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have your distemper in this kind, for the wealth of Windsor Caftle.

Ford. 'Tis my fault, master Page: I suffer for it.

Eva. You suffer for a pad conscience : your wife is as honest a 'omans, as I will defires among five thousand, and five hundred too.

Caius. By gar, I fee 'tis an honest woman.

Ford. Well ;-I promised you a dinner :- Come, come, walk in the park : I pray you, pardon me; I will hereafter make known to you, why I have done this.—Come, wife ;come, mistress Page; I pray you pardon me; pray heartily, pardon me.

Page. Let's go in, gentlemen ; but, trust me, we'll mock him. I do invite you to-morrow morning to my house to breakfast; after, we'll a birding together ; I have a fine hawk for the bush : Shall it be so ?

Ford. Any thing.
Eva. If there is one, I shall make two in the company.
Caius. If there be one or two, I shall make-a de turd.
Eva. In your teeth : 9 for shame,
Ford. Pray you go, master Page.

Eva. I pray you now, remembrance to-morrow on the lousy knave, mine hoft.

Caius. Dat is good; by gar, vit all my heart,

Eva. A loufy knave; to have his gibes, and his mockeries.

[Exeunt. SCENE IV.

A Room in Page's Houfe.
Enter Fenton, and Mistress Anne PAGE.
Fent. I see, I cannot get thy father's love ;
Therefore, no more turn me to him, sweet Nan.

Anne. Alas ! how then ?

Why, thou must be thyself.
He doth object, I am too great of birth ;
And that, my ftate being gall’d with my expence,

I seek 9. This dirty restoration was made by Mr. Theobald. Evans's appli. cation of the doctor's words is not in the folio. STEEVENS,

I seek to heal it only by his wealth :
Besides these, other bars he lays before me,-
My riots paft, my wild focieties ;
And tells me, 'tis a thing impossible
I should love thee, but as a property.

Anne. May be, he tells you true.
Fent. No, heaven so speed me in my time to come!
Albeit, I will confess, thy father's wealth 2
Was the first motive that I woo'd thee, Anne :
Yet, wooing thee, I found thee of more value
Than ftamps in gold, or sums in sealed bags ;
And 'tis the very riches of thyself
That now I aim at.

Gentle master Fenton,
Yet seek my father's love ; ftill seek it, fir :
If opportunity and humblest suit
Cannot attain it, why then,-Hark



[They converse apart. Enter SHALLOW, SLENDER, and Mrs. QUICKLY. Shal. Break their talk, mistress Quickly; my kinsman fall speak for himself.

Slen. I'll make a shaft or a bolt on't : 3 flid, 'tis but venturing

Shal. Be not dismay'd.

Slen. No, she shall not dismay me; I care not for that, but that I am afeard. M3

Quick. 2 Some light may be given to those who shall endeavour to calculate the increase of English wealth, by observing, that Latymer, in the time of Edward VI. mentions it as a proof of his father's prosperity, That though but a yeoman, be gave bis daugbters five pounds eacb for ber portion. At the latter end of Elizabeth, seven hundred pounds were such a temptation to courtship, as made all other motives fufpected. Congreve makes twelve thousand pounds more than a counterbalance to the affectation of Belinda. No poet will now fly his favourite character at less than fifty thousand.

Johnson. 3 To make a bolt or a shaft of a thing is enumerated by Ray, amongst others, in his collection of proverbial phrases. REED.

The Maft was such an arrow as skilful archers employed. The bolt in this proverb means, I think, the fool's bolt. MALONE.

A Shaft was a general term for an arrow. A bolt was a thick short one, with a knob at the end of it. It was only employed to thoot birds' with, and was commonly called a “ bird-bols." STEEVENS.

Quick, Hark ye; master Slender would speak a word with you.

Anne. I come to him. - This is my father's choice. O, what a world of vile ill-favour'd faults Looks handsome in three hundred pounds a year! [Aide

Quiek. And how does good master Fenton ? Pray you, a word with you.

Shal. She's coming ; to her, coz. O boy, thou hadít a father! Slen. I had a father, mistress Anne


uncle can tell you good jests of him :-Pray you, uncle, tell mistress Anne the jest, how my father stole two geese out of a pen, good uncle.

Shal. Mistress Anne, my cousin loves you.

Slen. Ay, that I do; as well as I love any woman in Glocestershire.

Shal. He will maintain you like a gentlewoman.

Slen. Ay, that I will, come cut and long-tail,4 under the degree of a squire.

Shal. 4 i. e. come foor, or ricb, to offer himself as my rival. The following is said to be the origin of the phrase. According to the forest laws, the dog of a man, who had no right to the privilege of chace, was obliged to cut, or law his dog among other modes of disabling him, by depriving him of his tail. A dog so cut was called a cut, or curt-tail, and by contraction cur. Cut and long-tail therefore fignified the dog of a clown, and the dog of a gentleman. STEEVENS.

I can see no meaning in this phrase. Slender promises to make his mistress a gentle woman, and probably means to say, he will deck her in a gown of the court.cut, and with a long train or tail. SIR J. HAWKINS.

This phrase is often found in old plays, and seldom, if ever, with any variation. The change therefore proposed by Sir John Hawkins cannot be received, without great violence to the text. Whenever the words occur, they always bear the same meaning, and that meaning is obvious enough without any explanation. The origin of the phrase may however admit of some dispute, and it is by no means certain that the account of it, here adopted by Mr. Steevens from Dr. Johnson, is well-founded, That there ever existed such a mode of disqualifying dogs by the laws of the forest, as is here afferted, cannot be acknowledged without evidence, and no authority is quoted to prove that such a custom at any time prevailed. The writers on this subject are totally filent, as far as they have come to my knowledge. Manwood, who wrote on the Forest Laws be. fore they were entirely disused, mentions expeditation or cutting off three claws of the fore-foot, as the only manner of lawing dogs ; and with his



can tell

may aik

Shal. He will make you a hundred and fifty pounds jointure.

Anne. Good mafter Shallow, let him woo for himself.
Shal. Marry, I thank you

for it ; thank


for that good comfort. She calls you, coz: I ll leave you.

Anne. Now, master Slender.
Slen. Now, good mistress Anne.
Anne. What is your will ?

Slen. My will? od's heartlings, that's a pretty jest, indeed! I ne'er made my will yet, I thank heaven; I am not such a fickly creature, I give heaven praise.

Anne. I mean, master Slender, what would you with me?

Slen. Truly, for miné own part, I would little or nothing with you : Your father, and my uncle, have made motions if it be my luck, so; if not, happy man be his dole! 5 They

you how thing's go, better than I can : You your father ; here lie coines.

Enter Page, and Mistress PAGE.
Page. Now, master Slender :

-Love him, daughter

Why, account, the Charter of the Forest seems to agree. Were I to offer a conjecture, I thould suppose that the phrase originally referred to hörses, which might be denominated cut and long tail, as they were curtailed of this part of their bodies, or allowed to enjoy its full growth; and this might be practised according to the difference of their value, or the uses to which they were put. In this view, cut and long tail would include the whole species of horses good and bad. In support of this opinion it may be added, that formerly a cut was a word of reproach in vulgar cell qpial abuse, and I believe is never to be found applied to horses, except to those of the worst kind. After all, if any authority can be produced to countenance Dr. Johnson's explanation, I shall be very ready to retract every thing that is here said. REED.

The last conversacion I had the honour to enjoy with Sir William Blackstone, was on this subject ; and by a series of accurate references to the whole collection of ancient Forest Laws, he convinced me of our repeated error, expeditation and genuscifion, being the only established and technical modes ever used for disabling the canine species. Part of the tails of spaniels indeed are generally cut off (ornamenti gratiâ) while rhey are puppies, so that (admitting a loose description) every kind of dog is comprehended in the phrase of cut and long-tail, and every rank of people in the same expreffion, if metaphorically used. STEEVENS.

§ A proverbial expression. STRIVEN S.

Why, how now! what does master Fenton here?
You wrong me,
fir, thus still to haunt

my .

house : I told you, fir, my daughter is dispos'd of.

Fent. Nay, master Page, be not impatient.
Mrs. Page. Good mafter Fenton, come not to my child,
Page. She is no match for you.
Fent. Sir, will you hear me?

No, good master Fenton.
Come, master Shallow; come, fon Slender; in :
Knowing my mind, you wrong me, master Fenton.

Exeunt PAGE, SHALLOW, and SLENDER.. Quick. Speak to mistress Page.

Fent. Good mistress Page, for that I love your daughter
In such a righteous fashion as I do,
Perforce, against all checks, rebukes, and manners,
I must advance the colours of my love,
And not retire : Let me have your good will.

Anne. Good mother, do not marry me to 'yon fool.
Mrs. Page. I mean it not; I seek you a better husband,
Quick. That's my master, master doctor.

Anne. Alas, I had rather be fet quick i' the earth,
And bowld to death with turnips.
Mrs. Page. Come, trouble not yourself : Good master

Fenton, I will not be your friend, nor enemy : My daughter will I question how she loves you, And as I find her, so am I affected ; "Till then, farewell, fir :-She mult needs go in; Her father will be angry. [Exeunt Mrs. Page and ANNE.

Fent. Farewell, gentle mistress; farewell, Nan.

Quick. This is my doing now;-Nay, said I, will you caft away your child on a fool, and a physician ? 7 Look on master Fenton :- this is my doing.

Fent. 6 This is a common proverb in the southern counties. COLLINS. ? I should read-fool or a physician, meaning Slender and Caius.

Johnson. Sir Thomas Hanmer reads according to Dr. Johnson's conjecture. This may be right. Or my Dame Quickly may allude to the proverb,

an of forty is either a fool or a physicias; but the afierts her mafter to be both. FARMER.

Mr. Dennis,


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