Abbildungen der Seite

nople, reports even that a whole Bulga- according to a recent Turkish correspondrian district, in order to get rid of the ence of a Church gazette of Berlin, oppressions of the Greek clergy, has de- amounts to about seventeen thousand, clared its intention to join the Church of comprising about eleven thousand evan Rome. The National Assembly of Servia gelical Franks and six thousand natives. has prohibited the begging of the monks, It has been recently increased by the imand subjected the administration of their migration of a number of Molokans, from property to the inspection of lay com- Russia, who are believed to possess, to a mittees. All the convents are moreover large extent, a sound Protestant creed. to be transformed into parish churches. Driven by persecution, several of them NUMEROUS ADDITIONs to the Greek Church have entered Turkey, and arrived in the have been made in the pashalic of Trebi- neighborhood of Sivas, and there is every zonde, in Asia Minor, where about seven probability both that they will be permathousand members of a tribe which since nently resident in Turkey, and that their 1461 has been apparently Mohammedan, numbers will be from time to time aughave declared themselves publicly as mented by new accessions from Russia. Christians. The Turkish government The Auxiliary Bible Society of Constanhas laid no obstacles in their way, mostly tinople has already taken steps which induced by the consideration, that in may lead to the supply of their wants. case of the continuance of compulsion, THE PROTESTANT ARMENIAN COMMUNITY the whole tribe would have emigrated to is greatly suffering from pecuniary embarRussia.

rassment. When they were excommuni

cated from the Patriarch of the Armenian The Roman Catholic Church. Church, they had to choose a civil head, THE GREEK CATHOLIC (MELCHITE) Bish- who, as their official organ, represents then OPs, who are opposed to the introduction with the government. On account of their of the Gregorian Calendar, have held a poverty they find it hard to collect the synod at Endor, near Zahle, and declared tax levied on them for supporting this themselves independent of the authority civil organization, which, therefore, it is of the papal delegate, Valerga, who at- feared, may be entirely dissolved, a cirtempted to force them to submission. cumstance which would expose them to They have organized themselves as

new persecutions. THE BULGARIAN Misindependent ecclesiastical body, and sent SION

THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL delegates to Constantinople, to obtain Church has been much encouraged by from the government the recognition as the reception of two thousand copies of the Eastern Melchite Church.

the New Testament in the simple Bul

garian language, and by the circumstanThe Protestant Churches.—THE ces under which their circulation has NUMBER OF PROTESTANTS IN TURKEY, been commenced.



[ocr errors]


I.- American Quarterly Reviews.

Eschatology: 2. Notes on Scripture: Matthew xxii-xxiii.; 3. The Judgments
Foreshown under the Vials: 4. The Deluge a Cause of Geological Change :
5. The Doctrine of Christ's Coming and Reign soon to be held by the Evau.
gelical Church generally: 6. A Designation and Exposition of the Figures of

Isaiah, chapters xlvi, xlvii, and xlviii.
II. THE SOUTHERN PRESBYTERIAN REVIEW, October, 1859.-1. Revised Book of

Discipline : 2. Life and Writings of Maimonides: 3. Natural Science and Re-
vealed Religion : 4. An Educated Ministry: The Board of Education : 5. The
Church a Spiritual Power: 6. The Revival of the Slave-trade: 7. The General
Assembly of 1859: 8. Breckenridge's Knowledge of God, Subjectively Con-



1859.-1. The Rev. Thomas Arnold, D.D.: 2. An Attempt to Preserve the Catholic Faith in its Purity : 3. The Divine Covenants : 4. Dr. Schatl's Church

History: 5. Scientific Import and Value of the First аар of Genesis. IV. Brownson's QUARTERLY Review, October, 1859.–1. The Immaculate Concep

tion: 2. Charlemagne: His Scholarship: 3. Ecclesiastical Seminaries : t. Divorce and Divorce Laws: 5. Romanic and Germanic Orders: 6. The Roman

Question. V. THE CHRISTIAN REVIEW, October, 1859.-1. Dr. Carson and the Romish Con

troversy : 2. The Philosophy of History: 3. The Old Testament in the Discourses of Jesus: 1. Ministerial Success: 5. The Angel Jehovah: 6. Remarks on Matthew, xi, 2-14: 7. The Relation of Christ's Death to the Law, or Righteousness of God.

VI. THE SOUTHERN Baptist REVIEW, July-September, 1859.-1. Able Ministry: XIII.-The New ENGLANDER, November, 1859.-1. Christianity a Strong System;

2. Who Vote in a Congregational Church: 3. Conduct in the Kingdom of Christ : 4. Divine Love vs. Universalism : 7. Ordinances Administered by PedoBaptists: 6. The New Heavens and New Earth: 7. Notes on the Revelation:

8. China Mission: 9. Eclectic Department. VII. THE EVANGELICAL REVIEW, October, 1859.-1. The Christian Ministry:

2. English Lutheran Hymn Books: 3. Schmid's Dogmatic of the Lutheran Church: 4. Reminiscences of Lutheran Clergymen: 5. Justification by Faith alone: 6. The Relations of the Vegetable to the Animal World, etc. : 7 and 8. Baccalaureate Addresses : 9. What is the Result of Science with Re

gard to the Primitive World? 10. Schmucker's Catechism. VIII. THE MERCERSBURG Review, October, 1859.-1. Religion and Christianity:

2. Christian Union and the Liturgical Tendencies of the Times : 3. AngloGerman Life in America: 4. Faith and Knowledge: 5. The Idyls of Theocritus : 6. The Eutychian Churches: 7. Every Man is the Lord's in Death: A Discourse.

By Dr. Rauch. IX. THE CONGREGATIONAL QUARTERLY, October, 1859.-1. William Phillips :

2. Adaptation of Congregationalism for the Work of Home Missions: 3. Congregational Churches and Ministers in Windham County, Ct.: 4. Mortuary Statistics of the Andover Theological Seminary, Andover, during the First Fifty Years: 5. The American Home Missionary Society, and the New School General Assembly: 6. Ventilation of Churches : 7. The Creeds of the World : 8. Architecture and Christian Principle: 9. American Denominational Statistics : 10. Congregational Theological Seminaries in England: 11. A Lesson from the Past: Catechising: 12. Gilbert Richmond: 13. Books of Interest to Congregationalists: 14. Congregational Necrology : 16. Congregational Quar

terly Record. S. BIBLIOTHECA SACRA AND BIBLICAL REPOSITORY, October, 1859.--1. Compara

tive Phonology; or, the Phonetic System of the Indo-European Languages : 2. The Atonement, a Satisfaction for the Ethical Nature of both God and Man: 3. Breckenridge's Theology: 4. India: The Bhagvat Geeta: 5. The Angel of Jehovah: 6. The Oneness of God in Revelation and in Nature.

XI. THE PRESBYTERIAN QUARTERLY Review, October, 1859.-1. How should

Natural Ability be Preached ? 2. Popular Objections to Divine Goodness from the Existence of Evil: 3. The General Assembly's Plan for Increasing the Ministry: 4. Humboldt: 5. The Princeton Review's Criticism on “Barnes on

the Atonement." XII. THE BIBLICAL REPEP.TORY AND PRINCETON Review, October, 1859.-1. Sir

William Hamilton : 2. A Nation's Right to Worship God: 3. The Old Testament Ilea of a Prophet: 4. The Presbyterian Church in Ireland: 5. Sunday Laws.

2. Robertson's Sermons and Extempore Preaching; 3. Development and Evolution ; 4. Dr. Taylor on Moral Government; 5. Dr. Bellows on the Suspense of Faith ; 6. Dr. Osgood on the Broad Church ; 7. The New Northwest; 8. Co-operation in Home Missions - The American Home Missionary Society and the Church Extension Committee; 9. Agricultural Education; 10. The Moral of

Harper's Ferry. The article on Dr. Taylor on Moral Government, by Professor Martin, occupying nearly seventy pages, presents the New Haven theology with much ability, in a very favorable light. The most remarkable part is its discussion on the Divine admission of sin. Until Dr. Taylor, the doctrine has passed as an uncontradicted maxim in Calvinistic theology, that sin was necessary, or at least conducive to the highest good of the universe. The logical result of course is, that good and evil are but two classes of actual good, and that Satan fulfills his mission of peculiar good as approvably as Gabriel. Dr. Edwards's formula was that “sin was the occasion of the greatest good.” Dr. Hopkins held “ sin through Divine interposition an advantage to the universe.” Dr. West, with an aflirmative meaning, queried, “ Whether the existence and taking place of sin are not the occasion of more and greater good in the system than could otherwise have been effected and produced ?” Dr. Taylor introduced into Calvinistic theology the Arminian view that the free moral agency, involving the possibility of sin, was necessary to the best universe; yet the actual commission of sin by the moral agent was neither necessary, nor most conducive to the best estate of things. Did the agent always will right, the universe might be better ; and yet this may be the best universe in the nature of things possible. The writer, if we understand him, supposes this doctrine to be original with Dr. Taylor.

He endeavors to sustain Dr. Taylor's originality by misstating the Wesleyan view; first quoting an irrelevant passage from Wesley, which he misrepresents, and then quoting Bledsoe “ as sympathizing with Wesley.” The passage from Wesley quoted by him is as follows: “ l'ea, mankind have gained by the fall a capacity, first, of being more holy and happy on earth, and secondly, of being more happy in heaven than otherwise they could have been. For if man had not fallen, there must have been a blank in our faith and in our love.” Now this passage affirms only what everybody holds to be true, that in our remedial system a particular evil has been overruled by God so as to eventuate in a higher good to our race, all the thanks being due to God and none to the evil. The good has not its cause in the evil, but in the power and goodness of God, who made it a sequence of the evil. But Mr. Wesley's real doctrine was that it was the possibility of evil (involved in free moral agency) and not its reality, which was necessary to the best system. Thus he says: “Why is there pain in the world ; seeing God is loving to every man, and his mercy is over all his works?” Because there is sin; had there been no sin, there would have been no pain. But pain (supposing God to be just) is the necessary effect of sin.

But why is there sin in the world ? Because man was created in the image of God; because he is not mere matter, a clod of earth, a lump of clay, without sense or understanding; but a spirit like his Creator, a being endued not only with sense and understanding, but also with a will exerting itself in various affec

tions. To crown all the rest, he was endued with liberty; a power of directing his own affections and actions ; a capacity of determining himself, or of choosing good or evil. Indeed, had not man been endued with this, all the rest would have been of no use: bad he not been a free as well as an intelligent being, his understanding would have been as incapable of holiness, or any kind of virtue, as a tree or a block of marble. And having this power, a power of choosing good or evil, he chose the latter: he chose evil. Thus • sin entered into the world,' and pain of every kind preparatory to death.” From this we see that, according to Wesley, free moral agency was necessary to the best system, and sin is produced by the agent. And this in itself he holds, not for any purpose desirable or necessary, or conducive to the highest good, but as imputable to the agent, and demanding a remedy, and an overruling to a good result contrary to its own nature.

As to Mr. Bledsoe, he “sympathizes with Wesley ” just so far as he agrees with Wesley, and no further; but agreeing or not, he is no Wesleyan authority.

After Dr. Taylor had vindicated the Divine Government by introducing into his system the Arminian view of sin, it is sad to see how he is obliged, by his Calvinistic position, to overthrow his own work by the admission of the principle of “pre-ordination.” “ Evil being connected with the system by no necessity of the system itself, and by no connivance of God or preference of it to holiness, not only this providential permission of evil, but the most complete and universal foreordination of it, are explained and vindicated. If sin is to occur, then, as Edwards argues, it is doubtless better that the time and manner of its occurrence should be under the guidance of Infinite Wisdom, in order that this element of evil may be reduced within the narrowest limits. Such arrangements of motives and influences as will most effectually check its spread, and contribute to the recovery of those infected by it, become in the highest degree desirable ; and thus the complete foreordination of events, the universality of the Divine decrees, stand above all serious objection.” If it be thus true that God not only determinately selects that system in which there is the free possibility of sin, but also foreordains each particular sinful volition, then that agent is omnipotently limited to that volition, and the volition is made objectively necessary, and freedom is objectively destroyed. The only safe and true view here, also, is the Arminian one. This view is, that God, foreseeing how each and every possible free agent, in any possible case, will freely act, so positions all free agents in existence and so adjusts his own course as that from their free, unnecessitated, undecreed actions he may educe the best possible result. Particular foreordination makes God the approver of the particular sin. It makes God will that particular sin in preference to holiness in its stead. That particular sin is fixed by the particular Divine volition ; every other supposable act of the agent instead is by the Divine volition excluded, and the one sin receives the Divine sanction and necessitation. Thus at last these elaborate defenses to vindicate the Divine government are—omnis effusus labor !-overthrown by the hand that constructs them.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

II.-- English Reviews.
I. THE WESTMINSTER Review, October, 1859.-1. Militia Forces : 2. Rosseau : his

Life and Writings: 3. Spiritual Freedom : 4. Modern Poets and Poetry of
Italy : 5. Physical Geography of the Atlantic Ocean: 6. Garibaldi and the

Italian Volunteers: 7. Tennyson's Idyls of the King: 8. Bonapartism in Italy.
II. THE QUARTERLY REVIEW, October, 1859.--1. Architecture of all Countries :

2. New Zealand : its Progress and Resources: 3. Geography and Biography of
the Bible : 4. Order of Nature : Baden Powell: 5. Tennyson's Poems: 6. Strikes
and their Effects: 7. Farm Weeds: 8. Orchard Houses: 9. The Three Bills of

Parliamentary Reform.
III. The British and Foreign EvANGELICAL REVIEW, October, 1859.-1. The Book

of Daniel: 2. Arnauld, Reid, Hamilton : Immediate Perception : 3. Trench on
Revision: 4. Theology : Its Idea, Sources, Uses: 5. The United States a Com-
missioned Missionary Nation: 6. Language as a Means of Classifying Man:
7. The Distinctions in the Godhead Personal, not Nominal: 8. The Hypostat-
ical Union : 9. Nineveh : The Historians and the Monuments: 10. Murchison's

Siluria: 11. Anselm and his Theory of the Atonement.
IV. The EDINBURGH Review, OR CRITICAL JOURNAL, October, 1859.-). Bain's

Psychology: 2. A Visit to England in 1775: 3. Sir Emerson Tennent's Cey-
lon: 4. Carlyle's Frederic the Great: 5. The Graffiti of Pompeii: 6. The Vir-
ginians: 7. The Italian Campaign of 1859: 8. Unpublished Correspondence
of Madame du Deffand: 9. Senior's Journal in Turkey and Greece: 10. Secret

Organization of Trades.
V. The North British Review, November, 1859.-1. State Papers-Memoirs of

Henry VII.: 2. Canning and his Times: 3. New Poems: 4. Professor B.
Powell's Order of Nature: 5. Novels : Geoffry Hamlyn and Stephan Langton:
6. Students of the “ New Learning”: 7. Japan and the Japanese : 8. Libraries:
9. New Exegesis of Shakspeare: 10. Life-Boats: Lightning Conductors : Light-

houses: 11. The Italian Question. VI. THE SACRED JOURNAL OF LITERATURE AND BIBLICAL RECORD, October, 1859.

-1. Modern Prophetical Literature: 2. On the Descent of Christ into Hell: 3. Bunsen's Egyptian History: 4. Analysis of the Emblems of St. John, Rev. xi.: 5. The Theology of Revelation and of Heathenism: 6. Slavery Condemned

by Sacred and Profane Writers. VIL THE NATIONAL REVIEW, October, 1859.-). George Canning: 2. The Tene

riffe Astronomical Expedition : 3. Senior's Journal in Turkey and Greece : 4. Royer-Collard: 5. Tennyson's Idyl’s: 6. The Navy; its Want of Men: 7. Tudor Legislation : Mr. Froude and Mr. Amos: 8. The Poetry of the Old

Testament: 9. John Stuart Mill. VIII. THE LONDON REVIEW, (WESLEYAN,) October, 1859.-1. Literature of

the People : 2. Natural History of Architecture : 3. Idyls of the King: 4. Bushnell on Miracles: 5. Social Science: 6. Life Assurance Institutions : 7. Ten Years of Preacher Life-W. H. Milburn : 8. Romish Theory of Development:

9. Small Farming: 10. Parliament and Reform. Our English friends seem to possess much the same relish for our Western preacher race as a metropolitan epicure cherishes for wild game. Mr. Bull is an admirer of Peter Cartwright-blessings on his taste—and Mr. Heylin publishes a caveat against unauthorized editions. When, however, Bull gives a genial welcome to so rare a phenomenon from the western wild as Milburn, we will indorse his notion. The article on Mr. Milburn's Ten Years is appreciative, justly so, we think, in every respect. So abundant, we will say, are the laudatory paragraphs, that the exception upon one point which this article, like our own book notice, makes, must appear extorted by a sense of duty and


« ZurückWeiter »