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are chosen, they are glad to choose me for them; I do it for some piece of money, and go through with all.

Escal. Look you, bring me in the names of some fix or feven, the most sufficient of your parish.

Elb. To your worship’s house, fir?

Escal. To my house: Fare you well. [Exit Elbow.] What's o'clock, think you ?

Juft. Eleven, fir.
Escal. I pray you home to dinner with me.
Juft. I humbly thank

you,
Escal. It grieves me for the death of Claudio;
But there's no remedy,

Juft. Lord Angelo is fevere.
Elcal.

It is but needful :
Mercy is not itself, that oft looks fo;
Pardon is still the nurse of second woe :
But yet, - Poor Claudio ! There's no remedy.
Come, fir.

[Exeunt.
SCENE II.
Another Room in the fame.

Enter Provost, and a Servant.
Sere. He's hearing of a cause; he will come straight,
I'll tell him of you.

Prov. Pray you, do. [Exit Servant.] I'll know
His pleasure; may be, he will relent: Alas,
He hath but as offended in a dream !
All fects, all ages smack of this vice; and he
To die for it!

Enter Angelo.
Ang.

Now, what's the matter, provost ?
Prov. Is it your will Claudio shall die to-morrow?
Ang. Did I not tell thee, yea ? had'st thou notorder
Why doit thou ask again?
Prov.

Left I might be too rash :
Under your good correction, I have seen,
When, after execution, judgement hath
Repented o'er his doom.

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Ang

Go to; let that be mine:
Do you your office, or give up your place,
And you shall well be spar'd.
Prov.

I crave your honour's pardon.-
What shall be done, fir, with the groaning Juliet ?
She's very near her hour.
Ang.

Dispose of her
To some more fitter place; and that with speed,

Re-enter Servant,
Serv. Here is the fifter of the man condemn'd,
Defires access to you.
Ang

Hath he a lifter?
Prov. Ay, my good lord; a very virtuous maid,
And to be shortly of the fifterhood,
If not already.
Ang.

Well, let her be admitted. (Exit Serpant.
See you, the fornicacrefs be remov'd ;
Let her have needful, but not lavish, means ;
There shall be order for it.

Enter Lucio and ISABELLA. Prov. Save your honour lo

[Offering to retire. Ang. Stay a little while.7.-ETO ISAB.] You are welcome : What's

your
will:

Ifab. 6 Your bonour, which is so often repeated in this scene, was in our au. thor's time the usual mode of address to a lord. It had become antiquated after the Restoration ; for Sir William D'Avenant in his alteration of this play has substituted your excellence in the room of it. MALONI.

1 It is not clear why the Provost is bidden to stay, nor when he goes out. JOHNSON.

The entrance of Lucio and Isabella thould not, perhaps, he made till after Angelo's speech to the Provost, who had only announced a lady, and seems to be detained as a witness to the purity of the deputy's conversation with her. His exit may be fixed with that of Lucio and Isabeila. He Cannot remain longer, and there is no reason to think he departs before.

RITSON Stay a little wbile, is said by Angelo, in answer to the words, “ Seat your honour ;" which denoted the Provost's intention to depart. Isabella uses the same words to Angelo, when the goes out, near the conclusion of this scene. So also, when se offers to retire, on finding her fuit ineffectwal: $6 Heaven keep your honour !" MALONE.

1

Well ;

And not my

Ifab. I am a woeful suitor to your honour,
Please but your honour hear me.
Ang

Well; what's your suit ?
fab. There is a vice, that moft. I do abhor,
And most desire should meet the blow of justice;
For which I would not plead, but that I must;
For which I must not plead, but that I am
At war, 'twixt will, and will not. 8
Ang.

the matter? Ijab, I have a brother is condemn'd to die : I do beseech you, let it be his fault,

brother, Prov.

Heaven give thee moving graces!
Ang. Condemn the fault, but not the actor of it!
Why, every fault's condemn'd, ere it be done :
Mine were the very cypher of a function,
To find the faults, whose fine stands in record,
And let go by the actor.
lab.

O just, but severe law!
I had a brother then.-Heaven keep your honour!

[Retiring, Lucio. [TO ISAB.] Give't not o'er so ; to him again, in.

treat him;
Kneel down before him, hang upon his

gown;
You are too cold: if you should need a pin,
You could not with more tame a tongue desire it :
To him, I say.

Isab. Must he needs die ?
Ang.

Maiden, no remedy.
Ifab. Yes; I do think that you might pardon him,
And neither heaven, nor man, grieve at the mercy.

Ang. I will not do't.
Tab.

if
you

would ?

"

But can you,

Ang

$ This is obscure; perhaps it may be mended by reading:

For wbicb I must now plead; but yet I am

At war, 'twixt will, and will not. Yet and ye are almost undistinguishable in an ancient manufoript. Yet no alteration is necessary, fince the speech is not unintelligible as it now Aands. JOHNSON,

9 i. e. let his fault be condemned, or extirpated, but let not my brother himself suffer, MALONE.

Ang. Look, what I will noi, that I cannot do. ijab. Bult might you do't, and do the world no wrong, If lo your

heart were touch'd with that remorse? As mine is to him? Ang.

He's sentenc'd ; 'tis too late. Lucii. You are too cold.

(TO ISABELLA.
Ijab. Too late? why, no; I, that do speak a word,
May call it back again : Well believe this,
No

ceremony that to great ones ’longs,
Not the king's crown, nor the deputed sword,
The marshal's truncheon, nor the judge's robe,
Become them with one half so good a grace,
As mercy does. If he had been as you,
And you as he, you would have slipt like him;
But he, like you, would not have been so stern.

Ang. Pray you, begone,

Ifib. I would to heaven I had your potency,
And you were Isabel ! should it then be thus
No; I would tell what 'twere to be a judge,
And what a prisoner.
Lucio. Ay, touch him : there's the vein.

(Afide. Ang. Your brother is the forfeit of the law, And

you but waste your words. Isab.

Alas! alas !
Why, all the fouls that were, 3 were forfeit once;
And He that might the vantage best have took,
Found out the remedy: How would you be,
If he, which is the top of judgement, should
But judge you as you are? O, think on that;
And
mercy

'then will breathe within your lips, Like man new made. 4

Ang. Remorse, in this place, as in many others, fignifies pity. See Orbelic, Act III. STEEVENS.

3 This is false divinity. We should read are. WARBURTON. I fear, the player, in this instance, is a better divine than the prelate. The souls that WERE, evidently refer to Adam and Eve, whose tranfgref. sion rendered them obnoxious to the penalty of annihilation, but for the remedy which the author of their being moit graciously provided. The learned Bishop, however, is more luccessful in his next explanation.

HENLIT. A This is a fine thought, and finely expressed. The meaning is, that

merly

2

him ;

7

Ang.

Be you content, fair maid;
It is the law, not I, condemns your brother:
Were he my kinsman, brother, or my son,
It should be thus with him ;-he muft die to-morrow.

Ifab. To-morrow! O, that's sudden! Spare hiin, spare
He's not prepard for death! Even for our kitchens
We kill the fowl of season ; 5 shall we serve heaven
With less respect than we do minister
To our gross selves ? Good, good my lord, bethink you :
Who is it that hath died for this offence?
There's

many

have committed it. Lucio,

Ay, well said. Ang. The law hath not been dead, though it hath slept :6 Those many had not dard to do that evil, If the first man that did the edict infringe, Had answer'd for his deed : now, 'tis a wake; Takes note of what is done ; and, like a prophet, Looks in a glass,8 that shows what future evils, (Either now, or by remiffness new-conceiv'd,

And mercy will add such a grace to your person, that you will appear as amiable as a man come fresh out of the band's of his Creatnr.

WARBURTON. I rather think the meaning is, You will then change the severity of your prefent character. In familiar speech, You would be quite another man.

JOHNSON. You will then appear as tender-hearted and merciful as the first man was in his days of innocence, immediately after his creation. MALONE,

I incline to a different interpretation :--And you, Angelo, will breathe new life into Claudio, as the Creator animated Adam, by “ breathing into his nostrils the breath of life." HOLT WHITE. 5 i. e. when it is in season. So, in The Merry Wives of Windsor :

and of the season too it shall appear. STEEVENS. 6 Dormiunt aliquando leges, moriuntur nunquam, is a maxim in our law.

HOLT WHITE. 7 The word man has been supplied by the modern editors. I would rather read

If be, the first, &c. TYRWHITT. Man was introduced by Mr. Pope. MALONE.

8 This alludes to the fopperies of the beril, much used at that time by cheats and fortune-tellers to predict by WARBURTON.

The heril, which is a kind of crystal, hath a weak tincture of red in it Among other tricks of Astrologers, the discovery of patt or future events was supposed to be the consequence of looking into it. See Aubrey's Mfcellanies, p. 165. edit. 1721. REED.

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