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A.C. 534. 30 For the ships of Chittim shall come against him:
therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indigna-
31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pol
lute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily Or, astonish. sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that * maketh
32 And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall Or, cause to he + corrupt by flatteries : but the people that do know their
God shall be strong, and do exploits.
33 And they that understand among the people shall in-
, they shall be holpen with a
35 And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try Or, by them. I them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the
time of the end : because it is yet for a time appointed.
36 And the king shall do according to his will; and he
38 $ But | in bis estate shall be honour the God of 'Heb. as for * + forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he The almighty
honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and noneur, yea, I pleasant things.
39 Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a show, and strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with
glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and zim, or, God's shall divide the land for gain.
40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south
push at him: and the king of the north shall come against Heb. for him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with borsemen,
and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, || Heb. a price. and shall overflow and
out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the
Or, But in his stead.
God, in his scat he shall
he skall hous nour a god,
1 Heb. scnd forth.
43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold A.C. 534. and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.
44 But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.
45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palaces between the seas in the *+ glorious holy mountain ; yet he or goodly. shall come to his end, and none shall help him.
1 Michael shall deliver Israel from their troubles. 5 Daniel is informed of the
13 Much discussion has at various times been entered into respecting the meaning of the word Michael, which occurs in this last vision of Daniel. Many learned men are of opinion that Michael is but a name for Christ, or the angel of the covenant, the angel Jehovah.
Lightfoot is of this opinion. In his fiftli of November Sermon, preached at Ely, of which Church he was a Prebendary, in 1661; he is discussing the passage in Daniel x. 21. “there is none that holdeth with me but Michael your Prince. Who is the Prince of the Church but Christ,” &c. &c. &c.-Vide Lightfoot's works, vol. ii. p. 114.
The learned Joseph Mede is of the opposite opinion. Sed quis, inquies, est iste Michael ? Non opinor Christus ipse, sed, &c. &c. &c. Mede's Works, p. 495. line 1.
Bishop Horsley, in his Sermon on the watchers, supposes that Michael is merely a name given to Christ; and after much ingenious discussion, he thus proceeds ; “From all this it is evident that Michael is a name for our Lord himself, in his particular character of the champion of his faithful people, against the violence of the apostate faction, and the wiles of the devil. In this point I have a host of the learned on my side ; and it will be further evident from what is yet to come.”—Horsley's Sermons, vol. ii. p. 376.
Bishop Warburton has given his vote on the opposite side : in a very singular remark contained in the thirty-fourth of his letters, p. 92.
Mr. Faber too agrees with Lightfoot and Horsley in their opinion that Michael was Christ. See the arguments on this point, admirably discussed in the fifth Exercitation of the learned Witsius. With the most commendable impartiality he has examined both sides of this question, and I think the reader will be inclined to adopt his conclusion, that Michael the Archangel is the Saviour of the Christian Church. Vide Witsius Miscel. Sacra. Exerc, 5.-De Michaele.
y Matt. xxv,
1 Don LOR She
a ch. x. 5.
Or, from above.
2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth
shall awake, y some to everlasting life, and some to shame
ness, as the stars for ever and ever.
4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end : many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.
5 | Then I Daniel looked, and, behold, there stood + Heb. lip. other two, the one on this side of the + bank of the river,
and the other on that side of the bank of the river.
6 And one said to a the man clothed in linen, which was I upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders?
7 And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon b Rev. x. 5. the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand
and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth
when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the
8 And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, 0 my
9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel : for the words are closed
and sealed till the time of the end.
11 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be
there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety nation, $c.
12 Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.
13 But go thou thy way till the end be: + for thou shalt
EZRA IV, LATTER PART OF ver. 24.
|| Heb. to set
+ Or, and thou, fc.
13 A new dynasty of kings may in one sense be said to have commenced with Darius Hystaspes, who in the second year of his reign published the decree for the resuming the building of the temple, which had been discontinued since the
c Hag. i. 1. d Zech, i.).
EZRA V. Ver. 1. 1 Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and · Zecha- A.C. 520. riah the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, even unto them.
HAGGAI I. VER. 1-2. 1 In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the Lord * by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of handelen in eine Shealtiel, + governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of an Josedech, the high priest, saying,
2 Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, This people say, The time is not come, the time that the Lord's house should be built.
third year of Cyrus. From the publication of this decree may be reckoned the
With respect to Haggai, there is nothing transmitted to us on which we can
The Jews, who were released from captivity in the first year of the reign of Cyrus (Ezra i. I, et seq.), having returned to Jerusalem and commenced the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra ii. 1-4,) were interrupted in their undertakings by the neighbouring satraps, who contrived to prejudice the Persian monarch against them (Ezra iv. 1, with 24,) until the second year of Darius. Discouraged by these impediments, the people ceased, for fourteen years, to prosecute the erection of the second temple, as if the time were not yet come, and applied themselves to the building of their own houses; for which they are reproved by Haggai, chap. i. 1-12.
* Heb. Set
f Deut. xxviii. 23.
A.C. 520. 3 Then came the word of the LORD by Haggai the pro
4 Is it time for you, O ye, to dwell in your cieled houses, and this house lie waste?
5 Now therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts ; * Consi-
drink; ye clothe you, but there is none warm ; and he that + Heb. pierced earneth wages earneth wages to put it into a bag + with
7 9 Thus saith the LORD of hosts ; Consider your ways.
8 Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the LORD.
9 Ye looked for much, and, lo, it came to little ; and Or, blow it when ye brought it home, I did I blow upon it. Why?
saith the Lord of hosts. Because of mine house that is
10 Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew,
11 And I called for a drought upon the land, and upon the mountains, and upon the corn, and upon the new wine
EZRA V. Ver. 2.
HAGGAI I. VER. 12, TO THE END.
13 Then spake Haggai the LORD's messenger in the
14 And the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people, and they came and did work in the house of the LORD of hosts, their God.