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clusive. Thus he proves that Christ is a DIVINE PERSON, and equal with the Fathers without pretending to know, or attempting to investigate, the modus of his Divine Personality. In regard to the former, he firmly believes that the Scripture is full, explicit, peremptory; in reference to the latter, he considers the sacred Canon as entirely , filent: and, to dispute what Eternal Varacity afferts, because it is above the power of reason to comprehend; or to endeavour to discover what God has not revealed of himself, he looks upon as ifrational, presumptuous, and highly criminal.
The sentiments and views of our Author, in this respect, are well expressed by another celebrated writer, who says; 'I freely grant, that, 6 had I consulted my own reason only, I could • not have discovered some mysteries of the gor
pel. Nevertheless, when I think on the gran6 deur of God; when I cast my eyes on that valt 6 Ocean ; when I consider that immense ALL; s nothing astonishes me, nothing stumbles me, nothing seems to me inadmiflable, how incomprehensible foever it may be. When the subject is Divine, I am ready to believe all, to
admit all, to receive all; provided I be convino ced that it is God his self who speaks to me, or any one on his part.
After this I am no more 6 astonished that there are three distinct Persons s in one Divine essence; one God, and yet a.
Father, a Son, and a Holy Ghost.–Either re
ligion must tell us nothing about God, or what sit tells us must be beyond our capacities; and,
* in discovering even the borders of this immense • Ocean, it must needs exhibit a vast extent in
which our feeble eyes are lost. But what surprizes me, what stumbles me, what frightens me, is to see a diminutive creature, a contemp
tible man, a little ray of light glimmering . through a few feeble organs, controvert a point
with the supreme Being; oppose that Intelligence who fitteth at the helm of the world ; question what he affirms, dispute what he determines, appeal from his decisions, and, even
after God hath given évidence, reject all doc'trines that are beyond his capacity. Enter into
thy nothingness, mortal creature! What mado ness animates thée ! How durft chou pretende + thou who art'but a point, thou whose essence is & but an atom to measure thyself with the
Supreme Being ; with him who fills heaven and * earth; with Him, whom heaven, the heaven of
beavens cannot contain! Canst thou by search.ng find out God? Canst thou find out the Almighty to perfection High as beaven, what canst thou do? deeper than hell, what canst thou knows
$ ?' The great principle which the Author aims to establish in the following work, is; That the Deity of Jefus Christ is essential to the Christian Religion. In pursuance of this design he thews, if Jesus the Son of God be not of the same essence with his father,—That the Mahometan religion is preferable to Christianity, and Christ inferior to
Mahomet 8 M. SAURIX's Serm. Vol. I. p. 78, 79. Mr ROBINSON'S Transation,
Mahomet -That the Sanhedrim did an act of justice, in causing Jesus to be put to death for
* It may be proper here to observe, That some of the Socinians have not been ashamed to avow a considerable degree of regard for the character and cause of Mahomet. Witness their famous Address to AMET# Ben AMETH, ambassador from the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, to CHARLES the Second, King of Great Britain. • We, say they to his Excellency, as your NEAREST FELLOW
CHAMPIONS for those truths, -[1. c. truths in which none but they
agree with the Mahometans] We, who, with our Unitarian • brethren, were in all ages exercised to defend with our pens the • faith of one Supreme God, (without personalities, or pluralities)
AS KE HATH RAISED YOUR MAHOMET TO DO THE SAME with the sword, as a scourge on those IDOLIZING CHRISTIANS; -We do, FOR THE VINDICATION OF YOUR LAW-MAKER's
CIORY, strive to prove, that such faults and irregularities, [ås are • found in the Koran) not cohering with the fashion of the rest of • the Alcoran building, nor with the undoubted sayings of your
Prophet, nor with the gospel of Chrift (whereof Mahomet would ' have himself to be but a preacher) were foifted into the scattered
papers found after Mahomet's death, of which in truth the Alcoran was made up: it being otherwise impossible that a man of THAT JUDGMENT, THAT HATH PROVED ITSELF 'IN OTHER THINGS SO CONSPICUOUSLY,
should be guilty of so many and • frequent repugnancies, as are to be seen in those writings and laws " that are now adays given out under his name. We do, then, ' endeavour to clear by whom, and in what time, such alterations
were made in the first setting out of the Alcoran.' See the whole Address in LESLIE's Socinian Controverfing Disc. " Pref. p. 3-13.
Thus careful were these Gentlemen to purge the Koran of every thing supposititious; and thus tender of its Author's honour!
Another Socinian writer represents Mahomet, as having no other design but to restore the belief of the unity of God; which, says he,
at that time, was extirpated among the eastern Christians, by the • doctrines of the Trinity and Incarnation,'--And informs us, 'That • Mahome meant not his religion should be esteemed a new religion; • but only the reftitution of the true intent of the Christian Religion
Blasphemy-That He and his apostles have led us into a complicated and pernicious error_That there is no agreement between the Old and the New Testament-And, that neither the ancient Jewish, nor the Chriftian Religion, is attended with sufficient criteria to distinguish it from imposture.-In proving that these are the necessary consequences of the Socinian and Arian systems, and in answering the principal objections of his opponents; he discovers such fertility of invention, originality of thought, and strength of reasoning powers, as comparatively few enjoy. The genea rality of writers on this very interesting subject, do little more than collect and retail the thoughts of others, which they express in a different style and method. Not so Dr ABBADIE. For the reader of this masterly performance, if not pofTefled of uncommon penetration, is entertained with ideas entirely new, as well as with arguments irrefragably strong, in every Section, and in almost every Chapter: so that, if he love the adorable Jesus and rejoice in his Highness," he finds himself instructed, amazed, delighted.
Though . - That the Mahometan learned men call themselves, the true difciples of the Messias, or Christ; intimating thereby, that Chriftians are apoftates from the MOST ESSENTIAL PARTS of the doce trine of the Messias That Mahometanism has prevailed fo greatly, not by force and the sword, but by that one truth, in the Alcoran, · ' the unity of God ;' that is, as well in Person, as in Elence. And then he represents the Tartars' as acting more rationally, in embracing what be calls, the more plausible feet of Mahomet, than 'they would have done, in receiving the Christian faith of the Trinity, Incarnation, &c.' In LESLIE, as above, p. 28.
'Though the book be exceedingly scarce, and, at this time, very little known in England; the abilities of the Writer and the merit of the Treatise have received the most honourable testimonies from various pens. Abbe HOUTEVILLE, for instance, when speaking of our Author's work, on the truth of the Christian Religion ; of which elaborate performance this is generally reckoned the third volume, says ; The most shining of • those treatises in defence of the Christian Reli'gion, which were published by the Protestants, • is that written by Mr ABBADIE. The • favourable reception it met with ; the praises it • received, almost without example, immediately
after its publication; and the universal appro• bation it ftill meets with, render it unneceffary • for mię to join my commendations, which would * add so little to the merit of so great an author, • In the first part he combats the Atheists, the • Deists in the second, and the Socinians in the • third *'- VOLTAIRE also, who cannot be suspected of a predilection for ABBADIE, on account of his writing in defence of revealed truth; informs us, that he was celebrated for his Trea• tise on the Christian Religion fi'-And the Rev. Mr Venn thus recommends the work ; • It is a book in the highest form for reputation, • in all the Protestant countries abroad; a book,
Article ABBADIL, New and Gen. Biograph. Dial, Note,
† Age of Luwis XIV, Vol. II. p. 274.