedness : now their own doings have beset them about; they are before my face.

3 They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies.


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* These chapters must have been delivered before the ten tribes were taken captive, as the prophet not only denounces vengeance against them, but constantly addresses them as a nation still in existence—they must likewise have been spoken after Hoshea, king of Israel, had revolted from Assyria, and entered into treaty with So, king of Egypt, 2 Kings xvii. 4. because the prophet alludes to this circumstance in chap. vii. 11. and xii. 1. The alliance with Egypt was formed in 725, Shalmaneser immediately afterwards led his army against Samaria, which place, after a siege of three years, was taken ; and Ephraim, as a nation, destroyed in 721, A.C.

Hosea, in one continued strain of invective, declaims in these chapters against the sins of Israel, exposes the spiritual whoredoms of those who worshipped the vain idols erected at Beth-el and Beth-aven, chap. viii. 5. chap. X. 5. calling on Judah to shun pollutions so offensive to Jehovah. He denounces Tengeance on Ephraim for their application to Egypt, against which they had been so often warned. He foretells the punishment of Judah, and the demolition of its cities, chap. viii. 14. and their future restoration, chap. xiv. 4. 8. the calling of our Saviour out of Egypt, chap. xi. 1. the terrors of the last judgment figuratively represented in the impending destruction of Samaria, chap. x. & He animates the people, amidst these denunciations of wrath, to cultivate righteousness

, and mercy, in the expectation of the blessings of the Lord, chap. X. 12. and in the assurances of a final ransom from the powers of the grave, and of a redemption from death, to be vanquished and destroyed, chap. xiii. 14. His work may be considered as a noble exordium against those general offences which the prophets who succeeded him more particularly detailed; as well as a diffuse revelation of those judgments which were afterwards more minutely described. Grey's Key, p. 427.-Lightfoot's Chronicle in loc.

A.C. About


will cease. + Or, from waking.

Or, with


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nch, v. 5.

4 They are all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker,

* who ceaseth + from raising after he hath kneaded the +Or,the raiser dough, until it be leavened.

5 In the day of our king the princes have made him sick

I with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hands with
heat' through scorners.
(Or, applied. 6 For they have ş made ready their heart like an oven,

whiles they lie in wait: their baker sleepeth all the night;
in the morning it burneth as a flaming fire.

7 They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their
judges; all their kings are fallen : there is none among them
that calletlı unto me.

8 Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people ; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

9 Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth || Heb. sprin. it not : yea, grey hairs are || here and there upon him, yet he

knoweth not.

10 And the pride of Israel testifieth to bis face: and they do not return to the Lord their God, nor seek bim for all this.

11 9 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.

12 When they shall go, I will spread my net upon them; I will bring them down as the fowls of the heaven; I will

chastise them, as their congregation hath heard,
* Heb. spoil. 13 Woe unto them! for they have fled from me : * de-

struction unto them! because they have transgressed against
me : though I have redeemed them, yet they have spoken
lies against me.

14 And they have not cried unto me with their heart,
when they howled upon their beds : they assemble them-
selves for corn and wine, and they rebel against me.

15 Though I + have bound and strengthened their arms, yet do they imagine mischief against me.

16 They return, but not to the most High: they are like

a deceitful bow : their princes shall fall by the sword for the o Ps. lxxiii. 9. ° rage of their tongue: this shall be their derision in the land

of Egypt.

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+ Or, chasLened.


Heb. the roof of thy mouth.

1, 12 Destruction is threatened for their impiety, 5 and idolatry.
1 Set the trumpet to thy mouth. Ile shall come as an
eagle against the house of the LORD, because they have
transgressed my covenant, and trespassed against my law.

2 Israel shall cry unto me, My God, we know thee.

3 Israel hath cast off the thing that is good : the enemy shall pursue him.

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