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pity, and was therefore avoided as an enemy to society. As the feldom commended or censured but with fome limitations and exceptions, the world condemned her as indifferent to the good and bad.; and because she was often doubtful where others were .confident, she was charged with laxity of principles, while her days were distracted and her rest broken by niceties of honour and scruples of morality.
« Report had now made her so formidable that all flattered and all shunned' her. If a lover gave a ball to his mistress and her friends, it was stipulated that Floretta should not be invited. If the entered a public room the ladies courtfied, and shrunk away, for there was no such thing as speaking, but Floresta would find fomething to criticise. If a girl was more spritely than her aunt, she was threatened that in a little time she would be like Floretta. Visits were very diligently paid when Floretta was known not to be at home; and no mother trusted her daughter to herself without a caution, if she should' meet Floretta to leave the company as foon as she could.
• With all this Floretta made sport at first, but in time grew weary of general hoftility. She would have been content with a few friends, but no friendfhip was durable; it was the fashion to defert her, and with the fashion what fidelity will contend? She could have easily amused herself in folitude, but that the thought it mean to quit the field to treachery and folly.
• Persecution at length tired her constancy, and the implored Lilinet to rid her of her wit: Lilinet complied and walked up the mountain, but was often forced to stop and wait for her fol lower. When they came to the Ainty fountain, Floretta filled a sinall cup and Nowly brought it to her lips, but the water was insupportably bitter. She juft tafted it, and dathed it to the ground, diluted the bitterness at the fountain of alabaster, and resolved to keep her wit with all its consequences.'
It is with pleasure we are informed that the publication of these poems was encouraged by a genteel subscription. The humanity of the present age, as well as its improvements in commerce and taste, is a great encouragement to genius,
Three Tralls on the Corn-Trade and Corn-Laws : viz.-I. A fort
Elsay containing a general Relation of the present Method of carrying
on the Corn-trail, and the Purport of the Laws relating thereto in 1'this kingilom, first printed in 1758. II. Consideration of the
laws relating to the Importation and Exportation af Corn, being an Inquiry what Alteration may be made in them for the Benefit of the Public, wrote (but not published) in 1759. III. A Collection of Papers relative to the Price, Exportation, and Importation of Carn, with fome Obfervations and Calculations, fbewing what ibe Nation may be jupposed to have gained by giving the Bounty en the Exportation, what the Quantity of each Sort of Corn annually consumid, exported, imported, and grown, may amount to, and the Proportions they severally bear each to the other. 8vo.
HE Author's professed design in this publication, is, ' by
explaining the corn-trade and corn-laws, to contribute what is in his power towards keeping corn continually at such a moderate price as may be within the reach of the labourer and industrious poor.'— This he thinks is most effectually done by encouraging the farmer to grow large quantities of corn, by means of a bounty upon its exportation when moderately cheap ; ' for whatever may be thought to the contrary, the quantity fown will ever bear a proportion to the demand ; and for this reason in dear years, the demand being, at least in appearance, increased, a much larger quantity is always sown; and though this for the present still helps to increase the scarcity, it neverthelefs makes provision for greater plenty the ensuing year.'
In support of this principle, he shews, that, in fact, corn has been sold considerably cheaper, on the average, since the bounty on exportation was given, than before ; though all other sorts of provision have been greatly advanced in price, during the same period. But though he is a ftrenuous advocate fol a bounty, yet he justly thinks the present too high, or, how ever, allowed when corn is at too high a price: in which resped we are entirely of his opinion. As to the quantity of cori usually exported, he states it at no higher a proportion, commu nibus annis, than at one thirty-fixth part of the whole growth : 1 that, if this be truly stated, the exportation can scarce have 1 very great an influence on the price of corn, as is sometim imagined.
Our Author appears to be no friend either to public m gazines for corn, or the scheme of fixing the price thereof i law. In the first place, the corn itself is almost sure to suffer and in the other, the farmer would be in a worse situation th: any other member of the community, in not being allowed dispose of the produce of his land, according to its reat value which must necessarily vary, in consequence of the unavoi able variety of seafons. Therefore all that can well be a tempted, is to regulate the matter so, that the price of co may
be kept in a due medium; which our present laws (he say appear to have done beyond expectation.
An Esay on the Nature and Method of ascertaining
the specifick Shares * of Proprietors, upon the Inclosure of Common Fielas. With Observations upon the Inconveniences of Open Fields, and upon the Objections to their Inclosure, particularly as far as they relate to
the Public and the Poor 8vo. 19. 68. Í. Payne. IN N this age, abounding with inclosures, the Writer of this
pamphlet thinks it cannot be uninteresting, either to indi-, viduals, or the public, to canvass the principles upon which the determinations of commiffioners are usually founded : and if what he has offered, upon a subject entirely new, may be conducive to the better discharge of this business, he Aatters himself that his labour will not appear useless.
After a general idea of the nature of open fields, and the inconveniences attending them, the Author confiders the objections usually made against inclosures.
Obj. 1. Inclosures are said to diminish the number of inhabitants, and occasion a national depopulation. To this he replies, that the money expended about inclosures, and the repair of roads, prevents any remarkable decrease of inhabitants; and though some decrease should be allowed to have followed, yet the increase in many trading towns has, within a short space of time, been prodigious : so that whatever depopulation has happened, must have been merely local, and not national. For there is a natural transition of the youth of villages, where agriculture is lessened, into places of trade, where our naval fuperiority will furnish sources of perpetual employment.
Obj. 2. Inclosures convert tillage land into paslurë, and thereby kessen the quantity of corn.--The first part of this objection is allowed, but the latter denied :--and several plausible reasons alledged in support of the denial.
Obj. 3. Inclosures deprive the poor of several privileges, heretofore enjoyed by them; and also of their labour, which is the means of their subsistence.---As to their privileges, (though perhaps built chiefly upon indulgence or connivance) our Author advises the proprietors to make a small facrifice to humanity, by giving the poor a trifling fhare of property, in lieu of thofe privileges whichi they must no longer enjoy.-[This we have known sometimes done, and could wish to see it provided for in every act of parliament, passed upon such occalions; and then the strongest objection against inclosures would be entirely removed at once. ) -As to the diminution of labour, he seems to think it noc quite so evident, as commonly imagined ; and alledges the advance of wages as a proof of his opinion.
Obj. 4. Inclosures render a country less commodious both for travelling and sporting. The latter part of this allegation he does not undertake to answer, as thinking it insignificant, when set in competition with the right of improvement, which every proRev. May, 1766.
prietor has over his own estate: but as good roads are of public utility, the law will compel the repair of them. He wishes, however, that some new regulations, in that respect, were introduced into every bill of inclosure; and points out several very judicious.ones.
Another material objection, though not mentioned by our Author, is--that inclolures diminish the number of theep usually kept upon heaths and commons; or at least introduce a larger breed, whose wool (being of a longer staple) is not so proper for the manufacture of English broad cloth.-If this objection has any real foundation, it certainly merits some regard, in a commercial view.
With respect to the advantages resulting from inclosures, this Writer refers for satisfaction, upon that point, to a pamphlet published in the year 1723, entitled, Proposals for the Improve. ment of Common and Ilalle Lands :— and contents himself with jutt semarking, that, whatever is a source of greater wealth to individuals, must also add to the riches of the public ;-that whatever enlarges the quantity of provisions, &c. must contribute to the better subfillience of the inhabitants of any country, and consequently to augment their number ;--that the fewer hands are wanted for the occupation of land, the more will be tu be had for the enlargement of manufacture, commerce, and navigation: and all these advantages (he thinks) either directly or confequentially flow from inclosures.
The remainder of the pamphlet is chiefly taken up in offering a variety of hints proper to be observed by the commissioners, and others concerned, in allotting the specific shares of proprietors, upon an inclosure; and ascertaining the comparative value of lands and tythes. What he advances upon these points, well deserves the attention of all persons more immediately interested therein ; as the Author appears to have treated his subject with great accuracy and precision :-allowance being made for a few provincial expressions, such as balks, leys, hades, open-tide, &c. which, however, are sufficiently common to be understood, in the midland counties, which he seems to have more peculiarly in his view.
Rimarks on Dr. Lowth's Letter to the Bishop of Gloucester. IVith
the Bishop's Appendix, and the second epistolary Correspondence betrueen bis Lordship and the Doctor, annexed. 8vo.
Davis and Reymers. THESE Remarks, which are generally supposed to be written
by the CANDID EXAMINER, and are introduced with * Vid. Free and Candid Examination of the Bp. of London's (Sherlock': ] Sirmons : see Rev. V ol. XX. p. 114.
the following short preface.- If (amidst the ribaldry of these times, when the public taste leems capable of being gratified by nothing but abuse, whether in literary or political debates) a little fair reasoning may be heard, the following sheets, which only aim at vindicating the principle of toleration against an Oxford doctor, will have some claim to the Reader's attention ; if for nothing else, yet for this, that it may poflibly produce another letter from the Doctor, well seasoned, like the first, to the public taste.'
What meekness and modesty appears in this learned Author at his first setting out! Surely, the Reader will be apt :o say, this is not the language of the Warburtonian school ! Do nst, however, determine too hastily : It must be owned, continues he, that the confutation of a man's principles, especially if accompanied with any degree of raillery, is enough to put him out of humour. But such a one would do well to have reafin in his rage ; and, when he answers, to diftinguish between the abuse of an adversary's writings and of his person. Had the doctor been either so wise or so honest, as to have done this, he had not been troubled with these sheets : which yet (with all the right of retaliation) are confined solely to his argument. - To conclude. As keen and satirical as the doctor reprefents the bishop to have been in his controversial writings, in which he was only on the defenfive against aggreffors like the doctor, yet he never left the argument to fall upon the moral chara&ter of any man, not even within the limits and bounds of truth; much less did he ever, like one enraged, attack it with atrocious falfhoods, as the doctor hath done: for which, at a proper time, he may be brought to account.'
What now, gentle Reader, thinkest thou of this humble inoffensive Writer, this fair reasoner, this enemy to ribaldry and abuse? -But he proceeds :
. Before I enter on the argument, it may be expedient that the reader should know what high injury it was, which provoked Dr. Lowth to all his Billingsgate against the author of the Divine Legation. The offence given by his lordship is an Appendix, repelling Dr. Lowth's attack upon him ; which therefore I shall give in his lord hip’s own words at large.'
After copying the bishop's A pendix, the Remarker goes on thus:--> These are the words of the Appendix*, as they are found at the end of the fifth volume of the Divine Legation. Let the reader judge of the reproof, by the provocation; and then compare boih with the doctor's libellous letter to his lordship.-Mypart shall be to pick up as carefully as I can, from under
* The particulars here referred to, are to be found in our Review for September last.