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nalized by such munificent liberality as to enable Bráhmans, through the performance of meritorious ceremonies, to endanger the stability of the rank of Indra himself, the lord of heaven.
38. Analytically, “Titan-foes of the earth ;' and the foes of the Titans are the gods. The result is, 'terrestrial deities.'
39. See the note on the seventeenth stanza.
40. An explanation of this technicality will be seen in Colebrooke's Two Treatises on the Hindu Law of Inheritance, pp. 274 and 334.
41. S'ambhu is S'iva; Tarani is Súrya, or the sun.
43. The possessor of Srí;' that is to say, Vishņu: S'rí, or Lakshmi, being his wife.
44. King Hridaya's daughter, probably. No mention of her is found elsewhere.
A note on this distich has been given above, after its original.
45. Or Murárí, etc.; “the enemy of Mura:' an epithet of Vishnu, who slew a demon so called.
46. With the astrologers, this day is the next after that so called by the theogonists : for, according to the Padma-purana and the Brahmandapurana, the eleventh of the fortnight is the prime favorite of Vishnu, who is its regent. The second numeral of what I now read 12, at the end of the inscription, is very indistinct. To ensure certainty, it was, therefore, necessary to resort to computation. The result is, the satisfaction of knowing that the clerkly Jayagorinda' followed the astrologers. The date in the text answers to the fifth of June, A. D. 1667, N.S
For conrenience of reference, I subjoin a list of the tutelars of the dars of the lunar fortnights; for both which they are the same. Ist. Fire.
oth. Gaur d. Brahma
10th. Yam Sd Gauri.
11th The Visive derák. 4th Ganesa
19th Vishno. oth. The serpent tribe.
1Sth Kama 6th. Kartikera
15th The Moon
41. The henvis measure, acevnding to its prescribed scheme, is stroPhi Yet as reanis the accent pairs of its veres al material deris. tips from the bes laid down in the Sruta-bodia—such as, when the h
i story of anting, at pleasure, the fAh-are conSal a rirenair, to the thin berisich This is the S
e rhatiaisiacente Tos: the first hemistich, r
mi me reruere eran eritrite, in sl. 1, i til, sad the chinezi staraNe studie, with a fourth To : R S 1$ and 45. rith a dispuhee; ani is EL 49, with a cho
While usage allows greater freedom to at least the third hemistich of the heroic measure, in its latter half, than is accorded by the S'rutabodha, it refuses to avail itself of much of the liberty which that work silently permits in the first halves of the distichs generally. The middle syllables are not found to be a pyrrhic in any of them; and the closing two, in the second and fourth, are never an iamb.
M. Lancereau's section on the s'loka, though correctly representing the intent of his author, does not, therefore, give an account of actual custom. See his Sroutabodha, p. 26.
I here cite a portion of Professor Wilson's first description of the Anushtubh measure, from p. 436 of the last edition of his Sanskrit Grammar: “In its most regular form, the first foot is any one except a tribrach; the second may be a dactyl, a tribrach, cretic, or anapæst : the other two syllables are indifferently long or short." But the first foot is also forbidden to be a dactyl ; since it is the concurrence of two short syllables as the second and third that is to be avoided. Again, in the second and fourth quarters of the stanza, the second foot may not be a dactyl or a cretic, where an amphibrach or an antibacchic has preceded. Nor are the final two syllables arbitrary. The seventh is never short, in the first and third hemistichs, unless the fourth is so; and, in the second and last hemistichs, it is, under no circumstances, long. Other corrections of the description just cited, and integrations of it, may be gathered from what has been said above. Nor is it intimated, by Professor Wilson, that the hemistichs of the half Anushțubh are not uniform. It was, thus, ill-advised, in a German editor, to prefer the reading :
सुतं त्वमपि समातं सेव पुरुमवाप्नुहि. Three of my MSS. of the S'akuntala have to ; which is, for more than one reason, most undoubtedly to be accepted. See Professor Bochtlingk's S'ákuntala, pp. 42, 214, and 289. I have in vain searched the whole of Kálidása's works for a similar license. Moreover, the older form is Púru, not Puru. Professor Wilson says that “the first vowel of Puru is short.” Translation of the Rig-veda, iï. 163, third foot-note. In the Vishnu-purana it is so ; where, by the bye, Puru's brother is Uru, not Uru, contrarily to the learned translator. But we find Púru in the Bhagavata, and also in the Rig-veda ; as Professor Wilson afterwards discovered. He does not, however, remark on his former error.
48. The Avitatha, Narkutaka, and Kokilaka contain the same number and the same disposition of feet: only the first has no cæsuras; and these pauses, in the last two, differ. Yet Sundara Upadhyaya, in his commentary on the Vritta-ratnúkara, the Sugama-vritti, says that the Narkutaka and Kokilaka are two names for one measure.
Colebrooke-Miscellaneous Essays, ii. 148—has inadvertently considered the Avitatha and Narkutaka to be identical. The stanza which he prints is of the former metre, a “very uncommon” one, as he justly observes. In the Veda-stuti — Bhugavata-purána, x, latter section, eighty-seventh chapter-a number of instances of it are to be seen, with one stanza in narkutaka and one in kokilaka.
Sangor, March, 1858.
PERTAINING TO THE
PARAMÁRA RULERS OF MÁLAVA: THE SANSKRIT, WITH TRANSLATIONS AND REMARKS.
BY FITZ-EDWARD HALL, D.C.L.
Presented to the Society October 17, 1860.
THOUGH the kings mentioned in the memorials! under notice have already been made known to the world, yet the statements which have been put forth concerning their connection and succession require to be rectified. Their names are subjoined. The comments which have been suggested with reference to them, as being by.matter, are added in the form of notes.
Arjunavarma Deva. A.D. 1211-1215. Devapála Deva was reigning, as I have brought to light in another paper, in the year 1353 of our era, at Dhará. This city had been the royal seat of the last Bhoja, about three hundred years before; and likewise that of Yas'ovarman, in 1143. Jaya. varman dates one edict from Vardhamanapura ;4 and Arjuna publishes another at Mandapa. But these two places may have served only for temporary residence.6
The copper-plates containing the following inscriptions are deposited in the library of the Begum's school at Sehore in Bhopal, where I examined them in February of last year.