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advance this jewel, “ prefer it, raise it to honour by wearing it”

(JOHNSON), vi. 520. advancement-His own disorders Deserv'd much less, vii. 289:

“Certainly means, that Kent's disorders had entitled him even to a

post of less honour than the stocks” (STEEVENS). adversaries do in law-As, iii. 128: Here by adversaries we are to

understand the counsel of adversaries. adversity !-Well said, vi. 81: see note 147, vi. 124. advertise-To one that can my part in him, “ To one who is himself

already sufficiently conversant with the nature and duties of my

office” (MALONE), i. 446. advertisement, admonition, moral instruction: my griefs cry

louder than advertisement, ii. 129. advertising and holy to your business, attentive and faithful to,"

&c. (Johnson), i. 517. advice, consideration : with more advice, ... without advice, i. 285 ;

after more advice, i. 519; upon more advice, ii. 407; upon advice, iii. 117; vi. 294 ; lack advice, iii. 248 ; upon good advice, iv. 119; on our more advice, iv. 439 (see note 40, iv. 515); with advice and silent

secrecy, v. 135; Out of your best advice, vii. 640. advise, equivalent to persuade : Signior Leonato, let the friar adrise

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you, ii. 124.

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advise, followed by you, thee, &c., to consider : Advise you what you

say, iii. 382 ; bid thy master well advise himself, iv. 463; Advise

thee, Aaron, what is to be done, vi. 330; Advise yourself, vii. 275. advised, deliberate : advised watch, ii. 349 ; advis'd respect, iv. 55 ;

advisèd purpose, iv. 117. advised, aware, cautious, circumspect, considerate: mad or well

advis'd (in possession of reflection and reason), ii. 21; I advised what I say (“ I am not going to speak precipitately or rashly, but on reflection and consideration,” STEEVENS), ii. 48; And were you well advis'd ("acting with sufficient deliberation," STEEVENS)? ii. 223; therefore be advis'd, ii. 359; Be well advis'd, iv. 29; You were advis'd his flesh was capable, &c. iv. 319; Th' advised head, iv. 429; Are ye advis'd? v. 129; bid me be advised how I tread, v. 140; livery of advised age, v. 194; being well advis'd, v. 371; bade me be advis'd, v. 383; any well-advised friend, v. 439; general, be advis'd, vii. 382 ;

0, be advis’d, viii. 259. advisedly, deliberately, ii. 415; iv. 277; viii. 331, 339. aery, the nest, also the young brood in the nest, of an eagle, hawk,

or other bird of prey, iv. 68; v. 370. aery of children, little eyases, that cry out on the top of question-An,

vii. 140: “Shakespeare here alludes to the encouragement at that

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time given to some 'eyry' or nest of children, or 'eyases' (young hawks) (see eyases], who spoke in a high tone of voice. There were several companies of young performers about this date engaged in acting, but chiefly the Children of Paul's and the Children of the Revels, who, it seems, were highly applauded, to the injury of the companies of adult performers. From an early date the choir-boys of St. Paul's, Westminster, Windsor, and the Chapel Royal, had been occasionally so employed, and performed at

Court" (COLLIER). Æsop fable, &c.Let, v. 314: “The Prince calls Richard, for his

crookedness, Æsop," &c. (JOHNSON). affect, to love (" To affect (love), Diligo.Coles's Lat. & Engl. Dict.):

a lady ... whom I affect, i. 293; Dost thou affect her ? ii. 82 ; I do affect the very ground, ii. 175; If you affect him, iii. 128; she did affect me, iii. 355 ; Sir John affects thy wife, i. 362; since he affects

her most, v. 81 ; And may, for aught thou know'st, affected be, vi. 298. affect the letter, affect, practise alliteration, ii. 194. affection, imagination, or “the disposition of the mind when

strongly affected or possessed by a particular idea" (MALONE):

Affection! thy intention stabs the centre, iii. 424. affection, sympathy: affection, Master of passion, ii. 396. affection, affectation : witty without affection, ii. 207; indict (con

vict) the author of affection, vii. 143. affectioned, affected, iii. 350. affects, affections : shifts to strange affects, i. 477 ; every man with

his affects is born, ii. 167 ; to banish their affects with him, iv. 121 ;

the young affects In me defunct, vii. 391 (see note 24, vii. 474). affeer'd, (a law-term) confirmed, established, vii. 54. affin'd, joined by affinity, vi. 17; Whether I in any just term am

affin'd To love the Moor ("Do I stand within any such terms of propinquity or relation to the Moor, as that it is my duty to love him ?” Johnson), vii. 376; If partially affin'd, or leagu'd in office (Here affin'd "means related by nearness of office'," STEEVENS),

vii. 409. affront, a meeting face to face, a hostile encounter: That gave th'

affront with them, vii. 714. affront, to meet, to encounter : Afront his eye, iii. 492 ; Affront

Ophelia, vii. 148; Your preparation can affront no less Than what you hear of (" Your forces are able to face such an army as we hear the enemy will bring against us,” Johnson), vii. 708 ; That my integrity and truth to you Might be affronted with the match and weight Of such a winnow'd purity in love ("I wish my integrity might be met and matched with such equality and force of pure unmingled love," JOHNSON), vi. 51.

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affy, to betroth, v. 167 ; For daring to affy a mighty lord, v. 167; We

be affied, ii. 166. affy, to trust, to confide : 80 I do affy In thy uprightness, vi. 284. afore me, equivalent to God afore me, viii. 22. agate very vilely cut-If low, an, ii. 104 ; I was never manned with an

agate (“had an agate for my man," Johnson ; was waited on by an agate) till now, iv. 321 : Allusions to the small figures cut in

agate for rings, for ornaments to be worn in the hat, &c. agaz'd, struck with amazement, aghast, v. 8. age with this indignity-Nor wrong mine, vi. 283: Here age means

"my seniority in point of age. Tanora, in a subsequent passage

[p. 292], speaks of him as a very young man” (BOSWELL). AgenorThe daughter of, iii, 118:“ Europa, for whose sake Jupi

ter transformed himself into a bull” (STEEVENS): and see note 31,

iii. 185. aggravate his style, add to his titles, i. 372. aglet-baby-An, iïi. 123: “A small image or head cut on the

tag of a point or lace. That such figures were sometimes appended to them, Dr. Warburton has proved by a passage in Mezeray, the French historian :-portant meme sur les aiguillettes (points] des

petites tetes de mort'” (Malone). See the next article. aglets, viii. 162: "Were worn,” says Sir F. Madden, “ by both

sexes; by the men chiefly as tags to their laces or points (aiguillettes), which were made either square or pointed, plain or in the form of acorns, or with small heads cut at the end, or topped with a diamond or ruby .... They were worn also by ladies, as pendants or ornaments in their head-dress.... Junius is therefore evidently mistaken in explaining aglet by spangle, into which error Archdeacon Nares has also partly fallen.” Note on Privy Purse Expenses of the Princess Mary, p. 205: but Coles gives both “An Aglet (tag of a point), Æramentum ligulæ," and "An Aglet (a little plate of metal), Bractea, Bracteola.” (Spenser, describing Belphoebe, tells us that she

was yclad, for heat of scorching aire,
All in a silken camus lilly whight,
Purfled upon with many a folded plight,
Which all above besprinckled was throughout
With golden aygulets, that glistred bright,

Like twinckling starres." Faerie Queene, B. ii. C. iii. st. 26.) agnize, to acknowledge, to avow, vii. 390. a-good, in good earnest, heartily, i. 315. a-hold, a-hold-Lay her, i. 176: To lay a ship a-hold is explained,

to bring her to lie as near the wind as possible,—to make her hold to the wind, and keep clear of land. (While this sheet was passing through the press, I received a note from Mr Bolton Corney in

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which he says that in the present passage a-hold ought to be “ahull,” and quotes from Smith's Sea-Grammar, 1627, p. 40, "If the storm grow so great that she [the ship] cannot bear it, then hull;

which is to bear no sail :" but qy. ?) aim, guess, conjecture : my jealous aim, i. 292; What you would

work me to, I have some aim, vi. 621 ; where the aim reports, vii.

384. aim, to guess, to conjecture : they aim at it, vii. 179; my discovery

be not aimed at, i. 292 ; I aim'd so near, vi. 394. aim, to aim at: I aim thee, ii. 27 (so Milton, “missing what I aim'd,"

Paradise Regained, B. iv. 208). aim-Cry, an expression borrowed from archery: All my neighbours

shall cry aim, i. 379; to cry aim To these ill-tunèd repetitions, iv. 18; Cried I aim? i. 374 : “ To cry aim! ... was to encourage, to give aim was to direct; and in these distinct and appropriate senses the words perpetually occur. There was no such officer as aim-cryer ... the business of encouragement being abandoned to such of the spectators as chose to interfere ; to that of direction, indeed, there was a special person appointed. Those who cried aim! stood by the archers;

he who gave it, was stationed near the butts, and pointed out, after every discharge, how wide, or how short, the arrow fell of the mark.” Gifford's note on Massinger's Works, vol. ii. p. 28,

ed. 1813. aim-Give, an expression borrowed from archery; see the preceding

article : gentle people, give me aim awhile, vi. 353 (see note 169, vi.

379); Behold her that gave aim to all thy paths, i. 322. airy devil hovers in the sky-Some, iv. 38: Here, in defence of the

epithet airy, the commentators cite from Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy, “ Aerial spirits or devils are such as keep quarter most part in the aire, cause many tempests, thunder and lightnings, tear oakes, fire steeples, houses, strike men and beasts, make it rain stones,” &c. Part i. sect. 2, p. 46, ed. 1660; and from Nash's Pierce Pennilesse his Supplication to the Diuell, “The spirits of the aire wil mix themselues with thunder and lightning, and so infect the clime where they raise any tempest, that suddenly great mortalitie shall ensue of the inhabitants," &c. Sig. 1 3, ed. 1595 :

but see note 68, iv. 87. Ajax is half made of Hector's blood. This, vi. 74: “Ajax and Hec

tor were cousin-germans” (MALONE): see mongrel beef-witted, &c. Ajax is their fool, vii. 281: “i. e. a fool to them. These rogues

and cowards talk in such a boasting strain, that if we were to credit their account of themselves, Ajax would appear a person of no

prowess when compared with them" (MALONE). Ajax, That slew himself, &c.- The Greeks upon advice did bury, vi.

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This passage alone would sufficiently convince me that the play before us was the work of one who was conversant with the Greek tragedies in their original language. We have here a plain allusion to the Ajax of Sophocles, of which no translation was extant in the time of Shakespeare. In that piece Agamemnon consents at last to allow Ajax the rites of sepulture, and Ulysses is the pleader whose arguments prevail in favour of his remains"

(STEEVENS). Ajax-Your lion, that holds his pole-axe sitting on a close-stool, will

be given to, ii. 227 : “This alludes to the arms given, in the old history of The Nine Worthies, to · Alexander, the which did beare geules, a lion or seiante in a chayer, holding a battle-ax argent.' Leigh's Accidence of Armory, 1597, p. 23" (TOLLET): Here, of

course, is a quibble, Ajax (a jakes). Al'ce, a provincial abbreviation of Alice, iii. 113 ("So · Alice' is

pronounced in many places of Beaumont and Fletcher's Monsieur

Thomas, as is evident from the metre," WALKER). alder-liefest, dearest of all, v. 110 (" Alder is a corrupted, or at

least modified, form of the original English genitive plural aller or allre; it is that strengthened by the interposition of a supporting d (a common expedient),” CRAIK; liefest is the superlative of lief, which means dear:” The A, S. form for this would be allra

leofeste.Latham's ed. of Johnson's Dict.). ale, alehouse : go to the ale with a Christian, i. 287. (Here ale has

been explained to mean the rural festival so named, though the words in the preceding speech of the present speaker, go with me

to the ale-house, distinctly prove that explanation to be wrong.) Aleppo gone, master O' the Tiger-Her husband's to, vii. 8: Sir W. C.

Trevelyan observed to Mr. Collier that “in Hakluyt's Voyages,' 1589 and 1599, are printed several letters and journals of a voyage

to Aleppo in the ship Tiger of London : it took place in 1583.” aleven, eleven, ii. 363 : see note 23, ii. 419.

(" The Lorde hath suffered vs full longe,

And spared hath his rodde,-
What peace hath bene vs now among

Aleuen yeares, praysed be God!"
A new Ballad, intituled Agaynst Rebellions and false rumours, -

Seventy-nine Black-letter Ballads, &c. 1867, p. 242.) a-life, as my life, excessively, iii. 473. alive - Well, to our work, vi. 672: “ This must mean, apparently

let us proceed to our living business, to that which concerns the living, not the dead" (CRAIK): the context proves that it can have

no other meaning. all, applied to two persons: good morrow to you all, my lords, iv. 353 ;

as all you know, v. 134. all amort, dejected, dispirited (Fr. à la mort), iii. 160; v. 46.

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