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some respect or degree: and, notwithstanding his zeal for the dignity of parliament, he candidly concludes with the old adage :

Salus populi fuprema lex efto. Art. 15. The Crisis ; or, a full Defence of the Colonies ;-in which

it is incontestibly proved that the British Confitution has been flagrantly violated in the late Stamp-act, and rendered indisputably evident, that the Mother-country cannot lay an arbitrary Tax upor the Americans, without destroying the Elence of her own Liberties. 8vo. IS.

Griffin. To prove that the British conftitution has been flagrantly violated in the Stamp act,' this Writer, among other arguments, insists, in opposition to some advocates for that act, that our colonies are not at all virtually represented in the British parliament; and it must be owned he does not reason ill on this subject. But there is a degree of virulence in kis manner, and such an appearance of a disposition to cavil at every thing which has been urged on the other side of the question, that we are afraid what he has to offer in defence of the Coloniits, will be little regarded by the Candid and dispassionate Reader. Art. 16. A Letter to the Gentlemen of the Committee of London Mer.

chants, trading to North-America : sewing in what manner the trade and Manufa{tures of Britain may be affected by some late Restrictions on the American Commerce, and by the Act for the Stamp-Duty, &c. &c. 8vo. 6 d. Richardson and Urquhart.

This Writer also denies the virtual representation, and offers several arguments in favor of the Colonies, in common with their other advocates. He has likewise fome reflections tending to thew how far the freedom and liberty of Britain herself may possibly be concerned in the preservation of the rights of the provinces; and in what manner those rights appear to be abridged by that statute. He is a temperate, decent reasoner ; but has struck out nothing that seems likely to distinguish his performance, in the croud of publications that have appeared in this great national controverfy. Art. 17. The Adventure of a Bale of Goods from America, in con

Sequence of the Stamp Aat. 8vo. 6d. Almon. A strange attempt at humour. What the Author would be at, is best known to himself; and, no doubt, will ever remain so. Art. 18. Gonfiderations relative to the North American Colonies.


Kent. Among the several advocates for the Colonies, who have distinguished themselves by their abilities for an adequate discussion of the important subjects which have lately been agitated, in the dispute between the Mother-country and her Children, few are more entitled to the respectful attention of the public, than the present very sensible and judicious con. frderer. He enters, with great coolness, and masterly penetration, into the natural connexion and mutual interest by which this country, as a Parent state, is united to its Colonies ; traces the rise and progress of our settlements, to their present respectable situation; and thews the na




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tural dependence they have, and must still wish to have, on Us, in whom their hopes of proteáion center; and to whom they chearfully bring all the produce of their labour and commerce they can spare, to exchange for our manufactures ; an exchange which gives bread to thousands, Piches to many, and adds valt trength to the state. ? If, Tays our Auihor, we consider them in this point of view, and in such a point they have ever been considered, by all who knew any thing of America, till the present unhappy period, it admits not of a doubt, what kind of regard is due to the Americans, or what manner of treacment it is the interest of Britain to exercise towards them.?

The ingenious writer goes on to thew the inestimable valge of our Co. lonies, not only as they are the source of our riches, but also as being the foundation of very great additional consequence to this country, in the eyes of our neighbours. · The maritime powers, fays he, well know this ; they fee, they feel our growing influence ; and that if we encou Fage and protect our Colonies, as we have done, the enemies of Britain hare every thing to dread, its friends have every thing to hope from the wife management of the power we posiess: how easily are fleets or armies re. cruited for an American or West Indian expedition, from two millions of people juft upon the spot? with what expedition and secrecy can an armament be fitted out, of great frength, from an American. Port, to annoy the West India fettlements of those who may ever think it their interest to quarrel with us? But this power may be deemed to be yet in its iafancy; its growth indeed is rapid, and wisdom is requisite to guide its efficacy to proper ends: this power is, however, Brivrh, and will choose to be fubfervient to the interest of the parent, if the connection is maintained as it ought to be.

! But, he proceeds, should this happy connection be ever shaken, of weakened by any means; should the luft of dominion at home, or Moold avarice banish the remembrance, that the Americans are fons, and con ceive a design to enslave and fetter a free people, all these glorious prof. pects vanish as a dream. If they prove refractory, and fubmit unwillingly to reitraints, which they think subverfive of their liberties, and should we aim by force,' to bring them to our terms, is not the house indeed di. vided against itself, the kingdom (plit ? and instead of pofteling a force capable of fupporting ourselves and confederates, againit all human apposition, and of awing into good behaviour those who envy our happiness and good fortune'; we lessen our influence in proportion to the exertion of our strength, and waste our force in cutting the veins that supply vitality and vigour, and' tearing off those sinews on which depend the exertions of our power.?

After speaking in general terms of the powerful efforts made by our North American brethren, in defence of the common interest, both in peace and war, he makes this juft reflection. "Under Providence, it folcly depends upon ourselves, whether this power shall increase or dimia hith; whether it shall be for us, or against us, Wise and gentle methods will ever strengthen this union, will encourage population, cultivaţion, commerce, whilst the produce of all centers in Britain. Harsh and ungracious means will as necessarily weaken the union, will make them desirous of forgetting that they are of English defcent, will lessen their duty and allegiance, and teach them to think hardly of a country, to which they indeed owe their original, but which they find disposed to diligherit them, and to deny them the privileges of their birthright.


Such means will infallibly kindle jaloufies, spread difcontent and difaffection, and put a stop to industry, and to every virtuous aim or emulation.

• People under such circumstances, impatiently look forward to that independency, which their fituation favoars; and this the more eagerly, in proportion to the prejudices they bave early imbibed againft a government they think oppresíve; they grudge to contribute to the support of a state that threatens to abridge their liberties ; discontent prompts them to enquire by what means they can most fafely give vent to their revenge. They make a virtue of their necessities, grow frugal, either make a shift without, or supply by their own industry, many articles of commerce, the product of the Mother Country; trade then begins to languish at home : the merchants will first feel the effects of this decay, the manufacturers fuffer next, but without knowing the cause. The landed interest then finds itself embarrassed; yet how few are able to trace up the cause of this general distress? the remotest parts of this kingdom already feel, and will yet feel more dreadfully, the fatal effects fo such an unhappy conduct,

• Far from charging the Authors of these unhappy effects, with a de. fign of oppreffing the Americans, I am only recounting the effects ensuing from their condu&. That the Americans think themselves oppreffed, or defigned to be oppressed, is most certain; witness the universal oppofition to the late intended regulations on that continent.

• Let us view what must happen amongft them on this occafion : children and youth are disposed early to imbibe the language and sentiments of their parents: they remember, during their lives, and are often ruled by, the passionate dićtates of their fore-fathers, What a profpe&t this for Britain one illadvised, unnecessary act, has imbittered the minds of almoft all the inhabitants of America. The youth will receive the tinccure, and it is needless to expatiate on the effects. An age will not ei, punge the unhappy impressions.

Servabit odorem

Telle diu. He, who by wrong measures, and imprudent coenfels, alienates the affections of the people from their fovereign, is the greateit enemy to the happiness of the king, and the prosperity of his fabjects: and the more univerfal che disaffection, and the more remote the fubject from better information, the greater is the detriment. It is laying a foundation for independancy in the Colonies; and savolving both them and the parent in discontent and rain,

• Thousands of mangfa&urers are already torned oct or emtio; ad. titudes soon mot follow. The landed interet mof the spart then, or they must perift. Thus in hopes to save a few peske iz ise , at the expence of Americe, have we fascled ourselves wits a litina Poor's rate of ten times the sone, and seized on cancu, u wiser meafarers bring it back to its funer chasach

Should agry ambitioes neighboerior power en race tre per ture to revenge their pai Gilgrass, ce we be farena ke ture immediately forget கள் aiarities agrisia, toss4 su zeal in our taste! to za agiota da se u, 41prefirmy grievous oppre son, coriacestea, uz: 14 et nga ba Offspring of Britis, and are so coque sostennara anceftors, Briód fectos, and a Brica 257,6

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vernment in our American settlements the general tenor of their chase ters; and the measure of their sabordination to parliamentary jurisdice tion. This, in course, brings him to the Stamp act; which he totally condemns, with the authority of one who appears to be well acquainted with the propriery and natural tendency of that act, if suffered to operate as intended, by those who schemed and promoted it. He then comes to reflect on the grand question which muft, in consequence, arise from the premises, What can be done under such circumstances? To reverse these fatal acts and regulations, may seem to encourage a licentious rabble to oppose every act of power, however conducive to the publick good, if it squared not with popular opinion. To persevere in a resolution, to subject sich untractable spirits, even by force, if it was neceíTury, would be next to distraction. Cur wise neighbours already see this, and rise in their demands, increase in their obftinate refusal to our claims, in proportion to the prospect of this disunion. A dangerous precedent on one hand, as some may think to reverse without trial, an act of the supreme legislature : on the other a ruinous civil discord. These are among the unfortunate legacies to the present administration.'

Whe he comes to speak of the subjea of representa:ion, he treats what has been alledged, with regard to the Americans being as much sepresented as copyholders, many large towns and populous communities in this kingdom are, with sovereign, and we think, with just contempt : as a vain fophiltry, a fimiy deception, and an affront to the understanding of fenfible people ! -nevertheless, he is not of the numof those political schemers who would have the Colonies represented in the British parliament. He thinks this is a step which cught never to be taken; and that it is the mutual interest of Great Britain and the Colonies, that no deputies from North-America ever should have a seat in the British senate.

"Can they, says he ever send any deputies who will at no time give up their own, or the British liberties, for a place or a penfion: the more distant they are from their constituents, the more they are exposed to temptation. The lefs property thefe deputies have, the less will be the purchase of their votes, Will Americans, who are able to serve their country, and of independent fo tunes, be at all times willing to risque their lives across the ocean in this service ? will the distance admit them to consult their conftituents, during the festions? must we have an auxiliary army of American pensioners, in conjunction with some o: her distant members, not less purchaseable, to bear down the fons of freedom and independance in the British fenate, when perhaps the whole fortune of liberty is at stake? No. · We fee enough of the effects of venal poverty at home, without adding to its infiuence from our Colonies.'

He next takes notice of the pernicious doctrine maintained by those who advise us to exert what they call authority, and to inforce the acts that have spread such universai discontent through America; he tracęs the matural effecs of this council; and shews that at best fuch measures would prove but a wretched palliative for evils they could not poflibly cure.--He then proceeds to lament the general ignorance which prevails in this country, with reg rd to the geography and history of our Celo. nies ; and the mistaken notions we are apt to entertain of their situation and produce; and of the condition, manner of life, traffic and connexions of their inhabitants. The account he gives of these several circumstances (and especially of the ellenial difference between the West Indians

and Art. 19.

and North Americans) is curious, and, we apprehend, may be safely'de pended on.-In the conclusion, he briefly discusses the three ways that are commonly proposed, by which to extricate ourselves from our present perplexed fituation ; viz. 1. To enforce the Stamp act, 2. to sufpend, or, ã. to repeal it ; and he is clearly of opinion, that it ought to be repealed: there being, in his judgment, not the least room to apprehend any ill consequence, but, on the contrary, much good, from such a 'mark of kind and candid indulgence of our fellow subjects. On the whole, we earnestly recommend this excellent little tra&t, of which our extracts can give but an imperfect idea, to the perusal of every Briton who is desirous of information, with regard to the real state of the case, in this very interest ng dispute between the head and the members of the British body-politic.

The Claim of the Colonies to an exemption from internal taxes imposed by authority of Parliament, examined. In a Letter from a Gentleman to his Friend in America. 8vo. is. W. Johnston

Controverts the Colonists claim to an exemption; and maintains the Parliament's right to a supreme and uncontrolable jurisdi&ion, internally and externally, over the properties and persons of the subje&ts in the Colonies. The Author has ftated fome material objections to the customary method of requifitiins; and gives a particular account of the behaviour of the Colonies and their agents, with regard to their opposing the Stamp bill, belo e'the act was passed; from which he would have us infer, that if a precedent was not obtained on this occasion, in favour of America, the failure thereof, must be charged on the improper procedure of the A nerican themselves.-The Author writes with judga ment and temper; and not withstanding his disallowance of the claim of the Colonies to an exemption, &c. he concludes with expressing his good opinion of the temper and moderation of parliament, and his confidence in the candor and perpetual regard which fome gentlemen bear to the Colonies; from whence he concludes, there is no room for apprehension, that advantage will be taken of the forwardness of their legitimate offspring; but that their dealing towards them will be like that of parents to their truant children, not rigorously just, but forbearing and affectionate. May such a parental spirit ever prevail in this nation ; and may her children ever make dutiful and grateful retùrns to such indulgence and tenderness! Art. 20. A Letter from a Merchant in London to his Nephew in

North-America, relative to the present posture of Affairs in the Colonies. 8vo. Walter.

On the same side of the question with the foregoing; but written with less moderation. The author treats the Colonits very cavalierly ; talks in a pert affuming strain; and shews a disp fition to cavil and

sneer at the Americans throughout his whole letter: which, however, is a smart and shrewd performance; and will scarcely fail to entertain

those whom it may not happen to convince. Art. 21. An Application of some General Political Rules to the pre

fent State of Great Britain, Ireland, and America. In a Letter to the Rt. Hon. Earl Temple, Sypi is. 6 d. Almon.



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