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King. How now, my lord ! you do desire to

know Wherefore I sent for you. Cran.

(Kneeling.] It is my duty To attend your Highness' pleasure. King.

Pray you, arise, My good and gracious Lord of Canterbury. Come, you and I must walk a turn together; I have news to tell you. Come, come, give me

your hand. Ah, my good lord, I grieve at what I speak, 95 And am right sorry to repeat what follows. I have, and most unwillingly, of late Heard many grievous, I do say, my lord, Grievous complaints of you; which, being con

sider'd, Have mov'd us and our council, that you shall This morning come before us ; where, I know, You cannot with such freedom purge your

self But that, till further trial in those charges Which will require your answer, you must

take Your patience to you, and be well contented 105 To make your house our Tower. You a brother It fits we thus proceed, or else no witness Would come against you. Cran.. ,[Kneeling.) I humbly thank your

Highness ; And am right glad to catch this good occa

sion Most throughly to be winnowed, where my

chaff And corn shall fly asunder; for, I know, There's none stands under more calumnious

tongues Than I myself, poor man. King.

Stand up, good Canterbury! Thy truth and thy integrity is rooted In us, thy friend. Give me thy hand, stand

up; Prithee, let's walk. Now, by my holidame, What manner of man are you? My lord, I

look'd You would have given me your petition, that I should have ta'en some pains to bring to

gether Yourself and your accusers; and to have heard

you, Without indurance, further. Cran.

Most dread liege, The good I stand on is my truth and honesty. If they shall fail, I, with mine enemies, Will triumph o'er my person ; which I weigh

not, Being of those virtues vacant. I fear nothing What can be said against me. King.

Know you not How your state stands i' the world, with the

whole world ? Your enemies are many, and not small; their

practices Must hear the same proportion; and not ever The justice and the truth o' the question car

ries The due o the verdict with it. At what ease


Might corrupt minds procure knaves as cor

rupt To swear against you ? Such things have been

done. You are potently oppos’d, and with a malice Of as great size. Ween you of better luck, I mean, in perjur'd witness, than your Mas

ter, Whose minister you are, whiles here He liv'd Upon this naughty earth ? Go to, go to ! You take a precipice for no leap of danger, And woo your own destruction. Cran.

God and your Majesty Protect mine innocence, or I fall into The trap is laid for me! King.

Be of good cheer; They shall no more prevail than we give way

to. Keep comfort to you; and this morning see You do appear before them. If they shall

chance, In charging you with matters, to commit you, The best persuasions to the contrary Fail not to use, and with what vehemency The occasion shall instruct you. If entreaties Will render you no remedy, this ring Deliver them, and your appeal to us There make before them. Look, the good man He's honest, on mine honour. God's blest

mother! I swear he is true-hearted ; and a soul None better in my kingdom. Get you gone, 165 And do as I have bid you. (Erit Cranmer.) He

has strangled His language in his tears.

Enter OLD LADY (LOVELL following). Gent. (Within.) Come back! What mean Old L. I'll not come back; the tidings that

I bring Will make my boldness manners. Now, good

angels Fly o'er thy royal head, and shade thy person Under their blessed wings! King.

Now, by thy looks I guess thy message. Is the Queen deliver'd ? Say, ay; and of a boy. Old L.

Ay, ay, my liege; And of a lovely boy. The God of heaven Both now and ever bless her! 't is a girl, Promises boys hereafter. Sir, your queen Desires your visitation, and to be Acquainted with this stranger. 'Tis as like you As cherry is to cherry. King.

Lovell ! Lov.

Sir ? King. Give her an hundred marks. I'll to the Queen.

[Exit. 170 Old L. An hundred marks! By this light,

I'll ha' more. An ordinary groom is for such payment. I will have more, or gcold it out of him. Said I for this, the girl was like to him? I will have more, or else unsay't; and now, 175 While it is hot, I'll put it to the issue. (Exeunt.












SCENE II. (Lobby before the council-chamber.] (Pursuivants, Pages, etc., attending.) Enter

CRANMER, Archbishop of Canterbury. Cran. I hope I am not too late ; and yet the

gentleman, That was sent to me from the council, pray'd To make great haste. All fast? what means

this? Ho! Who waits there? Sure, you know me ?

Enter KEEPER. Keep.

Yes, my lord ; But yet I cannot help you.

I Cran. Why? Keep. Your Grace must wait till you be call'd for.


So. Butts. [Aside.] This is a piece of malice. I

am glad I came this way so happily; the King Shall understand it presently,

(Exit. Cran.

(Aside.) 'Tis Butts, The King's physician. As he pass'd along, How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me! Pray Heaven, he sound not my disgrace! For

certain, This is of purpose laid by some that hate God turn their hearts! I never sought their

maliceTo quench mine honour; they would shame to

make me Wait else at door, a fellow-counsellor, 'Mong boys, grooms, and lackeys. But their

pleasures Must be fulfill'd, and I attend with patience. Enter the King and Butts, at a window above. Butts. I'll show your Grace the strangest

sight King. What's that, Butts ? Butts. I think your Highness saw this many

a day. King. Body o' me, where is it? Butts.

There, my lord : The high promotion of his Grace of Canter

bury; Who holds his state at door, 'mongst pursui

vants, Pages, and footboys. King.

Ha! 't is he, indeed. Is this the honour they do one another ? 'Tis well there's one above 'em yet. I had

thought They had parted so much honesty among 'em, At least, good manners, as not thus to suffer A man of his place, and so near our favour, 30 To dance attendance on their lordships' plea

sures, And at the door too, like a post with packets. By holy Mary, Butts, there's knavery. Let 'em alone, and draw the curtain close ; We shall hear more anon,

(Ereunt.) 36

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(SCENE III. The council-chamber.) A council-table brought in with chairs and stock.

and placed under the state. Enter LORD CHANCELLOR; places himself at the upper end of the table on the left hand; a seat being left void above him, as for Canterbury's seat. DUKE OF SUFFOLK, DUKE OF NORFOLK, SURREY, LORD CHAMBERLAIN, GARDINE, seat themselves in order on each side. CROWWELL at lower end, as secretary. KEEPER at the door.) Chan. Speak to the business, master secte

tary. Why are we met in council ? Crom.

Please your honours, The chief cause concerns his Grace of Canter

bury. Gar. Has he had knowledge of it ? Crom.

Yes. Nor.

Who waits there? Keep. Without, my noble lords? Gar.

Yes. Keep.

My Lord Archbishop; And has done half an hour, to know your

pleasures. Chan. Let him come in. Keep.

Your Grace may enter nov. CRANMER (enters and) approaches the council

table. Chan. My good Lord Archbishop, I'm very

sorry To sit here at this present, and behold That chair stand empty; but we all are men, 35 In our own natures frail, and capable Of our flesh ; few are angels : out of which

frailty And want of wisdom, yon, that best should

teach us,
Have misdemean'd yourself, and not a little,
Toward the King first, then his laws, in filling
The whole realm, by your teaching and your

For so we are inform’d, with new opinions
Divers and dangerous, which are heresies
And, not reform'd, may prove pernicious.

Gar. Which reformation must be sudden too,
My noble lords ; for those that tame wild horses
Pace 'em not in their hands to make 'em gentle,
But stop their mouths with stubborn bits and
Till they obey the manage. If we suffer,
Out of our easiness and childish pity
To one man's honour, this contagious sickness,
Farewell all physic! And what follows then?
Commotions, uproars, with a general taint
Of the whole state; as, of late days, our neigh-

The upper Germany, can dearly witness,
Yet freshly pitied in our memories.
Cran. My good lords, hitherto, in all the

Both of my life and office, I have labour'd,
And with no little study, that my teaching
And the strong course of my authority
Might go

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Was ever, to do well; nor is there living,
I speak it with a single heart, my lords,
A man that more detests, more stirs against,
Both in his private conscience and his place, 40
Defacers of a public peace, than I do.
Pray Heaven, the King may never find a heart
With less allegiance in it! Men that make
Envy and crooked malice nourishment
Dare bite the best. I do beseech your lord-

ships, That, in this case of justice, my accusers, Be what they will, may stand forth face to

face, And freely urge against me. Suf.

Nay, my lord, That cannot be. You are a counsellor, And, by that virtae, no man dare accuse you. 50 Gar. My lord, because we have business of

more moment, We will be short with you. 'Tis his Highness'

pleasure And our consent, for better trial of you, From hence you be committed to the Tower; Where, being but a private man again, You shall know many dare accuse you boldly, More than, I fear, you are provided for.

Cran. Ah, my good Lord of Winchester, I You are always my good friend; if your will

pass, I shall both find your lordship judge and juror, You are so merciful. I see your end ; 'Tis my undoing. Love and meekness, lord, Become a churchman better than ambition. Win straying souls with modesty again, Cast none away. That I shall clear myself, 85 Lay all the weight ye can upon my patience, I make as little doubt you do conscience In doing daily wrongs. I could say more, But reverence to your calling makes me mod

est. Gar. My lord, my lord, you are a sectary, 70 That's the plain truth. Your painted gloss dis

covers, To men that understand you, words and weakCrom. My Lord of Winchester, you are a

little, By your good favour, too sharp; men so no

However faulty, yet should find respect
For what they have been. 'Tis a cruelty
To load a falling man.

Good master secretary,
I cry your honour mercy. You may, worst
Of all this table, say so.

Why, my lord ?
Gar. Do not I know you for a favourer
Of this new sect? Ye are not sound.

Not sound ? Gar. Not sound, I say.

Crom. Would you were half so honest! Men's prayers then would seek you, not their

fears. Gar. I shall remember this bold language. Crom.

Do. Remember your bold life too.


This is too much. as Forbear for shame, my lords. Gar.

I have done. Crom.

And I. [Chan.] Then thus for you, my lord: it

stands agreed, I take it, by all voices, that forth with You be convey'd to the Tower a prisoner; There to remain till the King's further pleaBe known unto us. Are you all agreed, lords ?

All. We are.

Cran. Is there no other way of mercy, But I must needs to the Tower, my lords ? Gar.

What other Would you expect? You are strangely trouble

some. Let some o' the guard be ready there.

Enter Guard. Cran.

For me? Must I go like a traitor thither? Gar.

Receive him, And see him safe i' the Tower, Cran.

Stay, good my lords, I have a little yet to say. Look there, my

By virtue of that ring, I take my cause
Out of the gripes of cruel men, and give it
To a most noble judge, the King my master.

Cham. This is the King's ring.

'Tis no counterfeit. Suf. 'Tis the right ring, by heaven! I told When we first put this dangerous stone a-roll

ing, 'Twould fall upon ourselves. Nor.

Do you think, my lords, The King will suffer but the little finger Of this man to be vex'd ? Cham.

'T is now too certain. How much more is his life in value with him ? Would I were fairly out on't ! Crom.

My mind gave me, In seeking tales and informations Against this man, whose honesty the devil And his disciples only envy at, Ye blew the fire that burns ye. Now have at

ye! Enter KING, frowning on them; takes his seat. Gar. Dread sovereign, how much are we

bound to Heaven In daily thanks, that gave us such a prince; 116 Not only good and wise, but most religious; One that, in all obedience, makes the Church The chief aim of his honour; and, to strengthen That holy duty, out of dear respect, His royal self in judgement comes to hear The cause betwixt her and this great offender. King. You were ever good at sudden com

mendations, Bishop of Winchester. But know, I come not To hear such flattery now, and in my pres

ence; They are too thin and bare to hide offences. 125 To me you cannot reach you play the spaniel,

ye all,




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And think with wagging of your tongue to win









But, whatsoe'er thou tak'st me for, I'm sure Thou hast a cruel nature and a bloody. [To Cranmer.) Good man, sit down. Now let

me see the proudest He, that darcs most, but wag his finger at thee: By all that's holy, he had better starve Than but once think this place becomes thee

not. Sur. May it please your Grace, King.

No, sir, it does not please me. I had thought I had had men of some under

standing And wisdom of my council; but I find none. Was it discretion, lords, to let this man, This good man, — few of you deserve that

This honest man, wait like a lousy footboy
At chamber-door? and one as great as you are ?
Why, what a shame was this? Did my com-

Bid ye so far forget yourselves ? I gave ye
Power as he was a counsellor to try him,
Not as a groom. There's some of ye, see,
More out of malice than integrity,
Would try him to the utmost, had ye mean;
Which ye shall never have while I live.

Thus far, My most dread sovereign, may it like your

Grace To let my tongue excuse all. What was pur

pos'd Concerning his imprisonment was rather, If there be faith in men, meant for his trial And fair purgation to the world, than malice, I'm sure, in me.

King. Well, well, my lords, respect him ; Take him, and use him well, he's worthy of

it. I will say thus much for him, if a prince May be beholding to a subject, I Am, for his love and service, so to him. Make me no more ado, but all embrace him. Be friends, for shame, my lords ! My Lord of

Canterbury, I have a suit which you must not deny me; That is, a fair young maid that yet wants bap

tism, You must be godfather, and answer for her. Cran. The greatest monarch now alive may

In such an honour; how may I deserve it,
That am a poor and humble subject to you?
King. Come, come, my lord, you a

spare your spoons. You shall have two noble partners

the old Duchess of Norfolk and Lady Marquess Dorset. Will these please you? Once more, my Lord of Winchester, I charge

you, Embrace and love this man. Gar.

With a true heart And brother-love I do it. Cran.

And let Heaven Witness how dear I hold this confirmation, King. Good man, those joyful tears show thy

true heart.

The common voice, I see, is verified
Of thee, which says thus, “Do my Lord of

A shrewd turn, and he is your friend for ever."
Come, lords, we trifle time away; I long
To have this young one made a Christian.
As I have made ye one, lords, one remain;
So I grow stronger, you more honour gain.

(Ereunt. SCENE (IV. The palace yard.] Noise and tumult within. Enter PORTER and

his Man. Port. You 'll leave your noise anon, ye rascals; do you take the court for Paris-garden ? Ye rude slaves, leave your gaping.

(Voice.] (Within.) Good master porter, I be long to the larder.

Port. Belong to the gallows, and be hang'd, ye rogue! Is this a place to roar in ? Fetch me a dozen crab-tree staves, and strong ones ; these are but_switches to 'em. I'll scratch your heads. You must be seeing christenings? Do you look for ale and cakes here, you rude rascals? Man. Pray, sir, be patient. 'T is as much

Unless we sweep 'em from the door with can-
To scatter 'em, as 't is to make 'em sleep
On May-day morning; which will never be.
We may as well push against Paul's, as stir 'em.

Port. How got they in, and be hang'd ?
Man. Alas, I know not; how gets the tide

in ?
As much as one sound cudgel of four foot-
You see the poor remainder - could distribute,
I made no spare, sir.

You did nothing, sir. Man. I am not Samson, nor Sir Guy, nor

Colbrand, To mow 'em down before me; but if I spar'd

any That had a head to hit, either young or old, He or she, cuckold or cuckold-maker, Let me ne'er hope to see a chine again; And that I would not for a cow, God save

her! [Voice.] (Within.) Do you hear, master por Port. I shall be with you presently, good master puppy. – Keep the

door close, sirrah. Man. What would you have me do ?

Port. What should you do, but knock 'em down by the dozens ? Is this Moorfields to muster in? Or have we some strange Indian with the great tool come to court, the women so besiege us ? Bless me, what a fry of fornication is at door! On my Christian conscience, this one christening will beget a thousand; here will be father, godfather, and all together.

Man. The spoons will be the bigger, sir. There is a fellow somewhat near the door, he should be a brazier by his face, for, o' my conscience, twenty of the dog-days now reigu in 's nose ; all that stand about him are under the




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line, they need no other penance: that firedrake did I hit three times on the head, and [ three times was his nose discharged against me; he stands there, like a mortar-piece, to blow us. There was a haberdasher's wife of small wit near him, that rail'd upon me till her pink'd porringer fell off her head, for kin- (50 dling such a combustion in the state. I miss'd the meteor once, and hit that woman; who scried out “Clubs !" when I might see from far some forty truncheoners draw to her succour, which were the hope o' the Strand, where [86 she was quartered. They fell on; I made good my place; at length they came to the broomstaff to me; I defi'd 'em still; when suddenly a file of boys behind 'em, loose shot, deliver'd such a shower of pebbles, that I was fain to draw mine honour in, and let 'em win the work. The devil was amongst 'em, I think, surely. 62

Port. These are the youths that thunder at a playhouse, and fight for bitten apples; that no audience but the tribulation of Tower-hill or the limbs of Limehouse, their dear brothers, are able to endure. I have some of 'em in Limbo Patrum, and there they are like to dance these three days; besides the running banquet of two beadles that is to come.

Cham. Mercy o' me, what a multitude are

here! They grow still too; from all parts they are

coming As if we kept a fair here! Where are these

porters, These lazy knaves? Ye have made a fine hand,

fellows; There's a trim rabble let in. Are all these Your faithful friends o' the suburbs? We shall

have Great store of room, no doubt, left for the

ladies, When they pass back from the christening. Port.

An't please your honour, We are but men; and what so many may do, Not being torn a-pieces, we have done. An army cannot rule 'em. Cham.

As I live, If the King blame me for 't, I'll lay ye all By the heels, and suddenly; and on your

heads Clap round fines for neglect. Ye're lazy

knaves; And here ye lie baiting of bombards, when Ye should do service. Hark! the trumpets

sound; They're come already from the christening. Go, break among the press, and find a way

out To let the troop pass fairly; or I'll find A Marshalsea shall hold ye play these two

Port. Make way there for the princess.

You great fellow, Stand close up, or I 'll make your head ache.

Port. You i' the camlet, get up o' the rail ; I'll peck you o'er the pales else. (Eseunt.

SCENE (V. The palace.] Enter trumpets, sounding; then two Aldermen,

Lord Mayor, GARTER, CRANMER, Duke of Norfolk with his marshal's staff, Duke of Suffolk, two Noblemen bearing great standing-bowls for the christening-gifts; then four Noblemen bearing a canopy, under which the Duchess of Norfolk, godmother, bearing the child richly habited in a mantle, etc., train borne by a Lady; then follows the Marchioness Dorset, the other god mother, and Ladies. The troop, pass once about the stage, and Garter speaks.

Gart. Heaven, from thy endless goodness, send prosperous life, long, and ever happy, to the high and mighty Princess of England, Elizabeth!

Flourish. Enter King and Guard.
Cran. [Kneeling.) And to your royal Grace, ,

and the good queen,
My noble partners, and myself, thus pray:
AŬ comfort, joy, in this most gracious lady,
Heaven ever laid up to make parents happy,
May hourly fall upon ye!
King. Thank


good Lord Archbishop. What is her name? Cran.




lord. [The King kisses the child. With this kiss take my blessing : God protect

Into whose hand I give thy life.

King. My noble gossips, ye have been too

I thank ye heartily; so shall this lady,
When she has so much English.

Let me speak, sir, For Heaven now bids me; and the words I utter Let none think flattery, for they 'll find 'em

truth. This royal infant- Heaven still move about

her! Though in her cradle, yet now promises Upon this land a thousand thousand blessings, Which time shall bring to ripeness. She shall

be But few now living can behold that goodness A pattern to all princes living with her, And all that shall succeed. Saba was never More covetous of wisdom and fair virtue Than this pure soul shall be. All princely

graces, That mould up such a mighty piece as this is, With all the virtues that attend the good, Shall still be doubled on her. Truth shall nurse

her, Holy and heavenly thoughts still counsel her, so She shall be lov'd and fear'd: her own shall

bless her: Her foes shake like a field of beaten corn, And hang their heads with sorrow. Good grows

with her. In her days every man shall eat in safety, Under his own vine, what he plants, and sing *









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