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There is a great deal of fenfible judicious fpeculation in this pamphlet; which, however, we are afraid is too speculative, too general, and perhaps too moderate, to be much attended to, in our present political heat and hurry. This tractate, nevertheless, .deferves to be read, and attentively considered, on account of the variety of useful obfervations with which it abounds, Art: 22. A plain and feasonable Address to the Freeholders of
Great Britain, on the present pofture of Affairs in America. 8vo. 6 d. Richardson and Urquhart.
Ridicule of Mr. Pitt, and declamation against the Americans., Art. 23. Considerations on the Propriety of impofeng Taxes in the
British Colonies, for the purpose of raising a Revenue by Aet of Parliament. By Mr. Dulaney of Maryland. Second Édition. 8vo. Is. 60. Almon,
Of this notable pamphlet, which was published last month, without the Author's name, we gave some account in the Review for jan. p. 65. Art. 24. The Answer to a Golonel's Letter. By a Wooden-legged
Soldier in Glouceftershire. Wherein fome American Matters are flightly touched upon. 8vo. I S. Main.
This wooden-legged soldier is by no means a wooden-beaded one. Corporal Oaktree is really a very clever facetious fellow. The purport of his pamphleg is But do--buy, it, Reader, without farther recommendation, It will entertain you, to say the leaft; and possibly it may also afford you a good shilling's-worth of information : although, by the way, there is not more than a common sixpenny-worth of paper and print. But whether the corporal or his bookseller be to blame, in this respect, is best known to themselves.
M E D ICA L. Art. 25. A Letter from 7. Keyser, Surgeon and Chemif, of Paris,
to Mr. Jonathan Wathen, Surgeon, of London, in Answer to his Pamphlet, entitled, Practical * Observations on the Venerea! Disease. 8vo. 64. Nicoll.
If the Writer of this pamphlet expected that the publick should believe it to be bona fide a letter from Mr. Keyser, the words translated from the French ought to have appeared in the title page, unless Mr. Keyfer be an Englifhiman. Mr. Wathen having, in his pra&ical Obfervations pronounced Keyser's pills to be a weak mercurial, in many cases infuf ficient to cure the Venereal Disease, and by no means deserving the reputation they have acquired in France, this Author, in the name of Keyter, steps forth in vindication of the said pills, supported by the tefti. mony of Guerin and Le Cat. But the part in which he bears hardeft upon his antagonist, is where he reproaches him with having formerly entertained so different an opinion of these pills as to offer a considerable fum in order to become a joint purchaser of the secret. This is undoubtedly a home charge upon Mr. Wathén. How that gentleman de. fends himself will appear in the following Article. See Review, Vol. XXXIII. p. 371.
Art. 26. An Answer to the Letter of Mr. Keyfer, in which the Fora
sufficiency of his Medicine for the Cure of the Venèrèal Disease, is further
, considered, &c. By Jonathan Wathen, Surgeon, 8vo. 6d. Rivington.
This Writer's principal intention, in his Prattical Observations, mentioned in the laft article, was to prove that no noftrum whatsoever, or fecret, or known preparation of mercury, deserves to be exclufively considered as a cure for the Venereal Disease. • Away, says he, with arcanas, noftrums, and curious preparations, &c. they have no value, but as containing somewhat of this only remedy (mercury) for their bafisk nor have they any good effects but what are derived from thence, and as they are regulated in their operation. In the course of that treatise, he animadverted on the particular mercurial preparations of which he had made trial in his own practice, equally condemning them all as general medicines, Keyser's pills among the rest. This produced the letter reviewed in our last article, and that letter gave rise to this reply. In regard to the accusation of having formerly offered to purchase the secret, the Author ingenuously owns the fact, but tells us, at the fame time, that it happened seven years ago, when he really entertained a favourable opinion of Keyfer's pills ; but that more experience hath fince obliged him to change his opinion, both in regard to those pills, and to every other specific for the Venereal Difease. Mr. Wathen has throughout the whole, acquitted himself with judgment and propriety, his pamphlet being, in our apprehension, a sufficient and satisfactory reply to Mr. Keyfer's letter. Art. 27. Some Hixories of Wounds of the Head, &c. with Obferu
vations : to which are added a few Remarks on the Convulfive Cough of the Year 1764, in Cornwall. By John Williams of Redruth, Cornwall. 8vo. . 1S. Falmouth printed, and sold by Baldwin in London.
• The appearances exhibited in the operation of the trepan, convince me that the remark of a very ingenious modern author (P. Port) conçerning the dura mater, is premature, and carrjes in it a false idea. He asferts that the dura mater performs the office of geriosteum within the craneum, in the same manner as the pericraneum doth externally; now I think the fact is otherwise, and that the dura mater (unless at the sutures) is conne&ed with the skull by small ligamentous vessels (if the expreslion is allowed) at uncertain distances ; whereas the pericraneum, and all perioftea, appear to be in every point so clofely attached to their respective bones, while healthy, that nothing fhort of much violence can divide them. In some points thele ligamentous vessels connect the skull and dura mater very tightly, so as to occasion a difficulty in detaching them, and frequently
, the laceration produces a slight hemorı hage; but, generally speaking, they adhere Nightly, as if ftuck together with a kina of gummy Jynovia, whose tenacity gives way to the least force imagin. able. -So beginneth the notable production of Mr. John Williams of Redruth in Cornwall, who, if we may judge from his pamphlet, seems to be a very facetious kind of a gentleman. Nothing but his total ignorance of Mr. Pott's itation, character and abilities, can excuse the familiarity of his attack upon that ingenious modern author, as he is kindly pleased to call him. But if he had been properly matter of his subject,
he would not have ufed the word premature, as Mr. Pott, in considering the dura mater as the internal periofteum of the cranium, does no more than follow the opinion of the best anatomists. Lest Mr. Williams should difpute our affertion, we will transcribe a few passages from some of the most celebrated, upon this subject,
Ufus dura matris : loco perioftii cranio intus inservire. Heifteri Compend. Anar.
The dura mater lines the inside of the cranium, and supplies the place of an internal periafteum. Winslow's Anatomy.
Now let us hear what the great Haller says concerning the adhesion of the dura mater, which our Author asserts to be so flight. i Speaking of the cranium, he says, huic fphæræ undique interius ad. nascitur membrana firmislima, ex duabus laminis futis distinctis compo. fita, toti offeæ, fuperficiei infinitis vafculis, tanquam pedunculis pertinaciter adrata, & in fano homine nullibi feperabilis, paplo levius offibus tenuiffimis, tenacissime vero adhærens in offium commiffuris. In junioribus corporibus ita cranio adhæret, ut una adnexas fibras avellas.' Prim, Lin.
• Causa adhæsionis eft in arteriis venulisque a dura membrana ad os transeuntibus, .& a celluloso pariter textu, qui & alias inter periosteum & os, & inter duram membranam atque calvarium reperitur, &c.—Sed pusquam, unquam liberam reperi, aut absque violentia craniam a dura matre avelli.' Elementa Phyfiol.
We have quoted these passages in the original language, as the learned Author for whose information they are intended, might have taken just offence if we had presumed to translate them. As to the rest of his pamphlet, we shall continue our review of it from the next edition, which, we prefume, he will begin with a proper apology to Mr. Pott. We cannot help obserying, however, before we take our leave of Mr. Wil liams, that it was a little unlucky thus to stumble at the threshold, as he might otherwise have pasied on without much animadversion. Those who happen not to have had the advantage of a dancing-school education, would do best, when they enter a room upon bosiness, to begin their narration without the usual ceremony of a fine bow.
POETICA L. Art. 28. Political Epiftles, on various Subjects of the present Times,
4to. IS. Nicoll. This pamphlet contains only the first part, or opening, of the Av. thor's design; which, however, is not yet very clearly revealed. He is an obscure writer ; a very aukward versifier; and the frequency of his no-thimes is intolerable. This first part is addrested, by this political Poet, To his Country, and in it he proposes to explain the natural rife and course of GOVERNMENT and its Three EsTATES, the perfection of the British CONSTITUTION, LIBERTY, PREROGATIVE both bome and foreign, Kings.'- Such is the form of his Argument, as prefixed to the Epiftle. Do you understand it, Reader? We do nos,
who have perused the whole pamphlet! The following lines, extralied from what he says of Prerogative, and applies to our present monarch, may serve as a specimen of his poetry :
Britain! do not thou misguide
The trust thou giv'it thy kings, give free:
On GEORGE's head.There is something very like sentiment, in some parts of this work; and picy it is, that every reader will not easily find out what the Author would be at. Perhaps he will more clearly anfold his meaning in his next epiftle. Art. 29. Political Epiftles, on various Subjects of the present Times.
Epistle the Second. 4to. The Author is still in the clouds ; from whence he has let fall some mystic lines, which, according to the argument prefixed, relate to * party, faction, the merits of general warrants, the liberty of the press, and the late peace, considered. A just sense and understanding of rule and government, and the fureft means of not offending against them.' But, notwithstanding the affistance we expected from this key, we bave not been able to unlock this politico-poetical cabinet ; so that the treafures of sense and wit which it may posibly contain, are, as yet, concealed from our view. Art. 30. A poetical Sermon on the Benefit of Affliction, and the Rea="
fonableness of an entire Resignation to the Will of the Supreme Being. In Two Parts. By the Reverend Christopher Atkin
fon, of Yelden in Bedfordshire. 4to. 15. 6d. Payne. i Mr. Atkinson may be a very worthy man, and his poetical sermoni might be publithed with the best intention in the world; but we are sorry that we can say nothing more in its favour. Art. 31. The Powers of the Pen, a Poem. Addressed to J. Curre,
Esq; 4to. 29. Richardson and Co. The Author of this poem is one of those numerous maggots that have bred in the remains of Churchill; who, from the vain hope of acquiring some consequence by it, have entered into his quarrels without his provocations, and inherited his fpirit of abuse without his capacity. The verlification of this poem is in some places tolerable, and in others usterly despicable; the title, however, is a mere gratis di£lum, and the pamphlet ought properly to have been called The Poison of the Pen. Art. 32. The Birth of Christ, an irregular Ode. By Thomas
Gibson, M: A. late Prebendary of Peterborough, and Rector of Paftor and Polebrook in Northamptonshire. 4to. IS. Wilson and Fell.
It appears that this poem was written in the year 1715, when the Author was at Queen's College in Oxford, and that it met with the
approbation of the ingenious Mr. Tickell, who was then at Queen's. The
Editor, who is the Author's son, tells us, that it was only in consequence of the repeated folicirations of some judicious friends that it is now made public; but the judgment of friends in this, as in a thousand fimilar cases, was but ill-inforined. The improvements made in Lyric poetry, fince the year 1715, would have rendered the pablication of a better per. formance than this, utterly faperfluous. Art. 33. L'Allegro et Le Penfierofo de Milton, traduits en Vas François. 4to. 25
23. Becket. To attempt a translation of those poems, wbose merit in no small de gree depends upon a felicity of expreffion; is a very dangeroas thing; for happiness and elegance of diction are feldom transferable from one language to another. This is a diffu fe translation, and the Allegro is better executed than the Penfierofo, as, indeed, the genius of the language was better adapted to it. But, after all the Trandator's pains, how very inadequate, nay, how very inexpreffive of the original is his copy! How much superior are the two following lines,
-Sweeteft Shakespeare, Fancy's child,
Warbles his native wood-notes wild, to the laboured tranllation !
Où le plus doux nourrisson,
Que lui diĉe la nature.
Reverendo J. D. Cotton, de Eftra Bona, in Agro Effexierifiy Vicario. 4to: is. 6d. Cafton.
These Etegiac Epiftles, written by Mr. Cotton, Vicar of Good Bafter in Effex, 'on the death of his wife, are replete with the pare and genuine spirit of the claffic muse; and, indeed, we have hardly ever seen any thing of the kind more ingenious. There is a delicacy, a tenderness and a chatity in the expression, the sentiments are just and interestings and the numbers happily modulated:
Occurrit Catharinæ, et cara et dulcis imago,
Paci animæ noftræ, va mihil cara nimis:
Quique erat in læto plurimus ore decor.
Quicquid et in fidâ conjuge dulce fuit.
Sæpe hortos æger vernos, agrosque pererro;
Sæpe peto fontes prætereuntis aquæ.
Ægramque in mentem gaudia prisca ruunt.
Dum manui fidæ fida revineta manus.
Dum blando amplexu colla tenenda dabasa
Lætitiâ trepidi dum micuerc finus.