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spectable letters M. D. in the title-page; when this is the case, we are firmly of opinion that Job himself, if he had been a reviewer, would sometimes have given way to a litde honest resentment : exclaiming, as he did to his officious friends, - Ye are forgers of lies, ye are physicians of no value ! Chap. xiii. V. 4. Art. 27. Medicina Politica : Or, Refle Etions on the Art of Physic, as

inseparably connected with the Prosperity of a State. By Charles Collignon, M. D. Professor of Anatomy at Cambridge. 8vo. 18. Beecroft, &c.

This pamphlet, we are informed by the Author in his introduction, is intended as a supplement to his late Enquiry * into the Structure of the Human Body, relative to its Supposed Influence on the Morals of Mankind, in which it was allowed, that there are certain indispositions of the body which tend to generate irregular affections of the mind. • On this foundation, says the Author, generally have bad actions been excused; but this excuse will be deprived of its palliating power, if any thing can be found capable of removing those indispositions. This, Dr. Colignon is of opinion, may be obtained by a proper application of the medical art, the intention of which is to preserve and restore the health of the body. Unfortunately, however, for this do&trine, there are few individuals who could not, from experience, inform our Author, that the body when in perfect health is most inclined to be vicious. But, if we were even to admit, that intemperance, ambition, pride, cruelty, &c. are the effects of a morbid crafis or motion of the blood, the remedy becomes an idle speculation, unless physicians were invested with full power to bleed, purge, blister, &c. whomsoever they please ; for we apprebend that those who are afflicted with pride, cruelty, &c. will seldom, of their own accord, call in a physician to cure them of these disorders.

We must, however, in justice to the Author, observe, that his language is generally pleasing, and that his conclufion is fpirited and important. The following passage will be sufficient to give an idea of the Author's manner : If health then may be deemed a blessing of so diffusive a nature as to affect the manners, as well as the prosperity of a people, can we help lamenting that injudicious books, mistaken zeal, and pernicious patents, Mould join their formidable forces to destroy so great a good ?' By injudicious books he means Practices of Physic, Difpenfata ries, &c. in the vulgar tongue; by mistaken zeal, he alludes to the pious oppofers of inoculation; as to pernicious patents, it requires no explanation.

See Review, Vol. XXXI. p. 335.

Art. 28. A Letter to 7. KM, M. D. with an Account of the

Case of Mr. Tn, of the City of O-d. To which are subjoined fome Obfervations on the Ulcered Sore Throat. By J. S. M. D. Oxford. 8vo. 15. Rivington.

When doctors of Divinity, or doctors of phyfic, fuffer their private animofities to burst forth joto print, we cannot help accusing them, in general, of having facrificed to resentment that dignity, honour and interest of their respective profeffions, which prudent men have been ever careful to support. We acknowledge, nevertheless, that there are parricular cafes which not only admit but require a public vindication. Dr.

begins this pamphlet with the copy of a letter, written by him to Dr. K- about iwo months ago, in which he accuses him of having violently aspersed his character both as a physician and a man. To this letter he received no answer; which, by the known laws of decorum, he had certainly a right to expect; unless Dr. Khad reasons for his filence, with which the public are unacquainted.

The nature of the dispute between these two physicians is briefly this: They both attended a patient dangerously ill of a fever and fore throat, ,which Dr.K- believed to be merely inflammatory, and Dr. S-malignant, or ulcered. Those who are at all acquainted with phyfic, know, that this difference in opinion was of infinite importance to the patient, as the method of treatment in the first species of this disorder ought to be diametrically opposite to that in the other. But before we can enter upon the merits of the cause, it will be necesary to mention the fymptoms which induced Dr. Smo to pronounce the disorder a malignant, and not an infiammatory sore throat : viz. a small running pulse, intense heat and dryness of the kin, perpetual restlessness, anxiety, delirium, and floughs on both the tonfils.

With regard to the pulse, though we cannot allow it to afford any infallible diagnostic in this case, yet, we confess its being small rendered it highly probable that the disease was not infiammatory, the angina in flammatoria being constantly attended with a frequent, ftrong, and fomewhat hard pulse. The second symptom mentioned, viz. iniinjè hear and dryness of the fria, we cannot admit as pathognomonic. The third chain of symptoms is, however, of more weight in the balance ; but the floughs on the confils seem to determine the question. We say seem to determine, because we do not chuse to give a final opinion, until we have seen a more circumstantial history of the case, from the beginning. If we were impowered to interrogate the evidence, we should take the liberty to ask the following questions :

11, Was the patient afflicted with nausea, vomiting, or diarrhæa, in the beginning of the disease ?

2diy, Did he swallow without much difficulty ?
3aly, Was his breath remarkably offensive ?
4ibly, Was there any eruption on the skin?
sehly, Did he become worse after bleeding?
6tbly, Did he speak with a hollow voice?
itbly, Was he weak, and dejected?
8tbly, Is he of a relaxed, pituitous habit?

gubly. Did the fauces, upon inspection, appear discoloured, spotted, or noughy?

Jorbly, Was the patient delirious on the 2d, 3d, or 4th day of his disorder ?

If all, or most of these questions should be answered in the affirmative, it will not be in our power to give it against Dr. S; provided we have no doubt as to the judgment and veracity of the evidence.

Now there have already appeared two witnesses on behalf of the said Dr. So, plaintiff; namely, Mrs. Tinson, the patient's wife, and 1. C. Ward, a surgeon who attended the patient. The first of thesex

in her affidavit fworn before a magiftrate, fayeth, (relative to our sth question) that the patient, foon after bleeding, was convulsed, seemed bereaved of his senses, began gathering the bed-cloaches with his hands, and made frequent efforts to get out of bed; and (in regard to our noch. question) The farther deposeth, that in the night of the 7th, being the third day of the disease, the patient was a little wavering, and on the following night yet more fo. Mr. Ward, the other witness, fayeth, in his letter to the printer of the Oxford Journal, dated December 19, (which may also ferve as an answer to our 9th quekion) that there were Spots in the patient's chroat, which separated and came away in the form of foughs.

We have thus far attended to the plaintiff's brief, and the depoftion of cwo of his witnesses. As to the first, we are to consider it as being his own representation of his own cause. We are to remember, with rea gard 10 the symptoms which he says induced bim to pronounce the disease malignant, that, in all probability, their existence will be denied by the defendant. Concerning the witnesses, as their characters ftand hicherto uaimpeached, we are to allow all due weight to their teftimony. If we were to proceed in this case rigidly, according to law, we must unavoid-' ably nonsuit the defendant for not having appeared either in person or by his attorney ; but this being a court of equiry, we fall fuspend our. judgment till Mr. Attorney Time Mall have produced such evidence, in behalf of the defendant, as may be thought necessary in a cause of fuck importance.

THEATRICAL
Art. 29. The Plain Dealer : a Comedy. As it is performed at the

Theatre in Drury-Lane, with Alterations, from Wycherly. 8vo.
I s. 6 d. Lownds, &c.
Mr. Bickerstaff

, the Editor of this play, juftly remarks in his preface, that • Wycherly's Plain Dealer was one of the most celebrated productions of the last century.' It certainly was fo, on account of the manly wit and nervous sense that shone chrough molt parts of it; but, at the fame time, it was so Atrongly

, tinctured with the immorality and obscenity which ufually prevailed in the comic productions of Wycherly's time, that it has been deservedly excluded the theatre for many years. Mr. B. mentions this exclusion, to the honour of the present age. licenciousness, says he, of Mr. Wycherly's mufe, render'd her Mocking to us, with all her charms : or, in other words, we could allow no charms in a tainted beauty, who brought contaion along with her. He adds, ' It was in this condition which I found the play I vow offer to the public.-On a close examination, besides enormous length, and excel five obscenity, I thought I met several things which called very much for correction; a want of symmetry might, I apprehended, be fometimes mistaken for trength. The character of Manley was rough, ever to outrageous brutality; and inconfiflent, in his friendship for free whom he knew to be guilty of the actions of a thief and a rascal. chara&ters of Lord Plausible and Novel did not seem to me to be contrafted as they might be, while the other comic personage: rated sometimes into very low farce ; neither did I think Fidelia fo amiable, or the fituations aring from her dig

The

amusing, as they were capable of being rendered by a little re-touching. These objections are all, in our opinion, very juit, except that of the characters of Lord Plausible and Mr. Novel not being fufficiently contrafted; for it does not appear to us, that the Author ever intended any contrast between them. Between Manley and Plaufble, indeed, the contraft is very strong, and heightened, on both sides, to the higheft pitch of extravagance. --What our Editor fays of the former, that he was rough, even to outrageous brutality, is certainly right; but we apprehend the defect is very little removed, in the present revisal; for the character seems to be nearly if not wholly as sough, as ill-manner'd, as bearish as ever. In the articles of morality and decency, too, the piece is ftill highly reprehensible; for, with regard to the firft point, the adulterous tranjaction is fill retained, in the third act ;-and, in the fecond respect, if nobody talks downright bawdy, yet, can the widow Blackacre's swearing, more than once, avery unlady-like oath, be thought to found decently in the ears of a polite audience - In short, although the Editor kath expunged a great deal of his Author's licentious ribaldry, yet he hath not entirely rendered it a chaste and modeft performance. As to what he hath substituted of his own, instead of the passages rejected in the original, he speaks of it himself with becoming diffidence ; but we must do him the justice to say, that his new trimmings do not look amiss opon Wycherly's old coat; which, with two or three more alterations, agreeable to what has been hinted, might serve to make Mr. Garrick a very decent, serviceable winter-suit.

Art. 36. The Double Mipake: a Comedy. As it is performed at

the Theatre. Royal, in Covent-Garden. 'Svo: . 15. 6d. Almon, &c.

Although we find no great novelty of character or sentiment in this play; yet we could not but be pleased with it in the perusal, as the town in general were at its frequent representaticns ; on account of the easy politeness of the language, and the moral purport of the whole. There is an attempt at humour in the characters of the Virtuoso and the Learned Lady; but these have been so much hacknied upon the stage, that it was not easy for any thing less than a first-rate genius to succeed in them: and a first-rate genius would rather have aimed at something, more original,

MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 31. The Ladies Friend, from the French of Mr. de Gravines.

29. Nicoll, &c. Several writers of confiderable eminence, both French and English, have obliged the world with preceptive treatises on female education, and for regulating the conduct of the fair sex in the more advanced stages of life ; e. g. the Archb. of Cambray, Monf. de la Chetardie, the Marq. of Halifax, Mr. Wettenhall Wilkes; and some others. To this lift we must now add the name of Monsieur de Gravines; who, though he has advanced very little that is not to be met with in the preceding authors on the same subject, has, nevertheless, offered many things to

the

12mo.

the confideration of the ladies, of which there is no fear of their being too often reminded. Part of what he has said on their inordinate paflion for cards, may serve as a specimen :

• Some diversion is necessary, say our pretty gamefters. Most certainly; but might not a more noble diversion be ftruck out, than the contefting for money, and fomenting that selfifhness which is already but too predominant? besides, can a stated daily fitting, of four or five hours, that is, of above one third of life, without

any

other conversation tban what arises from red and black spots printed on paper, be called an amusement ?

• This childith way of killing time, brought into fuch vogue by the ladies, far from being a relaxation, is a serious business, 'impairing their health. In the finelt part of the year, and even when in the country, regardless of all the natural pleasures which surround them, they eagerly fit down, fhufiling and dealing cards around till midnight, amidit a tumult of Aufluating pailions ; a phrensy which, fixing them perpetually in a chair, brings on them all the eyils confequent to the want of exercise.

• lo vindication of this fathionable idleness, they plead weakness of conftitution ; though it is this very idleness which weakeas their contie tutions, and gradually destroys the spring and force of the human system. Women, to be sure, are not made to struggle with the same fatigues as men; yet has nature added to their beauty a degree of Itrength which , forms a part of it, and has proportioned their vigour to what it requires from them. The alacrity with which they give themselves up for whole days to violent exercises, such as dancing, is certainly no indication of their being created to pass their lives in a state of Nothfulness.

• It is fomewhat difficult to reconcile the prodigious activity of women at the call of pleasure, or the impulse of paflions, with that indolent life to which many confine themselves. Sometimes they seem all fire; at others they scarce breathe. These are extremes common to the whole fex, and not seldom seen to follow each other closely in the same perfon.'

The principal topics on which this writer crears, beside the abovementioned deitructive amusement, are ranged under the following heads: Of the state of women in society ; of the Itudies fit for women; of women's occupations; their diverfions ; the luxury of women ; [this he very juftly considers as one of the greatest discouragements of matrimony;- not less in England than in France) women's dress; temper and disposition of women ; love and gallantry; marriage; education of children ; and of the virtues of women.--The Author does not write like a {plenetic satirift, or a rigid mosaliser, insensible to the charms of the fofter sex. On the contrary, he professes the highest admiration of their beauties, both of body and mind; and expresses himself with chat politeness and complacency which is ever due from the lords of the crea. tion to she loveliest part of it.

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Art. 32. Journals of Major Robert Rogers; containing an Aicourt of

the several Excursions he made, under the Generals who esmu
on the Continent of America, during the late War. F
may be collected the most material Circumstances of every

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