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effects, with regard to his business and religious frame. * While I have had company with me, he writes, my work hath been interrupted ; secret devotion straitened; the divine life reduced to a low ebb, as to its sensible workings, though my heart continued right with God.” At another time; " Too much com: pany, though very agreeable to me, led me to neglect some part of my business, and turned that, in which I so much rejoiced as a very pleasing circumstance, into a mischief rather than a be: nefit. Had I been resolute to have commanded an hour or two in the morning, I should have been lels embarrassed through the day. I will therefore be more watchful and self-denying on this head.” He was desirous to do the work of every day in its day, and never defer it till the morrow; knowing there would be business enough remaining for that day, and all the days and hours of his life. He thought and his own temper shewed it) that

activity and chearfulness were so nearly allied, that one can hardly take a more effectual method to secure the latter, than to cultivate the former ;. especially when it is employed to low the feeds of an immortal harvest, which will be rich and glorious, in proportion to our present diligence and zeal.” So folicitous was he to improve every moment, that one of his pupils gene rally read to him, when he was dresing and shaving. In these fort intervals he was improving himself and them, by remarking on their manner of reading, and pointing-out to them the excellencies or defects of sentiment and language in the book read. When he was upon a journey, or occasional visits to his friends, where he spent the night, he took his papers with him, and employed all the time he could seize, especially his morning-hours, in carrying on some good work for his people, his pupils or the world. While he was preparing his Familyexpositor for the press, he did something at it daily. When an intimate friend had expressed some fear, left his academy fhould be neglected, while he was preparing some works for the public, he thus wrote to him ; “ So far as I can recollect, I never omitted a single lecture on account of any of the books, that I have published. The truth is, I do a little now and then; something every day, and that carries me on. I have wrote some of my pieces in short-hand, and got them transcribed by my pupils, and thus I do by many letters. This is a help to me, and some considerable advantage to those I employ. I scarce fail being in the lecture room three hours every morning ; that carries me through my stated work; and, with the concurrence of my afiiftant, i over-fce the academy pretty well.”- So great was his diligence in his master's work, that he often preached several days in a week in different villages about Northampton, and chose the evening for those services, that his lectures might not be omitted.----During his annual vacation, which con

tinued two months, one of them was spent in close study, pastoral visits, or making little circuits among the neighbouring congregations, by the defire of their respective paftors; preaching to each in his way, not excepting some of different fentimenis and denominations from himself. In the other month, he visited his friends in London, and other parts of the kingdom, finding fuch excursions and journeys serviceable to his health ; yet he pursued his ftudies and writings, and frequently preached occasional sermons, especially in London and its environs, almost every day. I find that in some years he preached one hundred and forty times, in others many more ; besides his repetitions, exposition, and devotional lectures at home. So that the exhortations he gave his brethren, in his discourse on The evil and danger of neglecting the fouls of men, came with peculiar grace and propriety from him, as they were illustrated by his own example.

« Nor'must 1, in this connection, omit his correspondence; which was almost large enough to have taken up the whole time of a person of common abilities and industry. His letters were principally of bufiness, and that of the most important kinds. Besides' his correspondence with the parents and guardians of his pupils, he had many letters to write in answer to questions of moment, proposed to him by his brethern, especially those who had been his pupils, and by congregations at a distance, who applied to him for direction and altistance. His judgment was often defired by learned men, concerning critical difficulties, or works which they were preparing for the press; and his own publications would naturally enlarge his work of this kind. His correspondence with some persons of the first rank for wisdom and learning in the established church required much attention and delicacy. Several foreign gentlemen and divines, who had heard of his character and read his works, sought bis epistolary acquaintance, and corresponding with them in Latin or French required fome particular application. It is surprizing to find how many hundred letters he received and answered in the space of one year. I may say of him, as Pliny of his uncle, “ when I consider his dispatch of so much bufiness, I wonder at the multiplicity of his reading and writing ; and when I consider this, I wonder at that.” But his resolution was indefatigable, and God had given him an happy facility in the dispatch of business. He was master of the contents of a book upon a summary view, and could readily exprefs his thoughts upon the most abstruse questions with ease and perfpicuity. It is wonderful that his tender constitution should, for so many years, support such an intense application to business, so unfavourable to health. His friends were often expressing their painful apprehension, that it would impair his health and REV, Feb. 1766.



Morten his days, and addressing him with that carnal advice,
“ Master, spare thyself:” And, with regard to his last illness in
particular, it might have been happy for them and the world had
he regarded it. But love to God and man, and zeal for the
falvation of fouls bore him on. He needed no recreation ; for
his work was his highest pleasure. When he faw any suc-
cels of his labours, and found that his writings were useful
to many, it gave him fresh spirits and resolution. When he
was advised, by a friend, to relax a little and not preach so often,
his answer was, “ Be in no pain about me. I hope that we
have the presence of God among us, and that he is bearing
testimony to the world of his grace. I take all the care of my
health, which is consistent with doing the proper duties of life;
and when I find myself refreshed, rather than fatigued with these
attempts of fervice, I cannot think myself fairly discharged from
continuing them.” To another friend he thus writes; “ I am
indeed subject to a little cough, but I never preached with more
freedom and pleasure. I am generally employed, with very
short intervals, from morning to night, and have seldom more
than fix hours in bed ; yet such is the goodness of God to me,
that I seldom know what it is to be weary. I hope my labours
are not vain. There are those, who drink in the word with
great eagerness; and I hope it will be found, that it is not
merely as the barren fand drinks in the rain, but rather that it
falls on ground, which divine grace will make prolific, This
animates me to my labours." In short, he lived much in z
little time, and thought it was better to wear himself out in
his master's service, than rust in literary indolence, or drag on a
Jonger life, when his vivacity and activity might be so much
diminished, as in the course of nature they generally are.
The motto of his family-arms was, Dum vivimus vivamus ; un-
der which he wrote the following lines, very expreffive of his
general temper:

“ Live, while you live," the epicure would say,
" And seize the pleasures of the present day.”

Live, while you live," the sacred preacher cries,
“ And give to God each moment as it fies.”
· Lord, in my views let both united be;

• I live in pleasure, when I live to thee.' There are many other parts of the work now before us, which it would give us great pleasure to lay before our Readers, but we must not enlarge; nor indeed is it necessary that we Thould, as the above particulars may perhaps excite a general defire to peruse the whole performance. Several objections, we are sensible, will be made to it, by the generality of Readers ; but Mr. Orton's preface, which is written in a fenfible and judicious manner, appears to contain a satisfactory answer to any abjections that can reasonably be urged against it.

objections towards fome

Be this, however, as it may, no good inan, we are certain, can read it, without receiving condiderable pleasure and advantage.





For FEBRU A R Y, 1766.

POLITICAL and COMMERCIAL Art. 16: An Account of a late Conference on the Occurrences in limerica. 8vo.

HÈ conference here meant is an imaginary one, at Mr. --some-

body's house in the country, where several gentlemen were met, to spend a Christmas holyday; and the great quellion concerning pur right of taxing the colonies and their right of representation beri, was the fubject. The interlocutors are a set of very intelligent gentlemen ; and they manage the debate with decency and good senfe ;- but the Atrength of the argument lies altogether on the side of America. The result of the whole, is a cutious plan of union for all parts of the British empire ; which we have not room to epitomize : and therefore most réfer to the pamphlet. Art. 11. Reflections on Representation in Parliament ; being an Ár

tempt to fheiv the Equity and Practicability, not only of establishing a more equal Representation throughout Great Britain, but also of admitting the Americans to a Share in the Legislatnre. 8vo. Almon.

A very sensible production in favour of the scheme for a more equal tepresentation throughout the whole British d. minions. The Author clearly enumerates the benefits which would naturally arise, from such a regulation of this part of our political constitution, not only to the co. lonies, but also to the mother country. Art. 12. The true Interest of Great Britain, with regard to her

American Colonies, flated, and impartially considered. By a
Merchant of London. 8vo. Is. Kearsly.

This rational and candid mercantile Politician, appears to be a tho. sough master of his subject. He fets out with a clear state of the vaft importance of our colonies to the mother country; points out the proper means for encouraging the industry and promoting the trade of our felLow-subjects of North-America; shews the impolicy (to say nothing of the injustice) of diftressing them by ill-devifed iaxes, restrictions and probibitions ; and particularly points out some instances of oppression ander which the commerce of our American brethren has for a long time groaned ; in order to fhew, that though the stemp-dury has bcen the oftenfible cause of the late dillurbances in that part of the British empire, yet that, in reality, is but a small portion of their grievances. But whough our Author afferts the impropriety of our late ministerial conduct M 2

towards the colonies, and especially the strange scheme of raising money upon them, -who have no money,—yet he is far from infifting that they ought not to pay the necessary taxes; but then he thinks they hould be paid in such kind of commodities as will be beneficial to Great Britain, and at the same time of advantage to themselves. Nor is there. any innovation or novelty in a scheme of this kind, fince, as he observes, this plan has been long adopted, in respect to the windward iftands ; which actually do now pay a duty of 43 per cent. of all their sugars to the king ; which sugars are shipped home, and disposed of by the commillioners of the customs. Agreeable to this idea, the Author proposes a new tax, in lieu of the stamps, which he apprehends would, without aggrieving the colonists, produce not only the revenue wanted to be raised, but even be attended with the most folid advantages in other respects :--for farther particulars we refer to the pamphlet. Art. 13. Constitutional Considerations on the Power of Parliament to

levy Taxes on the North-American Colonies. 4to. 6d. Wilkie.

On perufal of these considerations, we were reminded of what Swift says, in his inventory of the furniture of a woman's mind :

Her arguments directly tend

Against the cause she would defend. In like manner, when this Author undertakes to prove that the colonies ought not, in sound policy, to be allowed a representation in parliament, and urges, as a reason, their numbers, extent, situation and advantages of every kind being such, that they only want a government properly regulated, to become the matters of Europe ; does not this very argument, if justly founded, suficiently evince the absurdity of our attempting to hold them in subjeäion by mere coercive means? Does it not fully expose the inconfiftency and weakness of his notion of our enforcing the execution of laws made here, for taxing the Americans, by a' military power,' acting, as he exprefies it, in a due course of law, under the civil magistrate :'~But we may justly recommend to our conftitutional Considerer, the prayer of Ajax, which he himself quotes, when speaking of the ordinary run of our coffee-house politicians, who, he says, bewilder themselves in a fog of incongruous and confused ideas :

• Give me to fee, and Ajax afks no more.' Art. 14.. The Legipative Authority of the British Parliament, with

respect to North America, and the Privileges of the Asemblies there, briefly considered. By J. M. of the Inner-Temple, 8vo. 6 d. Nicol).

A vindication of the legislative jurisdiction, on the principles of law. The Author appears to be very justly apprehenfive of the consequences, • should we, after the opposition already made, give up that very important point of legislation, the regulating all general affairs concerning the colonies, as a colietiive body, with respect to trade and commerce, and all other matters of a general nature and tendency, which must ever be for the welfare of those who call this power in question, and cannot be done by the limited power of their particular assemblies.'-The Author lecms, however, in common with almost every other writer, on whatever fide the question, to give up the Stamp-act, as ineligible, in

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