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rials „This detalion is an ugly circumstance; and we do not fee how Mr. P. will be able

to retrieve his literary character, in this respect.

But although quv Author is keen in his strictures on the his, torian, he is equally candid in his conceffions, in favour of the hero, whom Mr. Phillips hath fo fondly, celebrated. We fall give some part of what he hath said, in his general review of Pole's character, at the conclusion of these animadversions, which may serve as a specimen of our Author's manner, and of the temper in which he usually expresses himself,

Dr. Neye' allows, that there is no part of Cardinal Pole's character more amiable than when we view him in his retirements, and in the social intercourses with private friends : here he appeared to great adyanrage, and displayed all the endearing good qualities of the polite scholar, the chearful companion, and the fincere friend. His fame would have been handed down to pofterity, with undiminished lustre, if he had never engaged in the turbulent, active scenes of life; for which he either was not designed by pature, or had rendered himself unfit by in dulging an indolent and timid difpofition. His rank and fation indeed frequently forced him upon public employments, in which he feldom answered the high opinion conceived of him, At the two councils of Trent, where he presided as one of the pope's legates, nothing memorable or material is recorded of him; no traces are to be found of his vigour and activity. Ho left the second council, pleading his ill ftate of health, before any of the most interesting articles were debated, to the great regret of his colleagues, who were displeased at his departure. That we are not mistaken in thus charging Cardinal Pole with indolence and inactivity; let us consider what his behaviour was in England, when invested with his leganține powers. He bewailed indeed the fins of the nation, he reunited it to the papal church, and absolved it from the grievous crime of herefy: this he could not help doing himself : but he did nothing further belonging to his spiritual jurisdiction; he neither ordained, non confecrated; nor did he visit, even his own small diocefe, on his peculiars; but performed all these branches of his duty by commission. His pen, however, was not idle: he was perpen tually.employed in writing volumes of canons, articles, injunctions, and letters. He could be active enough upon paper and here all his vigour spent itself.'.

He goes on to animadvert, on what the Cardinal's panegyrilthas said with regard to his remarkable mildness, and his lenient arts, to those who dissented from the doctrine of his church ;' but our Author, on the contrary, quotes fuch in Atances, of, frantic zeal, and insolent, inhuman persecutions of beretics, as are by no means confitent with the gentle idea given of him, in Mr. Phillips's encomium on his character. But, adds our Author, a veil is thrown upon these actions of Pole which I have been relating, in the panegyrical narration before us: and others of the same tendency are furred over with this

apofogy, that they were the result of his deferente to the laws and conftitutions of his country, which did not allow him to frain the tender ftrings of government, nor exert an undue authority on aniy "pretext whatever (p. 132). Whereas Pole, by the general powers given him for reconciling the nation to the church of Rome, was invested with a plenitude of authority over temporal, as well as ecclefiaftical courts : he had it therefore in his power to be as mild and merciful as he pleased. But he had fo terrible a notion of heresy, that he seemed to look upon it as an unpardonable crime: it was this prevailing bias, which led him to come illnatured and harsh severities against the poor fufferers for religion, at the time of their execution; and to some uncharitable reflections upon their fortitude under it. Thus he writes to a nameless bithop; “ that some of the heretics did as much harm to the people by their deaths as by their lives : a preacher therefore, he says, should be provided against the time of their sufferings, who should declare the occafion of their death, their wicked life and obstinacy, and the pains taken to bring them to repentance : ... that by these means an act of compassion may to the last be offered to the heretics, and the people rescued from the danger of that offence, they so easily fall into, when, without a preacher to declare this, they only see the constancy of a wretched person in fuffering torment, and do not perceive, under this falfe appearance of piety and resolution, the power and cunning of the devil.” Thus he also writes to King PhiJip; and informs him, that Father Soto had been with the two condemned heretics at Oxford, (Ridley and Latimer he means) one of whom would not so much as speak to him ; that with the other he had some conversation, but to no effect : by which, faith the mild and Christian Pole, it is manifest that no one can fave those whom God hath rejected, and therefore (he adds,) they say the people beheld their execution with pleasure, when they understood that nothing was omitted which could contribute to their falvation.'

The Doctor next proceeds to consider the boasted patriot Spirit of this cardinal; and he fhews that Pole had very little if any title to the character of a true lover of his country. Nevertheless, though a 'just regard to the truth of history has con-, Arained him to censure the actions of Pole,' yet our Author ap-. pears to be no way blind to his real merits.' The excellency of his morals, says Dr. N. the natural goodness of his heart, and the piety of his disposition, are chearfully confessed; his Behaviour in his last moments fhewed, that his religion, though

ill-directed,

il-directed, was fincere and genuine. It is with pleasure we can take our leave of him by a fair and favourable acknowledge ment of his virtue and piety. We are sorry to think, so wellmeaning and so good a man should labour under such inveterate prejudices : and that, to spare his character, those allowances must be made for his conduct, which he, with all his lenity, and good nature, knew not how to grant to any who differed from him. His good name and reputation have hitherto been tenderly treated : his biographer hath occasioned them to be more miņutely examined. How they will bear this enquiry, let him, look to it, who hath thus disturbed his alhes, and made the elogium of his hero the vehicle of scornfully traducing the religion of his country, of insulting the memory of those worthies who are so juftly dear to it, and of recommending those horrid intolerant principles, which enforced the naturally mild and easy Pole to become an inquisitor and a persecutor. The cruelties, however, which were so wantonly exercised by him and others, in their day of power, have been attended with many providentially good effects, which are still felt amongst ụs : they discovered the true fanguinary spirit of popery ; they promoted the cause of the reformation, and excited in our ana cestors, the utmost indignation against and contempt for that religion, which took inhuman methods to preserve its establishment. The blood of the martyrs proved the seed of the protestant church: many, who in the beginning of Mary's reign were rigid papists, were converted by the cruel executions, and pa ţient sufferings of those whom they saw condemned to the flames for no crime; but only for conscience fake : and some made an atonement for their former blindness and superstition, and died in defence of that religion they had before opposed. By these means, to use the words of the venerable, expiring Latimer, such a candle was lighted in England, as, we trust, by God's grace Thall never be extinguished. AMEN!

This summary view of Pole's character appears to be so candid as well as just, that we think it cannot fail of doing honour to that of our Author himself; of whom we here take leave ;-with our hearty thanks for the satisfaction afforded us in the perusal of a work which appears to have been compiled with great labour, finished with equal accuracy, and penned with as much {pirit and vivacity as can possibly be expected in a composition of such a nature,

** For our account of the firft part of Mr. Phillips's work, we refer to Review, Vol. XXXI. p. 130;-of the second part, 10 Vol. XXXII. p. 139: see also our account of Mr. Ridley's Review of the fame work, in our thirty-third Vol. p. 473.

So.itude,

Solituda, or the Ehsum of the Posts,' a Vifion. Ta which is fub

joined, ax Eligy. 4to. .28. 6d. Burpet. IN N the course of Mr. Ogilvie's publications, of which this is

one, we have been so attentive to the various merit of that ingenious gentleman, and so induftrious to promote bis reputation as a poet, that we are perfuaded he will impute those itrictures, we may find occafion to make in the review of this light poem, to their true motiye; and conclude, when we inform him of what we think exceptionable or liable to censure, that we are only defirous of his preserving that reputation, to the establifhment of which we have always, with so much pleafure, contributed our mite.

We shall, Arft of all, give our Rcaiters part of Mr. Ogilvie's account of his plan. • Pt is the design of the following poem, fays he, to give the Englifh reader an idea, in as short a compass as possible, of the charaéler, merit, and difcriminating excelencies of the inoff eminent Britifh poets.

In order to give the feveral figures in the following piece, as nearly as possible, their just proportions and importance, 'the Author hath endeavoured to describe each of these in that manner which he conceived to be moft suitable; and with that dra: pery, which he fuppofed to be at once the jufteft, and the most ornamental. With this view it was, that instead of giving fimply a detail of the writings of these great geniufes, and of infift

Bafticularly upon their feparate excellencies; he hath contrived a kind of poetical Elyfium as the place of their residence and baih attempted to impress fome idea of their characters upon the mind of the Reader, by adjusting the external scenery to the manners of tħie perfon who is fuppofed to be placed in it. After this apparatus, the bard is introduced in an attitude adapted to this ftrain of composition; and he amuses himself in his Elyfium, by reciting to the 'mufic of the pipe, or the lyre, the different fubjects of which he had formerly treated. The Author propofed indeed, at first, to have made each of the poets speak in his own person, and resume fome part of his works, in a stile fomewhat fimilar to that which he might conceive him to employ: "Though this method is really taken in the case of Pope,

Thomson, and Denham ; yet le found upon reflection, that a constant adherence to it would not only have spoiled the reader's entertainment, by rendering the narrative part of the poem altogether disproportioned to the descriptive; but after all, the happiest execution (unless he had run the narration to a very great length) could have conveyed no adequate idea of the different fpecies of poesical composirion in which some of them excelled. Upon the whole, therefore, he determined to make use of both methods ; fometimes narrating himself the themes of

the

ing

the poet, and sometimes making him infift at length, upon thoke which are either in themselves molt important, or in which he excelled moft particularly, as anfwering most fully the design of this work.

• Though the Author proposed, by taking the course already mentioned, to avoid an extreme on either lide; yet he is fuffia cieatly aware, that some Readers will cenfure hiin for having rendered, at least, the first part of the poem almoft wholly deferiptive. They will be apt to fuggeft, that even the richest imao gery dazzles and fatigues the mind, when the series of moral obfervation does not, upon fome occafions, contribute to relieve it. Without disputing the truth of this general remark, the Writer would only vindicate his own conduet in the present instance from its being unavoidable. The scene with which the poem opens, the cell of Solitude, the climes through which the palled, and the Elyfium into which she opened an admillion ; these objects naturally require the graces of description, perhaps in a much higher degree than they are bestowed in this poem. As to the poets themselves, the Author hath endeavoured to speak of them with propriety, and to make those who recite the subjects of their own writings, run into fucis a vein of sentiment, as he conceived to be least unappropriated to their feparate profesions. The moral observations which arise from particular parts, he choosed rather to throw together in a connected series at the end, than to scatter loafely through the work. :

• In difcusing the several parts of a plan in itself fo complicated, and requiring a stile of composition so constantly diversified; in such a performance, the Reader who fhall expect to see equal justice done to every character, and his own idea of it perfectly exhibited, will form an expectation which no effort whatever will compleatly gratify. Admitting that the Author of the following attempt, may have spoke too flightly of a favourite poet, and too warmly of one to whom his, reader will allow a less share of inerit ; yet surely the person who makes this remark, will be polite enough to indulge another (when he is not grolly faulty) in prejudices fimilar, perhaps, to those which he enjoys himself without censure. He will permit him to bestow the most lively colouring, not merely where acknowledged superiority rendered it expedient, but where he found it easiest to catch a particular manner, from some real or supposed resemblance which it might have to his own.

• Another set of Readers may probably, at first view, be offended with the order in which the poets are arranged ; Milton Scing seemingly preferred to Shakespeare,' as Thomson is to Pope. Without enquiring into the comparative merit of these writers, which would be altogether improper here, the Author would only observe, that he placed them in their present order,

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